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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńuK-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 birch juice 2 larch gum
Russian meaning: 1 березовый сок 2 смола лиственницы
Evenki: ńuksen 1, ńukse 2
Udighe: ńuktu- 'to wet, soak'
Comments: ТМС 1, 645.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nuK-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to loose way (of deer) 2 a lonely deer 3 to move to another location 4 to lead the way 5 to stumble, make a wrong move
Russian meaning: 1 заблудиться (об олене) 2 олень, который пасется один 3 переходить на другое место 4 идти впереди (ведя за собой остальных) 5 оступиться, ошибиться в шаге
Evenki: nuken 2, nukiw- 4, 5
Even: nök- 1
Nanai: nukte- 3 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 609.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ń[u]l-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to exuviate, fade 2 naked
Russian meaning: 1 линять, вылезать (о шерсти, перьях) 2 голый
Evenki: nil- / ńil-, ńīlarga- 1
Even: nị̄l- 1
Negidal: ńolaxị̄n, ńelakin 2
Literary Manchu: niltu- 1, ńolmoŋge 2
Ulcha: ńuli- 1, ńelao 2
Orok: nụ̄llị- 1, nịlawụ 2
Nanai: ńịlaqõ 2
Oroch: ńulaki 2
Udighe: ńuli-, ńulu- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 592, 643.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to kindle
Russian meaning: зажигать
Evenki: nul-
Even: nụlụ-
Negidal: nụl-
Ulcha: ńulčuku 'poker'
Nanai: ńulku- 'to stir coals'
Comments: ТМС 1, 609. Initial ń- in Ul. and Nan. is not quite clear.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nume
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: habit
Russian meaning: привычка
Even: nume
Comments: ТМС 1, 610. Attested only in Evn., but having interesting external parallels.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńume-/ *ńama /*ńem-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 warm 2 soft 3 quiet 4 weak, loose
Russian meaning: 1 теплый 2 мягкий 3 спокойный 4 слабый, расслабленный
Evenki: ńama, -pču 1, ńemu-me 2, ńumu- 3
Even: ńam 1, ńumъn 3
Negidal: nam, ńamagdị 1, ńamu, nemu 2
Literary Manchu: neme-ri 2
Ulcha: ńama 1
Orok: namauli 1
Nanai: ńǟma, ńama 1, nemu 2, nimeku 'weakness'
Oroch: ńama 1
Udighe: ńamahi 1
Solon: namagdi 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 630-631, 652-653.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńuńV
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of plant
Russian meaning: вид растения
Evenki: ńuńaldiwūn 'назв. растения ("льняное волокно")'
Literary Manchu: nono "ситник, водяной лук"
Comments: ТМС 1, 605, 646.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńuŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to direct, give directions 2 direction, instruction 3 instructor, director, master 4 council, advice
Russian meaning: 1 указывать, направлять 2 указание, направление 3 начальник, хозяин 4 совет
Evenki: nuŋnī-, ńuŋnī- 1, nuŋnīɣē, ńuŋnīɣē 2, ńuŋe 3
Even: ńūn- 1, ńūnъn 2, ńuŋun 3, ńuŋse-ɣъn 4
Negidal: nuŋni- 1, ńuŋu 4
Orok: nuŋe, ńuŋe 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 612. Depalatalized *n- in some of the forms may be due to contamination with PTM *nuŋ- < PA *nuŋu q. v.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nuŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 main part, stem, stalk 2 main riverbed
Russian meaning: 1 главная часть, ствол, стебель 2 главное русло реки
Evenki: nuŋīn, nuŋnī 1, 2
Even: nụ̄n 2
Udighe: nuŋni 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 611.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nuŋari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wool, down
Russian meaning: шерсть, пух
Spoken Manchu: nuŋan (144, 2283)
Literary Manchu: nuŋGari
Comments: ТМС 1, 611 (cf. also Man. nuŋGasun 'thin woollen cloth' - possibly < Mong.).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńuŋī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thigh 2 muscles (of arms and legs), calf (of leg)
Russian meaning: 1 голень, бедро 2 мышцы (рук и ног), икра (ноги)
Evenki: ńuŋī 1
Oroch: ńuŋńa 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 646.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńuŋńakī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: goose
Russian meaning: гусь
Evenki: ńuŋńakī
Even: nụ̄ŋqị 'баклан', nēŋen
Negidal: ńoŋnixīn, ńoŋńaxī
Spoken Manchu: ńuŋǝńahǝ (2248)
Literary Manchu: ńoŋńaχa
Jurchen: niuŋ-nia-xa (646)
Ulcha: ńụŋńa
Orok: nụŋna
Nanai: ńoŋńa
Oroch: ńuŋńa
Udighe: ńuŋńa`i
Solon: nụnnaxi
Comments: ТМС 1, 611, 623, 646-7.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńu-ŋu-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: six
Russian meaning: шесть
Evenki: ńuŋun
Even: ńuŋъn
Negidal: ńuŋun
Spoken Manchu: niŋun, ńuŋun (2740)
Literary Manchu: niŋgun
Jurchen: niuŋ-ǯu (641)
Ulcha: ńuŋgu(n)
Orok: nuŋgu(n)
Nanai: ńuŋgũ
Oroch: ńuŋu(n)
Udighe: ńuŋu(n)
Solon: ńuŋũ
Comments: ТМС 1, 647-648.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to do smth. ceaselessly, constantly
Russian meaning: не прерывать, делать что-л. постоянно
Evenki: nur-nur 'slightly'
Literary Manchu: nur-χu-
Comments: ТМС 1, 613.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nure
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wine
Russian meaning: вино
Literary Manchu: nure
Jurchen: niu-re (520)
Solon: nurē
Comments: ТМС 1, 625. Other forms: Evk. nere-, Nan. niru, Man. ńara-n 'wine' are probably borrowed < Mong. nere- 'to distil wine'.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńur(g)a-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cheerful, vigorous 2 to dance (and sing)
Russian meaning: 1 бодрый, удалой (в песнях) 2 плясать (с пением)
Evenki: ńurarīkān 1
Even: nörgъ- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 606-607, 648.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nurga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fist
Russian meaning: кулак
Evenki: dial. nụrka
Negidal: nojga, nelga
Spoken Manchu: nuǯan (79)
Literary Manchu: nuǯan
Ulcha: ńụGǯa
Oroch: nugga
Solon: norɣa, nuruga
Comments: ТМС 1, 590.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńuru (~-i)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: arrow
Russian meaning: стрела
Evenki: ńur
Even: ńụr
Negidal: ńoj
Spoken Manchu: ńurǝ, jurǝ (820)
Literary Manchu: niru
Jurchen: niru (237)
Solon: niru, nụr(ụ)
Comments: ТМС 1, 648. Manchu jōro 'arrow with bone tip' may be a variant of the same root (hardly a loan from Mong. ǯoruɣa, because ǯ- > j- is not possible).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nutiku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pestle
Russian meaning: пест
Ulcha: nutiku
Nanai: nūčiku, nutku
Comments: ТМС 1, 613.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńūl(ü)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shave (skin)
Russian meaning: скоблить (шкуру, мездру)
Evenki: ńūl-, ńūli-
Even: ńūl-
Negidal: ńul-
Oroch: ńulu-
Comments: ТМС 1, 645.
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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50

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