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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *keli
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 relative-in-law 2 girl, sister
Russian meaning: 1 свойственник, -ца 2 девушка, сестра
Evenki: keli(n) 1, kiliwlī 2
Even: keli 1
Negidal: keli 1, kelewlị 2
Literary Manchu: keli 1
Ulcha: keli(n) 1
Orok: keli(n) 1
Nanai: keli 1
Oroch: keli 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 393, 446.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kelte- ( < *kerelte-?)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wolverine
Russian meaning: росомаха
Evenki: keltefkī
Even: költekken
Negidal: keltelkēn
Comments: ТМС 1, 447.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kem-ki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bite (of a dog, goose)
Russian meaning: кусать, хватать за ноги
Literary Manchu: kemki-
Comments: ТМС 1, 448. Attested only in Manchu, but probably archaic (cf. the external evidence).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kemu-kte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 rowan (berry) 2 a k. of berry, shamrock
Russian meaning: 1 рябина (ягода) 2 кислица, костяника
Evenki: kempi 1 (Sakh.)
Oroch: kēmukte 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 448.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kende
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shoulderblade
Russian meaning: лопатка
Evenki: kendekē
Even: kēndъt
Negidal: kendexe
Orok: kende
Comments: ТМС 1, 448.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kende-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 threshold 2 to hinder, obstruct
Russian meaning: 1 порог 2 загораживать, отгораживать
Negidal: kende 1
Ulcha: kenderxi(n) 1, kenǯi- 2
Nanai: kenderxĩ 1, kēnǯi- 2
Oroch: kenderku, kenderxi 1, kēndi- 2
Udighe: kondopti 1 (Корм. 250)
Comments: ТМС 1, 448.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kende-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of tree
Russian meaning: вид дерева
Nanai: kendele(n), kendelē(n) (Он.) 'thuja'
Oroch: kēndēlē 'name of a tree'
Udighe: kendele 'red tree' (Корм. 254)
Comments: ТМС 1, 449.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *keńe- / *kuńe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shin 2 stockings
Russian meaning: 1 голень, колено 2 унты
Evenki: keńete, kuńetu 2
Even: kēńeče 2, kȫnčen 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 420, 449.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *keŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 emptiness 2 to empty 3 hole, ice-hole 4 emptied
Russian meaning: 1 пустота 2 опорожнять 3 впадина, прорубь 4 опустевший
Evenki: keŋku-tēk 1, keŋre 3, keŋgur 4
Even: kȫŋkī- 2, kēŋgule 3
Udighe: keŋku 1 (Корм. 254)
Comments: ТМС 1, 450-451.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *keŋi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bite, gnaw
Russian meaning: кусать, глодать
Evenki: keŋi-
Negidal: kēŋi-
Nanai: keŋne-
Comments: ТМС 1, 450.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *keŋ-tire
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 breast, chest 2 side (of body)
Russian meaning: 1 грудь 2 бок
Evenki: keŋtire 1
Even: kēntъre 1
Nanai: keŋtere 1
Udighe: keŋte 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 451.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kepe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 jaw 2 gills 3 boards (on boat's front)
Russian meaning: 1 челюсть 2 жабры 3 передние доски (на лодке)
Evenki: kewe 1
Even: kewē 1
Ulcha: kepi(n) 2, 3
Orok: kepi 3
Nanai: kepĩ 2, 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 442-443, 451. Despite Poppe 1974, 132, Evk. kewe has nothing to do with Mong. köbege 'edge'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kepel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: belly, stomach
Russian meaning: живот, желудок
Even: kъbъl, kēbъl
Spoken Manchu: kevǝlǝ, xevǝlǝ 'stomach, belly; bosom' (87)
Literary Manchu: xefeli, xefali
Jurchen: xefuli (508)
Comments: ТМС 1, 387-388.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kepu- ~ *kopu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to float on the surface
Russian meaning: плавать на поверхности
Evenki: kepke-met-
Even: kewu-met-; kebduŋči- 'to swim (of sea animals)'
Negidal: kopon- ~ kepen-; kebgexit- 'to produce bubbles (of fish)'
Ulcha: kopto-
Orok: kuptu-du-
Nanai: qopto-l, kepte (adv.)
Oroch: kopčo 'fish-hook'
Udighe: kopčol-
Comments: ТМС 1, 442, 451-452. Cf. also Evk. keptulī, kepeme 'soft, fluffy'; TM *kebkV (*kepkV?) 'free, empty' (ТМС 1, 386).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kere-, *kerbe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 kill 2 to fine 3 to slander 4 to revenge
Russian meaning: 1 убивать 2 штрафовать 3 клеветать 4 мстить
Evenki: kerbe- 1, keremī- 3, keremǯu bi- 4
Literary Manchu: keru-le- 2, keru-n 'fine'
Comments: ТМС 1, 381, 452, 453, 454.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kerge- (*kergi-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 circle, ring 2 to bind into bunches 3 to reel 4 bunch
Russian meaning: 1 круг, кольцо 2 связывать (в пучки) 3 наматывать 4 связка, пучок
Negidal: kejgeli 1
Literary Manchu: xergi-, xerči- 3
Ulcha: kergi 4, kergin- 2
Orok: kejgeli 1
Nanai: kergi 4
Oroch: keǯe- 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 444. The Manchu form obviously belongs here and has nothing to do with Evk. herke- and MMong. hergi- (q. v. sub *p`erkV), despite Rozycki 105.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *keri-muk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: intestine, part of stomach
Russian meaning: кишка, внутренность желудка
Evenki: kerimek
Even: korịmkị
Comments: ТМС 1, 453.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kese
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: word, order
Russian meaning: слово, указ
Spoken Manchu: xesǝ 'edict' (1351)
Literary Manchu: xese
Orok: kese
Udighe: kehie
Comments: ТМС 1, 483 (Man. > Sol., Neg., Oroch, Nan. xese; Dag. xes, Тод. Даг. 175).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kesē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to suffer 2 to punish 3 scoundrel, rogue 4 to torture, lacerate 5 sad
Russian meaning: 1 страдать 2 наказывать 3 мерзавец, негодяй 4 мучить 5 печальный
Evenki: kesē- 1
Negidal: keseɣī- 2
Literary Manchu: kesemburu 3
Jurchen: ke-si-ge-bulu (368) 5
Ulcha: keseuču- 4
Nanai: kesū-li- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 454-455.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kete, *kēter
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 big 2 many 3 elder 4 almost
Russian meaning: 1 большой 2 много 3 старший 4 почти
Evenki: kēter 1, kete 2
Even: kēter 1
Negidal: kētej 1
Ulcha: ketele 4
Orok: ketette 4
Nanai: kēte 3, ketēle 4
Oroch: kēte 1, kete 4
Udighe: kete 'more' (Корм. 213), ketige 4
Comments: ТМС 1, 455-456. The form kēte(re) (with a long vowel) observed in some languages may have been influenced by *kādara 'big' (cf. e. g. Orok kādara); the relationship between *kete and *kāda(ra) is somewhat obscure.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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