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Mongolian etymology :

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *kandagaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elk
Russian meaning: лось
Written Mongolian: qandaɣai (L 927)
Middle Mongolian: qandaqai (SH)
Khalkha: xandgai
Buriat: xandagai
Kalmuck: xandǝɣā (КРС)
Dagur: xandag (Тод. Даг. 173)
Shary-Yoghur: χandaχan
Comments: MGCD 325. Mong. > Evk. kandaɣā etc., see ТМС 1, 372, TMN 1, 420, Rozycki 132; > Russ. Siber. kandagáj, see Аникин 255.
Proto-Mongolian: *kani
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: friend, mate
Russian meaning: друг, товарищ, муж
Written Mongolian: qani (L 930)
Middle Mongolian: qanilqa- 'to compare' (SH)
Khalkha: xań
Buriat: xani
Kalmuck: xańi, xäń
Ordos: xani
Dagur: xań, xani (Тод. Даг. 173)
Monguor: xaniŋ 'famille de la femme' (SM 157)
Comments: KW 165, 177, MGCD 327. Mong. > Evk. kani etc. (ТМС 1, 372, Doerfer MT 132, Rozycki 133), Shor qanai etc. (VEWT 230).
Proto-Mongolian: *kantar-
Meaning: to bind a horse
Russian meaning: привязывать лошадь
Written Mongolian: qantar- (L 930)
Khalkha: xantar-
Buriat: xantar-
Kalmuck: xantǝr- (КРС)
Ordos: xantar-
Comments: Mong. > Man. qaŋtara- etc., see Doerfer MT 93, Rozycki 132-133; > Kirgh. qantar- etc., see ЭСТЯ 5, 260-261.
Proto-Mongolian: *kan[t]u-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to head towards, to address
Russian meaning: направляться к, обращаться к
Written Mongolian: qandu- (МХТТТ)
Middle Mongolian: qantuqala- 'show (?)' (SH)
Khalkha: xanda-
Buriat: xanda-
Kalmuck: xandǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: xandu-
Dagur: xanda-
Comments: MGCD 325.
Proto-Mongolian: *kanu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be satisfied, thankful
Russian meaning: быть удовлетворенным, благодарным
Written Mongolian: qanu-, qan- (L 930)
Middle Mongolian: qan- 'утолить (жажду)' (МА)
Khalkha: xana-
Buriat: xana-
Kalmuck: xan-
Ordos: xan-
Monguor: xani- (SM 156), xanǝ-
Comments: KW 166, MGCD 325.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaŋga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of board, cross-bar
Russian meaning: вид доски, распорки
Written Mongolian: qaŋɣa
Khalkha: xaŋga
Kalmuck: xaŋgǝ
Comments: KW 166. Mong > Kaz. qaŋa 'доска' etc., VEWT 232.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaŋka-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: spacious, empty
Russian meaning: обширный, пустой
Written Mongolian: qaŋqai (L 930)
Khalkha: xanxaj
Buriat: xanxaj- 'зиять'
Kalmuck: xaŋɣā 'big, giant' (КРС)
Ordos: xaŋxä- 'to be tall, big'
Comments: Mong. > Man. xaŋga etc., see Doerfer MT 144)
Proto-Mongolian: *kar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 foreign, alien 2 to be related to, connected with
Russian meaning: 1 чужой, иностранный 2 иметь отношение к, быть связанным с
Written Mongolian: qari 1, qari-lča- 2 (L 937, 939)
Khalkha: xaŕ 1, xarilca- 2
Buriat: xari 1, xarilsa- 2
Kalmuck: xäŕǝ 1
Ordos: xari 1, xarilčin, xarilčan 'mutually'
Comments: KW 171. Cf. also MMong. qarɣu-, qarɣa-, Kalm. χarɣǝ- 'to meet' (KW 169).
Proto-Mongolian: *kar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 grey crane 2 swallow
Russian meaning: 1 серый журавль 2 ласточка
Written Mongolian: qarkira 1 (L 940), qarijačai 2 (L 938)
Middle Mongolian: xarijača (HY 14) 2
Khalkha: xarācaj 2
Buriat: xarāsgaj 2; xarxali 'чекан (птица из семейства дроздовых)'
Kalmuck: xarādā 2 (КРС)
Ordos: xarāčǟ 2
Dongxian: qaranča 2
Monguor: xara(n)ćiGǝ̄ (SM 159), xarabǯaGē 2, xarančiGē 2
Proto-Mongolian: *kara
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: black
Russian meaning: черный
Written Mongolian: qara (L 931)
Middle Mongolian: qara (HY 41, SH), qara (IM), qăra (MA)
Khalkha: xar
Buriat: xara
Kalmuck: xarъ
Ordos: xara
Dongxian: qara
Baoan: xera
Dagur: xara, xar (Тод. Даг. 174), hare (MD 157)
Shary-Yoghur: xara
Monguor: xara (SM 158)
Mogol: qarō; ZM qarā (13-8)
Comments: KW 168, MGCD 328. Mong. > Evk. karā, Man. qara etc. 'black (of horse)' (ТМС 1, 379, Doerfer MT 99, Rozycki 101, 133); > MKor. kara (măr), see Lee 1958, 119).
Proto-Mongolian: *kara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to look 2 patrol, watch
Russian meaning: 1 смотреть 2 патруль, караул
Written Mongolian: qara- 1, qaraɣul 2 (L 932, 933)
Middle Mongolian: qara- 1, qara'ul (SH) 2, qara- (MA, HYt) 1
Khalkha: xara- 1, xarūl 2
Buriat: xara- 1
Kalmuck: xarǝ- 1
Ordos: xara- 1
Dagur: xarāla- 1 (Тод. Даг. 174), xarōl 2
Shary-Yoghur: χarūl 2, χarǝmul 'sight'
Monguor: xarụ̄la- (SM 164), xarǝ- 1; xarǝmul 'sight'
Mogol: qara- 1 (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 169, MGCD 329, 331, 334. Mong. > Chag. etc. qara-, qarawul (see TMN 1, 401, Щербак 1997, 208; a backloan from Turkic is probably ZM qarawol (8-6a) 'vanguard'), ЭСТЯ 5, 288-289, 290-291.
Proto-Mongolian: *kara
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 envy 2 in need, jobless 3 miserly
Russian meaning: 1 зависть 2 нуждающийся, безработный 3 скупой
Written Mongolian: qara 1, qaraɣu, qaram 3 (L 934, 935)
Khalkha: xar 1, xarū, xaram 3
Buriat: xara 1
Kalmuck: xarā 2, xarǝm 'compassion; miserliness', xarū 'jealous; miserly; careful' (КРС)
Ordos: xaramči 3
Dagur: xarmači(n) 3 (Тод. Даг. 174), hareme 3 (MD 157)
Proto-Mongolian: *karaɣu, *karbaɣur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 darnel grass, smut 2 privet, a k. of shrub or weed (волоснец даурский, Elymus)
Russian meaning: 1 плевел, головня 2 вид кустарника или сорного растения (волоснец даурский, Elymus)
Written Mongolian: qaraw, (L 933) qaraɣu 1, qarbaɣur 2
Khalkha: xarū 1, xarvor 2
Buriat: xarbūl, xarbūr 2
Proto-Mongolian: *kara/ija-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse
Russian meaning: ругать
Written Mongolian: qarija- (L 938), qaraɣa-
Khalkha: xarā-
Buriat: xarā-
Kalmuck: xarā- (КРС)
Ordos: xarā-
Dongxian: qara-
Baoan: χǝra-
Dagur: xarā-, karā- (Тод. Даг. 174); harā- (MD 156)
Monguor: xarā- (SM 159)
Comments: MGCD 330.
Proto-Mongolian: *karbin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 inner fat 2 placenta
Russian meaning: 1 брюшной жир 2 плацента
Written Mongolian: qarbin 1; qarbi-su(n) 2 (L 935)
Middle Mongolian: qarbi-su 2 (SH)
Khalkha: xarvin 1
Buriat: dial. arb́ъŋ 1
Kalmuck: xärwṇ, ärwn. 1
Ordos: xarwiŋ 'inner fat; groin'
Comments: KW 178. Mong. > Yak. xarbɨhɨn, Dolg. karbuhun, see Kaɫ. MEJ 82, Stachowski 139. Bur. > Russ. Siber. arbin (Аникин 94).
Proto-Mongolian: *karbu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shoot from a bow
Russian meaning: стрелять из лука
Written Mongolian: qarbu- (L 936)
Middle Mongolian: qarbu (HY 39, SH), qarbu- (MA)
Khalkha: xarva-
Buriat: xarba-
Kalmuck: xarwǝ-
Ordos: xarwa-, xarwu-
Baoan: χurǝ-
Dagur: xarba-, xarma- (Тод. Даг. 174); harebe- (MD 157)
Shary-Yoghur: χarwu-
Monguor: xarmu- (SM 164)
Mogol: qarbuxči 'gun' (Weiers)
Comments: KW 177, MGCD 331. Mong. qarbu- > Evk. garpa-, garpū- etc. (ТМС 1, 142).
Proto-Mongolian: *karg-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 tree with dark reddish bark 2 a k. of shrub, viburnum 3 pine
Russian meaning: 1 дерево с темно-красной корой 2 вид кустарника, калина 3 сосна
Written Mongolian: qargil 1 (L 936)
Buriat: xargāhan 2
Kalmuck: xarɣā 3
Ordos: xargil 'Rhamnus erythroxylon'
Proto-Mongolian: *kargi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: overfall, waterfall
Russian meaning: быстрина, перекат реки
Written Mongolian: qargi 'rapids', qargil 'shoal in a river' (L 936)
Middle Mongolian: qarki 'Strom, Lauf des Flusses' (SH)
Khalkha: xargil
Buriat: xarja
Kalmuck: xärgǝ
Comments: KW 177. Mong. > Evk. kargi, Man. χargi etc. (ТМС 1, 381, Doerfer MT 103, Rozycki 102); > Yak. xargɨ 'show place', Dolg. kargɨ̄ 'show' (Stachowski 139).
Proto-Mongolian: *kari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to come back, return; to answer 2 answer; return
Russian meaning: 1 возвращаться; отвечать 2 ответ; возвращение
Written Mongolian: qari- (L 937) 1
Middle Mongolian: qāri- (IM), qari- (HY 34, 40, SH) 1, ɣari'ūn 2
Khalkha: xaŕ- 1
Buriat: xari- 1, xaŕū 2
Kalmuck: xäŕ- (КРС) 1
Ordos: xari- 'retourner, mourir'
Dongxian: qari- 1
Baoan: χārǝ- 1
Dagur: hari- (MD 157), xari- 1; xarō (Тод. Даг. 174) 2
Shary-Yoghur: χarǝ- 1; χaru 2
Monguor: xari 'réponse, vengeance' (SM 162), xari- (SM 162), xarǝ- 1; xarū 2
Mogol: qari- (Ramstedt 1906) 1
Comments: TMN 1, 380, MGCD 332, 333. Mong. > Manchu qaru 'reward, revenge, recompence, retribution' etc. (see Rozycki 134).
Proto-Mongolian: *kari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 shoulder or hip bone 2 arm 3 cubit
Russian meaning: 1 плечевая или бедренная кость 2 рука 3 локоть (мера длины)
Written Mongolian: qaritu 1 (МХТТТ)
Middle Mongolian: qari (IM) 2, (Lig. VMI) 3
Khalkha: xaŕt 1
Buriat: xari, xarti, xaŕta 1
Mogol: qar, ZM qɔ̄ri 2
Comments: The word is usually considered to be borrowed < Turk. *Karɨ (see e.g. ЭСТЯ 5, 283, Дыбо 164), and the form attested in IM may probably be so; but the other forms may well be genuine. Cf. also MMong. (MA) qars delet- 'to clap hands' ( > Chag. qars).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-mogh,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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