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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 snuff 2 swamp, marsh 3 become dull, colourless
Russian meaning: 1 нагар, шлак 2 болото, топь, грязь 3 тускнеть
Evenki: bulē 2, būl- 3
Even: bule 2
Ulcha: bụla(n) 1
Oroch: bule 2
Udighe: bula(n) 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 106, 109. Evk. > Dolg. bilē 'dirt' (Stachowski 60).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bula
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thorn
Russian meaning: шип, колючка
Spoken Manchu: bǝlā (2160)
Literary Manchu: bula
Comments: ТМС 1, 106. Attested only in Manchu, with possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bule
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: staff, shaft
Russian meaning: древко (копья), рукоятка
Ulcha: buli(n)
Orok: būliɣe(n)
Nanai: bulẽ
Oroch: bule
Udighe: bul`a
Comments: ТМС 1, 109.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bule-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: enemy
Russian meaning: враг
Evenki: bulēn
Even: bulъn
Comments: ТМС 1, 109-110.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bulin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wick
Russian meaning: фитиль
Negidal: bulin
Ulcha: buli(n)
Nanai: bulĩ
Comments: ТМС 1, 108.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bulī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be sad
Russian meaning: тосковать
Evenki: bulī-
Even: bụl-
Ulcha: bụldaǯị-
Comments: ТМС 1, 107-108.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bulu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bastard
Russian meaning: внебрачный ребенок
Evenki: bulumǯu
Comments: ТМС 1, 109. The word is attested only in Evk. ( whence Yak. bulumǯu - hardly vice versa), but has possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bu(r)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to die
Russian meaning: умирать
Evenki: bu-
Even: bu-ni 'deceased'
Negidal: bu-
Spoken Manchu: bečǝ- (744)
Literary Manchu: buče-
Jurchen: bu-če-xie (389)
Ulcha: bu(l)-
Orok: bu(l)-
Nanai: bude-, bu(r)-
Oroch: bu-de-, bu-kki-
Udighe: bu-de-, bu-kki-
Solon: bu-
Comments: ТМС 1, 98-99.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to crush, demolish
Russian meaning: ломать, уничтожать
Evenki: burgī-
Even: borgъ̣-
Comments: ТМС 1, 112. Cf. also Evk. borowun 'scraper (for bone)', burbenti- 'to break through' (ТМС 1, 96, 111).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bure-ki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 dust 2 fresh snow
Russian meaning: 1 пыль 2 пороша
Evenki: burki 2
Even: bụrqụ 2
Literary Manchu: buraki 1
Jurchen: bureŋ-ki (59) 1
Ulcha: burexi 1
Nanai: burexĩ 1
Oroch: burexi 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 113.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *burgakta (/*gurgakta)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beard, moustache
Russian meaning: борода, усы
Evenki: gurgakta
Even: gụrgъt
Negidal: gojgakta
Ulcha: bụǯaqta
Orok: Gụdaqta
Nanai: boGaqta / boǯaqta
Oroch: baǯakta
Udighe: guakta
Solon: gụggakta, gụrgakta
Comments: ТМС 1, 173. Some languages reflect a secondary assimilation *burga-kta > *gurga-kta.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *burgu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fat, thick
Russian meaning: толстый, жирный
Evenki: burgu
Even: bergъ
Negidal: bojgo
Ulcha: boǯo(n)
Orok: boddo(n)
Nanai: bujgu
Oroch: boggo
Udighe: bogo
Solon: burgu
Comments: ТМС 1, 112.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *burī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to let slip 2 to disappear 3 to let go
Russian meaning: 1 выронить, потерять 2 исчезать, пропадать 3 отпускать
Evenki: burī- 1
Even: beri- 1
Literary Manchu: burubu- 2
Jurchen: buru-wi-xie (840) 1
Oroch: bui- 1
Solon: burī- 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 113.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bute-, *butekte-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to break, crush
Russian meaning: ломать, дробить, разбивать
Evenki: butēkte-; butukte 'piece'
Even: bụ̄t-
Negidal: bokta-l-
Ulcha: bụqta-
Nanai: boqta-
Oroch: buktaga-
Udighe: bukta-
Comments: ТМС 1, 116.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *butu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a hoof disease, to suffer from hoof disease 2 pimple, pustule, to pustulate
Russian meaning: 1 копытница (болезнь оленей), болеть копытницей 2 прыщ, угорь, покрываться прыщами, пупырышками
Evenki: butu-, butun 1, buture- 2
Even: butuke
Literary Manchu: buturi 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 116.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to give
Russian meaning: давать
Evenki: bū-
Even: bȫ-
Negidal: bū-
Spoken Manchu: bu- (1398)
Literary Manchu: bu-
Ulcha: būwu
Orok: bū-
Nanai: bū-
Oroch: bū-
Udighe: bū-
Solon: bū-
Comments: ТМС 1, 99.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shade (light)
Russian meaning: заслонять свет
Evenki: bū-
Comments: ТМС 1, 99. Cf. perhaps also: Evk. boro 'dusk'; Manchu boro 'hat (made of straw)' (see ТМС 1, 96). A possible derivative is also *bō-gda 'hat; upper clothes' (ТМС 1, 87).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *būKa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: island
Russian meaning: остров
Evenki: būka, bukačān
Even: bụqčan
Negidal: boxačan
Literary Manchu: buqsa
Ulcha: bāča(n)
Orok: boata
Nanai: boačã
Oroch: boača
Udighe: bugasa
Comments: ТМС 1, 104.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *būni-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to howl
Russian meaning: выть
Evenki: būnī-
Even: būni-
Negidal: būnī-
Ulcha: buńi-ku 'trumpet'
Orok: būni-
Nanai: būni-ku 'trumpet'
Udighe: buni-
Solon: būnī-
Comments: ТМС 1, 110. TM > Dag. būnī- (Тод. Даг. 128).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *b[ü]lkü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to soak, wet 2 to splash, swash
Russian meaning: 1 смочить, намочить 2 плескаться, бить ключом
Evenki: bilki- 1, bulkiw- 2
Literary Manchu: bulχu- 2
Nanai: bịlχo- 1, bolqo- ~ bulχo- 2
Udighe: beäku- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 82, 108. The vocalism is not quite clear because of the doublets with -i- and -u- (due to interdialectal borrowing and perhaps also Mongolian influence, see below).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-ulc,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-ulc,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-orc,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,
Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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