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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *haji-ǯagan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ship
Russian meaning: корабль
Middle Mongolian: haiǯaɣa (IM)
Proto-Mongolian: *haka-la-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to throw, abandon
Russian meaning: бросать, выкидывать, покидать
Monguor: χaGala-, šGala- (SM 149)
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)akawna
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: loon, diver, gull
Russian meaning: гагара, чайка
Written Mongolian: aqauna, aquuna (L 60), aɣa(ɣ)una
Khalkha: axūn, axūna
Buriat: axūna
Kalmuck: axūnǝ, aɣūnǝ
Comments: KW 3. Mong. > Oyr. aɣūna etc., Sib.-Tat. aɣun, aɣuɨn 'partridge, black-cock' (Тумашева КСТТ 97), Bar. aɣawɨn 'partridge' (ЯБТ 123).
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)aki-, *(h)akuj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to advance gradually, 2 work, earnings, mode of life
Russian meaning: 1 продвигаться постепенно 2 работа, образ жизни
Written Mongolian: aki- (L 25)
Khalkha: axi- 1, axui 2
Buriat: axi- 1
Kalmuck: axū 2
Ordos: axʷī 2
Comments: KW 4.
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)alag-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: jerboa
Russian meaning: тушканчик
Written Mongolian: alaɣdaɣa, alaɣdaqai (БАМРС)
Khalkha: alagdāx, algadāx
Buriat: alagdāgan
Comments: Formally - a compound meaning "variegated colt" (although one should note that the standard spelling for "colt" is WMong. daɣaɣan, Khalkha dāga). Mong. > Tuva alak-tāɣɨ 'jerboa' (reinterpreted as 'variegated lump'), Russ. Siber. alagdá, alagdáj (Аникин 79), Man. alaqdaχan (Rozycki 15).
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)alču-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 knucklebone 2 depression on the side of an anklebone
Russian meaning: 1 лодыжка, щиколотка 2 выемка, впадина в лодыжке
Written Mongolian: alču, alčuŋɣai 2 (L 29)
Khalkha: alc 'вогнутая сторона бабки, верблюд (название положения игральное кости' (БАМРС)
Kalmuck: alcǝ 1
Ordos: alčaG 'голень'
Comments: KW 8. See also Дыбо 1993. Mong. > Tat. alču etc. (ЭСТЯ 1, 144-145); Manchu alču, Neg. alčụxān etc. (ТМС 1, 34; see Doerfer MT 115, Rozycki 15).
Proto-Mongolian: *haliga(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: palm (of hand)
Russian meaning: ладонь
Written Mongolian: alaɣa(n) (L 26)
Middle Mongolian: xalaqan (HY 46, SH), alaqan (MA)
Khalkha: alga
Buriat: aĺga(n)
Kalmuck: aĺxǝn
Ordos: alaga
Dongxian: hanGa
Baoan: halgǝ
Dagur: xalǝg, (Тод. Даг. 173) xalaga, halehe (MD 156)
Shary-Yoghur: halaʁan
Monguor: (x)arGa (SM 13), xalGa (MGCD)
Mogol: olaqɛi (Ramstedt 1906); ZM alaqa (2-9b)
Comments: KW 7, Дыбо 231. Mong. > Kirgh. alaqan, Uygh. aliqan etc. (ЭСТЯ 1, 133), Evk. aliga, Sol. aĺga (ТМС 1, 312).
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)alir-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 chaff 2 fresh grass 3 blue-berry 4 bilberry, cranberry
Russian meaning: 1 кожура плодов, мякина 2 свежая трава, отава 3 черника, брусника 4 черника, клюква
Written Mongolian: alisu 1 (KW 22), alir-su(n) 4 (L 32)
Khalkha: alirs 3
Buriat: alirhan 2, 3
Kalmuck: älsn. 1
Comments: KW 22. Mong. > Evk. alersun, Man. alisun (Poppe 1966, 197, ТМС 1, 32, Rozycki 16).
Proto-Mongolian: *haluka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hammer
Russian meaning: молоток
Written Mongolian: aluqa(n) (L 34)
Middle Mongolian: hol[o]ɣa (IM)
Khalkha: alx(an)
Buriat: alxa
Kalmuck: alxǝ
Ordos: aluxu
Dagur: xallogu (MGCD 106), xaldugu (Тод. Даг. 173)
Mogol: aluqa (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 7.
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)am-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sudden, quick 2 to be on time
Russian meaning: 1 внезапный, быстрый 2 быть вовремя
Written Mongolian: ama-ɣai 1, am-ǯi- 2 (L 41)
Khalkha: amǯi- 2
Buriat: amža- 2, amžalta 3
Kalmuck: amɣǟ 1,
Ordos: amǯi- 2
Comments: KW 9.
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)an-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pay attention 2 vigorous 3 attentive 4 to aim at 5 to beware
Russian meaning: 1 обращать внимание 2 энергичный, сильный 3 внимательный 4 нацеливаться 5 быть осторожным, остерегаться
Written Mongolian: aŋqa- 1 (L 46: aŋqar-), anuɣu- 2,3, ana- 5 (L 42)
Khalkha: anxa- 1, anūr 3, anūxan 2, ana- 5
Buriat: anxar- 1, anda-, anžar- 'to notice'; andadag 'very sensitive'
Kalmuck: aŋxǝr- 1
Ordos: anug- 4
Comments: KW 12.
Proto-Mongolian: *hana-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to trace, follow, be in wait for
Russian meaning: следить, следовать, поджидать
Written Mongolian: ana- (L 42)
Khalkha: ana-
Monguor: xana- 'se guérir' (SM 8)
Comments: The Mongor variant ana- is < lit. Mong.
Proto-Mongolian: *hani-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to close eyes 2 eyelids
Russian meaning: 1 закрывать глаза 2 веки
Written Mongolian: ani- 1, anisqa 2
Middle Mongolian: xanisqa (HY 45), hanisqa (MA) 2, hanasqa 'eyebrows' (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: ani- 1, anisga 2
Buriat: ani- 1
Kalmuck: ani- 1
Ordos: ani- 1
Dongxian: xani- 1
Baoan: hani- (MGCD 113)
Monguor: (x)ana- (SM 8), xani- (SM 156), xanǝ- (MGCD 113), xanasGa (SM 155)
Comments: KW 11.
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)aral
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thill
Russian meaning: оглобля
Written Mongolian: aral (L 48)
Middle Mongolian: aral 'axle, pivot' (HY 18)
Khalkha: aral
Buriat: aral 'carriage; thills'
Ordos: aral
Dagur: aral (MGCD 116)
Shary-Yoghur: aral (MGCD 116)
Monguor: rāl (MGCD 116)
Comments: TMN 2, 40. Note that both HY and Southern Mong. forms point to *0- (if we are not dealing with later loans). Mong. > Sol., Oroch aral id.
Proto-Mongolian: *haran
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: people
Russian meaning: народ
Written Mongolian: aran (L 49)
Middle Mongolian: haran (SH, HYt), harān (IM), harǝn (Lig.VMI), harān (MA)
Khalkha: aran, pl. arad
Buriat: arad
Kalmuck: ardǝ (КРС)
Ordos: arat
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)aran-ga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: balcony, verandah, platform, shed
Russian meaning: балкон, веранда, платформа, сарай
Written Mongolian: araŋɣa (L 49)
Khalkha: araŋga
Buriat: araŋga
Kalmuck: arŋga
Comments: KW 14. Bur. > Russ. Siber. aranga (Аникин 93).
Proto-Mongolian: *hargal
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dung, excrement
Russian meaning: навоз, кизяк
Written Mongolian: arɣal, arɣasu(n) (L 52)
Middle Mongolian: horɣ[a]l (IM), hărɣal (MA)
Khalkha: argal
Buriat: argal
Kalmuck: arɣǝsṇ
Ordos: argal
Dagur: xargal (Тод. Даг. 174)
Shary-Yoghur: harʁal
Monguor: xarGar (SM 161), (MGCD: xarGal)
Comments: KW 14, MGCD 118. Mong. > Chag. arɣasun, see Щербак 1997, 203; > Evk. argahun (see Doerfer MT 130 - but not Man. faǯan!), Russ. dial. argál, argasún (Аникин 94, 95).
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)argali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: female (of mountain ram)
Russian meaning: самка архара
Written Mongolian: arɣali (L 52)
Khalkha: argaĺ
Buriat: argali
Kalmuck: argǝĺi
Ordos: argali
Comments: KW 13, Mong. > Man. argali, see TMN 1, 121, Doerfer MT 135, Rozycki 20. The connection with *araɣa 'fang' (see, e.g., Аникин 94), is an obvious folk etymology.
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)ari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be tired, exhausted
Russian meaning: уставать, истощаться
Written Mongolian: ari-, ar-ɣu- (L 52: argi- 'to grow old, to become senile')
Khalkha: argi-
Kalmuck: ar-ɣǝ-
Ordos: argi- 'говорить ошибочно, выжить из ума (от старости)'
Comments: KW 13. For *h- Poppe (1972, 98) cites (MA) harun 'stubborn (horse)' - but this is translated by Chag. harun id. and may well be a loan < Chag.
Proto-Mongolian: *(h)asa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to catch fire
Russian meaning: загораться
Written Mongolian: asa- (L 55)
Khalkha: asa-
Buriat: aha-
Kalmuck: as-
Comments: KW 16.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mmo,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mgr,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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