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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pekču-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: acid, astringent
Russian meaning: терпкий, вяжущий, острый (на вкус)
Literary Manchu: fekčuxun
Comments: ТМС 2, 304. Cf. perhaps Evk. hepkeripču 'bitter' (ТМС 2, 368) < *pek-pe-ripču ?
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peKe ( < *puKe ?)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: nit
Russian meaning: гнида
Evenki: heke
Comments: ТМС 2, 362. Attested only in Evk., but having possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peku-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hot
Russian meaning: горячий
Evenki: heku
Even: hök
Negidal: xeku-gdi
Literary Manchu: f́aḱa-n 'heat', f́aqu- 'to warm, dry'
Ulcha: pukeuli 'hot', pē̂kki- 'to bake' ( > Ud. piki-le- id.)
Orok: xekkuli, xekusi ( < Oroch.)
Nanai: peku 'hot', pịqị- 'to warm, heat'
Oroch: xeku, xekusi
Udighe: xekuhi
Solon: exūgdi
Comments: ТМС 2, 362, 322. The root should be distinguished from *pigi- (v. sub *p`i̯agV).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peku-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be embarrassed, troubled
Russian meaning: смущаться, досадовать, стесняться
Evenki: hekir-
Even: hekuruŋči-
Literary Manchu: foχodo-, foχoto-, fexere-; fuqǯiša-
Jurchen: fe-xi-lar (373)
Ulcha: peken-
Comments: ТМС 2, 302, 362-363.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to insult, mock 2 not dare
Russian meaning: 1 оскорблять, издеваться 2 не сметь
Evenki: hel- 2
Spoken Manchu: felǝ- 'to murder a superior person' (741)
Literary Manchu: fele- 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 304.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pelbu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: antropomorphic pendant for women's hair
Russian meaning: подвеска (женское украшение в виде изображения человека)
Evenki: helbu
Comments: ТМС 2, 363. Attested only in Evk., but having interesting external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peli- (/*puli-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to walk 2 to hurry
Russian meaning: 1 ходить 2 спешить, торопиться
Evenki: helde- (dial.) 1, helin-(če)- 2
Even: höl- 1, helīŋ-(či)- 2
Negidal: xul- 1, xenindu- 'in a hurry'
Literary Manchu: feĺe- 1
Jurchen: ful-ĉwi (421) 1
Ulcha: pulikte- 1
Orok: puli- 1, pelin- 2
Nanai: pul-si- 1, penin- 2
Oroch: xuli- 1
Udighe: xuli(hi)- 1, xelin-e- 2
Solon: ul-
Comments: ТМС 2, 363-364. A probable derivative is *pelbu- 'to lead, take with oneself' (ТМС 2, 363).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pem- / *pim-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to wind, be twisted 2 loop on a thread, rope
Russian meaning: 1 скручиваться 2 петля (на конце аркана или веревки), кольцо (для аркана)
Even: hemъr- 1, hịmqan 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 325, 366.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pemu-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lip
Russian meaning: губа
Evenki: hemun
Even: hemъn
Negidal: xemun
Spoken Manchu: femǝn 'lips' (28)
Literary Manchu: femen
Ulcha: pemu(n)
Orok: pemu(n)
Nanai: pemũ
Oroch: xemu(n)
Udighe: xemu(n)
Solon: emme
Comments: ТМС 2, 365.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peńe-kte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: name of an edible root
Russian meaning: вид съедобного корня
Evenki: heńekte
Even: hị̄ntъ 'лилия даурская, сарана'
Comments: ТМС 2, 325, 367.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peń-ŋen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: knee
Russian meaning: колено
Evenki: henŋen
Even: henŋen
Negidal: heńŋen
Ulcha: peńe(n-)
Orok: pene, peŋe(n-)
Nanai: peiŋẽ
Oroch: heŋŋe, heŋen
Udighe: heŋe
Solon: eŋẽ
Comments: ТМС 2, 366.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *penū- / *punū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to notice, guess
Russian meaning: замечать, догадываться
Evenki: henū-
Even: hēn-
Negidal: xenu-
Ulcha: punu-
Orok: xenun-
Udighe: xōno-, xuene- 'to be surprised'
Comments: ТМС 2, 366.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hole in ice or snow 2 to laugh, chuckle
Russian meaning: 1 полынья, проталина 2 смеяться, хохотать
Evenki: heŋke 1, heŋne- 2
Even: heŋke 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 367. On the possibility of uniting the meanings 'hole' and 'laugh' see below.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pep-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 locust 2 earth-worm
Russian meaning: 1 саранча 2 земляной червь
Literary Manchu: febsexe 1, febǵe 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 304. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pepke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grey
Russian meaning: серый
Evenki: hepkeme
Even: hēwkēn
Comments: ТМС 2, 368.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *per-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to esteem 2 to wait
Russian meaning: 1 уважать 2 ждать
Evenki: heriče- 1, herū- 2
Even: her- 1, herut-/-č- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 369-370. Cf. also *perge- 'to try; to wonder' (ТМС 2, 45-46; not reflected in Evn. and Evk.).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pere
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bottom, floor
Russian meaning: дно, пол
Evenki: here
Even: her
Negidal: xeje
Spoken Manchu: ferǝ (2594)
Literary Manchu: fere
Ulcha: pere(g)
Orok: pereɣ, perel
Nanai: pereg, perel
Oroch:
Udighe:
Solon: eri
Comments: ТМС 2, 368-371 (PTM *per-gī 'bottom' and *pere-mǖ 'sole' are derived from the same root).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *perē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bumble-bee
Russian meaning: шмель
Evenki: herēptin (Вас.)
Comments: Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *peri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: abrasion, chafe (on horse's back)
Russian meaning: ссадина, стертая кожа на спине лошади
Literary Manchu: feri
Comments: ТМС 2, 305. Attested only in Manchu, with possible external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *perke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bind, tie round
Russian meaning: связывать, перевязывать, обвязывать
Evenki: herke-
Even: herkъ-
Negidal: xejke-
Orok: pitu- 'man's girdle'
Solon: ekke-
Comments: ТМС 2, 369-370. Note that Ud. xeke-, Ul. xerke- and Nan. xerke- are rather borrowed < Man. xergi- < PTM *kerge- (v. sub *kèra).
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50

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