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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gere-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 many 2 all
Russian meaning: 1 много 2 все
Spoken Manchu: gerǝn 1 (2851)
Literary Manchu: geren 1
Ulcha: gere(n) 1
Orok: gere(n) 1
Nanai: gere(n) 2
Oroch: gere(n) 1, 2
Udighe: gele 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 182.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gete-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wake up, sober up
Russian meaning: очнуться, протрезветь
Spoken Manchu: getǝ- 'to wake up, to waken' (533)
Literary Manchu: gete-
Nanai: gete-
Comments: ТМС 1, 183.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gēl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to disappear 2 to clear up (of sky) 3 to reflect light, throw shadow on
Russian meaning: 1 исчезать 2 проясняться (о небе) 3 отсвечивать, отражать тень
Even: gēl- 2
Literary Manchu: gelmarče-, gelmerǯe- 3, gelf́en 'pale'
Ulcha: gel- 1
Orok: gēl- 1
Nanai: gēl- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 178-179.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gē(n)ŋe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to stretch one's neck, raise one's head 2 to bend one's head 3 horse's counter, bone on the nape
Russian meaning: 1 вытягивать шею, поднимать голову 2 наклонять голову 3 загривок лошади, кость на тыльной стороне шеи
Even: gēŋel- 1
Spoken Manchu: gen-dā 'nape, back of the nape' (61)
Literary Manchu: gen 3
Nanai: guŋgule- 2
Udighe: geŋgem 1, gendugule- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 179, 180.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gia-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to plane, notch 2 chips, shavings
Russian meaning: 1 строгать, скоблить (кривым ножом) 2 стружки
Negidal: gē̂sadan 2
Literary Manchu: ǵa- 1 (cf. also geje- to carve)
Ulcha: Gē̂- 1
Orok: Gē̂- 1
Nanai: Gịa- 1
Oroch: gǟsa 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 147, 178. If the original meaning is "to cut aslant" (cf. the Turkic parallels), cf. also Ud. gojom, Nan. Gojmo 'crooked, aslant' (ТМС 1, 158).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *giala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to separate 2 division, partition 3 room 4 to stop
Russian meaning: 1 отделять, перегораживать 2 отделение 3 комната 4 делать остановку
Spoken Manchu: ǵalǝ- 'distant, separated' (2576); ǵalǝn 'room space, compartiment of a house' (448)
Literary Manchu: ǵala- 1,4, ǵalan 2
Ulcha: Gē̂laqo 3
Nanai: Gịala- 1
Udighe: gäla`u 3 (Корм. 221)
Solon: gē̂lā̃ 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 146. Sol. > Dag. gēlāŋ, ǵalāŋ 'room' (Тод. Даг. 131).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *giańam
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dawn
Russian meaning: рассвет, заря
Evenki: gē̂wan
Even: gǟwụn
Negidal: gē̂wan
Ulcha: Gē̂wa(n)
Orok: Gē̂wa(n)
Nanai: Gịwã
Oroch: gǟawan
Udighe: gē̂äwa
Comments: ТМС 1, 145. The reflexes match almost exactly those of *miańam 'heart', which makes us reconstruct *giańam with a later assimilative development > *giawan. Cf. perhaps also Jurch. gen-gien 'light, clear' = Man. geŋǵen, SMan. giŋiN id. (a contamination with PTM *geŋg- 'clean, clear'? - or the same root?), see ТМС 1, 177.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *g(i)aŋna-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to explain 2 to set (a riddle)
Russian meaning: 1 объяснять 2 загадывать (загадку)
Literary Manchu: ǵaŋna- 1
Ulcha: GaŋGa- 2
Orok: GaŋGaŋ Gajawo- 2
Oroch: gaŋga- 2
Udighe: gaŋiŋa 'riddle' (Корм. 220)
Comments: ТМС 1, 140 (the Manchu word is separated as a Chinese loanword, which is hardly the case).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *giari- / *gira-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to walk 2 to step
Russian meaning: 1 гулять 2 шагать
Evenki: gira-kta- 2
Even: gịraŋ-, gịrqъ̣- 2
Negidal: gịjān- 2
Literary Manchu: Garda- 'to run', ǵari- `to walk round, walk away'
Ulcha: Gē̂rị- 1, Gịran- 2
Orok: Gịran-
Nanai: Gịari- 1, Gịran- 2
Oroch: gǟri- 1, gia- 2
Udighe: geä-li- 1, geäna- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 141, 142, 147, 154-155.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *giaxü-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hawk 2 falcon
Russian meaning: 1 ястреб 2 сокол
Evenki: gē̂ki 2
Even: gǟqъ̣n 1,2
Negidal: gē̂xin 1
Spoken Manchu: ǵahun 1 (2241)
Literary Manchu: ǵaχun 1
Jurchen: giaxun (giaxun-un) (155) 2
Ulcha: Gē̂χõ 1
Nanai: Gịχõ 1
Oroch: gǟki 1
Udighe: gäxi (Корм. 221), geäxi
Comments: ТМС 1, 146. Cf. also TM *kiak- 'falcon, hawk' (ТМС 1, 391) - variant of the same root with assimilation?
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gibu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: roe
Russian meaning: косуля
Evenki: giwčēn
Negidal: giwčēn
Literary Manchu: ǵo
Ulcha: giu(n)
Orok: giu
Nanai: giu
Oroch: gǟuča, giuča
Udighe: giu, giuse
Solon: gīsē̃
Comments: ТМС 1, 148.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gik-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to gallop 2 to send 3 to spy
Russian meaning: 1 бежать рысью 2 посылать 3 разведывать
Even: gịqlị- 3
Literary Manchu: ǵaχala-ča- 1
Ulcha: Gịlta- 2
Nanai: Gịqo- 1, Gịaqta- 2
Oroch: gikta- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 137, 149.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cold
Russian meaning: холодный
Evenki: gildi
Even: gịlrъ̣
Negidal: gịlịgdị
Ulcha: Gịtụlị, Gịtịsị
Orok: Gịčụlị
Nanai: Gịčịsị
Oroch: giči-si
Udighe: gilihi
Comments: ТМС 1, 151. Most forms reflect a derivative *gil-si / *gil-či.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ring 2 bracelet
Russian meaning: 1 кольцо 2 браслет
Evenki: gildī 1
Negidal: gilǯixēn 1
Ulcha: gileptu(n) 2
Solon: diĺaptun 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 83, 150.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be sore, ache (of heart, wounds) 2 to be sad, annoyed, indignant
Russian meaning: 1 ныть, болеть (о сердце, ране) 2 грустить, досадовать, негодовать
Evenki: gilka- 1
Even: gịlko- 1
Literary Manchu: gila-, giŋqa-, giŋGa-, gilaǯa-, gilača- 2
Ulcha: gil-, gē̂l- 1
Orok: gilči- 1
Nanai: Gịlkị̄- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 151.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reindeer (more than 5-years-old)
Russian meaning: домашний олень (свыше 5 лет)
Evenki: gilge, gilduka
Even: gilge, gịlrъ̣q
Negidal: gịldụka
Udighe: giloŋgüö 'male roe'
Comments: ТМС 1, 150. Cf. also *gilbe- in Evk. gilbe- 'to tie deer in a tandem', gilbe-wun 'buckle, loop (on the back saddlebow, for tying the next deer in the caravan)', Evn. gilbьn-, Orok gilben- 'to tie in a tandem'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gile-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sprinkle with wine (sacr.)
Russian meaning: кропить, делать возлияние вином
Literary Manchu: gile-
Comments: ТМС 1, 152. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gileŋē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of duck
Russian meaning: вид утки (утка-лотошка, крохаль)
Negidal: gileŋēti
Ulcha: gileńetu
Comments: ТМС 1, 152.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gilta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 white 2 shine
Russian meaning: 1 белый 2 блестеть
Evenki: gilta-li 1
Even: gịltāl- 2
Spoken Manchu: gilǝtǝrǝ- (2043)
Literary Manchu: gilta- 2
Ulcha: gilte 2
Nanai: gilte- 2
Solon: giltarĩ 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 151-152.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *giram-ksa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bone 2 skeleton
Russian meaning: 1 кость 2 скелет
Evenki: giramna 1
Even: gịrъ̣mrъ̣ 2 (also "grave")
Negidal: gịjamna 2
Spoken Manchu: giraŋǝ 1 (167)
Literary Manchu: giraŋgi 1
Jurchen: gi(r)ba-an-gi (510) 1
Ulcha: Gịramsa 1
Orok: Giransa 1
Nanai: Gịrmaqsa 1
Oroch: giamsa 1
Udighe: gämaha, geämaha 1, 2 (Корм. 221)
Solon: giranda 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 154.
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