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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *panŋū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to ask 2 to investigate 3 to follow smb.
Russian meaning: 1 спрашивать 2 исследовать 3 следовать за кем-л.
Evenki: hanŋū- 1, hanŋi- / hāŋī- 3
Spoken Manchu: f́onǯi- 'to ask, to question, to ferret out' (1288)
Literary Manchu: fonǯi- 1, 2
Jurchen: fanǯu-mij (775) 2
Ulcha: pan-sị- 1
Orok: panụ-
Udighe: xauntasi- 1
Solon: aŋụ̄- 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 314-315.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pap-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to yell (of a shaman) 2 to divine 3 shaman, sorcerer
Russian meaning: 1 кричать (о шамане во время камлания) 2 гадать 3 шаман, колдун
Evenki: haptaj 3
Negidal: xaptụ- 1
Literary Manchu: fada- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 297, 316. Evk. has both aptaj and haptaj, of which the former may be < Yak. or Bur., but the latter preserves the old root ( = Neg., Manchu); an example of Wortmischung.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *para
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 saddle arc 2 sleigh 3 thill
Russian meaning: 1 лука седла, клин (посреди лука) 2 сани 3 оглобля
Evenki: hara, dial. hāren 1
Spoken Manchu: farǝ 'shaft' (1252)
Literary Manchu: fara 2, 3
Ulcha: para 2
Orok: paụra 'полозья'
Nanai: para 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 316-317. TM > Dag. pār 'sleigh' (Тод. Даг. 160).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *para(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 place for the hut, floor 2 perch 3 lattice(d)
Russian meaning: 1 площадка для чума, пол 2 насест 3 решетчатый
Evenki: haran 1
Even: harān 1
Negidal: hajān 1
Literary Manchu: fargi ~ farki 2, faraŋga 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 299, 317. Evk. > Dolg. haran (see Stachowski 97).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *parga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 brave 2 silly 3 scoundrel
Russian meaning: 1 храбрый 2 глупый 3 негодяй
Literary Manchu: f́ada 3
Ulcha: parGa(n) 1
Orok: parGa 'miserly; harmful'
Nanai: farGa 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 34.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *parga- ( ~ -rk-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: excrement, to defecate
Russian meaning: помет, испражняться
Spoken Manchu: faǯǝn (104, 497, 2327)
Literary Manchu: faǯan, faǯa-
Comments: ТМС 1, 50. Attested only in Manchu (with -ǯ- regularly < *-rg- or -rk-), with probable parallels in Turkic and Mongolian; despite Rozycki 72-73 borrowing from Mong. is extremely unlikely.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pargan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ski bedding for the foot 2 a measure of length (one centimeter)
Russian meaning: 1 подстилка на лыже для ступни 2 мера длины (один сантиметр)
Evenki: hargan 1, 2
Nanai: pajGa 1
Udighe: xaga 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 317.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *paru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to faint, feel giddy
Russian meaning: кружиться (о голове), терять сознание
Evenki: harū-
Even: hārụ-
Literary Manchu: fara-
Nanai: farịnda-
Udighe: xau-ne-
Comments: ТМС 2, 317-318. Despite Poppe 1972, 98 not a loan < Mong.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pasi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hang
Russian meaning: повисать, повесить
Literary Manchu: fasi-
Orok: pasị-
Nanai: pasị-
Oroch: xasi-
Comments: ТМС 1, 464.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pasi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hurry, scurry 2 commotion, hurry (n.)
Russian meaning: 1 торопиться, суетиться 2 торопливость, смятение
Even: hasụl- 1
Spoken Manchu: fačuhun 'disordered' (1065); fačuhuru- 'to fall into disorder' (1066)
Literary Manchu: fači-xin, faču-xun 2, fačix́aša- 1
Solon: paš́igụ̄̃ 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 36. The root has some peculiarities: p- in Sol. probably means that the word is borrowed < Manchu. Manchu -č- : Evn. -s- is quite strange: it may point to a derivation fači- < *pasi-či- in Manchu. TM > Dag. pačgurā- 'to become confused' (Тод. Даг. 160).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pasu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to press, pinch
Russian meaning: давить (пальцами, рукой)
Evenki: hasu-
Even: as asъ̣qlan (Ol.) 'handful'
Negidal: xas-
Ulcha: pasala-
Nanai: pasoala-
Solon: asụ-xụ 'handful'
Comments: ТМС 2, 318.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pata, *pataka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 feet pads 2 fetlock 3 sole 4 bottom 5 paw, hoof 6 sledge runner 7 butt (of tree)
Russian meaning: 1 подушечки на лапе 2 щетка под копытом 3 подошва 4 дно, низ 5 лапа, копыто 6 полоз нарты 7 комель, дерево, погруженное в воду
Evenki: hata 1,2
Even: hat 3,4, hatịqa 2
Negidal: xata 1,2
Spoken Manchu: fatǝhǝ, fatǝqǝ 'hoof' (2289)
Literary Manchu: fatan 3,4, fatχa 5
Ulcha: pata 6
Orok: patta 7
Nanai: pata 5
Udighe: xedi 6
Comments: ТМС 2, 318. Some languages reflect a variant *piakta (*piatka) - see ТМС 2, 320.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pata-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: part of a weaving machine
Russian meaning: ткацкое бердо
Literary Manchu: fatan
Comments: ТМС 2, 318.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pati
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: winter boots
Russian meaning: унты
Evenki: hati
Comments: ТМС 2, 318-319.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pati(ke)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tail fin 2 fish tail
Russian meaning: 1 хвостовой плавник 2 хвост рыбы
Negidal: xepkī 2
Literary Manchu: fetxe 1, fetxeku 2
Ulcha: patị 2
Orok: pačị, pačịkke 1,2
Nanai: pačị̄ 1, pačqị 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 482; 2, 35.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *paxan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bream
Russian meaning: лещ
Ulcha: paχa(n)
Nanai: paχã
Comments: ТМС 2, 32.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pā
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: part
Russian meaning: часть
Evenki: hā, hā-n
Even: hānị
Negidal:
Literary Manchu: fa-li
Jurchen: far far (far-ar far-ar) 'separately' (781)
Ulcha: pa-sị; pānị 'some, others'
Orok:
Nanai: pa-sị; poani 'some, others'
Oroch: xa
Udighe: xa(n)
Comments: ТМС 2, 305-306.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pāb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to add
Russian meaning: добавлять
Evenki: hāw-
Even: hāw-
Negidal: xāw-
Ulcha: pajị-
Orok: poị-
Nanai: poaị-
Solon: āwi-
Comments: ТМС 2, 306-307.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pādi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: separate(ly)
Russian meaning: отдельный, отдельно
Evenki: hādi 'some, part of'
Even: hādị-n 'some, other'
Literary Manchu: faǯu 'space between'
Ulcha: pāǯị
Orok: padị
Nanai: pāǯị
Solon: adĩ 'some'
Comments: ТМС 2, 305-306. TM *pā 'part' (ibid.) is probably a different root (there is no -di-suffix in TM), so Doerfer's (MT 239) doubts about TM *pādi- = Turk. *ad- have no ground.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pākin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: liver
Russian meaning: печень
Evenki: hākin, hakin
Even: hāqъ̣n
Negidal: xākịn
Spoken Manchu: fahun (91)
Literary Manchu: faxun
Ulcha:
Orok: pāɣa / pāqa
Nanai:
Oroch: pāɣa, pāqa
Udighe: xa`i (Корм. 304)
Solon: āxĩ
Comments: ТМС 2, 310.
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