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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *galu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clear (of sky, weather)
Russian meaning: ясный (о небе, погоде)
Literary Manchu: GalGa
Ulcha: Galụ-Galụ bi
Orok: Gāl-
Nanai: GalGa
Comments: ТМС 1, 138.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gama
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: children of sisters
Russian meaning: дети сестер, племянники
Ulcha: Gamasụ
Orok: Gamasụ
Nanai: Gamasõ
Oroch: gama, gamasu
Comments: ТМС 1, 138.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gara
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bough, stick
Russian meaning: сук, палка
Evenki: gara
Even: gar
Negidal: gaja
Spoken Manchu: Garǝhǝn 'branch' (2134)
Literary Manchu: GarGa; Garin 'blade of a knife, edge of a sword'
Jurchen: gar (758)
Ulcha: Gara
Orok: Gara
Nanai: Gara
Oroch:
Udighe:
Solon: gar, gara
Comments: ТМС 1, 141, 142.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *garpa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ray 2 to shine
Russian meaning: 1 луч 2 светить
Evenki: garpa 1, garpa- 2
Even: garpanŋъ̣ 1, garpụ- 2
Negidal: gatpa 1, gatpa- 2
Ulcha: Garpačị- 2
Orok: Galpa 1, Galpa-, Garpa- 2
Nanai: Garpa- 2
Oroch: gappa- 2
Udighe: gakpa- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 142. The root also has the meaning 'shoot (from a bow)' in most languages. This was compared by Poppe (18, 44, 87) with Mong. qarbu- id. - but the phonological correspondence is quite irregular, both if we assume genetic relationship or borrowing (on Mong. qarbu- see under PA *kare). The resemblance is therefore either simply accidental, or the meaning of TM *garpa- 'to shine, "shoot rays"' was modified under Mongolian influence.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gasa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 crane 2 bird 3 swan 4 duck, water-bird 5 kite
Russian meaning: 1 журавль 2 птица 3 лебедь 4 утка, водоплавающая птица 5 коршун
Evenki: gasa 1
Negidal: gasa 3
Spoken Manchu: Gasǝhǝ 2 (2172)
Literary Manchu: Gasχa 2
Ulcha: Gasa 4
Orok: Gasa 4, 2, Gasawaqqu 5
Nanai: Gasa 4
Oroch: gasa 4
Udighe: gahä 2, 4
Comments: ТМС 1,143.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gata-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to gather berries 2 place of gathering berries
Russian meaning: 1 собирать ягоды 2 место сбора ягод
Ulcha: Gātaw 2
Orok: Gata- 1
Nanai: Gatao 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 143.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gata-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hoof (of deer) 2 fur
Russian meaning: 1 копыто (оленя) 2 мех
Literary Manchu: Gatχuwa 2
Orok: Gataja 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 143, 144.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gata- / *kada-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 strong, hard 2 daft, crafty 3 big, huge
Russian meaning: 1 сильный, крепкий 2 ловкий, умелый 3 большой, огромный
Evenki: gatakta 2
Orok: qadara 3
Nanai: Gatoxõ 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 143, 360.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gār(u)a
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 owl 2 swan
Russian meaning: 1 сова 2 лебедь
Evenki: gāre 1,2
Even: gār 'a big mythical bird'
Negidal: gaja 1
Literary Manchu: Garu 2
Jurchen: gawr-un (185) 2
Ulcha: Goara(n) 1
Oroch: garua 1
Udighe: 1
Comments: ТМС 1,142-3.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gebu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 empty 2 thin, lean
Russian meaning: 1 пустой 2 тонкий, худой
Literary Manchu: gebsexun 2
Ulcha: geu(n) 1
Orok: gewu(n) 1
Nanai: geũ 1
Oroch: gewu(n)
Udighe: geu
Comments: ТМС 1, 176.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gedi-muk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: back of the head
Russian meaning: затылок
Evenki: gedimuk
Even: gedъmъk
Negidal: gedemuk
Comments: ТМС 1, 177.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *geg-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be angry
Russian meaning: сердиться
Evenki: gegin-
Even: gegin-
Negidal: gewxe-
Ulcha: gewxe-de-
Nanai: geuxe-de-
Oroch: geuxende-
Udighe: ge-
Comments: ТМС 1, 177.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gek(u)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bow, bend
Russian meaning: гнуть, наклонять
Negidal: gexete-
Literary Manchu: gexu-
Ulcha: gekel-gekel
Orok: gekkil-gekkil
Nanai: gekel
Comments: ТМС 1, 178.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to get hardly on one's way
Russian meaning: трогаться с места, с трудом собираться в путь
Evenki: gel-
Orok: gilin-
Comments: ТМС 1, 150, 178.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gelē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to ask, demand, search
Russian meaning: просить, требовать, искать
Evenki: gelē-
Even: gelē-
Negidal: gelē-
Ulcha: gele-
Orok: gele-
Nanai: gele-
Oroch: gele-
Udighe: gele-
Solon: gelē-
Comments: ТМС 1, 179. TM > Dag. gelī- (Тод. Даг. 131).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gemu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: all
Russian meaning: весь, все
Spoken Manchu: gumǝ (2816)
Literary Manchu: gemu
Jurchen: ŋem-ur (841)
Orok: gem
Comments: Петрова 1967, ТМС 1,179 (without the Orok form).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gemu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a utensil for cleaning river bottom
Russian meaning: снаряд для очистки дна реки
Nanai: gemu 'a long cord with attached stones and hooks for cleaning river bottom', gemude- (v.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 179. Attested only in Nanai, but having possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gepe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 dim, obscure 2 to disappear 3 to begin (of night)
Russian meaning: 1 тусклый, неясный 2 исчезать 3 наступать (о ночи)
Evenki: gepe- 3
Even: gepeni 'black' (All.)
Ulcha: geptu(n) 1, geptun- 2
Nanai: gepejgen, geperie 1
Udighe: gefu ō- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 180.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gerbe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to procure poles (for the tent)
Russian meaning: заготовлять жерди (для остова юрты)
Evenki: gerbe-
Even: gerben-
Negidal: gejbe-
Orok: gelbe-
Nanai: gerbe-
Oroch: gebbe-
Comments: ТМС 1, 181.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gerbǖ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: name
Russian meaning: имя
Evenki: gerbī
Even: gerbъ
Negidal: gelbi
Spoken Manchu: gevǝ (1005, 1356)
Literary Manchu: gebu
Jurchen: ger-bu (780)
Ulcha: gelbu
Orok: gelbu
Nanai: gerb'i
Oroch: gebbi
Udighe: gegbi
Solon: gerbī
Comments: См. ТМС 1, 180-181.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Back: 1 20
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