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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čuki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bad
Russian meaning: плохой
Ulcha: čụqana
Nanai: čukĩ (Он.)
Oroch: čuki
Comments: ТМС 2, 411.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čulbi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to starve, become lean
Russian meaning: худеть, истощаться
Evenki: čulbi-
Comments: ТМС 2, 413. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čulbi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a small hill
Russian meaning: небольшой холм
Evenki: čulbikān
Comments: ТМС 2, 413. Attested only in Evk., with possible parallels in Turk. and Mong.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čulupkī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hobble (a dog) 2 dog-collar
Russian meaning: 1 привязывать (собаку) 2 собачий ошейник
Evenki: čulupkī- 1, čulupkīwun 2
Even: čölipkin 1, čölipkin- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 413.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čum-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to put into a stack 2 a wood stack
Russian meaning: 1 собирать в кучу 2 поленница
Evenki: čumče- 1, čumče 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 414. Attested only in Evk. (Evk. > Yak. čömčöx, not vice versa), but having probable Turkic and Mongolian parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čum- / *čim-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cone (of any fir tree)
Russian meaning: шишка
Evenki: čunmī ( < *čum-nī)
Negidal: čimčukte
Ulcha: čimčikte
Orok: čipčikte
Nanai: čimčikte
Oroch: čimčikte
Comments: ТМС 2, 395, 414.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čumbu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 globe, sphere 2 rounded, swollen (of a mosquito) 3 (sleigh) arc
Russian meaning: 1 шар 2 раздувшийся (о комаре) 3 дуга (нарты)
Evenki: čumbukte 1, čumkilēptin 2
Nanai: čembu-čembu 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 414.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čuŋnu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: all, entirely
Russian meaning: весь, все, целиком
Negidal: čuŋnu
Ulcha: čuŋnu
Nanai: čuŋnu
Udighe: čoŋno
Comments: ТМС 2, 415.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čup-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 through and through, completely 2 to pull out
Russian meaning: 1 насквозь, совершенно 2 выдергивать
Evenki: čup 1, čuptū- 2
Even: čöptъre 1, čụptъ̣l- 2
Negidal: čop 1, čoptụ- 2
Ulcha: čụp 1, čụptụǯi- 2
Orok: tụp, čụp 1, tụptụllị- 2
Nanai: čop 1
Oroch: čop 1, čụppụ- 2
Udighe: čofu 1
Solon: sụttā- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 415-416.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čup- / *čop-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 pit, deep place 2 to submerge, dive
Russian meaning: 1 яма, глубокое место 2 погружаться, нырять
Evenki: čopkī, čuper 1, čopo- 2
Negidal: čop tịk- 2
Orok: čubbe- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 408, 416.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čupa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dregs, grounds; porridge
Russian meaning: гуща, осадок; каша
Evenki: čupa
Comments: ТМС 2, 415.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čurgī- ( ~ š-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to flow, drip
Russian meaning: стекать, струиться
Evenki: čurgī-
Even: čụrgъ̣-
Ulcha: čorǯụ-
Nanai: čorgi- (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 409, 416.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čuri- / *čurē- ( ~ š-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 beads 2 fringe
Russian meaning: 1 бисер, бусы 2 бахрома
Evenki: čurikta 1, čurēkte 2
Even: čụrịt 1
Negidal: čujēkte 2
Nanai: čūruktu 'metal horns on cap' (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 416-417.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čuru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of willow
Russian meaning: вид ивы
Evenki: čurumkurē
Negidal: čojomka
Nanai: čoromqola
Comments: ТМС 2, 417.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čūKa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grass
Russian meaning: трава
Evenki: čūka
Even: čūk
Negidal: čōxa
Solon: čuka
Comments: ТМС 2, 411.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *dab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mettled (of a horse)
Russian meaning: ретивый, рьяный (о коне)
Literary Manchu: dabdali, dabduri
Comments: ТМС 1, 184. Attested only in Manchu, with parallels in Turk. and Mong.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *daba
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: salmon
Russian meaning: кета
Negidal: dawā
Ulcha: dawa
Orok: dawa
Nanai: dawa
Oroch: dawa
Udighe: dawa
Comments: ТМС 1, 185. Man. dafaχa id. corresponds irregularly and is most probably < Mong. (despite Doerfer MT 143, Rozycki 53, suggesting an opposite direction).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *dad-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ferret trap
Russian meaning: западня, ловушка на хорьков
Literary Manchu: dadari
Comments: ТМС 1, 190. Attested only in Manchu, with possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *daga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: root
Russian meaning: корень
Evenki: daɣačān
Negidal:
Spoken Manchu: (2144)
Literary Manchu: da
Jurchen: da (120)
Ulcha: dāča(n), dāni
Orok: dāta(n)
Nanai: dāčā̃, dā̃
Oroch: daha
Udighe: dā, daha
Solon: dagasã, dagsã
Comments: ТМС 1, 188-189.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *daga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 near 2 soon 3 for a short time
Russian meaning: 1 близкий 2 вскоре 3 ненадолго
Evenki: daga 1
Even: dā-lị 1
Negidal: daɣa 1
Spoken Manchu: d́aritī, dartai 'at once, instantaneously' (2689)
Literary Manchu: da-rtaj 2
Jurchen: di-ɣa-sa (681) 1
Nanai: da-ptị 3
Udighe: dā-sa` 1 (Корм. 226)
Solon: daga 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 187-188.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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