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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *kalča-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to flay, tear off 2 to be flayed
Russian meaning: 1 сдирать, отдирать 2 облезать (о коже)
Written Mongolian: qalčala- 1, qalcara- 2 (L 918: qalčar-)
Middle Mongolian: qalčaruqsan nuqai 'облезлая собака' (MA 289)
Khalkha: xalcla- 1, xalcra- 2
Buriat: xalsar- 2
Kalmuck: xalcṛ- 2
Comments: KW 163.
Proto-Mongolian: *kali-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fly, soar
Russian meaning: парить
Written Mongolian: qali- (L 919)
Khalkha: xali-
Buriat: xali-
Kalmuck: xäĺǝ-
Ordos: xali-
Comments: KW 176.
Proto-Mongolian: *kali-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to overflow
Russian meaning: переливаться через край
Written Mongolian: qali- (L 919)
Khalkha: xali-
Buriat: xali-
Kalmuck: xäĺǝ-
Comments: KW 176.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaliɣun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 otter, beaver 2 brown, yellowish-brown
Russian meaning: 1 выдра, бобер 2 коричневый, игрений
Written Mongolian: qaliɣun (L 919) 1
Middle Mongolian: qali'un (HY 11), qali'un (MA) 1, qali'un (SH) 2, kalbūn 2 (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: xaĺūn 1, 2
Buriat: xaĺūn 1, 2
Kalmuck: xǟĺǖn 1, 2
Ordos: xaĺū 1, xaĺū(n) 2
Dagur: xalō, (Тод. Даг. 173) xalū 1; kalūr 2 (Тод. Даг. 148), halō (MD 156)
Monguor: xaliu
Comments: KW 177, MGCD 320. Mong. (also with the derived meaning 'brown, yellowish-brown') > Man. kailun 'brown (horse)', χailun 'otter' etc., see TMN 1, 383, Doerfer MT 132, Rozycki 98, 130; > Kor. kariun (măr), see Lee 1958, 119.
Proto-Mongolian: *kalijar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild garlic, leek
Russian meaning: черемша
Written Mongolian: qalijar (L 920)
Middle Mongolian: qalijarsun (SH)
Khalkha: xaliar
Buriat: xaĺār
Monguor: xarir (SM 163)
Proto-Mongolian: *kalimu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: whale
Russian meaning: кит
Written Mongolian: qalimu (L 920)
Khalkha: xalim
Buriat: xalim
Kalmuck: xalim (СЯОС)
Proto-Mongolian: *kali-sun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 skin, shell 2 thin skin on penis
Russian meaning: 1 шкура, скорлупа 2 кожица на половом члене
Written Mongolian: qalisu(n) 1 (L 920), qaldaɣan 2 (L 919: qaldaɣa 'penis')
Middle Mongolian: qalisu 1 (SH)
Khalkha: xaĺs 1
Buriat: xaĺha(n) 1
Kalmuck: xäĺsṇ 1, xaldǝɣǝn 2
Ordos: xalisu 1
Dagur: xalis 1, (Тод. Даг. 173) xalise; halise 'thin skin, dandruff', hajlese, hajse (MD 155, 156)
Shary-Yoghur: χalǝsǝn 1
Monguor: xaliʒǝ (SM 151), xalsǝ 1
Comments: KW 162, MGCD 320. Cf. also *kalim, Kalm. xäĺṃ 'bark, skin' (KW 176).
Proto-Mongolian: *kaltar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: variegated, dirty, brown (of horse)
Russian meaning: пестрый, грязный, гнедой (о лошади)
Written Mongolian: qaltar (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: xaltar
Buriat: xaltar
Kalmuck: xaltǝr (КРС)
Ordos: Galtar
Dagur: kaltār (Тод. Даг. 148)
Mogol: ? kala 'spotted' (Weiers)
Comments: Mong. > Manchu. qaltara 'a brown horse with white around the mouth and eyes' (see Rozycki 131).
Proto-Mongolian: *kalta-s, *kelte-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 half 2 to split off, break off
Russian meaning: 1 половина 2 отщеплять, отламывать
Written Mongolian: qaltas 1 (L 921), kelte-, keltere- (L 450) 2
Khalkha: xaltas 1, xeltre- 2
Buriat: xaltagaj; xeltel-, xelter-
Kalmuck: keltǝl- 2 (КРС)
Ordos: Galtas
Dagur: koltorkē 'splinter' (Тод. Даг. 150), xaltag, kaltag 1 (Тод. Даг. 173), koletuei 'a part', koletuhe 1 (MD 183)
Monguor: kideli-; kidǝrē- 1 'ébrécher; s'ébrécher, mourir (petits enfants) 1' (SM 201, 200)
Comments: Mong. kelte- > Evk. kelte- etc., see Doerfer MT 134.
Proto-Mongolian: *kalu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to approach, come near
Russian meaning: приближаться
Written Mongolian: qalu-, qal- (L 916)
Middle Mongolian: qalit- (SH)
Khalkha: xala-
Buriat: xalaj- (in compounds)
Kalmuck: xalǝ-
Dagur: halede- (MD 155)
Comments: KW 162.
Proto-Mongolian: *kalǯa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bald, having a white blaze
Russian meaning: лысый (о человеке), со звездочкой (о лошади)
Written Mongolian: qalǯa(n), qalǯi(n), qalčaɣai (L 918, 922-923)
Middle Mongolian: qalǯan, qalčaɣai (MA)
Khalkha: xalʒan, xalcgaj
Buriat: xalzan, xalsagai
Kalmuck: xalcъɣǟ 'haarlos, grasslos'
Ordos: xalǯan
Dagur: xalǯin
Shary-Yoghur: GalǯaŋGar
Comments: KW 163, MGCD 319. The forms with -lč- are a result of contamination with *kalča- 'to rub, flay, tear off' (v. sub *kèĺčo); but neither can be borrowed from Turkic, despite Щербак 1997, 135. Mong. > Chag. qalčɨɣaj; Manchu qalǯa etc. (see ТМС 1, 366, Rozycki 130) > MKor. kančjá măr (Lee 1964, 190).
Proto-Mongolian: *kam-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 together 2 to gather together
Russian meaning: 1 вместе 2 собирать
Written Mongolian: qamtu 1 (L 925), qamu- 2 (L 926)
Middle Mongolian: qamtu 1, qamux 'all' (SH, HYt)
Khalkha: xamt 1
Buriat: xamta 1, xamag 'all', xama- 2
Kalmuck: xamtǝ 1, xamǝ- 2
Ordos: xamtu 1
Dongxian: hantu 1
Baoan: hamdǝ 1
Dagur: hamete 1 (MD 156)
Shary-Yoghur: χamtǝ 1, χambǝ- 2
Monguor: xamdi (SM 153), xamdǝ 1
Mogol: qamtu (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 164, 165, 177, MGCD 322, 323, 324. Cf. also WMong. qamija 'relation, concern'. Mong. > Yak. xomuj-, Dolg. komuj-, see Kaɫ. JW 184, Stachowski 152.
Proto-Mongolian: *kama-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 scab, herpes 2 infection, epidemics
Russian meaning: 1 чесотка, парша 2 зараза, эпидемия
Written Mongolian: qamaɣu 1, qama- 'to be mangy' (L 923)
Middle Mongolian: qamāwu (IM)
Khalkha: xamū
Buriat: xamū 1, xamšag 2
Kalmuck: xamū
Ordos: xamū
Dagur: xamū (Тод. Даг. 173), (MGCD) xangu 1
Shary-Yoghur: χamū 1
Comments: KW 165, MGCD 324.
Proto-Mongolian: *ka[m]ar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: nose
Russian meaning: нос
Written Mongolian: qabar, qamar (L 895)
Middle Mongolian: qabar (HY 45, SH), qabar (MA), qabar (LH)
Khalkha: xamar
Buriat: xamar
Kalmuck: xamṛ
Ordos: xamar
Dongxian: qava
Baoan: xor
Dagur: xamar (Тод. Даг. 173), hamere, hamare (MD 156)
Shary-Yoghur: xawar
Monguor: xawar (SM 165), xavar
Mogol: qabar; ZM qabar (2-3b)
Comments: KW 164, MGCD 322. Mong. > Oyr. qamur. There are numerous indications that the root was *kaŋ- (*kaŋ-bar > qabar / qamar). Cf. *koŋ-si- / *kaŋ-si (WMong. qaŋsiɣar, qoŋsijar 'beak, nose' (KW 167, 186, MGCD 365, Mongr. xaŋšar (157); > Uzb. qanšar etc., see ЭСТЯ 5, 256-258); > Man. qaŋsari / qaŋsiri, haŋšara (see Rozycki 102, 132) ); WMong. qaŋqul- / qaŋɣul- 'to smell'; MMong. (SH) qoŋši'ut 'reek', WMong. quŋsi- 'to reek, smell' ( > Oyr. quŋsu- etc., see KW 197, VEWT 280); WMong. qaurɣasun, Kalm. xūrɣǝsn, xuɣǝrsn 'nose gristle' (KW 195, 201). .
Proto-Mongolian: *kamgar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild leek
Russian meaning: дикий лук-порей
Written Mongolian: qamaɣar (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: xamgar
Proto-Mongolian: *kamkag, *kamgaɣul
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of grass, Salsula
Russian meaning: вид травы, Salsula
Written Mongolian: qamqaɣ (L 926), qamqaɣul
Middle Mongolian: qamqa'ulsun 'ein Kraut, Unkraut' (SH), kamqa'ul 'tumble-weed' (HY 7)
Khalkha: xamxag 'солянка холмовая, желтая полынь', xamxūl 'tumble-weed'
Buriat: xamxūl 'tumble-weed'
Kalmuck: xamxǝg, xamxūl
Ordos: xamxaq, xamxūli
Dongxian: xanxou
Monguor: xaŋGu (SM 157), xānGul
Comments: KW 164, MGCD 324.
Proto-Mongolian: *kamki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to close, shut
Russian meaning: закрывать
Written Mongolian: qamki- (L 924)
Khalkha: xamxi-
Kalmuck: xamxī- (СЯОС)
Proto-Mongolian: *kana(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: section of yurt lattice wall, wall
Russian meaning: секция решетчатой стены юрты, стена
Written Mongolian: qana(n) (L 927)
Khalkha: xana(n)
Buriat: xana
Kalmuck: xanǝ
Ordos: xana
Comments: KW 165. Mong. > Evk. kana etc., see Doerfer MT 77, Rozycki 101; > Khak. xana etc., see TMN 1, 416.
Proto-Mongolian: *kančir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: peritoneum
Russian meaning: подгрудок
Written Mongolian: qančir (L 927)
Khalkha: xančir
Buriat: xanšar 'belly muscles'
Kalmuck: xančǝr 'belly muscles' (КРС)
Ordos: xančir maxa 'stomach of a meagre, skinny animal', xančir kün 'thin person'
Proto-Mongolian: *kanču-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sleeve
Russian meaning: рукав
Written Mongolian: qanču-n (L 927: qančui, qanču, qamčui)
Middle Mongolian: kančun (HY 22), qanču(n) (SH), qanču (IM), qančīn (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: xancuj
Buriat: xamsɨ
Kalmuck: xancǝ
Ordos: xanču
Dongxian: Ganǯun
Baoan: Ganǯoŋ
Dagur: kanči (Тод. Даг. 148, MD 181), xanči (Тод. Даг. 148)
Shary-Yoghur: χanǯūn
Monguor: xanʒ́i, xanći (SM 156), xamǯi
Mogol: qamči, qamču (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 175, MGCD 327.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-mgr,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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