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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xomī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hunger, hungry 2 drought 3 to be hungry
Russian meaning: 1 голод, голодный 2 засуха, неурожай 3 голодать
Evenki: omī-kin 1
Even: omъ̣t- 3
Negidal: omịxị̄n 1
Literary Manchu: omi-n 1, 2
Ulcha: χomčị- 3
Nanai: χomị 1, 2
Udighe: omisi- 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 17.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)on-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to search (for lost deer) 2 to wait 3 domestic reindeer trained for searching wild deer
Russian meaning: 1 искать (потерявшихся оленей) 2 ждать 3 олень-манщик
Evenki: onī- 1, ondōgdo 3
Even: ōnmъ̣t- 2, ondā- 1, ondad 3
Negidal: ondogdo 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 19. Cf. perhaps also Manchu ondo- 'to caper; to rape' ( > Dag. ondō-, see Тод. Даг. 159); Nan. χonolị- 'to mock' (ТМС 1, 470) - which would confirm the reconstruction of *x- and fit the original meaning 'to covet (sexually)'. Evk. ondogdo > Dolg. ondōdo (see Stachowski 193).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xondari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wall mat
Russian meaning: циновка для стены
Negidal: xondoj ( < South.), onara-wu 'полка вдоль нар'
Ulcha: χondorị
Orok: χondorị
Nanai: χondorị
Comments: ТМС 1, 470, 2, 18.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xońi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sand, dirt
Russian meaning: песок, грязь
Even: ońịŋ
Orok: xoŋoqto
Oroch: ońokto
Udighe: ońokto
Comments: ТМС 2, 20.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xonta-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hemp
Russian meaning: конопля
Evenki: onokto
Literary Manchu: χunta
Ulcha: χụntaχa
Nanai: χontaxa
Oroch: onokto
Comments: ТМС 1, 471, 2, 19. A culture term with many interdialectal loans: Ul. onoqto, Nan. onoqto ( < Evk.); Neg. xontaxa, perhaps also Man. χunta < South.-Tung.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xoŋa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 nose 2 front part (of boat) 3 nose bridge
Russian meaning: 1 нос 2 нос (лодки) 3 переносица
Evenki: oŋokto 1
Even: oŋъ̣t 1
Negidal: oŋokto 1
Spoken Manchu: xoŋqǝ 2 (1272)
Literary Manchu: χoŋqo 2
Ulcha: χoŋqo 2
Nanai: qoŋtoro 1, χondaχa 3, χōŋqo 2
Oroch: xoŋko 2 (possibly < Manchu)
Solon: onokto 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 413, 470; 2, 22. There is some variation of *x- and *k- (cf. the Nanai and Manchu reflexes; cf. also Neg. koŋtopkī. "nose (of a deer, elk, bear)"; but it is hardly possible to separate these variants.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)or-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 red bilberry 2 black currant
Russian meaning: 1 брусника 2 черная смородина
Evenki: orāŋĺā 1
Even: ōrbāt 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 23.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xorin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: twenty
Russian meaning: двадцать
Evenki: orin
Negidal: ojịn
Spoken Manchu: orin (2754)
Literary Manchu: orin
Jurchen: horin (655)
Ulcha: χorị(n)
Orok: χorị(n)
Nanai: χorị̃
Oroch: oi
Udighe: waji
Solon: orĩ
Comments: ТМС 2, 24.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)oru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to flame up
Russian meaning: вспыхнуть
Evenki: orumna-
Comments: ТМС 2, 25. Attested only in Evk., with possible parallels in Turk. and Mong.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xosī-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to scrape 2 claw, finger-nail
Russian meaning: 1 царапать, скрести 2 ноготь, коготь
Evenki: osī- 1, osīkta 2
Even: osị- 1, ostъ̣ 2
Negidal: osị̄- 1, ōtta 2
Spoken Manchu: wasǝqǝlǝm, wasǝqulu- 'to scratch, to claw' (1574)
Literary Manchu: wasixa 2
Ulcha: χosị- 1, χosta 2
Orok: χosị- 1, χosịqta 2
Nanai: χosaqala- 1, χosaqta 2
Oroch: xosi- 1
Udighe: wahi- (Корм. 218) 1, wai-li- 1, waikta, wahikta 2
Solon: oš́ī- 1, ụš́īkta 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 26-27.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ot-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shout, cry
Russian meaning: кричать
Evenki: otutka-
Comments: ТМС 2, 29. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xoǯa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 edge, end 2 slanting, slant
Russian meaning: 1 конец, край 2 косой, наклонный
Evenki: oǯo 2
Even: oǯan- 2
Negidal: oǯo- 2
Spoken Manchu: uǯan 1 (2605)
Literary Manchu: uǯan 1
Orok: χodo- 2
Nanai: χoǯịa- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 7, 250.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)oǯu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: oestrum
Russian meaning: течка
Even: oǯụ
Comments: ТМС 2, 7. Cf. perhaps also Oroch uǯaǯina- 'to play on a wooden instrument' (if the original meaning was 'play' ('playfulness (of animals)' > 'oestrum').
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ōb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to get covered by foam 2 foam (on water) 3 to wash, wash off
Russian meaning: 1 покрываться пеной 2 пена (на воде) 3 мыть, смывать
Evenki: ōvda- 1
Spoken Manchu: ovǝ-, ovu- (1691) 3
Literary Manchu: obo- 3, oboŋgi 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 4.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xōlī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: raven, crow
Russian meaning: ворон, ворона
Evenki: ōlī
Even: olịnǯa
Negidal: ōlī.
Nanai: χolī.
Oroch: oli
Udighe: wali
Solon: oĺē, olī
Comments: ТМС 2, 13. TM > Dag. oĺē (Тод. Даг. 159). Shortness in Nan. is irregular (probably dissimilatory, before the next long vowel).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xōri-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: excrements (of deer)
Russian meaning: помет (оленей)
Evenki: ōrikta
Even: ōrịt
Orok: xorịqta
Comments: ТМС 2, 23-24.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xōsa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 skin from deer's feet 2 animal's paw
Russian meaning: 1 шкура с ног оленя 2 лапа животного
Evenki: ōsa 1
Even: ōsъ̣l 1
Negidal: ōsa 1
Spoken Manchu: vašǝqǝ, vasǝqǝ, vašǝqu, vasǝqu 2 (2287)
Literary Manchu: ošoxo 2
Ulcha: χosolị 1
Orok: χoso 2
Nanai: χōsō 2, χōsol 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 26.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xōsi-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: star
Russian meaning: звезда
Evenki: ōsīkta
Even: ōsịqat
Negidal: ōsikta
Spoken Manchu: ušihā (2037)
Literary Manchu: usixa
Jurchen: hosi-xa (12)
Ulcha: xosta
Orok: wasịqta
Nanai: xosaqta (диал.)
Oroch: xosakta
Udighe: waikta, wahikta
Solon: ōš́ikta
Comments: ТМС 2, 27.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ub-gā
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: burrow, hole
Russian meaning: нора, дыра
Evenki: ubgā
Even: ụbgụq, dial. ōwa
Negidal: obga- 'пролезать под снегом (о птицах)'
Literary Manchu: o 'armpit'
Comments: ТМС 2, 3, 242.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xubgu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vein, artery
Russian meaning: кровеносный сосуд, артерия
Evenki:
Even:
Negidal: ubgu
Orok: χobGolị
Solon: ōg 'heart'
Comments: ТМС 2, 243. The same word may be reflected in Ul. χoal(ị), Nan. χoal 'bobber' = Orok χobGolị (see ТМС 1, 442); semantically the word was probably influenced by a merger with *kiaba- (v. sub *ki̯opu).
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