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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *elgü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hang on (smth.)
Russian meaning: вешать (на что-л.)
Written Mongolian: elgü- (L 309)
Middle Mongolian: elgu- (SH), ulku- (MA 276)
Khalkha: ölgö-
Buriat: ülge-
Kalmuck: ölgǝ-
Ordos: ülgü-
Dagur: elgu- (Тод. Даг. 139), el(e)wē- (MD 143)
Shary-Yoghur: olGo-, uɣu-
Comments: KW 294, MGCD 543. Mong. > Evk. elgu etc. (hardly vice versa; see Doerfer MT 89).
Proto-Mongolian: *elǯigen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: donkey
Russian meaning: осел
Written Mongolian: elǯige(n) (L 311)
Middle Mongolian: elǯigan (HY 9), ūlǯige (IM), ilǯigen (LH), ilǯigän (MA)
Khalkha: ilǯig, ilǯgen
Buriat: elžege(n)
Kalmuck: elǯŋne, ēlǯŋnǝ
Ordos: elǯige(n)
Dongxian: enǯeɣe (Тод. Дн.)
Baoan: nǯige (Тод. Бн.)
Mogol: elǯiɣōn (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 119. Mong. > Oyr. älǯigän.
Proto-Mongolian: *eme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 woman 2 wife
Russian meaning: 1 женщина 2 жена
Written Mongolian: eme 1 (L 311)
Middle Mongolian: eme 1, emege (HY 29), emegu'un 2 (HY 30, SH), emä (IM), imä̆ (MA) 1
Khalkha: em 1, emgen 2
Buriat: eme 1
Kalmuck: emǝ 1
Ordos: eme 1, emegen 'old woman'
Dongxian: eme 1
Baoan: eme 1
Dagur: emgun, emeg 1, 2 (Тод. Даг. 139), eme (MD, 143) 1,2
Shary-Yoghur: eme 1
Monguor: imu (: xara ~) 'nom que la jeune fille se donn devant ses parents le jour de son mariage' (SM 192), mugen 'femme âgée' (SM 245)
Mogol: ZM emmä (9-6b)
Comments: KW 121, MGCD 259. Mong. emegčin 'female' > Yak. emēxsin, Dolg. emēksin (Kaɫ. MEJ 45, Stachowski 45).
Proto-Mongolian: *emeɣel
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: saddle
Russian meaning: седло
Written Mongolian: emegel (L 312)
Middle Mongolian: eme'el (SH), ämäl (IM), imä̆l (MA), imēl (LH), jemējil (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: emēl
Buriat: emēl
Kalmuck: emɛ̄l
Ordos: emēl
Baoan: emel
Dagur: emēl (Тод. Даг. 139), emele (MD 143)
Shary-Yoghur: emel, emēl
Monguor: imer (SM 192), (MGCD) imel
Mogol: emōl, jamāl; ZM jämäl (22-8a)
Comments: KW 121, MGCD 259. Mong. > Evk. emeɣen etc. (ТМС 2, 452), see Poppe 1966, 190, Doerfer MT 21; cf. also Jurch. eŋ-em-meir 'saddle' (226) preserving archaic phonology.
Proto-Mongolian: *emiɣe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be timid, shy away
Russian meaning: робеть, смущаться
Written Mongolian: emije- (L 313)
Middle Mongolian: emi'e- (SH)
Khalkha: emē-
Buriat: emē-
Kalmuck: emɛ̄-
Ordos: emē-
Comments: KW 121. Mong. > Man. ejme- id.
Proto-Mongolian: *em-kü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to swallow, bite, chew
Russian meaning: глотать, кусать, жевать
Written Mongolian: emkü- (L 313)
Middle Mongolian: emgu-gu / omgu-gu 3 (SH)
Khalkha: ömxö-
Buriat: ümxe-
Kalmuck: ümkǝ-
Ordos: uŋku 'bouchée'
Dagur: unku-, umku-, enku- (Тод. Даг. 140)
Monguor: uŋkwā 'bouchée' (SM 475); xaŋgu- (SM 157)
Comments: KW 457.
Proto-Mongolian: *emü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: front, South
Russian meaning: перед, юг
Written Mongolian: emü-ne (L 314-315)
Middle Mongolian: emune (HY 50, SH), umunä, ämunä (MA), umene (LH)
Khalkha: ömnö
Buriat: ümene (Alar.)
Kalmuck: ömnǝ
Ordos: ömönö
Dongxian: melie
Baoan: mǝltǝ śaŋ, mǝlǝ
Dagur: emel (Тод. Даг. 139), emele (MD 143)
Shary-Yoghur: ölmȫ
Monguor: mešǝ, mani 'autrefois, jadis, anciennement' (SM 237, 231)
Comments: KW 295, MGCD 544. Cf. also em-ǯi- 'to make or sew a hem'.
Proto-Mongolian: *emü- (*ömü-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 trousers 2 to clothe
Russian meaning: 1 штаны 2 одеваться
Written Mongolian: ömü-dü(n) (L 635), emüdü(n) 1, emüs-, emüsge-, emüske- (L 315) 2
Middle Mongolian: emudun (HY 23, SH), ämodän (IM), umudän (MA) 1, emus- (SH), umus-, ä̆mus- (MA) 2
Khalkha: ömd(ön) 1, ömsö- 2
Buriat: ümde(n) 1, ümed-, müd- (Alar.)
Kalmuck: ömǝs- 2
Ordos: ömödü 1, ömös- 2
Dongxian: mǝdun 1, musɨ- 2
Baoan: mǝdoŋ 1, mǝsǝ- 2
Dagur: emese- 2 (MD 143), emse- 2, (Тод. Даг. 139) emsu-, (Тод. Даг. 171) umse- 2
Shary-Yoghur: mudǝn 1, mǝs- 2
Monguor: mosǝ- (SM 242) 2
Mogol: ündün 1, ömüsü- 2; ZM ondun (13-4)
Comments: KW 296, MGCD 544.
Proto-Mongolian: *ende-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be mistaken
Russian meaning: ошибаться, заблуждаться
Written Mongolian: ende-
Middle Mongolian: ende- (SH)
Khalkha: ende-
Buriat: ende-
Kalmuck: endǝgdǝ-
Ordos: endegdel 'fault, mistake'
Dagur: ende- (Тод. Даг. 139)
Shary-Yoghur: eŋdē-
Comments: KW 122, MGCD 261. Mong. > Evk. ende- etc., see Doerfer MT 111, Rozycki 69.
Proto-Mongolian: *e-ne
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: this
Russian meaning: этот
Written Mongolian: ene (L 316)
Middle Mongolian: ene (SH, HYt), enɛ (IM), inä̆ (MA)
Khalkha: ene
Buriat: ene
Kalmuck: enǝ
Ordos: ene
Dongxian: ene
Baoan: ene, ine
Dagur: ene (Тод. Даг. 139)
Shary-Yoghur: ene
Monguor: ne
Mogol: enä; ZM ena (13-6a)
Comments: KW 122, MGCD 262.
Proto-Mongolian: *ene-ri, -l-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to feel pity, compassion 2 to suffer
Russian meaning: 1 жалеть, сострадать 2 страдать
Written Mongolian: eneri- 1, enel- 2 (L 317)
Middle Mongolian: eneri-kui (HY 40), eneri- (MA) 1
Khalkha: enere- 1, enele- 2
Buriat: enel- 2
Kalmuck: enḷ- 2
Ordos: enel- 2
Mogol: ZM inäl 'lament, complain' (4-8b)
Comments: KW 122.
Proto-Mongolian: *eŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: breadth, width
Russian meaning: ширина
Written Mongolian: (L 317)
Khalkha:
Buriat: en(g)
Kalmuck:
Ordos:
Monguor: 'largeur des étoffes, la chaîne d'un tissu' (SM 9)
Comments: KW 122, MGCD 261.
Proto-Mongolian: *eŋge-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 South 2 front (of cloth)
Russian meaning: 1 юг 2 перед (одежды)
Written Mongolian: eŋger 1, 2 (L 318)
Khalkha: enger 1, 2
Buriat: enger 2
Kalmuck: eŋgǝ, eŋgṛ 'shore'
Ordos: enger 2
Dongxian: engie 2
Baoan: ǝŋgǝr 2
Dagur: enge 2; eŋge-le- 'выступать, выдаваться'
Monguor: ŋge (SM 293) 2
Comments: MGCD 263, KW 122.
Proto-Mongolian: *ere
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: male, man
Russian meaning: мужчина
Written Mongolian: ere (L 321)
Middle Mongolian: ere (HY 29, SH), ärä (IM), irä̆ (MA)
Khalkha: er
Buriat: ere
Kalmuck: erǝ
Ordos: ere
Dongxian: ere
Baoan: ere
Dagur: er, ergun (Тод. Даг. 140) ere (MD, 145)
Shary-Yoghur: ere
Monguor: 'mâle non châtré de certains animaux, masculin' (SM 313)
Mogol: ZM errä (9-6a)
Comments: KW 123, MGCD 264.
Proto-Mongolian: *ereɣü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: torture, crime
Russian meaning: пытка, преступление
Written Mongolian: eregü(ü) (L 321)
Middle Mongolian: ere'u (SH)
Khalkha: erǖ
Buriat: erǖdelge, erǖde- 'to torture'
Kalmuck: erǖ
Ordos: erǖ
Dagur: erūle- 'to torture' (MD 146), erun
Comments: KW 128, MGCD 269.
Proto-Mongolian: *ere-ɣül
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: healthy, sober
Russian meaning: здоровый, трезвый
Written Mongolian: ere-gül, ele-gür
Middle Mongolian: iläur (MA 152), elor (IM 437), ileur (LH)
Khalkha: erǖl
Buriat: erǖl
Kalmuck: erǖl
Ordos: erǖl
Comments: KW 128. Mong. > Oyr. elǖr etc. (VEWT 41).
Proto-Mongolian: *ergü- (*örgü-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lift, raise
Russian meaning: поднимать
Written Mongolian: ergü-, örgü- (L 325)
Middle Mongolian: ergu- (HY 33, SH), wärgo- (IM), urg(i)- (MA)
Khalkha: örgö-
Buriat: ürge-
Kalmuck: örgǝ-
Ordos: ürgü-
Dongxian: uGu-
Dagur: erewē- (MD 146), ergue-
Shary-Yoghur: orgomǯilī
Monguor: urgu- (SM 475)
Comments: MGCD 548. Cf. also WMong. örni- 'to grow, increase'. Derived is WMong. örgüge, ergüge, Khalkha örgȫ 'tent, palace' > Khak. örge etc., see KW 299. Note that the root should be kept distinct from *öre- 'to arrange, put in a row' (v. sub *ŏŕe).
Proto-Mongolian: *eriwü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lower jaw, chin
Russian meaning: нижняя челюсть, подбородок
Written Mongolian: erigü, (L 322, 323:) eregüü, ereü, eregün (DO 248)
Middle Mongolian: eri'un (SH), irun (MA), eirūn (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: erǖ
Buriat: erǖ, ürge(n)
Kalmuck: örgn
Ordos: erǖ
Dagur: erū (Тод. Даг. 140, MD 146)
Monguor: irū (SM 192)
Mogol: KT oräu (2-2a) 'cheek'
Comments: KW 299.
Proto-Mongolian: *erme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wormwood (Artemisia Sieversiana, Artemisia macrocephala)
Russian meaning: полынь
Written Mongolian: erme (L 331)
Khalkha: erem
Buriat: ürmehe(n), ürmedehe(n)
Kalmuck: erṃ
Ordos: ?? ērme 'artemisia glauca Pall., d`apres Potanin'
Dagur: erem
Comments: Mong. > Tat. ärǝm etc., see KW 126, 127, Лексика 132-133. Cf. also (as Mong. loanwords): Man. eremu 'wormwood', Khak. irben 'богородская трава', Yak. erbesin 'названия грубых сортов трав'.
Proto-Mongolian: *er-te
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: early
Russian meaning: рано, ранний
Written Mongolian: erte(n) (L 331)
Middle Mongolian: erte (HY 76), erde (SH), ärtä (IM), irtä̆ (MA)
Khalkha: ert(en)
Buriat: erte
Kalmuck: ertǝ
Ordos: erte
Dongxian: ečie
Baoan: ete
Dagur: erte, erde (Тод. Даг. 140) 'early; morning', erete (MD 145) long ago, anciently; early; morning'
Shary-Yoghur: rde
Monguor: šde (SM 372)
Mogol: irte
Comments: KW 126, MGCD 269. Mong. > Evk. erte etc., see Doerfer MT 76, Rozycki 70.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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Back: 1 20
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