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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ulīn-(kta)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild apple
Russian meaning: дикое яблоко
Evenki: ulīkta 'wild apple', ulukta 'bird-cherry'
Literary Manchu: uli 'pear; rowan'
Ulcha: unikte
Nanai: uńikte
Udighe: uliŋkie
Solon: ulītte
Comments: ТМС 2, 261, 264.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ul-(k)se
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: meat
Russian meaning: мясо
Evenki: ulle
Even: ulъd
Negidal: ule
Ulcha: ulse
Orok: ulise
Nanai: ulekse
Oroch: ukte
Udighe: ulehe
Solon: uldi, ulde
Comments: ТМС 2, 262. Cf. also *ula 'deer' (ТМС 2, 262-263), *uluku- 'elk' (ТМС 2, 264).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *uma-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 brier 2 a sp. of berry 3 cornel
Russian meaning: 1 шиповник 2 шикша 3 кизил
Even: umtъ̣čan 2
Literary Manchu: umpu 3
Ulcha: omaqta 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 16, 268. Manchu umpu is probably an assimilation < *umqu < *uma-kta.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ume- / emu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: one
Russian meaning: один
Evenki: umūn
Even: ömъn
Negidal: emen
Spoken Manchu: emǝ (2734)
Literary Manchu: emu
Jurchen: emu (636)
Ulcha: ụm
Orok: umūke
Nanai: emu(n)
Oroch: om
Udighe: omo
Solon: emũ
Comments: ТМС 2, 270-272. The old meaning was probably 'front', cf. TM *ume- 'Adam's apple', 'neck foundation' (ТМС 2, 273), *omko-ta / *emko-ta 'forehead' (ТМС 2, 17); *emker 'bank, shore', Orok emiɣe 'edge' (ТМС 2, 450).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *um(i)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to drink
Russian meaning: пить
Evenki: um-
Negidal: om-
Spoken Manchu: iomi- (403)
Literary Manchu: omi-
Jurchen: umi-La (534)
Ulcha: ụmụwụ
Orok: umi-
Nanai: omi-
Oroch: imi-
Udighe: umi-
Solon: imê-, imi-, êmu-
Comments: ТМС 2, 266.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *umī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to gather
Russian meaning: собирать(ся)
Evenki: umīw-
Even: ụmịw-
Literary Manchu: iḿa-
Ulcha: ụmụčị-
Orok: ụmmụ-
Nanai: omō-
Oroch: umu-
Udighe: ūmu-
Comments: ТМС 1, 312, 2, 267-268.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *umu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hole, nest
Russian meaning: дыра
Evenki: umdē-k, umuk
Even: umrēkēn, ụmak
Negidal: omụ
Ulcha: omon
Orok: omo
Nanai: omo
Comments: ТМС 2, 267-269. Cf. also verbal forms (Evk. um-nut- 'to hide', um-rē- 'to sink (in snow etc.)'. The root should be distinguished from *umū- 'to lay eggs', *umū-kta 'egg'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *umū-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: egg
Russian meaning: яйцо
Evenki: umūkta
Even: ụmtъ̣
Negidal: omụkta
Spoken Manchu: umǝhan (332)
Literary Manchu: umχan, umGan
Ulcha: omụqta
Nanai: omaqta
Oroch: umukta
Udighe: umukta
Solon: ụmatta
Comments: Formally derived from *umū- 'to lay eggs'. See ТМС 2, 269.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *unde(ken)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 board 2 horizontal pole in the house 3 house covering
Russian meaning: 1 доска 2 горизонтальная жердь в доме 3 покрышка чума
Evenki: une, unekēn 3
Even: unen 'dwelling place', dial. unipkin 2
Literary Manchu: undexen 1
Orok: une 3
Nanai: undexẽ
Oroch: uńi 3
Udighe: wanehä 2
Solon: unexē̃ 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 273, 274, 276. Evk. > Dolg. ünēkēn (see Stachowski 250).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *uńi ( ~ ü-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small river, brook
Russian meaning: речка, ручей
Ulcha: ụńị
Orok: uńi 'river'
Nanai: ońị
Oroch: uńi
Udighe: uńi "Ańuj river"
Comments: ТМС 2, 277.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *uńŋu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smell
Russian meaning: нюхать
Evenki: unŋu-
Even: unŋu-
Negidal: uńŋu-
Ulcha: uńe-
Orok: unene-
Nanai: ujne-
Udighe: uŋefe- (Корм. 303)
Comments: ТМС 2, 274-275.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *uŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 pit, hole 2 lair, den
Russian meaning: 1 яма 2 логовище (в хлеве для свиньи)
Evenki: uŋulu 1
Negidal: oŋolo 1
Literary Manchu: oŋGola, uŋGala 1, un 2
Ulcha: oŋGolo 1
Nanai: oŋGolo 1
Oroch: oŋgo 1
Udighe: oŋgo 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 274, 280.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *uŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cry, weep 2 to sing
Russian meaning: 1 плакать, рыдать 2 петь
Evenki: uŋa- 2, uŋkī- 1
Even: ụŋ́ǟ-ụŋ́ǟ 1 (onom.)
Nanai: uŋgu- 'to say, tell' (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 278, 279.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *uŋ-se, *uŋnu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 palate 2 sinew in deer's neck 3 aorta, breast bone 4 Adam's apple, craw 5 region under the shoulderblade
Russian meaning: 1 небо 2 жила в шее оленя 3 аорта, выемка у грудной кости 4 кадык, зоб 5 место под лопаткой
Evenki: uŋrēn 2, unŋun 1
Even: önŋъlъk, uŋne 3
Negidal: ūŋele 4
Orok: uŋele 5
Comments: ТМС 2, 275, 30, 279, 280, Дыбо 138-139.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *upa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flour
Russian meaning: мука
Negidal: opa
Spoken Manchu: ufā (294)
Literary Manchu: ufa
Jurchen: wu-fa (531)
Ulcha: upa
Orok: upa
Nanai: opa
Oroch: upa
Udighe: ufa
Solon: ụɣō̃, uon 'bread'
Comments: ТМС 2, 247.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *upa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: adze
Russian meaning: долото, тесло
Literary Manchu: efexun
Nanai: ofali, ufali
Oroch: upa
Comments: ТМС 2, 280-281, 471.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *upsi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shaman clothes 2 belt made of badger's skin
Russian meaning: 1 одежда шамана 2 пояс из кожи барсука
Negidal: upsi 1
Ulcha: upsi 1
Nanai: ufsi 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 281.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *upVkte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 lung(s) 2 down, light feather(s) 3 spleen 4 brisket (of a bear)
Russian meaning: 1 легкие 2 пух, легкие перья 3 селезенка 4 грудина медведя
Even: öbdъ 3
Negidal: opkolị 4
Spoken Manchu: ufuxu 1 (85)
Literary Manchu: ufuxu 1
Ulcha: upte 2
Orok: upukte 2
Nanai: upulte 2, upke 3 (Kur-Urm.)
Oroch: upukte 2
Udighe: ofokto 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 22, 29, 281.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 male 2 elk (2 y. old) 3 1-year-old deer
Russian meaning: 1 самец 2 лось (2-х лет) 3 олень-однолетка
Evenki: ur 1, urikčān 2
Negidal: ojčān 2
Literary Manchu: urgešen 3
Nanai: ojčã 2
Oroch: uriča 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 281, 284, 285.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ura- / *ur-ke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 become covered by top (of milk) 2 (milk) top, cream 3 door
Russian meaning: 1 подергиваться пенкой (о молоке) 2 пенки, сливки 3 дверь
Evenki: urke 3
Even: urkъ 3
Negidal: ujke 3
Spoken Manchu: učī 3 (451)
Literary Manchu: oro- 1, oroqu 2, uče 3
Ulcha: uče 3
Orok: ute 3
Nanai: ujke 3
Oroch: ukke 3
Udighe: uke 3
Solon: ukke, urke 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 286, 288.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ork,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,
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