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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kalču-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 water lily 2 sea weed
Russian meaning: 1 водяная лилия, кувшинка 2 водоросль
Even: qajqị 2
Negidal: kalčụkta 1
Ulcha: qalǯuqta 1, 2
Nanai: qalǯoqta 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 362, 369.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 crucian 2 white-fish
Russian meaning: 1 карась 2 сиг
Evenki: kali 1
Udighe: kali 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 366. Cf. also Evk. kulala 'sheat-fish' (which, however, may be < Samod. or Chuk.-Kamch.).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kali-ki(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scar, cicatrice
Russian meaning: шрам, рубец
Ulcha: qalχị(n)
Orok: qalịχị
Nanai: qalχị̃
Oroch: kalixi
Udighe: kalehä
Comments: ТМС 1, 366. Cf. also Evn. qǟli- 'to whet' (ТМС 1, 388).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kalma-gda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rich bride
Russian meaning: богатая невеста (за которую брали большой калым)
Negidal: kalmagda
Ulcha: qalmaǯa
Oroch: kamaǯa
Comments: ТМС 1, 367.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kalta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to split in halves, be splitted in halves 2 half 3 one of a pair
Russian meaning: 1 расщеплять, раскалывать (напополам) 2 половина 3 один из пары
Evenki: kalta- 1, kaltaka 2, 3
Even: qaltъ̣q-, qaltъ̣l- 1, qaltъ̣q 2
Negidal: kalta- 1, kaltaxa 3
Ulcha: qaltalị- 1, qalta 2
Orok: qaltā- 1, qalta 2
Nanai: qaltā- 1, qaltā 2
Oroch: kākta- 1, kakta 2
Udighe: kakta` 2 (Корм. 244)
Solon: xaltaxa 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 367-368.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kam-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hem a garment with a white fur stripe 2 head kerchief 3 broad women's belt
Russian meaning: 1 подбивать одежду белой меховой полосой 2 головной платок 3 широкий женский пояс
Evenki: kamrā- 1
Literary Manchu: qamtun 2
Ulcha: qambụča 3
Orok: qāmị 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 370, 371.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kama-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to oppress 2 to prohibit, be unable to help 3 (being at a) loss
Russian meaning: 1 притеснять 2 отказывать в помощи, делать назло 3 затруднение, беда
Evenki: kama- 1, kama-lit- 2
Even: kamaɣ 3
Negidal: kama-li- 1
Ulcha: qama-lụ- 1
Orok: qama-lị- 1
Nanai: qama-li- 1, qama 3
Udighe: kama-, kamasi- 'мешать удаче, насылать несчастье (о шаманах)' (Корм. 244), kamali- 'прищемить, придавить' (Корм. 245)
Comments: ТМС 1, 369. Despite Poppe 1966, 191, Evk. kamaɣa is not a borrowing < Mong. qamija 'relation, concern' (a quite different root, see PA *kàma).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kamiču
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: box, bag (made of birch-bark)
Russian meaning: чуман, берестяной короб
Evenki: kamit
Ulcha: qamčụ
Oroch: kamiči
Udighe: kamisi
Comments: ТМС 1, 370.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kamnu- / *kamdu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fish glue
Russian meaning: рыбий клей
Evenki: kamnun
Even: kanmo
Negidal: kamnun
Literary Manchu: amdun
Ulcha: qamdu(n)
Orok: qamdụ(n)
Nanai: qamdõ
Oroch: kamnu
Udighe: kamnu
Comments: ТМС 1, 370.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kamp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to fold, bend 2 to press
Russian meaning: 1 складывать, сгибать 2 сжимать
Evenki: kamnī- 2
Negidal: kampị- 1, 2
Literary Manchu: qamni- 2
Ulcha: qampụ- 1
Nanai: qampị- 1
Udighe: qampi- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 370, 371. The variant *kamnī- has probably arisen from *kamp(i)-nī- and has secondarily merged with TM *kamnī 'ravine' ( the latter should be perhaps compared with Mong. kaŋgil 'bald hills').
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kamur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: together, gather
Russian meaning: вместе, собирать
Ulcha: qamụr
Orok: qamụr
Nanai: qamor
Comments: ТМС 1, 371. Modern forms like Evk. kamu- 'to gather' may be considered borrowed < Mong. (see Doerfer MT 111), but it is hardly possible for all forms, especially for those with an -r-suffix.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kanda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dewlap
Russian meaning: подгрудок
Literary Manchu: qanda
Nanai: qando
Comments: ТМС 1, 372.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kan-dari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be fed up, tired of
Russian meaning: надоесть, наскучить
Evenki: kandari-
Comments: ТМС 1, 372.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kanǯa-?
Meaning: horn
Russian meaning: рог
Nanai: Ganʒaʒa
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kaŋar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: helminth
Russian meaning: глист
Evenki: kaŋir
Even: qaŋъ̣r
Negidal: kaŋaj
Orok: qaŋaị 'a k. of fish (навага)'
Nanai: kāŋa (Он.)
Oroch: kaŋa 'salmon'
Comments: ТМС 1, 374.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 together 2 to press, squeeze together 3 couple 4 gripe 5 trap
Russian meaning: 1 вместе 2 давить, прижимать 3 пара 4 тиски, зажим 5 капкан
Evenki: kapkal- 2
Negidal: kap 1, kapel 5
Spoken Manchu: havirǝhun, h́avirǝhun (2619) 'narrow, tight'
Literary Manchu: qab(a) 3, χafira- 2, χafiraqu 4
Ulcha: qap 1, qapụra- 2, qapụraqụ 4, qapalị 5
Orok: qap 1, qapịra 4
Nanai: qap 1, qapịra- 2, qapịraqo 4, qapalị 5
Oroch: kapali 1
Udighe: käfi- 2 (Корм. 247), kab`au 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 376, 378-379.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to kill 2 to fight
Russian meaning: 1 убивать 2 драться
Evenki: kare- 1
Orok: karamači- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 380, 381.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rod, thin branch
Russian meaning: прут, лоза
Evenki: kar, kari, karê
Comments: ТМС 1, 379. Cf. perhaps also Orok qarụmalịma 'children's sledge' (?).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to guard, protect 2 to watch
Russian meaning: 1 беречь, защищать 2 наблюдать
Evenki: karama-, karma- 1, kara-m-na- 'to envy'
Even: qarɣụs- 1 (Arm.), qarqị- 'to wait'
Spoken Manchu: qarmǝ- (797) 1
Literary Manchu: qarma- 1 (perhaps also χarša-, ТМС 1, 380)
Ulcha: qarGa-čụ- 2
Orok: qarGa- 2
Nanai: qarGa-čị- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 381-382. The Evk. form kar(a)ma- is cited from Lee 1958 (quoting Shirokogoroff 1944 which was unavailable to us).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 woodcock 2 hazel grouse 3 wild birds (ducks, geese) 4 jackdaw 5 a k. of bird 6 rook 7 black heron 8 cormorant
Russian meaning: 1 вальдшнеп 2 рябчик 3 дикие птицы (утки, гуси) 4 галка 5 вид птицы 6 грач 7 черная цапля 8 баклан
Evenki: kara 1, karakī 2
Negidal: karaxị̄ 3
Literary Manchu: qaraki 6, qaralǯa 7, qarasu 8
Orok: qarị 4
Nanai: qarqaj 5
Comments: ТМС 1, 379.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
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