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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *jada-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be unable, have no power
Russian meaning: не мочь
Written Mongolian: jada- (L 422)
Middle Mongolian: jada- (SH, HY 54, IM)
Khalkha: jada-
Buriat: jada-
Kalmuck: jadǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: jada-
Monguor: jadā-, idā- 'se fatiguer, être épuisé' (SM 188)
Comments: Mong. > Oyr. jada- etc. (ЭСТЯ 4, 67-68), Dolg. ǯadaŋɨ (Stachowski 88); > Manchu and South Tung. jada- 'to be poor, weak' (Rozycki 222).
Proto-Mongolian: *jagaɣan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pink
Russian meaning: розовый
Written Mongolian: jaɣan (L 423)
Khalkha: jagān
Buriat: jagān
Kalmuck: jaɣan (СЯОС)
Proto-Mongolian: *jaɣu-n-, *jaɣuma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 what 2 thing
Russian meaning: 1 что 2 вещь
Written Mongolian: jaɣu 1, jaɣuma 2 (L 424, 425)
Middle Mongolian: ja'un (HY 803), ja'u(n) (SH), jān (IM) 1, jan 1, jamă 2 (MA)
Khalkha: 1, jū̆m 2
Buriat: jū, jūn- 1, jǖmen 2
Kalmuck: jun, jūn- 1, jū̆mṇ 2
Ordos: 1, jumu 2
Dongxian: jan 1
Baoan: jaŋ 1
Dagur: 1, jū̆m 2 (Тод. Даг. 147, MD 172)
Shary-Yoghur: ima 2, jān 1
Monguor: jān 1, jama 2, (j)amar 'comment' (SM 5, 487)
Mogol: jem(ä) 1; ZM īmä (16-3a) 2
Comments: KW 221, MGCD 742.
Proto-Mongolian: *jamu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 worm (causing e. g. toothache) 2 farcy, glanders
Russian meaning: 1 червь (вызывающий, напр., зубную боль) 2 сап
Written Mongolian: jamu, (L 426) jama
Khalkha: jam 2
Kalmuck: jam 1
Ordos: jamu, jama 'chancre, cancer'
Shary-Yoghur: jam 2
Comments: KW 214, MGCD 734.
Proto-Mongolian: *jaŋgali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of small variegated bird
Russian meaning: вид маленькой пестрой птицы
Written Mongolian: jaŋɣali (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: jaŋgaĺ
Proto-Mongolian: *jara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to split open, open wide
Russian meaning: раскрываться, расщепляться
Written Mongolian: jara-, ira- (L 412, 428)
Middle Mongolian: jāra- (IM), jară- (MA)
Khalkha: jara-
Buriat: jara-
Kalmuck: ir- (КРС) 'надрезать (кожу)'
Ordos: ir-
Dongxian: jara-
Monguor: jāra- (SM 489)
Proto-Mongolian: *ja-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bone
Russian meaning: кость
Written Mongolian: jasu(n) (L 430)
Middle Mongolian: jasun (HY 15, 48, SH), jāṣon (IM), jasun (MA)
Khalkha: jas(an)
Buriat: jaha(n); jangarxaj 'shin-bone'
Kalmuck: jasṇ
Ordos: jasu
Dongxian: jasun
Baoan: jasoŋ
Dagur: jas (Тод. Даг. 147), jase (MD 169)
Shary-Yoghur: jasǝn
Monguor: jasǝ (SM 490)
Mogol: jōsun; KT jɔ̄sun (6-4b)
Comments: KW 217, MGCD 737, TMN 1, 553. Cf. also Kalm. jan-dǝɣǝr 'bony', Bur. jandagar 'bony'.
Proto-Mongolian: *jeɣü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pour over, strew over
Russian meaning: наливать, переливать
Written Mongolian: jegüle- (L 431)
Khalkha: jǖle-
Buriat: jǖle-
Kalmuck: jǖ-, jǖl-
Ordos: jǖ-
Comments: KW 221.
Proto-Mongolian: *jeɣü-
Meaning: to change
Russian meaning: изменять
Written Mongolian: jegüd- (L 430)
Middle Mongolian: je'utke- (SH), je'utke- (HY), jewutke- (MA)
Khalkha: jǖte-
Monguor: jū- 'changer de place, se déplacer, émigrer' (SM 494), jōla- 'cesser, discontinuer, finir' (SM 493)
Proto-Mongolian: *kab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pinch, squeeze, grasp; hold 2 to join, press together 3 flat
Russian meaning: 1 сжимать, хватать, держать 2 соединять, сдавливать 3 плоский
Written Mongolian: qabči- (L 896); qabla- 1; qabsara- 2 (L 898: qabsu-, qabsur-, qabsura-); qabta- 3 (L 899)
Middle Mongolian: qabči- 1, qabataxai (HY 53), qabtaqai 3 (SH), qabči- 1, qǝbtaɣai 3 (MA 284, 285)
Khalkha: xavči-; xavsr- 2; xavt- 3; xavtgaj 3
Buriat: xabša-
Kalmuck: xapčǝ-, xawšǝ-; xawl- 1
Ordos: Gabči- 1, gǟbtǟgǟ 3, Gabtǟ- 'be flat'
Dagur: karči- 1 (Тод. Даг. 148), xawči- 1 (Тод. Даг. 172); kabtaǵē 3 (Тод. Даг. 148), kabečiē- 1, kabeteǵaj 3 (MD 181)
Monguor: xamā- 's'agacer (dents)' (SM 153)
Comments: KW 167, 174. qabči- may be a merger of *kab- and *kajiči (v. sub *kăp`è). Mong. qabta- > Evk. kapta- etc., see Doerfer MT 25-26; Mong. qabči- > Evk. kapči-, see ibid. 125; Mong. qabčiɣur 'tongs' (despite Щербак 1997, 165, not < Turk.) > Evk. kapčur, Man. qabčixun, see ibid. 127, Poppe 1966, 193, Rozycki 129; Mong. > Kirgh. qapčɨɣaj, qapčal etc., see ЭСТЯ 5, 273-274.
Proto-Mongolian: *kab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 swelling 2 to swell 3 power
Russian meaning: 1 опухоль 2 распухать, пухнуть 3 сила
Written Mongolian: qabuŋ 1 (L 895:) qabaŋ, qabaŋɣa, qabaŋɣu), qabad- 2 (L 900: qabud), qaba 3 (L 900: qabu, qaba)
Middle Mongolian: qabu 3 (SH), qabar- 2 (MA)
Khalkha: xavan 1, xavda- 2, xav 3
Buriat: xabaŋ 1, xabda- 2
Kalmuck: xawǝŋ 1 xawdǝ- 2
Ordos: xawaŋna- 2
Dongxian: qajatu- 2
Baoan: χitǝ- 2
Dagur: habede- (MD 154), xawda- (Тод. Даг. 172), xaū- 2, xaudal 1
Shary-Yoghur: χabdar 1, χauda- 2
Monguor: xǝ̄di-, xawudi- 1 (SM 165, 166), (MGCD xaidǝ-)
Mogol: ZM qābāt (5-6b) 1
Comments: KW 158, TMN 1, 379-380, MGCD 312, 313.
Proto-Mongolian: *kab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 crayfish 2 turtle
Russian meaning: 1 рак 2 черепаха
Written Mongolian: qabči 1 (L 896)
Khalkha: xavč 1
Buriat: xabšāxaj 1
Kalmuck: xawxǝntǝ 2 (КРС)
Dagur: xabil 2 (Тод. Даг. 172)
Comments: Dag. > Sol. xabil id.
Proto-Mongolian: *kab- / *kobu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wild camel 2 2-year-old boar 3 young animals born after the regular season
Russian meaning: 1 дикий верблюд 2 двухлетний кабан 3 поздние детеныши животных
Written Mongolian: qobu-su(n) 2 (L 950), qabčig 3 (L 896)
Khalkha: xavtgaj 1, xovs 2, xavčig 3
Buriat: xobho(n) dial. 'young of wild swine'
Kalmuck: xawtǝxa 1 (КРС)
Proto-Mongolian: *kabi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 close to, near 2 to touch, whet
Russian meaning: 1 близко 2 трогать, точить
Written Mongolian: qabi 1, qabira- 2 (L 897, 898)
Khalkha: xav́ 1, xavira- 2
Buriat: xabār, xabada 1
Kalmuck: xäwǝ 1, xäwr- 2
Ordos: xaẃā, xawā
Comments: KW 178, 179.
Proto-Mongolian: *kabičak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: groin
Russian meaning: пах
Written Mongolian: qabičaɣ (L 897)
Khalkha: xav́cag
Proto-Mongolian: *kabir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rib
Russian meaning: ребро
Written Mongolian: qabirɣa(n), qabisu(n) (L 898)
Middle Mongolian: qabusun 'chest' (HY 47), gerün xabusun 'veranda, porch' (HY 16), qabirxa (HY 47), qabirqa (SH), qabirɣă (MA)
Khalkha: xavirga, xavis
Buriat: xabirga, xabha(n)
Kalmuck: xäwṛɣǝ, xawsṇ
Ordos: xawirGa 'edge, bank, flank'
Dongxian: qaruGa (MGCD qaruɣa)
Baoan: χalGǝ
Dagur: xabirga (Тод. Даг. 172), haberihe (MD 154), xabirǝg
Shary-Yoghur: χarʁuo
Monguor: xawuʒǝ (SM 166), (MGCD xairʒǝ)
Mogol: qoburɣa; ZM qaborɣa (3-2b) 'side, flank'
Comments: MGCD 313, KW 178-179, TMN 1, 392.
Proto-Mongolian: *kabsara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to blow (of a cold wind) 2 cold wind, snowstorm
Russian meaning: 1 дуть (о холодном ветре) 2 холодный ветер, пурга
Written Mongolian: qabsara- 1 (L 898: qabsura-), qabsaraɣa (L 899: qabsurɣa) 2
Khalkha: xawsra- 1, xawsraga 2
Buriat: xabsaraɣā 2
Kalmuck: xawsǝrgǝ 2 (КРС)
Proto-Mongolian: *kabt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sack
Russian meaning: мешок
Written Mongolian: qabta-ɣa(n) (L 899)
Khalkha: xavtga
Kalmuck: xaptǝxǝ, xaptrɣǝ
Ordos: GabtarGa
Dagur: xartag (Тод. Даг. 174)
Monguor: sdarGa 'petite bourse, blague, poche' (SM 333)
Comments: KW 167, 180. Mong. qabtaɣa, qabturɣa > Evk. kapturga etc. (see Poppe 1966, 195, TMN 1, 384-385, Doerfer MT 39); > Kirgh. qaptɨrɣa etc. (ЭСТЯ 5, 271-272).
Proto-Mongolian: *kabta-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side boards on saddle ( > folder)
Russian meaning: боковые доски на седле; папка
Written Mongolian: qabtasu (L 899)
Middle Mongolian: qabtasu 'k. of board' (MA 218, 295)
Khalkha: xavtas
Buriat: xabtahan, xabtagaj
Kalmuck: xaptǝsṇ
Ordos: Gabtasu
Dagur: xartas, kartas (Тод. Даг. 174) karetese (MD 181)
Comments: KW 167. Mong. > Orch. kaptasi, Man. χabta etc. (see Rozycki 96).
Proto-Mongolian: *kači-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of mule
Russian meaning: вид мула
Middle Mongolian: qači-dut (pl. < *qačit) (SH), qačir (LH)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-mgr,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mmo,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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