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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *perki-n / *purki-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: West
Russian meaning: запад
Jurchen: fu-ri-si (591)
Ulcha: perxi(n)
Nanai: perxi
Comments: ТМС 2, 48.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thumb
Russian meaning: большой палец
Evenki: huruɣučēn
Even: hörъɣъn
Negidal: xöjeŋen
Literary Manchu: ferxe
Ulcha: poro(n)
Orok: poro(n), pero(n)
Nanai: perxe
Oroch: xōŋo(n)
Udighe: xue
Solon: orogun, urɣun
Comments: ТМС 2, 354. Doerfer MT 68-69 regards Manchu ferxe and Nan. perxe as borrowed from Mong., separating them from the rest of TM forms (derived ibid. from *puru- 'to crush' - ?). This all is clearly unacceptable, because in fact we are dealing with a very clear case of e/u alternation after a labial.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to despair, be troubled
Russian meaning: отчаиваться, тревожиться
Evenki: herū-
Even: heri-
Literary Manchu: furu 'angry'
Nanai: peurekpen-
Comments: ТМС 2, 303, 370.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pesin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: handle
Russian meaning: рукоятка, ручка
Evenki: hesin
Even: hesъn
Negidal: xesin
Spoken Manchu: fešǝn, fesǝn (594)
Literary Manchu: fesin
Ulcha: pesi(n)
Orok: pesi(n)
Nanai: pesĩ
Oroch: xesi(n)
Udighe: xehi
Comments: ТМС 2, 371.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pet-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pinch 2 to grab 3 to dig, pick 4 to pluck, collect
Russian meaning: 1 захватить щепотку, отщипнуть 2 хватать 3 копать, рыть 4 срывать, собирать
Evenki: hetu-kēt- 1
Even: hetъkle- 1
Spoken Manchu: fatǝ- 1, 4 (1165, 1575)
Literary Manchu: fata- 1, fete- 3
Ulcha: patarači- 2
Nanai: pata- (Он.) 4, fete- (Bik., Kur-Urm.) 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 305, 371-372. Forms with -a- reflect a partial contamination with *pāt(i)- q. v. sub *p`ā̀t`à. Rozycki 76 supposes Man. fete- < Mong. ete-, which is impossible due to the absence of *h- in Mongolian (v. sub *ìt`ù).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pete-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to run quickly, hurry 2 to jump (away, off)
Russian meaning: 1 бежать, мчаться 2 прыгать, отпрыгивать
Evenki: hetekēn- 2
Even: heteken- 1
Negidal: xetexen- 2
Literary Manchu: finte- 2
Ulcha: peten- 2
Orok: potčo- 2
Nanai: petēn- 2
Oroch: xete- 2
Udighe: xetigen-e- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 372.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pete-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fate
Russian meaning: судьба
Literary Manchu: feten
Comments: ТМС 2, 305. Attested only in Manchu, with possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pet-ke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fall, drop
Russian meaning: падать, валиться
Even: hetkъŋči-
Comments: ТМС 2, 371. Attested only in Evn., with possible parallels in Kor. and Jpn.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be unable, not dare
Russian meaning: не мочь, не решаться
Evenki: hē-
Even: hē-
Comments: ТМС 2, 358.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pējKe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 brain 2 forehead 3 top of the head
Russian meaning: 1 мозг 2 лоб 3 темя, макушка
Evenki: hējē, heje 2
Even: hēje 3
Negidal: xējē 2
Spoken Manchu: fixe (5) 1
Literary Manchu: fexi 1
Ulcha: pēje 2
Orok: pēje 2
Nanai: pēje 2
Comments: ТМС 2,304, 361.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pēlbu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be pregnant
Russian meaning: быть беременной
Evenki: hēlbu-
Comments: ТМС 2, 363. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pētē
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 seal fat 2 seal skin 3 seal
Russian meaning: 1 сало нерпы 2 шкура нерпы 3 нерпа
Evenki: hētē 1
Even: hēte 1, hētes 2
Negidal: xētē 1, 3
Literary Manchu: fetxi 3
Orok: pē̆te 3, pē̆teske 2
Oroch: xēte 3, xētekse 2
Udighe: xete 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 372.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pēǯe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dance, roundelay
Russian meaning: танцевать, водить хоровод
Evenki: hēǯe-
Even: hēǯe-
Negidal: xēǯen-
Orok: xede (n.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 361.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *piabi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of sparrow
Russian meaning: вид воробья
Evenki: hiwi, Yerb. hē̂wi 'клест, снегирь, дрозд ореховый'
Literary Manchu: f́abqu, f́afiqu 'воробей-конопляник'
Comments: ТМС 2, 321.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *piaKa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 diligent, smart 2 disobedient, brave 3 to arouse
Russian meaning: 1 ловкий, старательный 2 озорной, непослушный, смелый 3 возбуждать
Evenki: hē̂ka 1
Even: hịqār 2
Nanai: pikpu- 3 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 319.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pia-la-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 part of a cross-bow 2 name of a tree (used for bows)
Russian meaning: 1 лучок (для самострела) 2 назв. дерева (употребляемого на луки)
Negidal: pē̂laxa 1
Literary Manchu: filan 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 36. The Neg. word is borrowed from some unattested Southern Tungus form.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pialakī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: partridge
Russian meaning: куропатка
Evenki: hē̂lakī
Even: hǟlịkị
Negidal: xē̂laxị̄
Literary Manchu: f́eleŋku
Ulcha: pē̂la
Comments: ТМС 2, 320.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pialki- (/-rk-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to flash (of lightning) 2 lightning 3 to thunder
Russian meaning: 1 сверкать (о молнии) 2 молния 3 греметь (о громе)
Evenki: hē̂lki- 1, hē̂lkin 2 (/-rk-)
Ulcha: pịčụ- 1
Nanai: pojqana- 1
Oroch: xǟkki- 3
Comments: See ТМС 2, 320.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pian-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 appearance, face, colour 2 face side
Russian meaning: 1 внешность, лицо, цвет 2 лицевая сторона
Literary Manchu: f́an 1
Udighe: ṕäńia (Bik.) 2 ( < South.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 36-37.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pianči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to crush
Russian meaning: разрушать, раскалывать
Even: hênčik-
Negidal: xiŋčel-
Comments: ТМС 2, 321.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
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