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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)enŋe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: young of deer, horse (one year old)
Russian meaning: олененок, жеребенок (годовалый)
Evenki: eŋnekēn
Even: ēnken
Negidal: eŋnexēn
Comments: ТМС 2, 457.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)en-te-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to beware 2 attentively, slowly
Russian meaning: 1 быть осторожным 2 внимательно, медленно
Even: ente- 1, ēntukukēn 2
Literary Manchu: entexeme 'always, eternally'
Comments: ТМС 2, 454. Man. > Dag. entegem (Тод. Даг. 140).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xeńü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: light (not heavy)
Russian meaning: легкий (о весе)
Evenki: eńī-mkūn, eńum
Even: ejim
Negidal: eńimkun
Literary Manchu: eni-xun
Ulcha: xeńu
Orok: xeńu-mi
Nanai: xeńu
Oroch: xeńimi
Udighe: enimese` (Корм. 314)
Solon: enikkū̃
Comments: ТМС 2, 455-456.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xeŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 free 2 to walk out into open space
Russian meaning: 1 свободный 2 выходить на открытое пространство
Evenki: eŋī- 2
Ulcha: xeŋgel(i) 1
Nanai: xeŋgel 1
Udighe: eŋeǯi 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 457, 458.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)eŋē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to peer, investigate
Russian meaning: заглядывать, разведывать
Even: eŋēli-, eŋēt-
Comments: ТМС 2, 458. Attested only in Evn., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)eŋge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beak
Russian meaning: клюв
Literary Manchu: eŋge
Comments: ТМС 2, 457. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable parallels in Turkic and Mongolian.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xeŋ(-gu-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be burnt
Russian meaning: подгореть, подгорелый
Evenki: eŋgurē-
Nanai: xēŋgi-
Comments: ТМС 2, 457.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xeŋgu-kte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild onion
Russian meaning: дикий лук
Evenki: uŋukte, eŋukte
Even: eŋut
Negidal: eŋukte
Literary Manchu: uŋge, eŋgule
Ulcha: xeǯikte
Nanai: xeǯukte
Comments: ТМС 2, 280, 458.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xep-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sprinkle 2 to get wet
Russian meaning: 1 брызгать 2 намокать
Evenki: epe-, epti- 1
Even: eb- 1,2, ēpte- 1
Negidal: epti- 1
Literary Manchu: ebe- 2
Orok: xepičči- 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 459-460.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xepe/u-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to break, destroy
Russian meaning: ломать, разбивать
Evenki: ew-
Spoken Manchu: efelǝ (1660)
Literary Manchu: efule-, efele-
Nanai: xepu-li-
Comments: ТМС 2, 434.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xerekī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: frog
Russian meaning: лягушка
Evenki: erekī
Even: eriki
Negidal: ejexī
Literary Manchu: erxe
Ulcha: xere, xereke
Orok: xere
Nanai: xere
Oroch: ēki
Udighe: ēxi
Comments: ТМС 2, 466-467.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xerekte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: skin
Russian meaning: кожа
Evenki: erekte 'skin, bark'
Even: ertъ
Negidal: ejekte
Ulcha: xerekte
Orok: xerekte
Nanai: xerekte
Oroch: ēkte
Comments: Formally - a derivative from PTM *xere- 'to skin' (reflected in Ul. xere-); see ТМС 2, 467.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xerē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 around 2 to walk around, turn around
Russian meaning: 1 вокруг 2 ходить вокруг, поворачиваться
Evenki: erēlī 1
Even: erъl- 2
Negidal: ejēl- 2
Ulcha: xereli- 2
Orok: xereli- 2, xere-li 1
Nanai: xeri- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 467.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)erge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of box
Russian meaning: вид ящика
Evenki: erge
Comments: ТМС 2, 462. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xeri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 price 2 wake, ritual celebration (after death) 3 payment to a judge
Russian meaning: 1 цена, стоимость 2 период выполнения церемониального обряда (после смерти) 3 плата судье
Even: ēri 1
Nanai: xergẽ 2, xerū (Он.) 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 482, 2, 464.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xeri- / *xeru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to rake up 2 to sweep
Russian meaning: 1 сгребать 2 подметать
Evenki: eru- 1
Even: er- 1
Negidal: ej- 1
Literary Manchu: eri- 2
Ulcha: xeru- 1
Orok: xeri- 1
Nanai: xeti- 1 (*xer-či-)
Oroch: ei- 1
Udighe: eju, ejeu 'shovel'
Solon: erū̃ 'shovel'
Comments: ТМС 2, 462. Despite Doerfer MT 21 the word has nothing to do with Mong. erü- 'to dig' (see under *p`i̯ŏ̀ŕe).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xesi-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: string in net edge
Russian meaning: веревка, стягивающая сеть
Spoken Manchu: xešǝn, xesǝn 'brim; strap' (2606)
Literary Manchu: xešen 'edge (of net etc.)'
Ulcha: xesi(n)
Nanai: xesĩ
Oroch: xesi(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 483.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xete-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to overcome, win 2 to be stubborn, contend 3 to fulfil, accomplish
Russian meaning: 1 преодолевать, побеждать 2 быть упрямым, состязаться 3 выполнять, совершать
Evenki: ete- 3
Even: et- 1
Negidal: etiče- 2, ete- 3
Spoken Manchu: etǝ- 'to win' (803)
Literary Manchu: ete- 1
Jurchen: hete-xe (794) 1
Ulcha: xete- 1
Orok: xete- 1
Nanai: xete- 1
Oroch: ete- 1
Udighe: ete- 1
Solon: ete- 1, 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 470. TM > Dag. ete- (Тод. Даг. 141).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)eti-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 old man 2 father-in-law
Russian meaning: 1 старик 2 тесть, свекор
Evenki: eti-rkēn 1, etkī 2
Even: eti-kēn 1, etki 2
Negidal: eti-xen 1, etkī 2
Solon: etikkē̃ 1
Comments: See ТМС 2, 469 (one should note that many forms listed there, like Man. ečike etc., are later mongolisms, see Doerfer MT 117, Rozycki 66).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)etu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: strong, hard
Russian meaning: сильный, тугой
Spoken Manchu: etǝxun (2501)
Literary Manchu: etu-xun
Comments: ТМС 2, 470 (the Manchu word is to be separated from *xete- 'to win, overcome'). Attested only in Manchu, but having reliable external parallels. Man. > Dag. etgun, etxun (Тод. Даг. 140).
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
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