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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *kači
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: interest, curious thing
Russian meaning: интерес, интересная вещь
Written Mongolian: qači (L 901)
Khalkha: xač
Proto-Mongolian: *kačir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cheek
Russian meaning: щека
Written Mongolian: qačir, qačar (L 901)
Middle Mongolian: qačar (HY 45, SH), qačǝr (IM), qačar (LH) Г
Khalkha: xacr, xacar
Buriat: xasar
Kalmuck: xačṛ
Ordos: Gačar
Dongxian: qɨǯa, qɨča
Dagur: xačir (Тод. Даг. 175), (MGCD, Тод. Даг. 148) kačir; kačire (MD 181)
Monguor: xaʒ́ar (SM 148), xaǯar
Comments: KW 173, MGCD 336.
Proto-Mongolian: *kada-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bridle
Russian meaning: уздечка
Written Mongolian: qaǯaɣar (L 947), qaǯijar (SM)
Middle Mongolian: qada'ar (HY 18, SH), qadāsu (IM), qădar (MA), qadār (LH)
Khalkha: xaʒār
Buriat: xazār
Kalmuck: xazār
Ordos: xaǯār
Dongxian: qata (Тод. Дн.); Gada
Baoan: Gadǝr
Dagur: xadāl (Тод. Даг. 172 xadāla)
Shary-Yoghur: Gadar
Monguor: Gaʒ́ar (SM 116), Gaʒ́a- (SM 117) 'ronger, brouter', Gadar (SM 115)
Mogol: qadār
Comments: KW 174, MGCD 316. Often derived from *kaǯa- 'to bite' (see e.g. Doerfer MT 57), but MMong. and South Mongolian forms with -d- clearly contradict it, so WMong. qaǯaɣar is most probably a result of contamination. The isolated form with -l, Dag. xadāl(a), may in fact be a Tungus loanword.
Proto-Mongolian: *kada-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to nail 2 nail
Russian meaning: 1 прибивать гвоздями 2 гвоздь
Written Mongolian: qada- 1, qadaɣasu(n), qadasu(n), qadaɣa 2 (L 902, 903)
Middle Mongolian: qada'asun 2 (SH)
Khalkha: xada- 1, xadās, gadas 2
Buriat: xada- 1, xadāha(n) 2
Kalmuck: xadǝ- 1, xadāsṇ 2
Ordos: xada- 1, xadāsu 2
Dongxian: Gada- 1, Gadasun 2
Baoan: Gadǝ- 1, Gadasoŋ 2 (MGCD Gasoŋ 2)
Dagur: xada- 'to sew a button' (Тод. Даг. 172), (MGCD) xadǝ- 1, gatās (Тод. Даг. 131) 2, (MGCD) gat 2; hade- 'to sew on' (MD 154)
Shary-Yoghur: Gadǝ- 1, Gadǝsǝn 2 (MGCD Gadasǝn, GadaG)
Monguor: Gada- (SM 114) 1, Gadasǝ (SM 115) 2
Comments: KW 158, MGCD 277, 315. Cf. also *kadku- 'to stick into' (MMong. (SH) qatqu-, KW 172, 158, Dag. karku-, xarxu-, xatukulā, Тод. Даг. 148, 174, 175). Mong. > Evk. kada-, Man. χada- etc. (see ТМС 1, 359; Doerfer MT 91, Rozycki 97); Mong. gada-sun, gata-sun > Evk. gatahun (see Poppe 1966, 197, Doerfer MT 126).
Proto-Mongolian: *kada
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rock
Russian meaning: скала
Written Mongolian: qada(n) (L 902)
Middle Mongolian: qada (SH)
Khalkha: xad
Buriat: xada
Kalmuck: xadǝ
Ordos: xada(n)
Dongxian: Gada
Dagur: xada, xad (Тод. Даг. 172), hade (MD 154)
Shary-Yoghur: Gada
Monguor: Gadā (SM 114)
Comments: KW 158, TMN 1, 393, MGCD 314.
Proto-Mongolian: *kadagala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to preserve, keep in confinement
Russian meaning: хранить, сохранять, держать в заключении
Written Mongolian: qadaɣala- (L 902)
Khalkha: xadgala-
Buriat: xadagal-
Kalmuck: xadǝɣl-
Ordos: xadaGala-
Dagur: xadaglā-
Shary-Yoghur: GadaGla-
Comments: KW 158, MGCD 315.
Proto-Mongolian: *kadaraŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 grayling 2 ruff
Russian meaning: 1 хариус 2 ерш
Written Mongolian: qadaraŋ 2, (L 903) qadara 1
Middle Mongolian: qadara 'k. of fish' (SH)
Khalkha: xadar 1, xadraŋ 2
Buriat: xadaran 1
Kalmuck: xadǝrṇ 'тарань' (КРС)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. kadara etc. (not vice versa, despite Doerfer MT 103).
Proto-Mongolian: *kadawra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to deviate, move to the side
Russian meaning: отклоняться, двигаться в сторону
Written Mongolian: qadaura- (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: xadūra-
Buriat: xadūra-
Proto-Mongolian: *kadu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sever ribs from the spine 2 to mow 3 to rip with fangs (of a wild swine) 4 sickle, scythe 5 to cut
Russian meaning: 1 отделять ребра от позвоночника 2 косить 3 раздирать клыками (о кабане) 4 серп, коса 5 отсекать, рубить
Written Mongolian: qadu- (L 903), qada- 2, qadura- (L 903) 3
Middle Mongolian: qatu'ur (HY 19) 4, qataxasam (~ mixan) (HY 24) 'the meat of the best taste'
Khalkha: xada- 1,2, xadra- 3, xadūr 4
Buriat: xada- 2, xadar- 3, xadūr 4
Kalmuck: xad- 2, xadūr 4 (КРС)
Ordos: xadu- 2, xadūr 4
Dongxian: Gadu- 2, Gadu 4
Baoan: Gadǝ- 2, Gadǝr 4
Dagur: xadǝ- 2 (Тод. Даг. 172 xada-), xadūr 4 (Тод. Даг. 172), hade- 2, hadure 4 (MD 154)
Shary-Yoghur: Gadǝ- 2, Gadūr 4
Monguor: Gadi- (SM 116), Gadǝ- 2, Gadir (SM 116), Gadǝr 4, (?) xadiri- 'trancher, couper la gorge' (SM 147) ( = qadura-)
Comments: MGCD 315. Mong. > Evk. kadu- etc., see ТМС 1, 360-361, Poppe 1966, 193, 194, Doerfer MT 81, Rozycki 97.
Proto-Mongolian: *kadum
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: relative by marriage
Russian meaning: свойственник
Written Mongolian: qadum (L 903)
Middle Mongolian: qadum (MA), qadom (IM), qadǝm (LH)
Khalkha: xadam
Buriat: xadam
Kalmuck: xadṃ
Ordos: xadam
Dongxian: Gadun
Dagur: xadam (Тод. Даг. 172)
Shary-Yoghur: Gadǝm
Monguor: Gadim (SM 116)
Comments: KW 158, MGCD 314. Mong. > Evk. kadum, see Poppe 1966, 195, Doerfer MT 125.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaduŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 currant 2 birch
Russian meaning: 1 смородина 2 береза
Written Mongolian: qaduŋ
Khalkha: xadan 1
Kalmuck: χadŋ 2
Comments: KW 159.
Proto-Mongolian: *kag-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become hard, dry 2 last year's grass
Russian meaning: 1 засыхать, затвердевать 2 прошлогодняя трава
Written Mongolian: qaɣda 2 (L 908)
Khalkha: xagd 2, xagsa- 1
Buriat: xagda(n) 2, xagsa 1
Kalmuck: xaɣsǝ- 1, xaɣdǝ 2 (КРС)
Monguor: xadarā- 'être en lambeaux, être usé' (SM 147), xaʒā- 'être ou devenir sec, se dessécher' (SM 148)
Comments: Mong. > Man. xakda, xaksa- etc., see Doerfer MT 116, Rozycki 99; > Yak. xagdarɨj-, Dolg. kagdarɨj- 'to become yellow (of leaves)' (Stachowski 132).
Proto-Mongolian: *kagda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: carpal joint (of animals)
Russian meaning: кистевой сустав (животных)
Written Mongolian: qaɣda (L 908)
Khalkha: xagd
Buriat: xagdū
Proto-Mongolian: *kaɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hinder, close
Russian meaning: закрывать
Written Mongolian: qaɣa- (L 905)
Middle Mongolian: qa'a- (HY 17, SH)
Khalkha: xā-
Buriat: xā-
Kalmuck: xā- (КРС)
Ordos: xā-
Dongxian: qa-
Baoan: xā-
Dagur: xā- (Тод. Даг. 172), hā- (MD 153)
Monguor: xā- (SM 145)
Comments: MGCD 310, 311. Mong. > Evk. kā- etc. ; Mong. qaɣalɣa 'door' (MMong. xa'alqa, HY 16) > Tuva xālɣa etc., see TMN 1, 442, Doerfer MT 60-61; Rozycki 131.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaɣul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to peel off, skin
Russian meaning: сдирать шкуру, свежевать
Written Mongolian: qaɣul- (L 909)
Middle Mongolian: qa'ul- (SH)
Khalkha: xūla-
Buriat: xūla-
Kalmuck: xūl- (КРС)
Ordos: xūl-
Dagur: haule- (MD 158)
Monguor: xụ̄li- 'peler, écorcher, écorcer' (SM 180)
Comments: Mong. > Man. qola-, qōla- (Rozycki 142).
Proto-Mongolian: *kaɣur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to roast, bake, fry
Russian meaning: жарить, печь
Written Mongolian: qa(ɣ)uru-, (L 910:) qaɣur-, qaɣuur-, quɣur-
Middle Mongolian: qawur- (MA) 1
Khalkha: xūr-
Buriat: xūra-
Kalmuck: xūr-
Ordos: xūr-
Dongxian: kuru-
Monguor: kurgu- (SM 216)
Mogol: ZM qouro (14-6b) 'to boil, roast'
Comments: KW 201, 204. Southern forms seem to reflect front vocalism.
Proto-Mongolian: *kaɣur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to deceive
Russian meaning: обманывать
Written Mongolian: qaɣur- (L 910)
Khalkha: xūra-
Buriat: xūra-
Kalmuck: xūr-
Ordos: xūr-
Comments: KW 201. Mong. qaɣurmaɣči 'deceiver, liar' > Manchu qarmaǯi 'dishonest' (see Rozycki 134).
Proto-Mongolian: *kaɣurčag, *kajirčag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small box, chest
Russian meaning: маленький ящик
Written Mongolian: qaɣurčaɣ, qajirčaɣ (L 914)
Khalkha: xūrcag, xaircag
Buriat: xūrcag 'coffin'
Kalmuck: xūrcǝɣ 'grosser Kasten'
Ordos: xǟrčaG
Dongxian: xaʒɨ
Shary-Yoghur: χairǯaG
Monguor: xāǯǝ
Comments: MGCD 317. Mong. > Oyr. qajirčaq etc., see ЭСТЯ 5, 277-278.
Proto-Mongolian: *ka(i)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: front legs
Russian meaning: передние ноги
Written Mongolian: qa, qaɣa (L 895: qa 'the part of the foreleg of an animal between the shoulder and the knee')
Middle Mongolian: qa, qaji(n) (SH)
Khalkha: xaa
Buriat: xa
Kalmuck:
Comments: KW 166.
Proto-Mongolian: *kajaɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: edge
Russian meaning: край
Written Mongolian: qajaɣa (L 915)
Khalkha: xajā
Buriat: xajā
Kalmuck: xajā
Ordos: xajā 'lower part'
Comments: KW 161, TMN 1, 446.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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Back: 1 20
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