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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *es-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pickle 2 sour milk, kumis
Russian meaning: 1 квасить 2 кислое молоко, кумыс
Written Mongolian: esüg 2
Middle Mongolian: esuk 2 (HY 25, SH)
Khalkha: es- 1, ösög 2
Buriat: ehē- 1
Kalmuck: is- 1
Ordos: es- 1, üsük, esük 2
Shary-Yoghur: hsǝ- 1
Comments: KW 210, MGCD 413.
Proto-Mongolian: *e-se
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: not
Russian meaning: не
Written Mongolian: ese (L 333)
Middle Mongolian: ese (SH, HYt), ise (IM), is(ä̆) (MA)
Khalkha: es
Buriat: ehe
Kalmuck: es
Ordos: ese
Dongxian: ese
Baoan: se
Dagur: es (Тод. Даг. 140)
Monguor: sǝ,
Mogol: sa, sɛ; ZM eɵɵä (27-7a)
Comments: KW 128, MGCD 272.
Proto-Mongolian: *ete-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pick, dig 2 to cut
Russian meaning: 1 ковырять, копать 2 резать
Written Mongolian: ete- 1 (L 335)
Middle Mongolian: etke- 2 (SH, HY 25)
Khalkha: ete- 1
Buriat: ete- 1
Kalmuck: et- 1
Monguor: dige- (SM 55) 2
Mogol: etqä- 2; KT etkä (20-5a) 2
Comments: KW 128. Forms with the meaning 'cut' may reflect a partial contamination with *heske- q.v.
Proto-Mongolian: *eǯen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: host
Russian meaning: хозяин
Written Mongolian: eǯen (L 336)
Middle Mongolian: eǯen (HY 27, SH), äǯinu (IM), iǯä̆-lä- (MA)
Khalkha: eʒen
Buriat: ezen
Kalmuck: ezṇ
Ordos: eǯin
Dongxian: eǯen
Dagur: eǯin (Тод. Даг. 138, MD 142)
Monguor: nʒ́ēn 'l'individu en lui-même, propre, séparément, famille' (SM 267), rʒ́i-le- 'se rendre maître de, usurper, ravir' (SM 312)
Mogol: eǯän; ZM eižän (9-8a)
Comments: KW 129-130.
Proto-Mongolian: *gabi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 care, diligence, attention, merit 2 to care, strive 3 skilled, careful
Russian meaning: 1 забота, прилежание, внимание, заслуга 2 заботиться, стараться 3 умелый, заботливый
Written Mongolian: ɣabija 1, ɣabija- 2, ɣabšiɣai 3 (L 340)
Khalkha: gavjān 1, gavšgaj 3
Buriat: gabjā 1, gabšgaj 3
Kalmuck: gäwǟ 'energy, efficiency'
Ordos: Gawijā 1
Dagur: gabšigēn 3
Shary-Yoghur: gobtǝ 1
Comments: KW 148, MGCD 275. See ЭСТЯ 5, 270-271 with an analysis of Mong. forms and Turkic loanwords. Mong. > Man. gabsix́an (see Rozycki 84).
Proto-Mongolian: *gač-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bough 2 spruce 3 noble fir
Russian meaning: 1 сук 2 ель 3 пихта
Written Mongolian: ɣačura 1, ɣačiɣur 2 (L 342: ɣačura, ɣačuura 'spruce')
Khalkha: gačūr 2
Buriat: gasūr 1, 2
Kalmuck: ɣacūrǝ 3
Comments: KW 147.
Proto-Mongolian: *gagča
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: single, alone
Russian meaning: единственный
Written Mongolian: ɣaɣča (L 343), ɣanča
Middle Mongolian: qaxča (HY 44, SH), qaqčar (instr., IM), ɣaqča (MA)
Khalkha: gagcār, gagc, ganc
Buriat: gansa, gagsa
Kalmuck: ɣakcǝ
Ordos: gagča, ganča
Dagur: ganči (Тод. Даг. 130), gaškā(r) (Тод. Даг. 131), gančare, gašikare (MD 148)
Monguor: xaʒ́aGār, śʒ́aGār (instr.) (SM 148, 388)
Comments: KW 141, MGCD 283. The variant ɣanča is not quite clear. Mong. > Ul. Gaqsị, Orok Gaqsa, Evn. gasụn (these forms should be kept distinct from the genuine PTM *gagda).
Proto-Mongolian: *gaɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rave
Russian meaning: бушевать
Written Mongolian: ɣaɣa-ra- (БАМРС)
Khalkha: gā-ra-
Buriat: gā-ra-
Proto-Mongolian: *gaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sorrow, grief, woe
Russian meaning: печаль, горе, несчастье
Written Mongolian: ɣai (L 344)
Khalkha: gaj
Buriat: gaj
Kalmuck:
Ordos:
Dagur: gai (Тод. Даг. 130)
Comments: KW 149. Mong. > Man. Gaj `impediment, obstacle' (see Rozycki 85).
Proto-Mongolian: *gajika-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wonder, marvel
Russian meaning: удивляться
Written Mongolian: ɣajiqa- (L 345)
Middle Mongolian: ɣiqa-; ɣai̯ɣamši 'wonderful' (MA 173)
Khalkha: gajxa-
Buriat: gajxa-
Kalmuck: ɣǟxǝ-
Ordos: Gǟχa-
Dagur: gajga- (Тод. Даг. 130), gajhe- (MD 147)
Comments: KW 149, MGCD 279. Mong. > Kaz. qajqa- etc. (VEWT 222), Yak. xajɣā-, Dolg. kājgā- 'to praise' (Stachowski 142); > Evk. gajka-, Man. Gajqa- etc., see ТМС 1, 136, Doerfer MT 102, Rozycki 85.
Proto-Mongolian: *gal
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fire
Russian meaning: огонь
Written Mongolian: ɣal (L 346)
Middle Mongolian: qal (HY 22, SH), qal (IM), ɣal (MA)
Khalkha: gal
Buriat: gal
Kalmuck: ɣal
Ordos: Gal
Dongxian: qan
Baoan: xal
Dagur: gali, gaĺ (Тод. Даг. 130, MD 148)
Shary-Yoghur: Gal
Monguor: Gar (SM 118)
Mogol: ɣōl; ɣɔ̄l (18-2a)
Comments: KW 141-142, MGCD 279.
Proto-Mongolian: *gal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to walk slowly 2 to be lazy; to leave, go away
Russian meaning: 1 идти медленно 2 быть ленивым; уходить
Written Mongolian: ɣalɣi- 1, ɣalira- 2 (L 346)
Khalkha: galgi- 1, galira- 2
Buriat: galgi-
Kalmuck: ɣaĺgǝ- 'be ashamed, confused'
Ordos: Galgi-
Comments: KW 142. Mong. > Kaz. qalɣɨ- etc. (ЭСТЯ 5, 232-233).
Proto-Mongolian: *galaɣu(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: goose
Russian meaning: гусь
Written Mongolian: ɣalaɣu(n) (L 346)
Middle Mongolian: qalau'u (SH, HY 13), qalawun (LH)
Khalkha: galū
Buriat: galū(n)
Kalmuck: ɣalūn (КРС 155)
Ordos: Galū
Dagur: galō 'wild goose'
Monguor: Galū (SM 117)
Proto-Mongolian: *galǯaɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild, rabid
Russian meaning: дикий, бешеный
Written Mongolian: ɣalǯaɣu, ɣalǯiɣu (L 346)
Middle Mongolian: qǝlǯu (LH)
Khalkha: galʒū
Buriat: galzū
Kalmuck: ɣalzū
Ordos: Galǯū
Baoan: Ganǯir-
Dagur: galǯō (Тод. Даг. 130), galeǯō (MD 148)
Shary-Yoghur: Galǯū
Monguor: Garʒ́ụ̄ (SM 119), Galǯū
Comments: TMN 1, 410, KW 142, MGCD 280.
Proto-Mongolian: *gana-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be bent, curved, hold one's chest out
Russian meaning: быть согнутым, искривленным, выпячивать грудь
Written Mongolian: ɣanalǯa-, ɣandaji- (L 347)
Khalkha: ganalʒa-, ganaj-, gandaj-
Buriat: ganaj-, ganajlza- 'to sit back'
Kalmuck: ɣandā-
Ordos: Ganǟ- 'to be inclined backwards'
Comments: KW 143.
Proto-Mongolian: *gani
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 berserk, frenzied 2 to strive, endeavor
Russian meaning: 1 безумный, яростный 2 стремиться
Written Mongolian: gani 1, gani- 2(L 349)
Middle Mongolian: qani (HY 38), qāni 'stupid' (MA), ɣani (LH)
Khalkha: gań 1, gani- 2
Buriat: gani(g) 1
Kalmuck: gäńṛ- 'to become mad'
Dagur: gāni (Тод. Даг. 130) 1
Comments: KW 148.
Proto-Mongolian: *gar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hand, arm
Russian meaning: рука
Written Mongolian: ɣar (L 350)
Middle Mongolian: qar (HY 46, SH), qār (IM), ɣar (MA)
Khalkha: gar
Buriat: gar
Kalmuck: ɣar
Ordos: Gar
Dongxian: qa
Baoan: xar
Dagur: gari, gaŕ (Тод. Даг. 130, MD 148)
Shary-Yoghur: Gar
Monguor: Gar (SM 118)
Mogol: ɣar; ZM ɣar (2-9a)
Comments: KW 144-145, MGCD 284.
Proto-Mongolian: *gar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to go out
Russian meaning: выходить
Written Mongolian: ɣar- (L 350)
Middle Mongolian: qar- (HY 36, SH), qor-, qur- (IM), ɣăr- (MA)
Khalkha: gar-
Buriat: gara-
Kalmuck: ɣar-
Ordos: Gar-
Dongxian: qeri- (MGCD qɨri-)
Baoan: xăr- (MGCD xarǝ-)
Dagur: gar- (Тод. Даг. 130), gare- (MD 148), garǝ-
Shary-Yoghur: Gar-
Monguor: Gari- (SM 120)
Mogol: ɣaru-; ZM ɣaru- (41-2)
Comments: KW 145, MGCD 285.
Proto-Mongolian: *garu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: more than
Russian meaning: больше чем, более того
Written Mongolian: ɣarui, ɣarun (L 352, 353)
Khalkha: garuj
Buriat: garan
Kalmuck: ɣarṇ
Ordos: Garū, Garʷī
Comments: KW 146.
Proto-Mongolian: *gasi-ɣun
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bitter
Russian meaning: горький
Written Mongolian: ɣasiɣu(n) (L 354)
Middle Mongolian: qaši'un (SH, HYt), qīsun 'acid', qāsun 'bitter' (IM), ɣašun (MA), qāsūn (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: gašūn
Buriat: gašūn
Kalmuck: ɣašūn
Ordos: Gašūn
Dongxian: qɨšun, qǝšun
Baoan: xošal- 'to become acid, bitter'
Dagur: gasūn (Тод. Даг. 130), gasun (MD 148)
Shary-Yoghur: Gašūn
Monguor: Gašǝn (SM 121), xašin, Gašin 1
Mogol: qašūn, ɣašūn; ZM qɔ̄šun (14-9b)
Comments: KW 147, MGCD 288. Also *gosi-ɣun, Kalm. gošūn id. (KW 152); cf. also gesigüne, MMong. (HY) geši'un, Khalkha gešǖne 'rhubarb' ( > Russ. dial gešún, see Аникин 164).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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