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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *arga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: way, method
Russian meaning: способ, способность, хитрость
Written Mongolian: arɣa
Middle Mongolian: arqa (SH 9), arɣă (MA 294), arɣa-da- 'to deceive' (MA 105), arɣad- (IM 432)
Khalkha: arga
Buriat: arga
Kalmuck: arGǝ
Ordos: arGa
Dongxian: raG
Dagur: arga (Тод. Даг. 121), arehe (MD 115)
Shary-Yoghur: arag
Monguor: arGa
Comments: KW 13, MGCD 115. Mong. > Turk. arga (since Chag., see VEWT 25, ЭСТЯ 1, 170-171), TM arga (ТМС 1, 49, Rozycki 20).
Proto-Mongolian: *ariɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 molar tooth 2 fang 3 tooth of a chisel etc.
Russian meaning: 1 коренной зуб 2 клык 3 зубец инструмента
Written Mongolian: araɣa 1 (L 47), arija
Middle Mongolian: ara'a 2 (SH), aratai 'predator' (HY 10), aral 2 (IM 432), ariă, nariă 2 (MA 105, 246)
Khalkha: arā 1, 3
Buriat: arā(n) 1, 2, 3
Kalmuck: arān 1, 2
Ordos: arā 1, 3, araŋGa 'an extra tooth'
Baoan: arǝ
Dagur: arā 1, 2 (Тод. Даг. 121), 3 (MD 115)
Shary-Yoghur: arā
Monguor: arā 1 (SM 9), aranda 'rênes' (SM 11), (MGCD)
Comments: KW 12, MGCD 114. Cf. WMong. araga-tan, arijatan (> Bur. ar'jatan) 'predator' > Evk. arātu, see Poppe 1966, 196. Mong. > Tuva arā 'rifling'.
Proto-Mongolian: *aru
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: back, behind, North
Russian meaning: спина, задняя сторона, север
Written Mongolian: aru (L 54), aru-ki
Middle Mongolian: aru (HY 11, SH 9), aradan 'behind', ārudur 'to the back' (MA 104, 106)
Khalkha: ar
Buriat: ara
Kalmuck: arǝ, ārǝ, arkǝ
Ordos: aru 'back, east'
Dagur: ar (Тод. Даг. 121), arkǝn (MGCD)
Shary-Yoghur: ār
Comments: KW 12, 14, 21, MGCD 114.
Proto-Mongolian: *asara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to take care of
Russian meaning: заботиться
Written Mongolian: asara- (L 56)
Middle Mongolian: asara- (HY 40, SH), asor- (IM 433), asăra- (MA 107)
Khalkha: asra-
Kalmuck: asṛ-
Ordos: asara-
Shary-Yoghur: asara- (MGCD 122)
Comments: KW 16. Mong. > Chag. asra- etc. (VEWT 29, TMN 1, 131, Щербак 1997, 199); > Chuv. usra- (Róna-Tas KM); > Man. asara- (Doerfer MT 136). Derivation < Turk. aša- 'to eat' (Róna-Tas 1975, 201-211, Clark 1980, 42) is quite improbable.
Proto-Mongolian: *aǯi- / *ada-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 household 2 work
Russian meaning: 1 домашнее хозяйство 2 работа
Written Mongolian: aǯi 1, aǯil (L 61) 2
Khalkha: 1, aǯil 2
Buriat: ažal, adal 2
Kalmuck: aǯǝl 2
Ordos: aǯi 2
Dagur: aǯil (Тод. Даг. 118)
Comments: КРС 29.
Proto-Mongolian: *bača-gan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: girl
Russian meaning: девушка
Khalkha: bacgan
Buriat: basagan
Comments: Будаев 142, 245, Аникин 124 (> Russ. Siber. bacagan 'girl').
Proto-Mongolian: *bad-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to spread, expand, develop 2 flag, standard
Russian meaning: 1 распростирать, распространяться 2 флаг, знамя
Written Mongolian: badara- 1, badaŋ 2 (L 66)
Khalkha: badra- 1, badan 2
Buriat: badar- 1
Kalmuck: badṛ- 1
Ordos: badara- 1
Dongxian: patara- 1
Dagur: badara- 1 (Тод. Даг. 123), badare- (MD 117)
Comments: KW 27, MGCD 130. Mong. > Evk. badara-, Man. badara- etc., see Doerfer MT 69. Sukhebaatar suggests a loan Mong. badaŋ < Tib. badan 'flag', but the case is not quite clear: the Tibetan word itself is clearly borrowed, but the source is not really known (it is hardly Sanskr. patākā id.), and may be actually Mongolian.
Proto-Mongolian: *baga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: young, small
Russian meaning: молодой, маленький
Written Mongolian: baɣa (L 67)
Khalkha: baga
Buriat: baga
Kalmuck: baɣǝ
Ordos: baGa
Dagur: bage (MD 117)
Shary-Yoghur: baʁa
Comments: KW 28, TMN 1, 213.
Proto-Mongolian: *bagalǯaɣur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: throat
Russian meaning: горло
Written Mongolian: baɣalǯaɣur (L 68)
Khalkha: bagalʒūr
Buriat: bagalzūr
Kalmuck: baɣǝlzūr
Ordos: baGalǯūr
Comments: KW 28. Cf. also Ord. bagul 'hair on chin'.
Proto-Mongolian: *bagana
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: central pole
Russian meaning: центральный столб, колонна
Written Mongolian: baɣana (L 68)
Khalkha: bagana
Buriat: bagana
Kalmuck: baxǝnǝ
Ordos: baGana 'жердь для понукания животных'
Dagur: bagas
Comments: KW 29, MGCD 132. Mong. > Chag. bakan etc., see ibid., VEWT 58, ЭСТЯ 2, 42-43; > Yak., Dolg. bagana (Stachowski 50); > Man. baxana, see Doerfer MT 101, Rozycki 22; Tu >. Russ. bagan (Аникин 106).
Proto-Mongolian: *bagul- / *bugul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shoulder, shoulder bone
Russian meaning: плечо, плечевая кость
Written Mongolian: buɣulaɣ, buɣuluɣ (L 131)
Khalkha: bugalag
Buriat: bagalsag, bagansag 'arm muscles'
Kalmuck: baɣltsǝG 'wrist joint; wrist'
Dagur: boGolǯār 'wrist, carpus' (Поп. Даг. 71)
Monguor: baGūr (SM 19: baGụ̄r) 'bracelet'; baGụ̄r yäse 'metacarpus', baGarʒ́iaG 'tibia', narin baGarʒ́iaG 'radius'
Comments: KW 28, Дыбо 227. On Turkic loans see KW 28.
Proto-Mongolian: *baɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 dirt, excrements 2 to defecate
Russian meaning: 1 грязь, навоз 2 испражняться
Written Mongolian: baɣasu(n) 1, baɣa- 2 (L 67, 68)
Middle Mongolian: bāsun (IM), bāṣun (IM), basun (MA)
Khalkha: bās(an) 1, bā- 2
Buriat: bāha(n) 1, bā- 2
Kalmuck: bāsṇ 1, bā- 2
Ordos: bās(u) 1
Dongxian: basun 1, ba- 2
Baoan: basoŋ 1, ba- 2
Dagur: bāse 1, bā- 2 (MD 116), bās 1
Shary-Yoghur: pāsǝn 1, pā- 2
Monguor: bāsǝ (SM 23) 1, bā- 2 (SM 18)
Comments: KW 37, MGCD 128, 129. Cf. also *baɣa-la- 'to suppurate' (KW 37).
Proto-Mongolian: *baɣa-gi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fumigate
Russian meaning: дымить
Written Mongolian: baɣagi- (L 68)
Khalkha: bāgi-
Proto-Mongolian: *baɣu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to step down, camp 2 camp (n.)
Russian meaning: 1 спускаться, останавливаться на постой 2 лагерь, стоянка
Written Mongolian: baɣu- 1, baɣudal 2 (L 71)
Middle Mongolian: bu- (IM), caus. bawulɣa- (MA), bau'u- 1 (SH), bū- 1 (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: bū- 1, būdal 2
Buriat: bū-
Kalmuck: bū-
Ordos: bū-
Dongxian: bao-, bau-
Baoan: bu-, bū-
Dagur: bō- (Тод. Даг. 126, MD 126)
Shary-Yoghur: bū-
Monguor: bū-( 30), bau- (Minghe)
Mogol: bū-
Comments: KW 64, TMN 1, 201, MGCD 164. TMN 1, 201.
Proto-Mongolian: *baja-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 joy, feast 2 to be happy, enjoy
Russian meaning: 1 радость, праздник 2 быть счастливым, радоваться
Written Mongolian: bajar 1, bajas- 2 (L 77)
Middle Mongolian: bajas- (HY 36, SH) 2, bājas (IM) 1, bajas- (MA) 2
Khalkha: bajar 1, bajas- 2
Buriat: bajarla- 2
Kalmuck: bajṛ 1
Ordos: bajas- 2
Dongxian: bajasu 1, bajasu- 2
Baoan: bese- 2
Dagur: bajir 1, bais(a)- 2 (Тод. Даг. 123), baire 1, baise- 2 (MD 117, 118)
Shary-Yoghur: bajar 1
Monguor: bēsǝ- (SM 25) 2, bajar 1
Comments: KW 29, MGCD 139.
Proto-Mongolian: *baji-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to stand, stay, be located
Russian meaning: стоять, стать, находиться
Written Mongolian: baji- (L 72)
Middle Mongolian: bai'ji- (SH), bai'i- (HY 35), bāi-, bai- (IM), bai- (MA)
Khalkha: baj-
Buriat: baj
Kalmuck: bǟ-
Ordos: bǟ-
Dongxian: bai-, vai-
Baoan: bei-, vi-; (MGCD) va-
Dagur: bai- (Тод. Даг. 122, MD 117)
Shary-Yoghur: bai-
Monguor: bǝ̄-, wǝ̄- (SM 23), (MGCD 138) wai-, ba-ŋ (Minghe)
Mogol: bɛi-; ZM ba'i- (40-10)
Comments: KW 39-40, MGCD 138.
Proto-Mongolian: *baji-ča
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rock
Russian meaning: скала
Written Mongolian: bajiča (L 73)
Khalkha: bajc
Buriat: bajsa
Comments: Mong. > Evk. bajča (ТМС 1, 66), Russ. Siber. bajca, (Bur. >) bajsanistɨj (Аникин 110-111).
Proto-Mongolian: *baji-ta-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: farrow (horse, cow)
Russian meaning: яловая (кобыла, корова)
Written Mongolian: bajitasu, bajidasu (L 74, 76)
Khalkha: bajdas
Buriat: bajtaha(n)
Kalmuck: bǟsn
Ordos: bǟdasu
Shary-Yoghur: baidāsǝn (MGCD 136)
Comments: KW 40. Cf. also WMong. bajilɣa- 'покрывать кобылу'. Mong. > Evk. bajtahun etc. (ТМС 1, 66; Poppe 1966, 197, Doerfer MT 125); Mong. *bajtal (the deriving stem for bajta-sun < *bajtal-sun, although not attested) > Turk., Kirgh. bajtal etc. (VEWT 57, ЭСТЯ 2, 36-37, TMN 2, 388, Лексика 444).
Proto-Mongolian: *baka-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to covet, wish
Russian meaning: желать, желание, стремление
Written Mongolian: baqa-, baqa (n.) (L 92)
Khalkha: bax (n.)
Buriat: baxa-
Kalmuck: baxǝ (n.)
Ordos: baxa 'satisfaction'
Monguor: baGa-, paGa- 'atteindre, combattre' (SM 18, 301)
Comments: KW 28.
Proto-Mongolian: *bakar-da-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be embarrassed
Russian meaning: беспокоиться, смущаться
Written Mongolian: baqarda-
Khalkha: baxarda-
Buriat: baxarda-
Ordos: baxarda-
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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