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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gurma- / *gurna-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hare 2 squirrel 3 ermine
Russian meaning: 1 заяц 2 белка 3 горностай
Evenki: gurnun 2
Even: gurnata 3
Spoken Manchu: Gulǝmahun 'hare, rabbit' (2216)
Literary Manchu: Gulmaχun 1
Jurchen: guRma-xaj (150)
Nanai: Gormaχõ 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 161, 174. Cf. also Nan. (On.) gorgo 'fox'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *guru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 reach (of river) 2 whirlpool
Russian meaning: 1 плес 2 водоворот
Evenki: gurukā 1, guru-ma 'straight (of a river reach)'
Orok: GorGi 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 161, 174.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gusa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 pole (for tying nets) 2 banner
Russian meaning: 1 шест (для привязывания сети) 2 знамя
Literary Manchu: Gusa 2
Ulcha: Gụsa 1
Orok: Gụsa 1
Nanai: Gosa 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 175. Man. > Dag. gusa (Тод. Даг. 133).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gusi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: eagle
Russian meaning: орел
Evenki: gus
Even: gusete
Negidal: gusixān
Ulcha: gusi
Orok: gusi
Nanai: gusi
Oroch: gusi
Comments: ТМС 1, 175.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gusin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: maternal uncle
Russian meaning: дядя по матери
Evenki: gusin
Even: göser
Ulcha: gusi(n)
Orok: gusi(n)
Nanai: gusĩ
Oroch: gusin
Udighe: goso`, guse` (Корм. 222)
Comments: ТМС 1, 175.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gut-kē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pike
Russian meaning: щука
Evenki: gutkēn
Even: götken
Nanai: gūčē̃
Oroch: gūče
Udighe: guese
Comments: ТМС 1, 175.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gutu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to disgrace 2 to rough-house, rage
Russian meaning: 1 позорить, бесчестить 2 буянить
Literary Manchu: Gutubu- 1
Ulcha: Goto- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 163, 176.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *guǯej
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 beautiful 2 lovely 3 deserving pity 4 to love, like
Russian meaning: 1 красивый 2 милый 3 жалкий, жалко 4 любить
Evenki: guǯej 1
Even: guǯēj 2, 3
Negidal: guǯej 1
Ulcha: guǯukuli 1, guǯele 3
Orok: guǯile 3
Nanai: guǯiele 3
Oroch: guǯeje 3
Udighe: guǯihi 3
Solon: guǯēn- 4
Comments: ТМС 1, 167. TM > Dag. guǯeje (Тод. Даг. 133).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gū ( ~ *gǖ)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 poison 2 a poisonous plant
Russian meaning: 1 яд 2 ядовитое растение
Literary Manchu: gu orχo 2
Ulcha: 2
Orok: 1
Nanai: 1
Udighe:
Comments: ТМС 1, 164.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gūle
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hut, dwelling-place
Russian meaning: хижина, жилище
Evenki: gūle
Comments: See ТМС 1, 171. Attested only in Evk. (whence Russ. Siber. guĺ 'house, dwelling', see Аникин 171), but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gūn-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to say 2 to think
Russian meaning: 1 сказать 2 думать
Evenki: gūn- 1
Even: gȫn- 1
Negidal: gūn- 1
Spoken Manchu: Goni- 2 (1848)
Literary Manchu: Guni- 2
Jurchen: xen-du-ru (467) 1
Ulcha: wembuwu 1
Orok: un- 1
Nanai: un(de)- 1
Oroch: gun- 1
Udighe: gun- 1
Solon: gun- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 171. Loss of *g- in Ul., Orok and Nan., as well as vowel shortening is unclear (perhaps a different root).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gūp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to extinguish, be extinguished
Russian meaning: гасить, гаснуть
Ulcha: gūpu-, gōkpi- (itr.), gūptu- (tr.)
Orok: gūptu- (itr.), gūpu- (tr.)
Nanai: gūp-, gūkpu- (itr.), gūpu- (tr.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 159. Cf. also Evk. kubdume 'dark', see ТМС 1, 421 ( < *gup-tu-me ?)
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *güb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pound, strike
Russian meaning: бить, выбивать, выколачивать
Evenki: giw-
Even: gīw-
Negidal: giw-
Ulcha: guji-
Nanai: guji-
Oroch: giwi-
Udighe: giu-
Comments: ТМС 1, 148.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gülde-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to stretch
Russian meaning: вытягивать, расправлять, разворачивать
Evenki: gilde-
Even: gildъ-
Negidal: gilde-
Ulcha: gulde-
Orok: gulči-
Nanai: gulde-
Oroch: gigdeli- 'to change clothes'
Udighe: gigde-
Comments: ТМС 1, 150. Southern languages reflect a partial contamination with *gulde- 'untie, unwrap' (v. sub *gū́ldi).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gǖb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to fume, smoke 2 furnace, stove
Russian meaning: 1 коптить, вялить 2 очаг, горн
Evenki: gī- 1, gīwun 2
Literary Manchu: Guwa-x́an 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 147, 165.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gǖl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smoke, fume
Russian meaning: коптить
Even: gīl- 'кипеть'
Ulcha: gulup-
Orok: gulitči-
Nanai: gulu-
Comments: ТМС 1, 147, 149. Shortening in Nan. is not quite clear (perhaps a misrecording).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 3d p. deictic stem
Russian meaning: указательная основа 3 л.
Spoken Manchu: ī 'he, she' (2877)
Literary Manchu: i; ineku 'the same'
Jurchen: in
Solon: ini 'his'
Comments: ТМС 1, 315, 319.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *iaga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to crumble, fall down
Russian meaning: обваливаться, осыпаться
Evenki: ē̂ɣaw-
Negidal: ē̂ɣa-
Literary Manchu: ja-qsa 'берег с осыпью'
Ulcha: jāga-
Comments: ТМС 1, 289.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *iag-ǯakta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fat (of a bear)
Russian meaning: жир (медведя)
Ulcha: jaGǯaqta
Comments: ТМС 1, 337 (despite the isolated nature of the Ul. form its relationship with the Turkic and Mong. forms seems reliable).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *iaKu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 swamp, ditch 2 brook
Russian meaning: 1 болото, лужа, канава 2 ручей
Evenki: jaku 1, jakta 2
Spoken Manchu: johǝrǝn, johurun 1 (2084)
Literary Manchu: jōχon 1
Nanai: jaqčịra 2
Udighe: jakpa` 2 (Корм. 240)
Comments: ТМС 1, 339.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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