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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *geske
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fish-eagle
Russian meaning: орел-рыболов
Written Mongolian: geske
Kalmuck: geskǝ
Comments: KW 135.
Proto-Mongolian: *gete-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to watch, spy, lie in ambush
Russian meaning: наблюдать, шпионить, сидеть в засаде
Written Mongolian: gete- (L 380)
Khalkha: gete-
Buriat: gete-
Kalmuck: get-
Dagur: gete- (Тод. Даг. 131), getēbei- (MGCD 293)
Comments: KW 135, Mong. > Sol., Evk. gete- 'to creep up, lie in ambush'; Yak., Dolg. ketē- (Stachowski 146).
Proto-Mongolian: *getül- / *gatul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cross over
Russian meaning: переходить, пересекать
Written Mongolian: getül- (L 380), ɣatul- (L 354)
Khalkha: getle-, gatla-
Buriat: getel-, gatal-
Kalmuck: getḷ-, ɣatḷ-
Ordos: getül-
Dagur: hedele- (MD 158), xedelgē-, xedlē-
Comments: KW 135, 147, MGCD 288, 294.
Proto-Mongolian: *gewü-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mare
Russian meaning: кобыла
Written Mongolian: gegü(n), gegüü (L 374), geü (DO 273)
Middle Mongolian: ge'un (HY 9), guun-du (MA), keun (LH)
Khalkha: gǖ(n)
Buriat: gǖn(g)
Kalmuck: gǖn
Ordos:
Dagur: geu (Тод. Даг. 132, MD 151)
Shary-Yoghur: gǖn
Monguor: 'femeille de certaine animaux' (SM 138)
Comments: KW 140, MGCD 306. Mong. > Evk. gōn etc., see Poppe 1966, 190, 1972, 96, Doerfer MT 102.
Proto-Mongolian: *gil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bevel 2 look askance, squint
Russian meaning: 1 скашивать 2 смотреть искоса, косить
Written Mongolian: gileji- (L 382: gilaji-) 2, gilčiji- 1
Khalkha: gilǯij- 'to trend, bend, squint'
Buriat: gelžɨ- 'to trend'
Kalmuck: gils-gils giǯ xǝl- (КРС 144) 2, gilčī- 1
Proto-Mongolian: *gil(b)a-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to glitter, shine
Russian meaning: блестеть
Written Mongolian: gila-, gilba- (L 382), giluŋ, gilüŋ 'shining' (L 383)
Middle Mongolian: gilibeligan 'lightning' (HY 2)
Khalkha: ǵala-, ǵalba-, gilbegne-
Buriat: jalaj-
Kalmuck: gilɛ̄n, gilǝg, gilgṛ 'light, glittering', gilī-, gilwǝ- 'glitter'
Ordos: gilba-
Dagur: gialbagalǯi- (MGCD 294), gialebeleǯi- (MD 151)
Monguor: ʒ́ilōn 'luisant, lisse, uni, glabre' (SM 87)
Comments: KW 136. Mong. gileji- > Oyr. kiläi-; Mong. gilba-lǯa- > Man. gilmarǯa-, see Rozycki 89.
Proto-Mongolian: *girgawl, *k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pheasant
Russian meaning: фазан
Written Mongolian: girɣaul, ɣurɣuul (L 369), kirɣuul (L 471), kiraɣul (L 470)
Middle Mongolian: xurqa'ul (HY 14)
Khalkha: gurgūl
Buriat: gurgūl
Kalmuck: kirɣūl (КРС), ɣorɣūl
Ordos: GurGūl
Baoan: golGor
Dagur: xorgōl (Тод. Даг. 177)
Monguor: ćirGū (SM 457), (MGCD) GurGul
Comments: KW 151, MGCD 305. Mong. > Chag. qɨrɣavul, Turk. kɨrkavul etc. (ЭСТЯ 6, 232; see VEWT 266, Щербак 1997, 208, TMN 3, 451) > Kalm. kirɣūl, kerɣūl (KW 232).
Proto-Mongolian: *giǯige
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tickle
Russian meaning: щекотка, щекотать
Written Mongolian: giǯige, geǯige; geǯigele-, geǯigene-, giǯigene- (L 381)
Khalkha: giǯig
Buriat: gežegendehe(n)
Kalmuck: giǯŋ̣ne-
Comments: KW 135.
Proto-Mongolian: *gobi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 chute 2 empty place, desert
Russian meaning: 1 желоб 2 пустое место, пустыня
Written Mongolian: ɣobil 1, ɣobi, ɣobija 2 (L 357)
Khalkha: govil 1, gov́ 2
Buriat: gobil 1, gubi 2
Kalmuck: ɣoẃl 1, ɣuẃ, ɣoẃǝ, ɣöẃǝ, ɣowi 2 КРС 164.
Ordos: Guwil, Guwi 2
Dongxian: gobi
Baoan: gǝbi
Dagur: gobi, gob́ (Тод. Даг. 132) 2
Shary-Yoghur: gobi
Comments: KW 152, MGCD 296. Mong. > Evk. gowi, Man. gobi, see Doerfer MT 102, Rozycki 90. Forms like Kaz. qobɨ, Oyr. qobɨ etc. (ЭСТЯ 6, 6-7) are also most likely < Mong.
Proto-Mongolian: *gobur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: having no branches (of a tree)
Russian meaning: без ветвей (о дереве)
Written Mongolian: ɣobur (L 357)
Khalkha: govor
Proto-Mongolian: *goda-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: straight, vertical, sticking out
Russian meaning: прямой, вертикальный, торчащий
Written Mongolian: ɣodaɣar (L 357: ɣoduɣur), ɣodai (L 357)
Khalkha: godgor, godoj-
Buriat: godogor, godoj-
Kalmuck: ɣodɣṛ, ɣodā-
Ordos: GodoGor
Comments: KW 149.
Proto-Mongolian: *godoli
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of arrow
Russian meaning: вид стрелы
Written Mongolian: ɣodoli (L 358: ɣoduli 'horn-tipped arrow')
Middle Mongolian: qodoli (SH)
Khalkha: godil
Buriat: godli 'horn- or wood-tipped arrow'
Kalmuck: ɣodǝli
Ordos: Godoli
Comments: KW 149, TMN 1, 425. Mong. > MKor. kotorí (see Lee 1964, 192).
Proto-Mongolian: *godu / *gudu-, *gutu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 fur on animal's paws 2 shoe
Russian meaning: 1 мех на лапах животных 2 обувь, ботинок
Written Mongolian: ɣodu 1, ɣutul 2 (L 370) ɣudasun, ɣudal, ɣutal 2 (KW 152)
Middle Mongolian: qudusun (HY 22, SH) 2, q[o]ṭāsun (IM), ɣutusun (MA)
Khalkha: god(on) 1, gutas, gutal 2
Buriat: godon (Pl. godod) 1, gutal, gutaha(n) 2
Kalmuck: ɣosṇ 2
Ordos: Gutul 2
Dongxian: Gudusun 2
Dagur: gočōr 2
Monguor: Gudusǝ (SM 124)
Comments: The forms meaning 'fur on animal's paw' and 'shoe' are hard to distinguish (cf. voiced -d- in MMong. forms for 'shoe'), but the reason of devoicing is not quite clear.
Proto-Mongolian: *gogu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of wild leek
Russian meaning: вид дикого лука
Written Mongolian: ɣoɣud, ɣoɣusu(n) (L 358)
Middle Mongolian: qoqosun (HY 8)
Khalkha: gogol, gogod
Buriat: gogod, gōgol
Kalmuck: ɣoɣǝsṇ
Ordos: gogot
Dagur: gogos (Тод. Даг. 132), guagas
Monguor: GoGor (SM 122)
Comments: KW 149. Mong. > Evk. gowohun, see Poppe 1966, 197.
Proto-Mongolian: *gojar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: two
Russian meaning: два
Written Mongolian: qojar (L 955)
Middle Mongolian: xojar (HY 42), qojar (SH), qujar (IM), qujar (MA)
Khalkha: xojor
Buriat: xojor
Kalmuck: xojr
Ordos: xojor
Dongxian: Gua
Baoan: Guar
Dagur: xojir (Тод. Даг. 177), hojire (MD 162)
Shary-Yoghur: Gūr
Monguor: Gōr (SM 122)
Mogol: qojōr; ZM qejār (25-1a)
Comments: KW 181-182, MGCD 361. Northern dialects reflect *k-, due to contamination with *koji- 'to be behind, follow' or with *korin 'twenty'.
Proto-Mongolian: *goju
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beautiful, good
Russian meaning: красивый, хороший
Written Mongolian: ɣoju, ɣoji (L 358)
Khalkha: gojo
Buriat: gojo
Ordos: GojoGlo- 'marcher d`un facon élégant et vive (femmes)'
Dagur: goji (Тод. Даг. 132)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. gojo etc., see Doerfer MT 102; MMong. goiqan > Chuv. xüxǝm (Róna-Tas 1971-1972).
Proto-Mongolian: *gok-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hook
Russian meaning: крюк
Written Mongolian: ɣoqa (L 363), ɣoqu
Middle Mongolian: ɣuɣa (MA 223)
Khalkha: gox
Buriat: goxo
Kalmuck: ɣoxǝ
Comments: Mong. > Evk. goko, Man. Goχon etc., see ТМС 1, 158-159, KW 149, Doerfer MT 79, Rozycki 91). Cf. also Bur. gogno-gor 'with head bent upwards'.
Proto-Mongolian: *goli-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be tall, stately, gross
Russian meaning: быть высоким, величавым, тучным
Written Mongolian: ɣoliji-
Khalkha: golij-
Buriat: golī-
Kalmuck: ɣoĺɣṛ
Comments: KW 150.
Proto-Mongolian: *golu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be unhappy with smth., consider smth. bad
Russian meaning: презирать, не любить
Written Mongolian: ɣolu-, ɣol- (L 359)
Middle Mongolian: qolu- (HY 36)
Khalkha: golo-
Buriat: golo-
Kalmuck: ɣol-
Comments: KW 150.
Proto-Mongolian: *golu-mta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hearth
Russian meaning: очаг
Written Mongolian: ɣolumta (L 359)
Middle Mongolian: ɣulumtan (MA 179)
Khalkha: golomt
Buriat: gulamta
Kalmuck: ɣulṃt, ɣolṃtǝ
Ordos: Gulumta
Shary-Yoghur: golomd
Comments: KW 150, 154, MGCD 299.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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