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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)aK-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to menstruate 2 dirt 3 rust, mould 4 to rust, mould
Russian meaning: 1 менструировать 2 грязь 3 ржавчина, плесень 4 ржаветь, плесневеть
Evenki: akapču- 1
Even: oqụ, aqụ̄sa 3, oqụ̄-, aqụ̄- 4
Solon: akụ 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 24, 2, 11.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)aKa(k)ta
Meaning: cross-bow, bow
Russian meaning: лук, самострел
Even: akata, akota
Comments: ТМС 1, 25. Cf. perhaps also *aKa-ri: Evk. akari 'fish fin', Neg. akajị 'upper edge of a river foreland' (ТМС 1, 24).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xakta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to castrate (a deer) 2 castrated deer
Russian meaning: 1 кастрировать (оленя) 2 кастрированный олень
Evenki: akta- 1, aktakī 2
Even: āt- 1, ata 2
Negidal: aktawčā 2
Orok: χaqta 2
Nanai: χaqta- 1, χaqtaqto 2
Solon: attamal 'testiculi'
Comments: ТМС 1, 26. Initial x- in Southern TM proves firmly (despite Doerfer MT 17) that the root is not borrowed < Mong. aɣta 'castrated horse' (although some forms - namely, Sol. akta, Nan., Man. aqta morin 'castrated horse' - certainly are, and should be kept apart from the reflexes of PTM *xakta-).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xaku-kan (/*k-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: doll
Russian meaning: кукла
Ulcha: χaqụa(n)
Orok: χoqo(n)
Nanai: aqoã
Oroch: xakuã
Comments: ТМС 1, 459. Cf. also *kakura-kta 'decorative bells' (ТМС 1, 375).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tug, belt
Russian meaning: лямка, ремень
Evenki: alaɣ
Even: al
Negidal: ala, alan
Ulcha: χala
Orok: χalị
Nanai: χala
Oroch: ala
Udighe: ala
Comments: ТМС 1, 28-29. Аникин 80 proposes: Evk. > Khant. ălak > Russ. dial. alák, álak > Yak. ālɨk, Ket alǝk, Yukagh. aɫik; cf. also Nivkh halɨk id. This would make the etymology of Ket alǝk presented in Старостин 1995, 181 ( = PNC *hwǝ̄lkwē 'chariot') obsolete.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ala
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tasty, sweet
Russian meaning: вкусный, сладкий
Evenki: ala
Even: alъ̣qē̂
Negidal: alagdị
Comments: ТМС 1, 27.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xalā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wait
Russian meaning: ждать
Evenki: alā-č-
Even: alač-
Negidal: alāč-
Spoken Manchu: iali- (1439, 3034)
Literary Manchu: aĺa-
Ulcha: xala-čị-
Orok: xalā-čị-
Nanai: xala-či-
Oroch: alā-či-
Udighe: ala-si-
Solon: alāš́-
Comments: ТМС 1, 29-30.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)al-dan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: frazil (in spring, close to the shore)
Russian meaning: наледь (весной у берега)
Negidal: aldan
Comments: ТМС 1, 31.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xaldi-
Meaning: to hack, polish
Russian meaning: тесать, полировать
Evenki: aldi-
Even: aldъ̣-
Negidal: aldị-
Literary Manchu: anǯi-
Ulcha: χaldị-
Orok: χalǯị-
Nanai: χalǯi-
Comments: ТМС 1, 31.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)algi-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: otter (male)
Russian meaning: выдра (самец)
Negidal: algị̄
Literary Manchu: algin
Comments: ТМС 1, 30.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xalī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bog, swamp
Russian meaning: болото, болотная растительность
Evenki: alīkta 'тальник (на гольцах)', 'поросль (на гари)'
Literary Manchu: χali
Orok: χālčị
Nanai: χalõ
Comments: ТМС 1, 32, 461.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xalu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: snow (falling in flakes)
Russian meaning: снег (падающий хлопьями)
Evenki: alunti
Negidal: altamị
Orok: χalụqta
Comments: ТМС 1, 34.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xalu-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 membrane, dandruff 2 birch bark
Russian meaning: 1 мездра, перхоть 2 береста
Evenki: alukta 1
Even: altъ 1
Negidal: alta 1
Literary Manchu: alχuwa 1, alan 2
Orok: χalụqta 1
Nanai: χaloqta 1
Oroch: alukta 1
Udighe: alu, alukta 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 33-34.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *[x]amū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 faeces, dung 2 to defecate 3 snuff, thief (in a pipe)
Russian meaning: 1 испражнения, кал, помет 2 испражняться 3 нагар (в трубке)
Evenki: amū-n 1, amū-n- 2
Even: amụ 3
Negidal: amụn 1, amụt- 2
Spoken Manchu: hamǝ (100) 1, hamǝtǝ- (101) 2
Literary Manchu: χamu 1, χamu-ta- 2
Ulcha: amụ 1, amčị- 2
Orok: amụ(n) 1, amụ- 2
Nanai: amõ 1, am-čị- 2
Oroch: amụ 1
Udighe: amu- 1, amukta- 2
Solon: amụ̃ 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 40. No doubt a common TM root, although phonology is extremely peculiar. Initial *x- is indicated here by Manchu χ- (which is a facultative reflex of PTM *x-, more often disappearing in Manchu) and supported by external evidence. If this is the case, the Southern forms (Nanai, Orok and Ulcha) are to be explained as Northern (but not Manchu!) loanwords.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)an(d)ikta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mint; name of a geranium-like plant
Russian meaning: мята; назв. растения (из семейства гераниевых)
Evenki: anī, anikta
Negidal: anị̄kta 'willow-herb'
Oroch: anikta
Comments: ТМС 1, 43.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)an(d)u-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to accuse 2 to tease
Russian meaning: 1 обвинять 2 дразнить, надоедать
Evenki: anū- 1
Negidal: anut- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 44.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)aŋulī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: deer skin (with fading hair)
Russian meaning: шкура оленя (с линяющей шерстью)
Evenki: aŋulī
Comments: ТМС 1, 46. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fish bladder
Russian meaning: рыбий пузырь
Evenki: kapata
Negidal: āpị
Ulcha: χāpa
Comments: ТМС 1, 11, 376. K- in Evk. is probably due to a contamination with *kepu- (v. sub *kup`e).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xapina(bu)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wasp, bee
Russian meaning: оса, пчела
Ulcha: χapuna
Orok: χapịnawụ(n)
Oroch: xapinu
Udighe: afuna`u (Корм. 209)
Comments: ТМС 1, 462. Cf. also Evk. awawa 'butterfly' (ТМС 1, 8).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)apkā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: oak tree
Russian meaning: дуб
Negidal: apkā-kta
Comments: ТМС 1, 47.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
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Forward: 1

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