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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *bakawu, *bakalaɣur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 crop, craw, goiter 2 throat
Russian meaning: 1 зоб 2 горло
Written Mongolian: baqaɣu, baqau, baquu (L 92, 93) 1, baqalaɣur 2
Khalkha: baxū 1, baxlūr 2
Buriat: baxalūr, baxalzūr 2
Kalmuck: baxǝlūr, baxǝlzūr 2
Ordos: baxu, baxū 1
Comments: KW 28. Mong. > Oyr. paqɨlūr. The forms meaning 'throat' have undergone a partial contamination with *bagalǯaɣur (v. sub *bŏ̀ku).
Proto-Mongolian: *baki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tongs
Russian meaning: щипцы
Written Mongolian: baki
Khalkha: bax́
Buriat: baxinsag 'багор'
Kalmuck: bakǝ
Comments: KW 29.
Proto-Mongolian: *bala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 guilt 2 reason, cause
Russian meaning: 1 вина 2 причина
Written Mongolian: balaɣ 1, 2
Khalkha: balag 1, 2
Buriat: balā 1, 2
Kalmuck: balā 2
Comments: KW 30.
Proto-Mongolian: *balaga-sun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: city, fortress
Russian meaning: город, крепость
Written Mongolian: balaɣasun (L 80: balɣasu(n))
Middle Mongolian: balaxasun (HY 4), balaqasun (SH), bal(a)ɣaṣun (IM), balɣasun (MA)
Khalkha: balgas
Buriat: balgāha(n), balgān 'hovel'
Kalmuck: balɣǝsṇ
Ordos: balGasu, balGus
Dagur: balga, balag 'house, dwelling place' (Тод. Даг. 124)
Monguor: ba(r)Gāsǝ, warGāsǝ (SM 21, 481)
Comments: KW 31. Mong. > Evk. balaɣan, balgahun etc., see Poppe 1966, 197, Doerfer MT 73; Аникин 113-114 proposes rather Mong. > Russ. balagán ; Russ. > Yak., Evn. balaɣan.
Proto-Mongolian: *balaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: blind; dark
Russian meaning: слепой; темный
Written Mongolian: balaj (L 78)
Middle Mongolian: balāi̯ (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: balaj, balar
Buriat: balaj, balar
Kalmuck: balǟ, balr
Ordos: balǟ 'stupide'
Dagur: baliǝ 'vague, indistinct' (MGCD 134), baliē 'blind' (MD)
Comments: KW 30, 31. Mong. > Evk. bali etc. (ТМС 1, 70, ), see Poppe 1972, 100, Doerfer MT 19, Rozycki 24 ( > Dolg. bali, balī, see Stachowski 51); > Yak., Dolg. balaj, see Kaɫ. MEJ 40, Stachowski ibid.
Proto-Mongolian: *balči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be ashamed
Russian meaning: стыдиться
Written Mongolian: balači- (L 78)
Khalkha: balči-
Buriat: balšɨsa bari-
Proto-Mongolian: *balčir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: very young, infant
Russian meaning: малолетний
Written Mongolian: balčir (L 80)
Khalkha: balčir
Buriat: balšar
Kalmuck: balčṛ
Comments: KW 32. Cf. also S.-Yugh. bala 'egg' - an isolated form and hardly archaic ( < Turk. bala 'child'?).
Proto-Mongolian: *balčirgana, *baldargana
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: heracleum dissectum, angelica
Russian meaning: борщевник, дягиль
Written Mongolian: balčirɣana, baldarɣana (L 80)
Khalkha: baldargana, balčirgana
Buriat: balšargana
Kalmuck: balčṛgǝnǝ 'Waldknoblauch, Wolfswurz'
Comments: KW 32. Mong. > Khak. paltɨrgan, Tof. ba'ltɨrɣan 'борщевник, дягиль'; Hung. bojtorján 'burdock' (cf. Gombocz 1912).
Proto-Mongolian: *balgu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swallow 2 gulp
Russian meaning: 1 глотать 2 глоток
Written Mongolian: balɣu- (L 80) 1, balɣu 2
Khalkha: balga- 1, balga 2
Buriat: balga- 1, balga 2
Kalmuck: balɣǝ- 1, balɣǝ 2
Comments: KW 31.
Proto-Mongolian: *bar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: broad and thick (of a beard), coarse (of textiles)
Russian meaning: толстый, взлохмаченный о ткани, бороде, (редко) в названиях чего-л. округлого, большой палец (дет.)
Written Mongolian: barbaji- (L 84)
Khalkha: barvaj-
Buriat: barba-
Kalmuck: bar-dǝ-ɣǝr, barwǟ-
Comments: KW 34, 35.
Proto-Mongolian: *baraɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cloth
Russian meaning: ткань
Written Mongolian: baraɣa (L 82)
Khalkha: barā
Buriat: barān
Kalmuck: barān
Comments: KW 33.
Proto-Mongolian: *baraɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shape, silhouette
Russian meaning: форма, силуэт
Written Mongolian: baraɣa (L 83), bara
Middle Mongolian: bara'a (SH)
Khalkha: barā
Buriat: barā
Kalmuck: barān
Ordos: barā
Dongxian: barā
Dagur: barā (Тод. Даг. 124)
Comments: KW 33. Mong. bara-ji- 'to be unclearly visible' (Bur. baraj- , Khalkha baraj-) > Yak. barɨj-, boruj- 'id.', barɨk, boruk 'darkness'.
Proto-Mongolian: *baraɣun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: righthand side; West
Russian meaning: правая сторона; запад
Written Mongolian: baraɣun (L 84)
Middle Mongolian: bara'un (HY 50, SH), barān (IM), bărawun (MA)
Khalkha: barūn
Buriat: barūn
Kalmuck: barūn
Ordos: barūn
Dongxian: borun
Dagur: baran (Тод. Даг. 124), baren (MD 119)
Shary-Yoghur: barūn
Monguor: baroŋ, waroŋ (SM 22, 482) (MGCD waraŋ)
Mogol: ZM baranɣɔ̄l (7-1a)
Comments: KW 35, MGCD 145. MMong. baranqar > Chag. buranɣar 'right wing (of an army)', see Щербак 1997, 200. Mong. > Evk. baron, see Doerfer MT 126, Rozycki 25.
Proto-Mongolian: *bar-da-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be proud, to boast
Russian meaning: гордиться, хвастаться
Written Mongolian: barda-
Khalkha: barda-
Buriat: bardam '1 чванство, кичливость, 2 гордец'
Kalmuck: bardṃ
Ordos: barda-
Dagur: bardan (n.) (Тод. Даг. 124)
Shary-Yoghur: bardam (n.)
Monguor: bārda- (bardoŋ (SM 21), pardaŋ 'fanfaron, présomptueux' (SM 302))
Comments: KW 34, MGCD 143.
Proto-Mongolian: *bari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to take, hold
Russian meaning: брать (руками), хватать
Written Mongolian: bari- (L 85)
Middle Mongolian: bari- (HY 33, SH), bāri- (IM), bari- (MA)
Khalkha: bari-
Buriat: bari-
Kalmuck: bär-, bäŕ-
Ordos: bari-
Dongxian: bari-
Baoan: vār(ǝ)-
Dagur: bari- (Тод. Даг. 125, MD 119)
Shary-Yoghur: bar-
Monguor: bari-, wari- (SM 22, 481)
Mogol: bari-; ZM bari- (24-7b)
Comments: KW 38, TMN 1, 198, MGCD 143.
Proto-Mongolian: *bari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to build
Russian meaning: строить
Written Mongolian: bari- (L 85)
Khalkha: bari-, barilga 'building'
Buriat: bari-
Kalmuck: bǝr- (KPC 92)
Ordos: bari-
Comments: Usually considered to be one of the meanings of the polysemantic bari- 'to take, hold', which is probably a folk-etymological analysis.
Proto-Mongolian: *barimal
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sculpture
Russian meaning: скульптура
Written Mongolian: barimal (L 88)
Khalkha: baŕmal
Proto-Mongolian: *bar-lug
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: servant, slave
Russian meaning: слуга, раб
Written Mongolian: barluɣ (L 88)
Khalkha: barlag
Comments: Mong. > Russ. бурлак (?).
Proto-Mongolian: *basiŋga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of roach
Russian meaning: вид рыбы (плотва, вобла)
Written Mongolian: basiŋɣa (L 90)
Khalkha: bašinga
Kalmuck: bašŋ̣gǝ 'вобла (мелкая)'
Comments: KW 36.
Proto-Mongolian: *bat-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hard, tough 2 urgent
Russian meaning: 1 прочный, надежный 2 срочный, поспешный
Written Mongolian: batu 1 (L 91), bačim 2 (L 65)
Middle Mongolian: batu (SH, HYt), bāṭu (IM), batu (MA) 1
Khalkha: bat 1, bačim 2
Buriat: bata 1, bašam 2
Kalmuck: batǝ 1, bačṃ 2
Ordos: batu 1 bačimda- 'to hurry'
Dongxian: putu 1
Baoan: batǝ
Dagur: bate 1 (MD 120), batu 1
Shary-Yoghur: batǝ 1
Monguor: padu (SM 300), padǝ 1
Comments: KW 36, MGCD 146.
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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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