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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *gori
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hope
Russian meaning: надежда
Written Mongolian: gori (L 361)
Khalkha: goŕ
Buriat: gori
Kalmuck: gör (КРС)
Ordos: Gori
Dagur: goro-, guru- 'to understand, think about smth.'
Proto-Mongolian: *goru-ka / *gori-ka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small river, rivulet, stream
Russian meaning: речка, ручей
Written Mongolian: ɣoruqa, ɣoriqa (L 362)
Middle Mongolian: goroxan (HY)
Khalkha: gorx́
Buriat: gorxo(n)
Kalmuck: ɣoroxa (СЯОС)
Proto-Mongolian: *gowa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beautiful, good
Russian meaning: красивый, хороший
Written Mongolian: ɣuwa, ɣuua, ɣoua (L 370)
Middle Mongolian: qo'a (SH), ɣua (MA), qohā (IM)
Khalkha: gua
Buriat:
Kalmuck: 'straight'
Ordos: Gō, Gōn
Dongxian: gau
Comments: KW 152, TMN 1, 421 ( > Oyr. qo, Yak. kuo). Despite Joki 214 and Menges 1984, 273 not < Chin.
Proto-Mongolian: *gowl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: river; river valley, centre
Russian meaning: река; долина реки, центр
Written Mongolian: ɣoul
Middle Mongolian: qol (SH), ɣol (MA)
Khalkha: gol
Buriat: gol
Kalmuck: ɣol
Ordos: Gol
Dongxian: Gon
Dagur: gol (Тод. Даг. 132), gole (MD 152)
Shary-Yoghur: Gol
Monguor: Gor (SM 125), (MGCD Gol)
Mogol: ɣōl
Comments: KW 149-150, MGCD 298, 300. The meaning 'centre' in Mong. is obviously secondary ( < 'river bed', 'river centre', despite Doerfer TMN 1, 438 who thinks of an opposite semantic development).
Proto-Mongolian: *göb- / *güb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 elevation, unevenness on the surface of an object; wart, blister, pimple 2 to have pimples 3 hill, mound
Russian meaning: 1 возвышение, неровность на поверхности предмета; бородавка, прыщ 2 иметь прыщи 3 холм, возвышение
Written Mongolian: göbdürigüü 1, göbdürigüde- 2 (L 385), gübege(n), gübüge(n) 3 (L 388)
Khalkha: gövdrǖ 1, gövdrǖde- 2, güvē 3
Buriat: gübē 3, gübɨ-
Kalmuck: göwɛ̄, güwɛ̄ 3
Ordos: göbdörǖ 1, 3
Comments: KW 138, 140.
Proto-Mongolian: *göbi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pound, strike
Russian meaning: бить, молотить
Written Mongolian: göbi-, gübi- (L 386)
Middle Mongolian: gubur (HY 35)
Khalkha: güve-, gövši-
Buriat: gübi-
Kalmuck: göw-
Ordos: göwö-, güwi-, güwe-
Baoan: ki-
Dagur: guwi- (Тод. Даг. 133), gubi- (MD 152) 'shake (dirt off)'
Monguor: gubu-, guwu- (SM 139), gui-, gubu-
Mogol: gubi 'abstreifen (Asche)' (Weiers); ZM gube- (23-10a)
Comments: KW 138, MGCD 300.
Proto-Mongolian: *gögde-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: high, knobby, lofty
Russian meaning: высокий, выдающийся, выступающий
Written Mongolian: gü/ögde-ger, (L 388:) güdügür
Khalkha: güdgr, güdger
Kalmuck: gögdǝgr
Ordos: güdügür
Monguor: gudōr (SM 139)
Comments: KW 137.
Proto-Mongolian: *göle- ( ~ -ü-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: (wooden) crane, wooden log for lifting logs to a carriage
Russian meaning: (деревянный) журавль, чурбан для поднятия бревен на телегу
Buriat: gülɨ
Proto-Mongolian: *gölige
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pup, young dog or cat
Russian meaning: щенок, детеныш собаки или кошки
Written Mongolian: gölüge, gölige (L 386)
Khalkha: gölög
Buriat: gülge(n)
Kalmuck: gölgǝ
Ordos: gölögö
Dagur: gulug, gulgū (Тод. Даг. 133)
Shary-Yoghur: gǝlǝg
Monguor: gorgo (SM 143), gulgo
Comments: KW 137, MGCD 300.
Proto-Mongolian: *gölmi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: net
Russian meaning: сеть
Written Mongolian: gölmi (L 386)
Middle Mongolian: golimi (HY 21), golmi (SH)
Khalkha: gölöm
Buriat: gülem, güĺme
Kalmuck: gölṃ
Monguor: gurma
Comments: KW 138.
Proto-Mongolian: *gömür-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: storage, depository, buttery
Russian meaning: хранилище, склад, кладовая
Written Mongolian: gömürge (БАМРС)
Middle Mongolian: gumerge (HY 20)
Khalkha: gömrög
Comments: Cf. *kömürge.
Proto-Mongolian: *gör-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 slander, deceit 2 slanderer 3 to slander
Russian meaning: 1 клевета, обман 2 клеветник 3 клеветать
Written Mongolian: gör 1, göre-či 2, görde-, görle- 3 (L 387)
Khalkha: görč 2, gördö- 3
Buriat: gürde- 3
Kalmuck: görd- 'to deny' (КРС 147, 149)
Ordos: gör 1, gördö- 3, görči 2
Shary-Yoghur: gördȫ- 3
Comments: MGCD 300.
Proto-Mongolian: *görü- / *gürü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to plait, spin
Russian meaning: плести, ткать
Written Mongolian: görü-, gürü- (L 387, 392)
Middle Mongolian: gur- (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: görö-
Buriat: güre-
Kalmuck: gür-
Ordos: gürü-
Shary-Yoghur: gur-
Monguor: guru- (SM 144), gurǝ-
Comments: KW 139, MGCD 301.
Proto-Mongolian: *görüɣe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: antelope, wild steppe animal, game
Russian meaning: антилопа, дикое степное животное, дичь
Written Mongolian: görüge(n), görügesü(n) (L 387)
Middle Mongolian: gore'e, gore'esun (SH), gors[o]n (IM), guräsun (MA)
Khalkha: görȫs(ön)
Buriat: gürȫhe(n)
Kalmuck: görɛ̄sṇ, görɛ̄
Ordos: görȫs
Dagur: gurēs (Тод. Даг. 133), gurēse (MD 153)
Shary-Yoghur: görösǝn
Monguor: korosǝ 'bête féroce, bête sauvage' (SM 215)
Mogol: ZM gor[ä]sun 'wild ass' (21-1)
Comments: KW 138, MGCD 301. Mong. > Sol. gures, Man. gurgu, see Poppe 1966, 191-192, Doerfer MT 137.
Proto-Mongolian: *gu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 three 2 thirty
Russian meaning: 1 три 2 тридцать
Written Mongolian: ɣurban 1, ɣuči(n) 2 (L 364, 369)
Middle Mongolian: xurban (HY 42), qurban (SH), qorbān (IM), ɣŭrban (MA) 1, qučin (HY 43), qučin (IM), ɣučin (MA) 2
Khalkha: gurav, gurvan 1, guč(in) 2
Buriat: gurba(n) 1, guša(n) 2
Kalmuck: ɣurwṇ 1, ɣučṇ 2
Ordos: Gurwa 1, Guči 2
Dongxian: Guron, Guran 1
Baoan: Goraŋ 1, Gob-araŋ 2
Dagur: guarba(n) (Тод. Даг. 133), guarǝb 1, goči (Тод. Даг. 132, MD 151) 2, guarebe (MD 152) 1
Shary-Yoghur: Gurwan 1, quǯin 2
Monguor: Gurān (SM 126) 1, xoʒ́in (SM 169), xuǯin 2
Mogol: ɣurbōn 1; ZM ɣorbɔ̄n (25-1a) 1
Comments: KW 156, MGCD 305. Mong. ɣučin > Evk. gutin, gučin etc. (ТМС 1, 175, Doerfer MT 79).
Proto-Mongolian: *gub-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wooden clamp put on the nose of a young camel; stick attached to the neck of a dog 2 to put a saddlecloth on the back of an animal 3 to catch fish with a net
Russian meaning: 1 деревянный зажим на носу молодого верблюда; палка, прикрепленная к шее собаки 2 класть попону на спину животного 3 ловить рыбу сетью
Written Mongolian: ɣubaǯi 1, ɣubči- 2, 3 (L 363)
Middle Mongolian: xubuči'ur 'big net' (HY 21)
Khalkha: guvǯ 1, guvči- 2, 3
Buriat: gubša- 3, gubšūr `net'
Kalmuck: ɣuvǯǝ 1 (КРС)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. gupči- (Poppe 1972, 97, ТМС 1, 153).
Proto-Mongolian: *gudu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to lower, be bent downward 2 downward
Russian meaning: 1 опускаться, склоняться вниз 2 вниз
Written Mongolian: ɣuduji- 1, ɣudus 2 (L 364, 365)
Khalkha: gudaj-, guduj- 1, gudas 2
Buriat: gudɨ- 1
Kalmuck: ɣudī- 1, ɣudǝs 2
Ordos: Gudus 'in the centre'
Comments: KW 153.
Proto-Mongolian: *guji-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to search, ask
Russian meaning: искать, просить
Written Mongolian: ɣuju- (L 365), ɣuji-
Middle Mongolian: qu'iu (HY 39), quju- (SH), quj- (IM), ɣuj(ă)- (MA)
Khalkha: guj-
Buriat: guj-
Kalmuck: ɣū-, ɣǖ-
Ordos: guj-
Dongxian: Goji-
Baoan: Gui-
Dagur: goi- (Тод. Даг. 132), guai-
Monguor: Gwǝ̄rla- 'demander avec instance, prier, mendier' (SM 124)
Comments: KW 156.
Proto-Mongolian: *gujir- ( ~ k-)
Meaning: to poison
Russian meaning: отравлять
Middle Mongolian: quǯir- (SH), guǯir 'poison', guǯile- (HY) Mожет сравнить его с тунгусским xidar 'горький, едкий, а тунгусов наоборот отделить от японо-корейской чесотки.
Proto-Mongolian: *gulbi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be thin, lean
Russian meaning: быть тонким, худым
Written Mongolian: ɣulbij- (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: gulbij-
Buriat: gulba-gar
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mmo,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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