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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xulgu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reed
Russian meaning: тростник
Evenki: ulgukta
Negidal: ojgokto
Spoken Manchu: olǝhǝ (2157)
Literary Manchu: ulχu
Ulcha: χolGaqta
Orok: xụldụqta
Nanai: χolGoqta
Oroch: ugukta
Comments: ТМС 2, 258-259.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)uli-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: chest, chest bone, collar bone
Russian meaning: грудь, грудная кость, ключица
Evenki: ulin
Even: ölken
Literary Manchu: ulxun, ulku
Comments: ТМС 2, 261.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xulki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to mix, stir 2 support for feet in a boat
Russian meaning: 1 размешивать 2 упор (для ног гребца в лодке)
Evenki: ulkī- 1, ulki 2
Even: ụlqụ- 1
Negidal: ulki 2
Literary Manchu: urki 2
Orok: xulči 2
Oroch: ukki 2
Udighe: uki 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 261. The original meaning is easily reconstructable as 'to row ( > to stir); rowing device'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xulŋu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: navel
Russian meaning: пупок
Evenki: uŋurē
Even: inŋö, iŋŋö
Negidal: uŋńo-n
Spoken Manchu: uluŋu (94)
Literary Manchu: uleŋgu
Ulcha: xujmu
Orok: xūnu
Nanai: xujmu
Comments: ТМС 2, 266, 280. In Man. cf. also xum-sun 'navel' (ТМС 1, 447).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xulu-kī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: squirrel
Russian meaning: белка
Evenki: ulukī
Even: öliki
Negidal: ọlọxī
Literary Manchu: ulxu
Ulcha: xolo
Orok: xolo / xulu
Nanai: xulu
Oroch: oloki
Udighe: oloxi
Solon: uluxi
Comments: ТМС 2, 263-4.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xum-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to soak 2 to besmear (face)
Russian meaning: 1 мочить 2 пачкать (лицо)
Evenki: umī- 1
Even: umi- 1
Literary Manchu: χumara- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 477, 2, 267.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xum-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lean, weak
Russian meaning: тощий, слабый
Evenki: umdān
Even: ụmnakụ
Ulcha: χomdo(n), χụmdụ(n)
Orok: χụmana
Nanai: xumdu
Oroch: umana
Solon: ụminā-
Comments: ТМС 2, 267.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xumā-n,-kin, *xum-nu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 marrow 2 metatarsus
Russian meaning: 1 костный мозг 2 стопа, плюсна
Evenki: umān, umākin 1
Even: ụmъ̣n 1, ụ̄nmъ̣ 2
Negidal: oman 1, onmụ 2
Spoken Manchu: umǝhaŋ (332) 1
Literary Manchu: umGan, umχan 1, umuxun 2
Ulcha: xoma(n) / xụma(n) 1
Orok: xụma(n) 1, xūmnū 2
Nanai: xomã 1
Oroch: uma(n) 1, umnu 2
Udighe: uma(n) 1
Solon: ụ̄mā̃ 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 266-7, 274.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xum(p)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to soften 2 smth. rotten 3 softened birch bark 4 rotten birch
Russian meaning: 1 размягчать (кожу, кору) 2 гнилой, гниль 3 береста (размягченная) 4 береза (гнилая)
Evenki: umdu- 1, ubgučē 4
Negidal: umdus-umdus 2
Nanai: χomdo (Naikh.) 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 267.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xumu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: upside down
Russian meaning: ничком, вверх дном
Evenki: umuskī
Even: umuskī
Negidal: umne-pkī
Literary Manchu: umusixun
Ulcha: xumesi
Orok: xumusei
Nanai: xumesi
Oroch: umse-
Comments: ТМС 2, 272. Tungus forms with *k- (see ТМС 1, 431) may be borrowed from Mongolian (cf. Kalm. kömtr-) or influenced by Mongolian forms, see Doerfer MT 74.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xumu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dig, bury
Russian meaning: копать, хоронить
Negidal: umu-
Spoken Manchu: umu- 'to burry, to fill' (1747)
Literary Manchu: umbu-
Ulcha: xumu-
Orok: xumu-
Nanai: xumu-
Oroch: umu-
Comments: ТМС 2, 268-269.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuńa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ladle 2 thimble 3 finger 4 wooden bucket
Russian meaning: 1 ложка 2 наперсток 3 палец 4 деревянное ведро
Evenki: uńaptun 2, uńakāptun 3
Even: ụńan 2, ụńiqъn 3
Negidal: onkān 1, ońaxān 3
Spoken Manchu: xuni 'wooden pail' (580)
Literary Manchu: xuńo 4
Ulcha: χońa(n) 1
Orok: χụńa 1
Nanai: χońã 1
Oroch: uńa 1, uńaka(n) 3
Udighe: uńa` 3, uńa`ptin 2 (Корм. 302)
Solon: ụnaxā̃ 1, 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 478, 2, 276-277.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)unda-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sinew on the back 2 belt
Russian meaning: 1 спинное сухожилие 2 пояс
Evenki: unā 1
Even: äinapin 'украшение на переднике'
Negidal: ōnan 1, ońapun 2
Literary Manchu: unda 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 18, 273, 458.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuńi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to envy, become sick of envy
Russian meaning: завидовать, обижаться, заболевать от зависти
Evenki: uni-
Even: öń-
Negidal: uńi-
Ulcha: xuńi-
Nanai: xuńi-
Udighe: uńi- 'to become sick'
Comments: ТМС 2, 273-274.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xunǯi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wooden quiver 2 a vessel made of birch bark
Russian meaning: 1 деревянный колчан 2 сосуд из бересты
Evenki: unǯikān 2
Nanai: xonǯi (Он.) 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 273.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)uŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: head (of kin, clan), chief
Russian meaning: глава (рода, клана), начальник
Spoken Manchu: uŋan (1012)
Literary Manchu: uŋgu, uŋGa
Comments: ТМС 2, 278. Attested only in Manchu, but having rather interesting external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuŋ-da-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ice crust on snow
Russian meaning: наст
Evenki: uŋnan
Even: ụ̄nъ.n
Negidal: ōŋnan
Literary Manchu: undan
Nanai: χoŋdã
Udighe: uŋna; oŋo- 'to freeze'
Comments: ТМС 2, 279. Cf. also Evn. ōńịr 'снег (плотный), сугроб'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuŋī-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: blood vessel
Russian meaning: кровеносный сосуд
Evenki: uŋīkta
Even: ụŋtъ̣
Negidal: oŋtā, oŋikta
Ulcha: χoŋGịqta
Orok: χụmụqta
Nanai: χoŋgịqta
Udighe: umakta, umukta
Comments: The original stem is preserved in Evk. dial. uŋi- 'to bleed, flow (of blood)'. See ТМС 2, 278.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuŋke- / *kuŋke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bow
Russian meaning: кланяться, наклоняться
Evenki: uŋkē-
Negidal: keŋket-
Spoken Manchu: xeŋkilǝ-, xiŋkili- 'to kowtow' (1446)
Literary Manchu: xeŋgile-
Jurchen: keŋ-ke-le-mij (751)
Ulcha: keŋkele-
Nanai: keŋkele-
Udighe: xeŋki-
Comments: ТМС 2, 278-279.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuŋVl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 worm 2 grub
Russian meaning: 1 червь 2 личинка
Evenki: uŋul 1
Even: uŋъl 1, 2
Negidal: uŋil 2
Spoken Manchu: imahǝ, nimahǝ 1 (2173)
Literary Manchu: uḿaxa / iḿaxa 1
Jurchen: wu-mia-xa (166) 1
Orok: xuŋguli 2
Nanai: xuŋguli 2
Oroch: umuli 2
Udighe: uŋulu 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 280. Cf. also PTM *(x)uńa 'grub, larva' (ТМС 2, 276).
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