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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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\data\alt\tunget
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)im-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 gown 2 a k. of ritual hat
Russian meaning: 1 халат 2 вид ритуальной шапки
Literary Manchu: iḿantu 2
Oroch: imǯa 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 313.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xima-ŋsa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: snow
Russian meaning: снег
Evenki: imana
Even: ịmъ̣nrъ̣
Negidal: ịmana
Spoken Manchu: nimaŋǝ (2025)
Literary Manchu: nimaŋgi
Jurchen: hima-ŋi (17)
Ulcha: sịmana, sịmata
Orok: sịmana, sịmata
Nanai: sịmana, sịmata
Oroch: imasa
Udighe: imaha
Solon: imanda
Comments: See ТМС 1, 312-313 (all languages reflect also various verbs derived from the root *xima-). Cf. also Evn. irpi ( < *xirpi) 'snow' (folkl.) (ТМС 1, 328).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ximŋe-kte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bird-cherry
Russian meaning: черемуха
Evenki: inŋēkte
Negidal: imŋemkēn
Literary Manchu: jeŋge
Ulcha: sińekte
Orok: siŋekte
Nanai: siŋēkte
Oroch: imepe
Udighe: iŋofo
Solon: iŋekte
Comments: ТМС 1, 318.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ximū-ŋkse
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fat
Russian meaning: жир, сало, масло
Evenki: imūkse
Even: imrъn, imdъn
Negidal: imukse
Literary Manchu: imeŋgi
Jurchen: ji-miuŋ-ŋu (526)
Ulcha: simse
Orok: simure
Nanai: śimukse
Oroch: imukse
Udighe: imoho
Solon: imukče, imučče
Comments: ТМС 1, 313-314. Formally - derived from PTM *ximū- 'to smear (with fat); to melt'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xinda-?
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: come
Russian meaning: приходить
Orok: sinda-/xinda-
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xiń-ŋa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hair, fur
Russian meaning: волос, пух, шерсть
Evenki: inŋakta
Even: ịnŋъ̣t
Negidal: ênńakta
Literary Manchu: iŋGaχa
Ulcha: sịńakta
Orok: sịnaqta
Nanai: sịŋaqta
Oroch: iŋaqta
Udighe: iŋakta
Solon: iŋakta
Comments: ТМС 1, 317.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)iŋā
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sand (on a shallow place) 2 pebbles 3 small stone 4 shallow place
Russian meaning: 1 песок 2 галька 3 камушек 4 отмель
Evenki: iŋā 1, 2
Even: ịŋa 1, 2
Negidal: ịŋā 2
Spoken Manchu: ńuŋ́an, ńohun 1 (2111)
Literary Manchu: joŋgan 1
Oroch: iŋo 2
Udighe: iŋo 4
Solon: iŋā 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 320-321.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xiŋǖ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cold 2 to freeze
Russian meaning: 1 холодный 2 замерзать
Evenki: iŋinipču 1
Even: iŋъńsi 1
Negidal: iŋinigdi 1
Ulcha: siŋgun- 2
Orok: siŋgū- 2
Nanai: sīŋgu- 2
Oroch: iŋeńi 1
Udighe: iŋinihi 1
Solon: inigigdi
Comments: ТМС 1, 321.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ipke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to order, tell, lure
Russian meaning: приказывать, велеть, подстрекать
Evenki: ipku-, ipke-
Even: ipkъn-
Udighe: ikpele- (Корм. 237)
Comments: ТМС 1, 322.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dandruff
Russian meaning: перхоть
Even: irit
Comments: ТМС 1, 327. Attested only in Evn., but with possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wild deer 2 to rub horns 3 *'newborn animal' > 'new'
Russian meaning: 1 дикий олень 2 тереться рогами 3 *'новорожденное животное' > 'новый'
Evenki: irki, irē 1, irkekīn (dial.) 3
Even: irče-, irkъ- 2
Negidal: ijun 1, iskekin 3
Spoken Manchu: ičē 'new' (2544)
Literary Manchu: iren 1, iče 3
Jurchen: hi(i̯)če (85) 3
Ulcha: suru(n) 1, sičeu(n) 3
Orok: sitče- 2, sitče- 3
Nanai: sirũ 1, śiku(n) 3
Oroch: iju 1, ikken 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 327, 328. Evk. sirū and Neg. xịra (ТМС 2, 96) must be loanwords from Southern TM, where *x- > x- and s-; in any case, these forms have nothing to do with Turk. *sɨgɨr 'cow', despite Sinor 1962, 320.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ir- ~ (x)ür-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ancient, former
Russian meaning: старый, древний, прежний
Even: ir-bēt
Negidal: ij
Solon: irēkte
Comments: ТМС 1, 329.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xirege
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: file
Russian meaning: напильник
Evenki: ireɣē
Even: irge
Negidal: īɣē ~ ijeɣē
Ulcha: siru
Orok: sīro
Nanai: siru
Oroch: jo
Udighe: jue
Comments: ТМС 1, 328-329.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xirga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gad-fly
Russian meaning: овод
Evenki: irgakta
Even: ịrgъ̣t
Negidal: ịjgakta
Spoken Manchu: iǯā (2262)
Literary Manchu: iǯa
Ulcha: sịǯaqta
Orok: sịǯịqta
Nanai: sịGaqta
Udighe: iga
Comments: ТМС 1, 324-325. Evk. > Dolg. ɨrgakta (Stachowski 261).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ise-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to crush 2 to beat 3 to butt, quarrel
Russian meaning: 1 ломать 2 бить 3 бодать, спорить
Evenki: iše- (dial.) 1
Negidal: isi-kte- 1
Literary Manchu: isele- 2
Oroch: isǟmeči- 'перетягивать (друг у друга, держась за противоположные концы веревки, - игра)'
Solon: iš́ilǯi- 'to contest'
Comments: ТМС 1, 336.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xisi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 larch 2 cypress
Russian meaning: 1 лиственница 2 кипарис
Evenki: ismama 1
Even: ịsъ̣ɣ 'forest'
Negidal: ịs, ịsma 1
Literary Manchu: isi 1
Jurchen: hisi (105) 2
Ulcha: sisi 1
Orok: sịsị 1
Nanai: sịsị 1
Oroch: isi 1
Udighe: ihi 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 331.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)it-
Meaning: 1 shallow place 2 ditch
Russian meaning: 1 отмель 2 канава
Literary Manchu: itan 1
Solon: ītrā 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 333, 334.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ite
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: board (on bottom of the birch-boat)
Russian meaning: доска (на дне берестяной лодки)
Evenki: ite
Negidal: īte
Comments: ТМС 1, 334.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)iti
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 custom, order 2 to organize, prepare 3 occasion
Russian meaning: 1 обычай, порядок 2 организовать, готовить 3 случай
Evenki: iti(n) 1, itiɣā- 2
Even: ịtqa 1, ịtụ-, ịtъ̣ɣ- 2
Negidal: ịtqa 1
Oroch: īti 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 333. TM > Dag. ite (Тод. Даг. 146).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xīb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: handle (of axe), shaft (of arrow)
Russian meaning: рукоятка (топора, лопаты), древко (стрелы, копья)
Even: iw-den
Ulcha:
Orok:
Nanai:
Oroch: ī
Udighe: ī (i̯i) (Корм. 236)
Comments: ТМС 1, 295.
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