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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *eke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to decrease 2 bad, low 3 weak 4 evil
Russian meaning: 1 уменьшаться 2 плохой, низкий 3 слабый 4 зло, злой
Spoken Manchu: eki- 1 (2864), exǝ 4 (2508)
Literary Manchu: eḱe- 1, exe 4
Jurchen: exebe (341) 2
Ulcha: ekeči(n) 3
Orok: ekkē 3
Nanai: ekečĩ 3; exele (Kur-Urm.) 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 444.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *eKe / *keKe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 woman, wife 2 elder sister
Russian meaning: 1 женщина 2 старшая сестра
Evenki: ekīn 2
Even: ekъn 2
Negidal: exe 1, exīn 2
Spoken Manchu: xexǝ 1 (833, 924)
Literary Manchu: xexe 1
Jurchen: xexe-e (299) 1
Ulcha: ēqte 1
Orok: ekte 1
Nanai: ekte 1
Oroch: eki 2
Udighe: exi(n) 1, 2
Solon: xexe 1
Comments: See ТМС 1, 480; 2, 443 (cf. a similar parallelism in the words for "man" and for "elder brother").
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ek-se-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to carry, take with smb. 2 to put, preserve
Russian meaning: 1 нести, везти; держать при себе 2 положить, оставить на сохранение
Evenki: ekse- 1
Orok: ekse- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 443-444.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ekte-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to paw, hit with hooves (of a horse); to rough-house 2 to faint
Russian meaning: 1 бить копытами; буянить 2 падать в обморок
Literary Manchu: ekte- 1
Udighe: ektine- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 444.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *elbe-, *eldu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cover (a tent), tent cover
Russian meaning: покрывать (чум), покрышка (чума)
Evenki: elbe-; ellun, eldun
Even: ēlrimi, ēlde
Negidal: elbe-
Literary Manchu: elbe-
Ulcha: elbene 'sail'
Nanai: elbẽ 'roof'
Oroch: ebbe-
Udighe: egbe-
Solon: eldū̃
Comments: ТМС 2, 445, 448.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *elbe-s-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to swim, bathe
Russian meaning: плыть, плавать, купаться
Evenki: elbes(kēt)-
Negidal: elbesi-
Spoken Manchu: efǝšǝ-, efǝsǝ- (2301)
Literary Manchu: ebiše-
Orok: ulbesi-
Nanai: elbusi-
Oroch: ebbesi-
Udighe: egbesi-
Solon: elbeš́ī- 'to wade'
Comments: ТМС 2, 445. The original meaning of the root was probably 'to scrape, rake up', cf. Evn. Arm. ēlbi- 'to rake up' (ТМС 2, 445).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ele-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 enough 2 to have enough, be satiated
Russian meaning: 1 довольно, достаточно 2 удовлетвориться, насытиться
Evenki: elī, ele 1, elekče- 2
Even: elъkъn 1
Negidal: ele 1
Literary Manchu: ele- 2
Jurchen: 'o-le-he-huŋ 'content, happy'
Ulcha: ele 1, ele- 2
Orok: ele 1, ele- 2
Nanai: elē 1, ele- 2
Oroch: ele 1, ele- 2
Udighe: ele 1, ele- 'to complete'
Solon: aĺe-ćáu, eĺlećáu 'I am full, I have had enough'
Comments: ТМС 2, 448-449.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *elke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: peaceful, silent
Russian meaning: тихий, осторожный
Evenki: elke
Negidal: elke
Spoken Manchu: elǝxǝ 'leisurely' (2956)
Literary Manchu: elxe
Ulcha: erke
Orok: erke
Nanai: elke
Oroch: ekke
Udighe: eke
Comments: ТМС 2, 447-448. TM > Dag. elke (Тод. Даг. 139).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *elu
Meaning: onion
Russian meaning: лук
Spoken Manchu: ulu 'leek' (307)
Literary Manchu: elu
Ulcha: elu
Orok: elu
Nanai: elu
Comments: ТМС 2, 448. Man. > Dag. el 'onion' (Тод. Даг. 139).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *eme-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to come, reach, arrive
Russian meaning: приходить, прибывать
Evenki: eme-
Even: em-
Negidal: eme-
Nanai: eme-
Oroch: emegi- 'to return'
Udighe: eme-
Comments: ТМС 2, 452.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *emē-n-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to leave
Russian meaning: оставлять, покидать
Evenki: emēn-, emē-
Even: emēn-
Negidal: emēn-
Oroch: imene-
Udighe: imen-
Solon: emēn-
Comments: ТМС 2, 453.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *emuge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: collarbone
Russian meaning: ключица
Orok: emo-te
Nanai: emue-čen 'lower part of thorax' (Он.)
Udighe: emuge
Comments: Дыбо 252, ТМС 2, 437.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *emu-l
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 quiver ornated with horse's hair 2 hoop of shaman's drum 3 belt 4 horse or deer pack 5 pack strap
Russian meaning: 1 колчан, расшитый конским волосом 2 обруч шаманского бубна 3 пояс 4 вьючная сумка (часть ниже завязок) 5 вдержка на сумке-торсуке
Evenki: ōmu 1, umul 3, ōmi 5, emin 4, emi-lge 4
Negidal: ūm 2
Ulcha: omali 3
Orok: ụmụl 3
Nanai: omol 3
Oroch: umu 3, omoɣo 3
Udighe: umu 3
Solon: omul 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 18, 266, 269.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *emV
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mother-in-law 2 female 3 female deer, elk
Russian meaning: 1 теща, свекровь 2 самка 3 самка оленя, лося
Evenki: emugde, umigde 3
Even: ömiri 3
Negidal: umigde 3
Spoken Manchu: emǝxǝ 1 (926)
Literary Manchu: emile 2, emeke 1
Nanai: emxe 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 268, 451-452.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *eńe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sin
Russian meaning: грешить
Ulcha: eńe-
Orok: en(n)e-
Comments: ТМС 2, 456.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *eńi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mother, female
Russian meaning: мать, самка
Evenki: eńin
Even: eńin
Negidal: eńin
Literary Manchu: eńen
Jurchen: enin (283)
Ulcha: eń-
Orok: enin
Nanai: eńin
Oroch: ene, eńi
Udighe: eńi(n)
Solon: enē, enĩ
Comments: ТМС 2, 456.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *eńukē
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a big kettle
Russian meaning: большой котел
Negidal: eńi
Ulcha: eńue
Orok: enue, enuɣe
Nanai: eńue
Oroch: eneiŋki 'birch box for dishes'
Comments: ТМС 2, 455.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *enū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 illness, pain 2 to feel pain, be sick
Russian meaning: 1 болезнь, боль 2 болеть, испытывать боль
Evenki: enū 1, enūt- 2
Even: en 1, en- 2
Negidal: enux 1, enū- 2
Literary Manchu: en seme 'groan'
Ulcha: enū 1, enu- 2
Orok: enu- 2, enū 1
Nanai: enusi- 2, enū 1
Oroch: enu- 2
Udighe: ene 1
Solon: enūn- 2, enexū 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 454-455.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *epe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: baked bread, cake
Russian meaning: печеный хлеб, пирог
Evenki: ewedi
Spoken Manchu: efǝn 'Manchu bread' (364)
Literary Manchu: efen
Ulcha: epe(n)
Nanai: epẽ
Solon: ouo ~ uɣon ~ eweń
Comments: ТМС 2, 436.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *epu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 elder sister's husband 2 grandfather, elder relative 3 bear 4 father's elder brother
Russian meaning: 1 муж старшей сестры 2 дед, старший родственник 3 медведь 4 старший брат отца
Negidal: epo, epa 4
Spoken Manchu: efū 1 (905)
Literary Manchu: efu 1
Orok: ēpi 2, epeke 2, 3
Oroch: epere 2, 4
Comments: ТМС 2, 459.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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