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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čiK-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grown-up
Russian meaning: возмужалый, совершеннолетний (о мужчине от 30 до 40 лет)
Literary Manchu: čiqsin
Comments: ТМС 2, 392. Attested only in Manchu, but quite possibly going back to the Altaic root for 'time' (*'timely' > 'grown-up').
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čikā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cut, hack, chop off
Russian meaning: отрезать, отрубать, отсекать
Evenki: čikā-
Even: čịqị-
Negidal: čịxa-
Literary Manchu: čikiri 'shavings'
Orok: čike 'support for cutting, hacking smth.'
Comments: ТМС 2, 390, 391.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čiK(i)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sprout
Russian meaning: прорастать, подниматься из земли
Evenki: čiki-ltu-
Literary Manchu: čiq-ǯala-
Comments: ТМС 2, 391 (cf. also Man. čiqte-n 'stem, stalk', čiq-si- 'to ripen, become grown-up').
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čiKi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pivot
Russian meaning: шарнир, петля
Evenki: čiki
Even: čị̄q
Negidal: čịx
Comments: ТМС 2, 391.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čiKi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 edge, border 2 to go along the shore, come out on the shore 3 stamped snow
Russian meaning: 1 край, граница 2 идти по берегу, выходить на берег 3 утоптанный снег
Evenki: čiki (Tomm.)
Literary Manchu: čikin 1, čiki-ra- 2
Nanai: čiku-le- 2 (Kur-Urm.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 389, 391.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čikpa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wet 2 to become wet, soak
Russian meaning: 1 мокрый 2 мокнуть
Negidal: čịp- 2
Ulcha: čịqpa 1
Orok: čịqpa ~ čịpqa 1
Nanai: čaqpa 1
Oroch: čippa 1
Udighe: čipa 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 398. Cf. also Evk. čīw- 'to flow, leak' (ТМС 2, 389) which could reflect the original *čiju.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čiku-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bead 2 ornament (made of carp's bones)
Russian meaning: 1 бисер 2 украшение (из костей карпа)
Evenki: čikti 1
Negidal: čịktị 1
Ulcha: čikukte 2
Nanai: čiku-kte (Sch.) 2, čīči 1 (Naikh.)
Oroch: čixite 1, čukčikti 'beads'
Comments: ТМС 2, 392.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *či(K)u- ( ~ -e-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fire steel
Russian meaning: кресало, огниво
Ulcha: čiu(n)
Orok: ču
Nanai: čiũ
Udighe: cui (arch.) (Корм. 311)
Comments: ТМС 2, 400.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 growth, bushes 2 a k. of tree with red bark
Russian meaning: 1 растительность, кусты 2 вид дерева (краснокорый лозняк)
Even: čịldụqa 1
Literary Manchu: čolχo mō 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 393, 405.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čilču-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: swelling, gland
Russian meaning: опухоль, железа
Evenki: čilčun
Spoken Manchu: čiličin 'wen' (151)
Literary Manchu: čilčin
Ulcha: čulču-kte
Nanai: čilču-kte
Udighe: cikci (Корм. 310)
Comments: ТМС 2, 394.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čildi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to spread, open wide 2 become wider (of footwear)
Russian meaning: 1 расширяться, широко раскрываться 2 разнашиваться (об обуви)
Evenki: čildi- 1
Even: čịldụm- 2
Nanai: čildin- 'прибывать (о воде)' (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 393. The Nan. meaning reflects a contamination with čilqa- < *tilka- q. v.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čilki ( ~ š-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 muscle, biceps 2 front leg of a bear
Russian meaning: 1 мышца, бицепс 2 передняя нога медведя
Evenki: čilkī 1
Even: čịlqa 1
Negidal: čịlkị̄ 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 394. Evk. > Dolg. čɨlkɨ (see Stachowski 76). {Evk. čilbika 'ножное сухожилие' may be here and not < Mong.}
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *č[i]m-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to grip with claws 2 to pick one's teeth 3 to pinch
Russian meaning: 1 хватать когтями 2 ковырять в зубах 3 брать щепотку
Evenki: čomdokolō- 3
Negidal: čimŋet- 2 (Цинциус 1982)
Literary Manchu: čamna- 1
Nanai: čimi- 'поджать под себя ноги' (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 375, 406. Vocalism is hard to reconstruct: aberrations are probably due to the root's expressive nature.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čime
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a k. of salmon 2 burbot
Russian meaning: 1 вид кеты 2 налим
Literary Manchu: čima, čime 1
Ulcha: čịmada 'name of a fish', (Sch.) čêmada 2
Oroch: čume 1
Udighe: cuma 'тихоокеанский лосось' (Корм. 312)
Comments: ТМС 2, 414. Neg. čē̂ŋan, Oroch čīŋen 'burbot' perhaps reflect a contamination with *siaŋa-n 'burbot' (v. sub *si̯āŋa).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čip-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to press (with fingers) 2 to squeeze, press 3 to stuff, stick 4 to clutch 5 to pick with a finger (food remnants) 6 to lick
Russian meaning: 1 сжимать (пальцами) 2 жать, давить 3 набивать, заталкивать 4 хватать, зажимать 5 подбирать пальцем (остатки еды) 6 лизать, облизывать
Evenki: čīpčī- 3, čipka- 2, čīw- 6
Even: čịpčụ- 3, čụ̄- 6
Negidal: čipixet- 1, čịpịxịla- 2, čịpčị- 3, čịw- 6
Literary Manchu: čibu- 3
Ulcha: čipeči- 5
Orok: čịpo- 5
Nanai: čịp 'tightly', sefele- (Bik.) 4
Oroch: čipči- 3, čipopu(n) 'index finger'
Udighe: čipči- 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 389, 398, 399. Evk. length in some forms is probably expressive or compensatory.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čipa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 edge of sledge brake-stick 2 sharp
Russian meaning: 1 наконечник палки-тормоза для саней 2 острый
Evenki: čịpan 1
Negidal: čịp-čịp 2
Nanai: čip '(to stick into, pierce) deeply' (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 398.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čipi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a small bird 2 swallow
Russian meaning: 1 птичка 2 ласточка
Evenki: čipi-čā 1
Even: čị̄bъ̣lъ̣n 1
Negidal: čịptịja 1
Spoken Manchu: čivaqǝn 2 (2240)
Literary Manchu: čibin 2
Nanai: čịpịaqo 2
Udighe: čiwjau 'sparrow'
Comments: ТМС 2, 398. The root is expressive and subject to various irregular changes.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čipi- (~š-,-ü-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sweep; to scrape
Russian meaning: мести (пол); строгать
Evenki: čipi-
Comments: ТМС 2, 398. Attested only in Evk., but having plausible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čip[u]-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: narrow
Russian meaning: узкий
Evenki: čipikte, čipileme
Even: čụpụtị
Comments: ТМС 2, 398.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čire-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scrape off
Russian meaning: сцарапать, содрать
Evenki: čir-čī-
Nanai: čīre '(to cut smth.) across' (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 400.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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