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Tungus etymology :

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Total of 2435 records 122 pages

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ń(i)ari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 man 2 person 3 young man
Russian meaning: 1 мужчина 2 человек 3 юноша
Evenki: nirawī 3
Even: ńarị 1, 3
Negidal: ńē̂jawị̄ 3
Spoken Manchu: nanǝ 'person, human being' (827)
Literary Manchu: ńalma 1, 2
Jurchen: neRma (295) 1, 2
Ulcha: ńī 1
Orok: nari 1
Nanai: naị 1, 2, dial. nịŕa 1
Oroch: ńǟ, ńī 1
Udighe: 1
Solon: nirō 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 598-599.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńia-sa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: eye
Russian meaning: глаз
Evenki: ē̂sa
Even: ǟsъ̣l
Negidal: ē̂sa
Spoken Manchu: jasǝ (10)
Literary Manchu: jasa
Jurchen: ŋia-ĉi (496)
Ulcha: ịsal(ị)
Orok: isal
Nanai: nasal, dial. ńisal(a), ịsal, ŋasar
Oroch: isa
Udighe: jehä
Solon: īsal
Comments: ТМС 1, 291-292. The Nan. and Jurch. forms unmistakeably point to an initial nasal, lost in other languages in the exceptional position before the diphthong *iā. Other traces of initial nasal can be seen in: Man. ńońo 'pupil of the eye', Neg. ńuińaki 'eyebrow', Evn. ńȫŋeti 'one-eyed' (pointing perhaps to a derivative *ńiā-ŋu- with later assimilations > *ńūŋu- ~ *ńūńu-).
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *niāru
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 lake 2 swamp
Russian meaning: 1 озеро 2 болото
Evenki: ńārut 1
Even: ńarụqaɣ 2
Literary Manchu: ńari 2
Nanai: nịarõ 2
Udighe: ńau 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 636.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńibē-kte
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bush growing near the water 2 dwarf birch tree 3 horse-tail 4 fern
Russian meaning: 1 заросли кустарника, мелкий тальник 2 карликовая береза 3 хвощ 4 папоротник
Evenki: niwēkte 1, 2, dial. niwekte 3
Even: ńīwekēw 2
Negidal: ńīwekte 2
Orok: ńīwekte 2
Udighe: niekte 4
Comments: ТМС 1, 589, 601.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńiblü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to paint, smear
Russian meaning: красить, мазать
Negidal: ńịja-, ńị̄lị-
Literary Manchu: ju-
Ulcha: ńili-
Orok: ńilitči-
Nanai: ńiule-
Udighe: jeule-
Comments: ТМС 1, 638.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nibu(p)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smoke
Russian meaning: дымить(ся), коптить(ся)
Evenki: nuw-
Negidal: nūp-
Ulcha: ńiup-ti-
Orok: nū-či-
Nanai: ńup-či-
Oroch: ńu-či-
Udighe: ńusesi-
Comments: ТМС 1, 607-608.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ń[i]Ki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to gnaw, crunch 2 to swallow 3 to destroy, demolish
Russian meaning: 1 грызть, разгрызать 2 проглотить 3 разрушать(ся)
Evenki: ńeki- 1
Literary Manchu: niqča- 3
Nanai: ńikike- 2 (Kur.-Urm.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 591, 637, 651.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nikimna
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 neck 2 nape of neck
Russian meaning: 1 шея 2 задняя часть шеи
Evenki: nikimna 1
Even: ńịqъ̣n 2
Negidal: nịxma 1, 2
Ulcha: ńịqị(n) 1, 2
Orok: nịqịmńa 'neck of deer'
Solon: nixama, nixima 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 591. Cf. also Dag. (Тод. Даг. 158) ńokol 'nape of neck', probably < TM.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńikri-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thicket 2 a k. of larch
Russian meaning: 1 заросли 2 вид лиственницы
Evenki: nikrikāɣ 1
Even: naqrịt 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 591.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nili-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scrape off, polish
Russian meaning: соскребать, полировать
Evenki: nili-
Literary Manchu: nila- / nile-
Ulcha: ńīli-
Nanai: ńīla-
Udighe: nila- (Корм. 266)
Comments: ТМС 1, 592.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńim-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to close (eyes)
Russian meaning: закрывать (глаза)
Evenki: nimŋi-
Even: ńimru-
Negidal: ńimni-
Ulcha: ńịmarGụ-
Orok: ńimmi-
Oroch: ńimsi-
Comments: ТМС 1, 594-595.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńim- / *ńum-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shame 2 shameless 3 awkward 4 weakness, sickness 5 to weaken, be exhausted, sick 6 to be sorry, sad
Russian meaning: 1 стыд 2 бесстыжий 3 неловко, неудобно 4 слабость, болезнь 5 ослабевать, истощаться 6 печалиться, грустить
Evenki: ńumu 4
Even: ńụmъ̣r 1, ńụm- 5
Negidal: ńomụ- 5
Spoken Manchu: nimǝ- 5 (713)
Literary Manchu: nime- 5
Ulcha: ńimeremdi, ńumeremǯi 2, ńumursi- 6
Nanai: ńịmorịǯị, ńomorị 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 596, 645, 646.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nim(b)a
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 light boat 2 board for tanning skins
Russian meaning: 1 легкий челн 2 доска для обработки шкур 3 ящичек
Even: nịmba 2
Literary Manchu: nimašaqu 1
Solon: nêmo 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 587, 594.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńime-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to visit, be a guest
Russian meaning: посещать, приходить в гости
Evenki: ńime-
Even: ńimeɣ-
Negidal: ńimej-
Ulcha: ńime-ri-
Orok: ńimē-ri-
Nanai: nime-ri-
Oroch: ńime-ri-
Udighe: ńime-li-
Solon: nimau-
Comments: ТМС 1, 595-596.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nim-ŋā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to shamanize 2 fairy-tale
Russian meaning: 1 шаманить 2 сказка
Evenki: nimŋān- 1, nimŋākān 2
Even: ńịmqan 2
Negidal: ńamka- 1
Ulcha: ńịŋman- 1, ńịŋma(n) 2
Orok: nịŋman- 1, nịŋma 2
Nanai: nịŋmā̃ 2
Oroch: ńima 2
Udighe: nima`ŋku 2 (Корм. 266)
Comments: ТМС 1, 594.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nim(u)kse
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 stomach (of animals) 2 intestine fat
Russian meaning: 1 желудок животного, содержимое желудка 2 кишечный жир, животное сало
Evenki: nimne 1
Even: nimne 2
Negidal: nimtumu 'smell of fat'
Spoken Manchu: nimǝŋǝ 'grease, fat; vegetable oil' (340)
Literary Manchu: nimeŋgi 2
Orok: numiśe 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 314, 594, 595.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *niŋī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse, damn
Russian meaning: проклинать
Evenki: niŋī-
Even: ńiŋi-
Negidal: niŋi-
Orok: niŋiči-
Solon: niŋīl (n.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 598.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *niŋu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to prop, support 2 support, prop
Russian meaning: 1 подпирать, опираться 2 опора
Even: nīnut-, nīnen- 1, nīnun 2
Literary Manchu: neŋge-bu- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 597-598.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nir- ( ~ ń-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a k. of poplar 2 brushwood
Russian meaning: 1 тополь-чернотал 2 хворост
Even: ńirāwi 1, ńịrgụqị 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 639. Attested only in Evn., with probable parallels in Kor. and Jpn.
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *nirge- ( ~ -ü-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 buckwheat 2 selfheal 3 young grass 4 a k. of swamp plant 5 burdock
Russian meaning: 1 гречиха 2 черноголовка 3 молодая трава 4 вид болотного растения 5 лопух
Evenki: nirgēkte 2, 3
Even: ńiergēt 4
Negidal: nidgēkte 5
Solon: nirgē 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 599-600. TM > Dag. nirgēs 'grain' (Тод. Даг. 158).
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