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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *gawr-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 chaff, straw 2 feather (usually for writing)
Russian meaning: 1 солома, мякина 2 перо (обычно для письма)
Written Mongolian: ɣaɣursu (L 344), ɣuɣursu (L 365), ɣuursu (L 371), ɣaursu 1, 2
Khalkha: gūrs(an) 1, 2
Buriat: gūrha(n) 2
Kalmuck: ɣūrsṇ 1, 2
Ordos: Gūrsu 1
Shary-Yoghur: gūrs 'pipe' (MGCD 302)
Monguor: xụ̄rʒǝ (SM 185)
Comments: KW 157. Mong. > Turk. qavursun, Kirgh. qaursu etc. (ЭСТЯ 5, 177).
Proto-Mongolian: *gaǯar
Meaning: 1 earth, 2 land
Russian meaning: 1 земля, почва 2 местность
Written Mongolian: gaǯar 1 (L 355)
Middle Mongolian: qaǯar (HY 2, SH), qaǯar (IM), ɣaǯar (MA) 1
Khalkha: gaʒar 1
Buriat: gazar 1, 2
Kalmuck: ɣazṛ 1
Ordos: Gaǯar 1, 2
Dongxian: Gaǯa 2, 1
Baoan: Gaǯir (MGCD Gačir) 2, 1
Dagur: gaǯir (Тод. Даг. 130), gaǯire (MD 147) 2, 1
Shary-Yoghur: Gaǯar 1, 2
Monguor: Gaʒ́ar (SM 117), Gaǯar 2, 1
Mogol: ɣaǯar; ZM ɣažar (18-1a)
Comments: KW 148, MGCD 277. For possible etymology see under *gar-.
Proto-Mongolian: *gečigene
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: silverweed, potentilla anserina
Russian meaning: мать-и-мачеха
Written Mongolian: gečigene (L 381: gičigene)
Khalkha: gičgene
Buriat: gešegenē(n) 'название растения со съедобными корнями'
Ordos: gečigene
Proto-Mongolian: *gede / *geǯige
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 back of the head 2 plait 3 leaning or bending backwards 4 to bend backwards
Russian meaning: 1 затылок 2 коса 3 отклоняющийся назад 4 отгибаться назад
Written Mongolian: gede 1 (L 372), gedereg 'on back', geǯige 1,2 (L 381)
Middle Mongolian: gedergu 'lying on the back', geǯige 'back troups, reserve' (SH), giǯigä 'plait, scruff' (MA)
Khalkha: ged 1, ged-reg 'back (adv.)', geʒeg 1,2, gedger 3, gedij- 4
Buriat: gedɨ- 'to hog', gezege 2
Kalmuck: gedṛgǝ 'back (adv)', giǯǝgǝ 1, 2
Ordos: gedergēn 'backwards', geǯige 1,2
Dongxian: GǝǯǝGi 2
Baoan: gǝtǝgulǝ- 4
Dagur: gedī- (Тод. Даг. 131) 4, geǯige (MD 150) 2, gǝǯig 2
Shary-Yoghur: gedeger 3, gedī- 4
Monguor: gǝdē- 'tenir la tête haute, se pencher en arrière' (SM 131), gǝdēngī 3, gǝdē- 4, gidergu 'backwards' (SM 136)
Mogol: KT gäǯigä 'nape of the neck, occiput' (6-1a).
Comments: KW 131, 135, MGCD 290. Mong. > Kirgh. keǯige etc. (ЭСТЯ 6, 17-18), Evk. gedikēn 'plait' etc. (ТМС 1, 177), see TMN 1, 492, Doerfer MT 47, Poppe 1966, 192, 1974, 120 (but *gedi-muk cannot be < Mong.).
Proto-Mongolian: *gede-sün
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: belly, intestines
Russian meaning: живот, внутренности
Written Mongolian: gedesü(n), gedüsü(n)
Middle Mongolian: gedesun (HY 47), kesosun (IM), kitäsun, kuǯiesä (MA 391, 345)
Khalkha: gedes, gedsen
Buriat: gedehe(n)
Kalmuck: gesṇ
Ordos: gedüsü
Dongxian: kiǯǝsun, qɨǯǝsun, kiǯiesun
Baoan: Gaǯisoŋ
Dagur: gedes, getes (Тод. Даг. 131), ketes; geǯese, getese, ketese (MD 150, 151, 183)
Shary-Yoghur: gedesǝn
Monguor: gidesǝ (SM 136), gǝdesǝ
Mogol: gesän, gesäl; ZM gisäl (3-6b)
Comments: KW 135, MGCD 289.
Proto-Mongolian: *gegeɣe < *geɣeɣe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dawn, daylight
Russian meaning: рассвет, дневной свет
Written Mongolian: gege(n), gegege(n) (L 373)
Middle Mongolian: gegejen (HY 53, SH), gegen (SH), geji- 'to become light' (SH), gigän (MA)
Khalkha: gegē(n)
Buriat: gegē(n)
Kalmuck: gēn, gegɛ̄n
Ordos: gegē(n)
Baoan: gegaŋ
Dagur: gegēn (Тод. Даг. 131, MD 149), geji- 'to get light (about the sky)' (MD 149)
Monguor: gǝgēn (SM 132)
Comments: KW 132, 135, MGCD 290.
Proto-Mongolian: *geɣe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to speak, say
Russian meaning: говорить, сказать
Written Mongolian: ge- (L 372)
Middle Mongolian: ke'e- (SH, HYt), kē- (HYt), gi- (MA)
Khalkha: ge-
Buriat: ge-
Kalmuck: ge-, gɛ̄-, gī-
Ordos: ge-
Baoan: ge-
Dagur: geǯi (MD 149-150) (quotation particle - converb from *ge-)
Monguor: gi- (SM 135)
Mogol: ge- (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 132.
Proto-Mongolian: *geɣe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lose
Russian meaning: терять
Written Mongolian: gege- (L 373)
Khalkha: gē-
Buriat: gē-
Kalmuck: gē-
Ordos: gē-
Dagur: gē- (MD 149)
Monguor: gē- 'abadonner, quitter, laisser, ne pas achever, rejeter, déposer, placer, mettre' (SM 131)
Mogol: gē- (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 135.
Proto-Mongolian: *gek-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bow, nod 2 fish-hook, angle
Russian meaning: 1 склоняться, кивать 2 крючок для удочки, удочка
Written Mongolian: geki-, gekü- (L 375) 1, göküj, gögi (L 386) 2
Khalkha: gexes xij- 1, göxij 2
Buriat: gaxī- 1, güxɨ 2
Kalmuck: gekǝ- 1
Dagur: gekēlǯi- 1 (Тод. Даг. 131)
Comments: KW 132.
Proto-Mongolian: *gel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to walk slowly
Russian meaning: ходить медленно
Written Mongolian: geldüri- (L 375), gelderi-, gelgüri-
Middle Mongolian: geli- 'hinterherlaufen, einholen' (SH)
Khalkha: geldre-
Kalmuck: geldṛ-
Dagur: geldure- (Тод. Даг. 131)
Comments: KW 132.
Proto-Mongolian: *gelme-
Meaning: to be scared
Russian meaning: бояться, пугаться
Written Mongolian: gelme- (L 375)
Khalkha: gelme-
Buriat: gelɨ- 'to be astonished'
Kalmuck: gelmǝ-
Ordos: gelme-
Comments: KW 133.
Proto-Mongolian: *gem
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 defect, illness, damage 2 to regret
Russian meaning: 1 дефект, болезнь, вред 2 сожалеть, раскаиваться
Written Mongolian: gem 1, gemsi- 2 (L 375, 376)
Middle Mongolian: gise-, gise, g[e]si- (IM) 2; gemuri'ul- 'to sicken' (SH), gemur 'Sorge' (HYt)
Khalkha: gem 1, gemši- 2
Buriat: gem 1, gemše- 2
Kalmuck: gem 1, gemši- 2
Ordos: gem 1, gemši- 2
Dongxian: gien 1 (MGCD gǝn), giemere- 'to be sick'
Dagur: gem 1 (Тод. Даг. 131, MD 150: geme), gemši- 2
Shary-Yoghur: gem 1
Monguor: gǝŋšǝ- (SM 133) 2
Comments: KW 133, MGCD 291.
Proto-Mongolian: *gendü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: male of animals
Russian meaning: самец животных
Written Mongolian: gendü(n) (L 376)
Khalkha: gendǖ 'самец рыси, барса'
Buriat: gende 'male sable' (Tunk., Okin.)
Kalmuck: gendṇ
Comments: KW 133.
Proto-Mongolian: *gene-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 unexpected, sudden(ly) 2 naive 3 be naive, make a mistake
Russian meaning: 1 неожиданно 2 наивный, легковерный 3 быть наивным, ошибаться
Written Mongolian: genedte 1, gene(n) 2, genede- 3, gene- 3
Middle Mongolian: genen, genet (SH)
Khalkha: genen 2, gentxen, gent(ed) 1
Buriat: gene 1
Kalmuck: genǝ- 3, gentǝ 1
Ordos: genede- 'позволить застать себя врасплох', genedχen 1
Dagur: genteken (Тод. Даг. 131, MD 150), gentken 1
Shary-Yoghur: genetele 1, genen 2
Comments: KW 133, MGCD 291. The root is widely borrowed into Turkic and TM.
Proto-Mongolian: *ger
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: yurt, house
Russian meaning: юрта, дом
Written Mongolian: ger (L 377)
Middle Mongolian: ger (HY 17, SH), ker (IM), kir (MA)
Khalkha: ger
Buriat: ger
Kalmuck: ger
Ordos: ger
Dongxian: gie
Baoan: gar, ger (Tungren)
Dagur: geri, geŕ (Тод. Даг. 131, MD 150)
Shary-Yoghur: ger
Monguor: ger (SM 133), ges 'maison, ménage, famille' (Pl.) (SM 134), Ger
Mogol: ger; KT ger (18-1a), ZM geh[e]r (22-10a)
Comments: KW 134, MGCD 292.
Proto-Mongolian: *gere
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cheek bone 2 front teeth
Russian meaning: 1 скула 2 передние зубы
Written Mongolian: gere 1 (L 378)
Khalkha: gerē 1
Kalmuck: gerǝ šüdṇ 2
Comments: KW 134.
Proto-Mongolian: *gere(-ɣe)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: witness, agreement
Russian meaning: свидетель, свидетельство, соглашение
Written Mongolian: gere, gereči (L 378)
Middle Mongolian: gärči (IM 437), girä̆ (MA)
Khalkha: gerē, gerč
Buriat: gerē, gerše
Kalmuck: gerǝ
Ordos: gere, gereči
Baoan: ganǯǝŋ
Dagur: gerčin (Тод. Даг. 131), gerē (MD 150), gerčil
Shary-Yoghur: xur (MGCD Gor
Monguor: ganǯǝn
Comments: KW 134, MGCD 293. Mong. > Evk. gereči etc., see Doerfer MT 132, Rozycki 8.
Proto-Mongolian: *gere-l
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beam, light
Russian meaning: луч, свет
Written Mongolian: gerel (L 378)
Middle Mongolian: gere, gerel (HY 42, SH), gerä (IM)
Khalkha: gerel
Buriat: gerel
Kalmuck: gerḷ
Ordos: gere, gerel
Dongxian: gieren
Dagur: gerel
Shary-Yoghur: gerel
Monguor: gǝrēl, gǝrē (SM 134), gergeʒ́a- 'luire, briller' (SM 133)
Comments: KW 134, MGCD 290, 292.
Proto-Mongolian: *ges-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to punish 2 to suffer
Russian meaning: 1 наказывать 2 страдать
Khalkha: gesgē- 1
Kalmuck: ges- 'to suffer' (КРС)
Proto-Mongolian: *gesi-ɣün
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: branch
Russian meaning: ветка
Written Mongolian: gesigün, gesigǖ (L 380)
Middle Mongolian: geši'un (HY 7), gešibūn (Lig.VMI), kešiut (pl.) (SH Козин)
Khalkha: gešǖn, gišǖn
Buriat: gešǖ(hen)
Kalmuck: gešǖn
Ordos: göšǖ
Dagur: gesū (Тод. Даг. 131, MD 150)
Monguor: kǝʒụ̄ 'attisoir' (SM 197)
Comments: KW 135. Mong. > Khak. köžö 'bough'.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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