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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *karig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: strong cold
Russian meaning: сильный мороз
Written Mongolian: qariɣ
Kalmuck: xäŕǝg
Comments: KW 177. Cf. perhaps also WMong. qaraǯa, qaraǯi, Khalkha xarʒ 'полынья, unfrozen patch of water in a frozen river' ( > Khak. xaralǯi etc., see ЭСТЯ 5, 298).
Proto-Mongolian: *kari-, *kar-si-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to weaken, become old
Russian meaning: слабеть, стареть
Written Mongolian: qari- (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: xari-, xarši-
Buriat: xaraši-
Kalmuck: xäŕ- (КРС)
Proto-Mongolian: *karu-, *kar-ma-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rasp, plane; to rake up
Russian meaning: скрести, строгать; сгребать
Written Mongolian: qaru-, qar-ma- (L 940)
Khalkha: xara-
Buriat: xarxa 'mole'
Kalmuck: xar-
Ordos: xaru-, xarūl 'plane'
Comments: KW 169.
Proto-Mongolian: *kasa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crotch
Russian meaning: внутренняя сторона бедра
Written Mongolian: qasa (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: xas
Buriat: xahä (Barg.-Bur., DO 296)
Ordos: Gasa
Proto-Mongolian: *kasi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to have a bitter experience, become frustrated
Russian meaning: не удаваться, разочаровываться
Written Mongolian: qasira- (L 942)
Khalkha: xašir, xašra-
Buriat: xašar 'хлопоты, беспокойство'; хašar- 'испытывать отвращение'
Ordos: Gašara-
Shary-Yoghur: Gašar-
Comments: MGCD 334.
Proto-Mongolian: *kasi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to enclose 2 fence, enclosure
Russian meaning: 1 огораживать 2 забор, ограждение
Written Mongolian: qasi- 1 (L 941), qasiɣa (L 942: qasiɣa, qasija(n)) 2
Khalkha: xaši- 1, xašā 2
Buriat: xašā 2
Kalmuck: xašā 2 (КРС)
Ordos: Gaši- 1, Gašā 2
Dagur: xaši- 1, xaši 2 (Тод. Даг. 175), kuši- 1, kuš́ē 2 (Тод. Даг. 152)
Shary-Yoghur: qušā 2
Comments: MGCD 334. Mong. > Kirgh. qašā etc., see ЭСТЯ 5, 346; > Man. χasχan 'fence' (Rozycki 103).
Proto-Mongolian: *kasirag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a 3-year-old cow, heifer
Russian meaning: трехлетняя корова, телка
Written Mongolian: qasiraɣ (L 942)
Buriat: xašarag 'двухгодовалый телок, двухлетний бычок', xašarag bāxaldaj 'двухлетний медведь'
Comments: Mong. > Khak. xazɨra etc.; cf. also (from xašrag?) Kaz. qašar, Chag. qačarǯa, see ЭСТЯ 5, 343; Russ. dial. kačarák and similar forms, see Аникин 275, 276.
Proto-Mongolian: *kasu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cut off pieces, to adze, to diminish
Russian meaning: срезать, уменьшать, укорачивать
Written Mongolian: qasu- (L 942)
Khalkha: xas-
Buriat: xaha-
Kalmuck: xas-
Ordos: Gasu-
Comments: KW 171. Mong. > Evk. kasi- (ТМС 1, 382-383).
Proto-Mongolian: *kata-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hard 2 to become hard, dry up
Russian meaning: 1 твердый 2 черстветь, высыхать
Written Mongolian: qata- (L 943) 2, qataɣu 1
Middle Mongolian: qatau'u (HY 54), qataŋgin (SH), qata'u (MA) 1, qǝtǝmǝr 'dried (meat)' (IM)
Khalkha: xat- 2, xatū 1
Buriat: xatū 1
Kalmuck: xatū 1, xatǝ- 2 (КРС)
Ordos: Gatū 1
Dongxian: qɨdun, qɨtun 1
Baoan: χotoŋ 1
Dagur: katǝn (Тод. Даг. 148: katō, katū, 174: xata-); katen, katū (MD 182) 1
Shary-Yoghur: Gadū 1
Monguor: xadoŋ (SM 147) 1, xadā- (SM 146) 2
Mogol: xata 1 (Weiers)
Comments: TMN 1, 410, MGCD 336.
Proto-Mongolian: *katari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to trot
Russian meaning: скакать, бежать рысью
Written Mongolian: qatari- (L 945)
Khalkha: xatira-
Buriat: xatar 'рысь'
Kalmuck: xatǝrǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: Gatari-, Gatira-
Dagur: katrǝ- (Тод. Даг. 148: katara-), katere (MD 182)
Comments: MGCD 336. Mong. > Manchu katara- 'to trot' (see Rozycki 135).
Proto-Mongolian: *kawda-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bark 2 page
Russian meaning: 1 кора 2 страница
Written Mongolian: qaudasu, qaɣudasu(n) 2 (L 909)
Khalkha: xūdas 2
Buriat: xūdaha(n) 2
Kalmuck: xūdъsṇ 1
Ordos: xūdasu 2
Comments: KW 201. Although later contaminations were possible, Mong. *kawda- can not be explained as borrowed from Turk. qaɣad 'paper' ( < Arab.), despite Щербак 1997, 126. Mong. > Man. xoušan etc., see Doerfer MT 142.
Proto-Mongolian: *kawra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dry
Russian meaning: сухой
Written Mongolian: qaɣurai, quɣurai (L 910), qawraj (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: xūraj
Buriat: xūraj
Kalmuck: xǖrǟ
Ordos: xūrǟ
Dagur: xuārī (MGCD xuare)
Shary-Yoghur: xūrā- (MGCD χūʁa-)
Monguor: xō- 'devenir sec, tarir' (SM 168)
Comments: Cf. also *ku(w)ar- > *ku(w)a- in MMong. qoṣon 'dryness' (ИМ); qusun, quasun (MA); Dag. xua-, S.-Yugh. χū-, Dong. Go-, qosu-, Bao. χo-. KW 204, 317, MGCD 335. Mong. > Tat. qawrai etc. (ЭСТЯ 5, 171-172).
Proto-Mongolian: *kawra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: file
Russian meaning: напильник
Written Mongolian: qaurai (L 946), qaɣurai (DO 371)
Middle Mongolian: qūra (IM), qurai (MA 313)
Khalkha: xūraj
Buriat: xūraj
Kalmuck: xǖrǟ
Ordos: xūrǟ
Dagur: xaur-dāgu, (Тод. Даг. 175) xaura
Shary-Yoghur: χūrī
Monguor: xụ̄rā- 'se peler, s'écorcher' (SM 184)
Comments: KW 204, MGCD 380. Mong. > Man. χuwara (Rozycki 114).
Proto-Mongolian: *kaǯa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bite
Russian meaning: кусать
Written Mongolian: qaǯa- (L 947)
Middle Mongolian: qaǯa- (SH)
Khalkha: xaʒa-
Buriat: xaza-
Kalmuck: xaz- (КРС)
Ordos: xaǯa-
Dongxian: qaǯa- (MGCD Gaǯa-)
Dagur: xaǯi-
Shary-Yoghur: Gaǯa-
Monguor: Gaʒ́a- (SM 117)
Comments: MGCD 316, 350. Mong. > Kirgh. qaǯa- etc. (ЭСТЯ 5, 183); > Manchu qaǯa- 'to break with the teeth' (Rozycki 130). Mong. qaǯaɣur 'tongs' > Man. xaǯun 'weapon', see Doerfer MT 144.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaǯi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: seam, facing; to face
Russian meaning: шов, кант; обшивать
Written Mongolian: qaǯi, qaǯi- (L 948)
Khalkha: xaǯ
Buriat: xaža 'серебряная оправа'
Comments: Cf. also WMong. qadaɣ, Khalkha xadag 'folded silk cloth'.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaǯir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: vulture
Russian meaning: гриф, стервятник
Written Mongolian: qaǯir (L 949)
Middle Mongolian: qaǯir 'mythical bird' (MA 406)
Khalkha: xaǯir
Comments: Mong. > Kirgh. qaǯɨr etc., see ЭСТЯ 5, 183-184.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaǯiwu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side, edge
Russian meaning: сторона, край
Written Mongolian: qaǯiɣu, qaǯaɣu, qaǯau (L 948)
Khalkha: xaǯū
Buriat: xažū
Kalmuck: xaǯū
Ordos: xaǯū 'slope'
Dagur: xaǯū (Тод. Даг. 172)
Comments: KW 159. Cf. also *kaǯi- 'to slant etc.' (with a variant *gaǯi-) (ibid.).
Proto-Mongolian: *keb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to lie 2 to bow down
Russian meaning: 1 лежать 2 склоняться, нагибаться
Written Mongolian: kebte- 1 (L 439), kebiji- 2
Middle Mongolian: kibtä-, kä̆btä- (MA), kebte-, kebde-, gebte- (SH) 1
Khalkha: xevt- 2, xevij- 2
Buriat: xebte-
Kalmuck: keptǝ-
Ordos: gebte-
Dongxian: kiǯie-
Dagur: kert-, kerte- 1 (Тод. Даг. 150), kerete- 1 (MD 183)
Monguor: kidē- (SM 200) 'to lie (of animals)'
Mogol: teftä-; KT tebtä (11-1a)
Comments: KW 226, MGCD 339.
Proto-Mongolian: *kebe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: husks, chaff
Russian meaning: шелуха, мякина
Written Mongolian: kebe
Buriat: xebe
Kalmuck: kewǝ
Shary-Yoghur: kǝwǝ 'bran'
Comments: KW 229.
Proto-Mongolian: *keberdeg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: body (rump, breast and belly)
Russian meaning: тело, туша (крестец, грудь и живот)
Written Mongolian: keberdeg
Kalmuck: kewrdg
Ordos: kemerdek 'thorax, chest'
Comments: KW 229.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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