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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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\data\alt\tunget
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *alu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 currants 2 a k. of berry (моховка)
Russian meaning: 1 смородина 2 моховка (ягода)
Evenki: aluɣ 1
Negidal: aloj 1
Ulcha: ālụ 1
Orok: allụ 1
Oroch: ālǟ ~ āli 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 33. {Cf. Manch. elisun 'трава, ростки', ТМС 2, 447}.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *am-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 quick, quickly 2 to be in time, to catch up 3 to reach, touch
Russian meaning: 1 быстрый, быстро 2 успеть, застать вовремя 3 достать, дотянуться
Evenki: ama, ama-kān 1, amin-, ami-ltän-
Even: āmrъ̣q 1, āmъ̣ltъ̣n- 2
Spoken Manchu: amǝčǝ- 2
Literary Manchu: am-bu-, am-ča- 3
Nanai: am-qa-čị- 3 Bik.
Solon: amarī 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 34, 37, 38. TM > Dag. amilta- 'to be in time, catch' (Тод. Даг. 120).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *amba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 big 2 many 3 very
Russian meaning: 1 большой 2 много 3 очень
Spoken Manchu: amǝ 'big, large' (2398)
Literary Manchu: amba 1
Jurchen: amban (amban-an) (668) 1, amban-lar (724) 2
Ulcha: amba(n) 1, 3
Orok: ambaramǯị 3
Nanai: amba(n) 1
Oroch: amba 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 36-37. The relation of Neg. amban, Oroch, Ud. amba, Ul., Orok amba(n), Nan. ambã 'evil spirit' is not quite clear.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *amŋa, *amta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mouth 2 to taste
Russian meaning: 1 рот 2 пробовать на вкус
Evenki: amŋa 1, amta- 2
Even: amŋъ 1, amtъ- 2
Negidal: amŋa 1, amta- 2
Spoken Manchu: aŋǝ 1 (27), aŋa 1
Literary Manchu: aŋga 1
Jurchen: am-ŋa (494) 1
Ulcha: aŋma 1
Orok: amŋa / aŋma 1
Nanai: amGa 1
Oroch: amma 1
Udighe: aŋma 1
Solon: amma, angai 1
Comments: See ТМС 1, 38-39. PTM *amta- 'to taste' is hardly borrowed from Mong., since Mong. amta(n) is used only as a noun; however, forms like Evk. amta etc. 'taste', as well as -la-derivatives (Evn. amtъ̣l-, Nan. amtala- etc.) are most probably < Mong., see Doerfer MT 19. For PTM *amŋa 'mouth' borrowing is excluded. The stem *amŋa within TM tends to contaminate with *aŋa 'hole' (v. sub *àŋa), which is obviously a secondary development.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ana-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: very
Russian meaning: очень
Nanai: anam
Oroch: ana, anī, anu
Comments: ТМС 1, 41.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *anda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: friend
Russian meaning: друг
Evenki: anda
Negidal: anda
Literary Manchu: anda
Jurchen: al-da-xaj (330) cf. *alda (1-31), an-dan-do (816) 'to follow'
Ulcha: anda
Orok: anda
Nanai: anda
Oroch: anda
Udighe: anda
Comments: ТМС 1, 42-43. TM (Nan. andaχa etc.) > Dag. antaka (Тод. Даг. 121).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *andi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scoter, a k. of duck
Russian meaning: турпан, утка-чернеть
Evenki: anni, andi, ende
Negidal: anị
Nanai: āni, āŋgi (Он.) 'diver'
Comments: ТМС 1, 43; 2, 453.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *anī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to present a gift
Russian meaning: дарить, награждать
Evenki: anī-
Even: anị-
Ulcha: ajban ( < *ani-pan) 'gift'
Comments: ТМС 1, 21, 43.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ańŋa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: year
Russian meaning: год
Evenki: anŋanī
Even: anŋъ̣n
Negidal: ańŋanị̄
Spoken Manchu: ani (2723)
Literary Manchu: ańa
Jurchen: ania (79)
Ulcha: ańa(n)
Orok: anańị
Nanai: ajŋańa, ajŋanị
Oroch: anŋańi
Udighe: aŋa(n)
Solon: ańē̂, aŋa
Comments: ТМС 1, 43-44. TM > Dag. ańē (sar) 'January' (Тод. Даг. 121).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *antaga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: slope of a mountain
Russian meaning: склон горы
Evenki: antaɣa
Even: antъ̣ɣ
Negidal: antaɣa
Literary Manchu: antu
Nanai: antaǯịa
Udighe: anta
Comments: ТМС 1, 44.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *anǯa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: plough
Russian meaning: плуг, соха
Literary Manchu: anǯa
Ulcha: anǯa
Nanai: anǯa
Comments: ТМС 1, 43.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *aŋa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 dig 2 crack, hole 3 open
Russian meaning: 1 копать 2 щель, дыра 3 открывать
Evenki: aŋa- 1, aŋa-/ āŋā- 3, aŋa 2
Even: aŋ- 1, āŋa- 3
Negidal: aŋa- 1, 3, aŋa 2
Ulcha: aŋGala 2
Orok: āŋGa- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 45-46.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *aŋa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 foreigner 2 orphan
Russian meaning: 1 чужеродец 2 сирота
Evenki: aŋnakī 1, aŋaǯakān 2
Even: aŋъ̣ǯa 2
Negidal: aŋnaxị̄ 1, aŋaǯaxān 2
Literary Manchu: anaqu (ǯuj) 2
Ulcha: aŋaǯa, aŋańị 2
Orok: aŋada 2
Nanai: aŋǯịnị 1, aŋGaǯã 2
Oroch: aŋnaińi 1, aŋaǯa 2
Udighe: aŋnaxi 1, aŋaǯa 2
Solon: aŋaǯĩ 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 46. TM > Dag. anikē (Тод. Даг. 121).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *aŋa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wild game 2 mountain ram 3 to graze (of deer) 4 enclosure for deer
Russian meaning: 1 дикий зверь, дичь 2 горный баран 3 пастись (об оленях) 4 загон для оленей
Evenki: aŋa 1, anaŋ (dial.) 2, aŋa- 3, aŋan 4
Even: anъ̣ŋ 2, aŋ- 3
Negidal: aŋa- 3
Orok: āŋa- 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 42, 45-46.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *aŋ(g)a
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: net (for catching fish under ice)
Russian meaning: сеть (для подледного лова рыбы)
Negidal: aŋa
Ulcha: aŋGa
Orok: aŋGa
Nanai: aŋga
Oroch: aŋga
Comments: ТМС 1, 45.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *apa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grandfather; uncle (elder brother of father, mother)
Russian meaning: дедушка; дядя (старший брат отца, матери)
Negidal: apa
Nanai: papa (Naikh.), fafa (Bik.) (redupl.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 47, 2, 34.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *apa-
Meaning: 1 to attack 2 to fight
Russian meaning: 1 нападать 2 сражаться
Spoken Manchu: afǝ- 1 (789)
Literary Manchu: afa- 1
Nanai: apa- 1
Solon: apaldi- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 47. Cf. perhaps Jpn. *a(m)pu-na- 'dangerous'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *apka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sky
Russian meaning: небо
Spoken Manchu: abka, apka
Literary Manchu: abqa
Jurchen: a-pu-ha
Nanai: apqa (Kur.-Urm.), afqa (Bik.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 8.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to make, work, construct 2 to come to one's senses 3 to cause fear (оf an evil ghost), to appear in one's imagination 4 shape, form 5 evil spirit
Russian meaning: 1 делать, производить, работать 2 приходить в чувство 3 чудиться, пугать (о злом духе) 4 вид, форма 5 злой дух
Evenki: arit- 3, arū- 2, arinka 5
Even: ar-, arị- 3, ar- 2, arịŋqъ̣ 5
Negidal: ajị 5
Spoken Manchu: arǝvǝn, arǝvun 'appearance, form' (2342)
Literary Manchu: ara- 1, arbun 4, ari 5
Nanai: arị 5
Comments: ТМС 1, 48, 49, 51, 52. Man. > Dag. arbun (Тод. Даг. 121).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 open space 2 open ritual court
Russian meaning: открытое пространство
Evenki: araɣan 1
Even: arъ̣ɣъ̣n 1
Ulcha: aračụ 2
Oroch: arāču 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 48.
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