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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *īrme-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to ask
Russian meaning: просить
Even: īrmu-
Ulcha: iremesi-
Orok: ireme-
Nanai: ireme- (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 328.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to break, destroy, press 2 to squeeze, knead
Russian meaning: 1 ломать, разрушать, давить 2 мять
Even: qawъ̣q-, qawъ̣l- 1
Negidal: kawjụ- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 357, 358. The root is expressive and has several variants: *kab- (see above); *kapu- reflected in Man. qafur 'crackling', Nan. qapo-qapo id., Ul. qapụ(r) id., Orok qapụli- 'to break', Evn. qabъr-, Evk. kapu- id. (see ТМС 1, 377-378); *kupu- in Manchu kufujen 'fragile'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kaba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tent (covered with bark) 2 to enclose, fence 3 fence, enclosure, camp
Russian meaning: 1 шалаш (крытый корой) 2 огораживать 3 забор, ограждение; лагерь, казарма
Spoken Manchu: quarǝn 'courtyard' (553)
Literary Manchu: quwara- 2, quwaran 3
Orok: qaụra(n) 1
Nanai: qawa 1
Oroch: kawa(n) 1
Udighe: kawa 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 391, 422. Manchu > WMong. quwaran 'barracks'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kabri-kī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sledge pole
Russian meaning: остол (палка для торможения нарт)
Evenki: kawrikī
Negidal: kawrịxị̄
Ulcha: qaụrị
Orok: qawrē
Nanai: kaorị̄
Oroch: kauri
Comments: ТМС 1, 358.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kabu-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 salmon fat 2 salmon stomach
Russian meaning: 1 жир (калуги, осетра) 2 желудок (калуги)
Ulcha: qaụqta 1
Nanai: qaụqta 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 385.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kači-kān
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: puppy
Russian meaning: щенок
Evenki: kačikān
Even: qačịqan
Negidal: kačịxān
Orok: kēčike
Nanai: kejče(kẽ)
Udighe: kas`anǯiga
Solon: xasxā̃
Comments: ТМС 1, 385.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kaču(-ki)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: skin clothes
Russian meaning: одежда из шкуры
Literary Manchu: qačiki
Ulcha: qačụị
Nanai: qačoị
Oroch: kačun, kačuki
Comments: ТМС 1,386.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kadala / *kadara
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bridle
Russian meaning: уздечка
Spoken Manchu: hadǝlǝ, qadǝlǝ (1255)
Literary Manchu: χadala
Nanai: qadara, χadara
Solon: xadal, kadala
Comments: ТМС 1, 359 (the verb *kadala- 'to regulate, oppress' reflected in several languages is derived from the noun 'bridle' rather than borrowed from Mong., where *kada- means basically 'to nail'; however, there were vast possibilities of contaminating the original and borrowed roots (see under *kājt`a). Nan. χadara 'bridle' may be borrowed from Mong. (not quite plausibly, however: the forms like qadar are actually attested only in MMong. and Southern Mongolian dialects), but the Manchu and Solon forms are hard to explain as borrowings (despite Rozycki 97).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kada(r)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rock
Russian meaning: скала
Evenki: kadar, kadaɣa
Even: qadār, qadaqụ
Negidal: kadā
Spoken Manchu: hadǝ 'mountain peak' (2069)
Literary Manchu: χada
Ulcha: qadalị
Orok: qada
Nanai: qadar 'granite, marble' (Он.)
Oroch: kada
Udighe: kada
Solon: xadār
Comments: ТМС 1, 360 (part of the forms may be < Mong., see Doerfer MT 18, but as a whole the root is undoubtedly genuine).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kadara-ku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: courageous, diligent
Russian meaning: смелый, храбрый, старательный
Literary Manchu: qadaraqu
Ulcha: qāda-
Orok: qadaraqu
Nanai: qadaraqo
Comments: ТМС 1, 360.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kaji-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a big seal 2 wild goat 3 a variegated dog breed
Russian meaning: 1 нерпа (крупная) 2 коза (дикая) 3 пестрая порода собаки
Even: kajir 2
Orok: qaịɣarị 1
Nanai: kiaktān 3 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 361, 362.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kaK-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rumple (skin) 2 instrument for rumpling skin
Russian meaning: 1 мять кожу 2 кожемялка
Oroch: kaku 2
Udighe: ka`i- 1 (Корм. 244)
Comments: ТМС 1, 364.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kaKi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 angry 2 hasty
Russian meaning: 1 сердитый 2 торопливый
Evenki: kaki 1
Literary Manchu: χaxi 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 363.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kakta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: yellow, pale
Russian meaning: желтый, бледный
Evenki: kaktalama, kaktarin
Comments: ТМС 1, 363.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kakti-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to give out a smell of burning
Russian meaning: пахнуть горелым, пригорать
Negidal: kaktị-
Literary Manchu: χaqsa-
Ulcha: qaqta-
Orok: qaqtụ-
Nanai: qaqtarị (adj.)
Udighe: kakčisi-
Comments: ТМС 1, 364.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kaK(u)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dam
Russian meaning: плотина
Literary Manchu: qaqu
Jurchen: xe-ki (68)
Comments: ТМС 1,356.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 near 2 to come near
Russian meaning: 1 близкий, близко 2 приблизиться
Spoken Manchu: hanči 1 (2611)
Literary Manchu: xanči 1; xalbu- 'to let into the house'
Ulcha: qāl- 2
Orok: qal- 2
Nanai: qaĺčị 1
Oroch: kalikun- 'to let near'
Comments: ТМС 1, 366, 369, 372 (Man. xanči should be kept distinct from qani 'similarly, in accordance with others').
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 clan, family 2 to gather (deer) 3 together
Russian meaning: 1 род, семья 2 собирать (оленей) 3 вместе
Evenki: kalbuldī- 2, Il. kālbe 3
Literary Manchu: χala 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 365, 459-460. The Manchu form was widely borrowed (Sol. xala, Neg. xala, Oroch xala, Ud. xa, Ul., Orok, Nan. χala).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kala-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 kettle 2 bag
Russian meaning: 1 котел 2 сума
Evenki: kalan 1
Even: qalā-was 2
Ulcha: qala(n) 1
Nanai: qalã 1
Udighe: kala(n) 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 364-365. Cf. also *kalbi- 'flat, broad' (ТМС 1, 365; hardly < Mong., despite Doerfer MT 51, 69 - although some forms, notably Evk. kalbaɣa 'spoon', Man. χalbaχa 'crooked part of a flat spoon', are probably borrowed, see Rozycki 100).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kalbu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 girdle 2 band
Russian meaning: 1 пояс 2 тесьма, лента
Evenki: kalbu 1
Even: qālbъ̣ 1
Negidal: kalbu 1
Solon: xalbaŋxa 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 365.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50

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