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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xup-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 all 2 to gather
Russian meaning: 1 весь, все 2 собирать(ся)
Evenki: upkat 1, upūrē- 2
Negidal: opkal 1
Ulcha: χụpala- 2
Orok: χupala- 2
Nanai: χopala- 2
Oroch: χupala- 2
Udighe: ufal, ufalahi 1
Comments: See ТМС 2, 281; 1, 478. Cf. also Nan. χopã, Ul. χopa(n), Orok χụpa(n) 'group, company' - which may be a merger of the original root with a Manchu loan (cf. Manchu χufan 'company, companionship' < Chin. huǒbàn).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xup-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: film on fish eggs
Russian meaning: пленка на рыбьей икре
Nanai: xuperemse
Comments: ТМС 1, 478. Attested only in Nan., but having rather probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)upara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to neglect, mistake
Russian meaning: ошибаться, упускать из виду
Spoken Manchu: ufarǝ- (1761)
Literary Manchu: ufara-
Comments: ТМС 2, 295. Attested only in Manchu, with possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xupu-ŋksa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: soot
Russian meaning: сажа
Evenki: uwuksa
Orok: xumesike
Nanai: xufekse
Comments: ТМС 1, 477, 2, 243.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xupuru
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 rift (in river) 2 bridge
Russian meaning: 1 порог (на реке) 2 мост
Evenki: ōran 1
Jurchen: hufuru 2 (Doerfer MT 136)
Nanai: xurfu 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 479, 2, 23.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bear 2 gopher 3 bear's flesh (as food) 4 young tarbagan
Russian meaning: 1 медведь 2 суслик 3 медвежье мясо (как пища) 4 тарбаган (до 5 месяцев)
Evenki: urike 2, urka- 3
Even: ụrka- 3, urgeɣe 4
Negidal: ujguli 1
Ulcha: xuǯuli 1
Nanai: xujguluẽ 1
Oroch: ugguli 1, urike 'fox-seal'
Comments: ТМС 2, 251, 284, 285, 286. For the forms meaning 'gopher, seal' cf., however, some Turkic Siberian forms: Khak. örke, Yak. örgö, Tuva örge (VEWT 374-375) - which may be borrowed from Tungus, but may also constitute a separate root (note that Turk. > Hung. ürge 'gopher', see Gombocz 1912, Russ. Siber. jerkeška, see Аникин 202).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to copulate (of deer) 2 to be jealous
Russian meaning: 1 спариваться (об оленях) 2 ревновать
Evenki: orgolī- 2; urī-n 'rival (in love)'
Even: ụrlị- 2
Negidal: ojalị- 2
Ulcha: χoralsị- 2
Orok: χụralị- 2, χorị- 1
Nanai: χoralsị- 2
Oroch: xorä 'one of two wives'
Comments: ТМС 1, 471; 2, 285.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dry (meat)
Russian meaning: вялить (мясо)
Evenki: urgan- 1
Literary Manchu: uča-laχa jali 'dried meat'
Comments: ТМС 2, 283. Man. uča- < *xurga- (but may also reflect another root: cf. Nan. učikte 'dried meat'?).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: piebald (horse)
Russian meaning: пегий (о лошади)
Literary Manchu: urlu
Comments: ТМС 2, 286. Attested only in Manchu, but with probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xura-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bark 2 outer skin
Russian meaning: 1 кора 2 оболочка, кожица
Even: ụrtъ̣ 1
Literary Manchu: uriχa 2
Ulcha: xụraqta 1
Orok: χụraqta 1
Nanai: χoraqta 1
Udighe: wakta 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 282. Cf. also Evn. ụra- 'to cover with bark', Orok χụrala- 'to peel bark'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to save, be saved, recover
Russian meaning: спасать(ся), выздоравливать
Evenki: urā-
Even: ụr-
Negidal: ojajị-
Ulcha: χora-
Orok: χụra-
Nanai: χora-
Oroch: uwa-, uja-
Udighe: wajagi- (Корм. 217), uja-
Solon: ụrgī-
Comments: ТМС 2, 282.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurē
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mountain
Russian meaning: гора
Evenki: ure
Even: urekčen
Negidal: ujē
Spoken Manchu: vexē 'stone, rock'(2110)
Literary Manchu: wexe 'stone'
Jurchen: h(i)ur-xe (52) 'stone'
Ulcha: xure(n)
Orok: xure
Nanai: xure(n)
Oroch: uwe, ue
Udighe: (Корм. 219), we, ue
Solon: ure
Comments: ТМС 2, 289.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: heavy
Russian meaning: тяжелый
Evenki: urge
Even: urgъ
Negidal: ujgegdi
Spoken Manchu: uǯin (2848)
Literary Manchu: uǯen
Jurchen: hu(i̯)ǯe (395)
Ulcha: xuǯeuli
Orok: xudē
Nanai: xuige
Oroch: ugge
Udighe: ugehi
Solon: uggerdi
Comments: ТМС 2, 283-284.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grey
Russian meaning: серый
Evenki: uri-m
Negidal: ōjịn
Ulcha: χoj-pụ(n)
Nanai: χō-gǯõ, (Он.) xōrbor
Comments: ТМС 2, 285 (this root should be kept distinct from the form kuri, attested in some languages and borrowed from Mong.).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurid-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a vessel for berries
Russian meaning: посудина для ягод
Evenki: uridīk
Nanai: χordaχĩ
Comments: ТМС 1, 471, 2, 285.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)urī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: station, dwelling place
Russian meaning: стойбище, жилище
Evenki: urī-kīt
Even: örikit
Solon: urīlẽ
Comments: ТМС 2, 285. Cf. perhaps also TM *ura 'behind, buttocks' ( < 'back part'), see ТМС 2, 282.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 soot 2 sulphur
Russian meaning: 1 сажа 2 сера
Literary Manchu: xurku 2
Ulcha: χorχi 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 471, 478.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: belly (of fish)
Russian meaning: брюшко (рыбы)
Even: ökenre
Negidal: ujkene
Ulcha: xuče(n)
Nanai: xujke
Oroch: ukkese
Udighe: ukihe
Comments: ТМС 2, 29-30.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurum-sa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 earwax 2 tobacco ashes
Russian meaning: 1 ушная сера 2 табачный пепел
Evenki: urumŋā 1
Even: ụrụmrъ̣ 1
Negidal: ojomŋa 1
Ulcha: χoromsa 1
Orok: χoropsa 1
Nanai: χoromsa 1, 2
Udighe: uŋä 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 288.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurumü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: short
Russian meaning: короткий
Evenki: urumkūn
Even: urumkun
Negidal: ujumkūn
Ulcha: xurmi
Orok: xurdumi
Nanai: xurm'ị
Oroch: ūmi
Udighe: umasa` (Корм. 302)
Solon: urūŋkũ
Comments: ТМС 2, 287-288.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
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