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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čiri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to stink
Russian meaning: вонять, плохо пахнуть
Evenki: čiri-
Nanai: čịrịftala- (Bik.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 399.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čixa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 will, wish, agreement 2 to agree, to wish
Russian meaning: 1 воля, желание, согласие 2 соглашаться, желать
Spoken Manchu: čihalǝ- 'to be fond of, like to' (1890)
Literary Manchu: čiχa 1, čiχala- 2
Ulcha: tịχala- 2
Nanai: čịχala- 2
Oroch: čixala- 2
Udighe: čāla-, čahala- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 390-391.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čixe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 straw; bast 2 stub, broom remains
Russian meaning: 1 соломинка; лыко 2 пенек, остаток от веника
Literary Manchu: čike-ku 1
Nanai: čixin 2 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 392.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čī- ( ~ *šī-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scrape off, skin
Russian meaning: скоблить, соскабливать
Evenki: čī-
Comments: ТМС 2, 388. Attested only in Evk., with probable parallels in Turk. and Mong.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čīme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 top (of tree, mountain) 2 crown, sinciput
Russian meaning: 1 вершина (дерева, горы) 2 темя
Evenki: čīme 1
Even: čem 1
Nanai: čimčikē̃ 2 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 395. Cf. also Evk. čīmka 'middle post in the house'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čīme- (~š-,-ǖ-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of insect
Russian meaning: насекомое (мухообразное с пестрыми крыльями)
Evenki: čīmečīldūn
Udighe: cimgi (Корм. 310)
Comments: ТМС 2, 395.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čīme- (~š-,-ǖ-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 knee-cap, fat under the knee-cap 2 ankle, huckle-bone
Russian meaning: 1 коленная чашечка, клейкая масса (в коленном суставе) 2 лодыжка
Evenki: čīmečin 1
Even: čimnēk 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 395.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čobī- ( ~ š-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 foam 2 saliva 3 to sprinkle
Russian meaning: 1 пена 2 слюна 3 прыскать
Evenki: čowī-ksa 1,2
Even: čoɣlị 1
Negidal: čoxsa 1, 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 402.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čoK[i]-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to incline, bow 2 to squat
Russian meaning: 1 наклоняться, кланяться 2 сидеть на корточках
Evenki: čoko- 2
Negidal: čoxịtịn- 'свернуться клубком'
Literary Manchu: čuqu- 1
Nanai: čoqčojgan 'squatting' (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 411, 404. Cf. also *čūči- 'to squat' (ТМС 2, 418) < *čUk-či- (?).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čolka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grey, white (of hair)
Russian meaning: седой
Evenki: čolko
Negidal: čolko
Comments: ТМС 2, 405. Cf. also *čul- 'green, blue'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čoŋkī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to peck 2 pecking, beak
Russian meaning: 1 клевать 2 клевание, клюв
Evenki: čoŋkī- 1, čoŋkī 2
Even: čoŋqъ̣- 1, čoŋqъ̣n 2
Negidal: čoŋkị- 1, čoŋkị̄ 2
Literary Manchu: čoŋgi-, čoŋki- 1
Nanai: čoŋkị- 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 407.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čop-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of overcoat
Russian meaning: вид плаща
Even: čobaqa
Solon: čibkeǯa
Comments: ТМС 2, 388, 401.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čope-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 locust 2 larva (of insects)
Russian meaning: 1 саранча 2 личинка (насекомых)
Evenki: čepeder 1
Ulcha: čobị 2
Nanai: čobị 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 401, 421.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čōk(i)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to gauge 2 to stick into 3 to peck 4 to dig, delve
Russian meaning: 1 выдалбливать, вырезать 2 втыкать 3 клевать 4 копать, ковырять
Evenki: čōk- 4
Even: čuq- 4
Negidal: čok- 1
Literary Manchu: čoki- 2
Ulcha: čoqị- 3
Nanai: čoqị- 3
Udighe: cugu 'adze' (Корм. 311)
Comments: See ТМС 2, 403. Secondary vowel shortening in Nan.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čōlī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to gossip, prattle, babble 2 tongue
Russian meaning: 1 болтать, пустословить, лепетать 2 язык
Evenki: čōlī- 1, čōlī 2
Negidal: čōlị̄- 1
Nanai: čolči- (Он.) 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 405.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čōr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 pike 2 young fish
Russian meaning: 1 щука 2 рыбья молодь
Literary Manchu: čurχu 2
Solon: sōraldī 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 113, 400. The Manchu form is regarded as a mongolism by Rozycki, but (unlike Evk. čirukaj 'pike') is more probably a genuine cognate.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čub-rī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: green, blue, yellow
Russian meaning: зеленый, синий, желтый
Evenki: čūri-n,-rin
Even: čụ̄rụńa
Negidal: čojīn
Solon: sụ̄rĩ, (Ивановский) čuɣurin
Comments: The root is probably *čub-; see ТМС 2, 417-418.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čuga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fix, attach
Russian meaning: приделывать, прикреплять
Udighe: čuga-
Comments: ТМС 2, 410. Attested only in Ud., but having possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čuguk- ( ~ -b-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 snuff 2 to burn (with fire) 3 to hiss (of glowing coals in contact with water)
Russian meaning: 1 нагар 2 обжечь (огнем) 3 шипеть (о раскаленных углях в соприкосновении с водой)
Evenki: čuke, dial. čuwukī 1, čuwkān- 2
Negidal: čowixān 3
Udighe: čauk-čuk (expr.) 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 410, 412.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čuKe-rē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to move warily; to jump cautiously
Russian meaning: осторожно передвигаться; осторожно прыгать
Evenki: čukerē-
Comments: ТМС 2, 412. Attested only in Evk., but having probable parallels in Mong. and Kor.
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