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Mongolian etymology :

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *dabka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of fish (Doerfer: 'quadratschnäuzige Meerbrasse')
Russian meaning: вид рыбы
Written Mongolian: dabqa (L 214: sheatfish, catfish, Silurus), dabqurul (L 215: a k. of fish resembling the carp)
Khalkha: davxā, davxral
Proto-Mongolian: *dabta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to forge, hammer
Russian meaning: ковать, молотить
Written Mongolian: dabta- (L 213)
Middle Mongolian: dabta- (SH) ; dabši- 'to knock, hit' (SH)
Khalkha: davta-
Buriat: dabta-
Kalmuck: dawt- (КРС 175)
Ordos: dabta-
Dagur: dabete- (MD 131)
Shary-Yoghur: dapta- (MGCD 186)
Comments: Mong. > Kirgh. tapta- etc.; Evk. dapta- etc., Doerfer MT 101.
Proto-Mongolian: *dabu-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: salt
Russian meaning: соль
Written Mongolian: dabusu(n) (L 213)
Middle Mongolian: dabusun (HY 24), ṭābuson (IM), dabusun (MA)
Khalkha: davs(an)
Buriat: dabha(n)
Kalmuck: dawsṇ
Ordos: dawusu
Dongxian: dansun
Baoan: dabsoŋ
Shary-Yoghur: dābsǝn
Monguor: dabsǝ (SM 37)
Mogol: dabsun, dōpsun; ZM dɔ̄bsun (24-6a)
Comments: KW 80-81, MGCD 185. Mong. > Man. dabsu etc., see Poppe 1966, 195, Doerfer MT 38, Rozycki 52.
Proto-Mongolian: *dadu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to get accustomed
Russian meaning: привыкать
Written Mongolian: dadu-, (L 215) dad-
Middle Mongolian: dadu- (SH)
Khalkha: dad-
Buriat: dada-
Kalmuck: dad-
Dagur: dadlag 'experience'
Comments: KW 71, MGCD 188.
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to present, make a gift, distribute
Russian meaning: дарить, делать подарок, распределять
Written Mongolian: dajila- (L 222)
Middle Mongolian: da'ul- (SH)
Khalkha: dajla-
Kalmuck: dāšl-
Monguor: dābụ̄la- 'vénérer par des sacrifices, offrir, sacrifier' (SM 38)
Comments: KW 82.
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to endure, take responsibility
Russian meaning: терпеть, подчиняться, принимать ответственность
Written Mongolian: daɣa(ɣa)- (L 216)
Middle Mongolian: da'a-, da'us- (SH)
Khalkha: dā-
Buriat: dā-
Kalmuck: dā-
Ordos: dā-
Dongxian: da-
Dagur: dā- (Тод. Даг. 134)
Shary-Yoghur: dā-
Monguor: dā- (SM 37)
Comments: KW 81, MGCD 183.
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be able to cut 2 cuttability
Russian meaning: 1 резать (о ноже, пиле) 2 режущая способность
Written Mongolian: daɣa- 1
Khalkha: dā- 1
Buriat: dā- 1, dāsa 2
Kalmuck: dā-
Baoan: da-
Dagur: dā- 1 (MD 131)
Shary-Yoghur: dā-
Monguor: dā- 'entrer dans' (SM 37)
Comments: KW 81, MGCD 183. The root has merged with daɣa- 'to be able, endure', but seems to preserve its old meaning.
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣaga(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: horizontal bar in a yurt
Russian meaning: горизонтальная балка в юрте
Written Mongolian: daɣaɣa (L 216)
Khalkha: dāga
Buriat: dāgan bū 'carbine'
Ordos: dāGa
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣaki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: exuviation (of animals), tangled hair
Russian meaning: сброшенная кожа (животных), спутанные волосы
Written Mongolian: daɣaki (L 217), daki
Middle Mongolian: daqi (MA 139)
Khalkha: dāx́
Buriat: dāxi
Kalmuck: dākṛ-, dǟkṛ- 'to become tangled (of wool)'
Ordos: dāχi
Monguor: dākir 'touffe de poils enchevêtrés' (SM 41)
Comments: KW 81, 83.
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to freeze, become cold
Russian meaning: замерзать, остывать
Written Mongolian: daɣara- (L 218)
Middle Mongolian: dara- (MA)
Khalkha: dāra-
Buriat: dāra-
Kalmuck: dār-
Ordos: dāra- 120
Dongxian: daGara-
Baoan: dār-
Dagur: dāra- (Тод. Даг. 135), dāre- (MD 131)
Shary-Yoghur: dārā-
Monguor: dāra- (SM 44)
Comments: KW 82, MGCD 182.
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣa-ri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pass; to hit in passing, offend
Russian meaning: проходить мимо; задевать
Written Mongolian: daɣari- (L 218)
Middle Mongolian: da'ari- (SH, HYt)
Khalkha: dajra-
Buriat: dajra-
Kalmuck: dǟr-
Ordos: dāri-
Dagur: dāri-
Shary-Yoghur: dār-
Monguor: dāri- 'rencontrer en chemin, dire en passant' (SM 45)
Comments: KW 83, MGCD 191, TMN 1, 318. Mong. > Chag. darɨ-; Yak., Dolg. tārɨj- (Kaɫ. MEJ 28, Stachowski 219); Man. dari- id. The original meaning is 'to pass closely' (not 'hit', pace Doerfer).
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣulga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: helmet
Russian meaning: шлем
Written Mongolian: daɣulɣa, duɣulɣa (L 271)
Middle Mongolian: du'uluqa (HY 19), dăwulɣa (MA)
Khalkha: dūlga
Buriat: dūlga
Kalmuck: dūlɣǝ, dūlxǝ
Ordos: dūlGa
Comments: KW 104. Mong. > Chag. davulɣa, dubulɣa, duvulɣa, duluɣa, see Щербак 1997, 203.
Proto-Mongolian: *daɣus-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to finish
Russian meaning: кончать
Written Mongolian: daɣus- (L 220)
Middle Mongolian: da'us- (SH), duson 'complete' (IM), dawus- (MA)
Khalkha: dūsa-, dūla-
Buriat: dūha-, dūda-
Kalmuck: dūs-
Ordos: dūs-
Dagur: dausa- (Тод. Даг. 135)
Shary-Yoghur: dūs-
Comments: KW 104, MGCD 233.
Proto-Mongolian: *daja-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 all 2 big, great
Russian meaning: 1 весь 2 большой
Written Mongolian: dajaɣar, dajan 1 (L 223)
Middle Mongolian: dajir 2 (SH)
Khalkha: dajār 1
Kalmuck: dajār 1
Ordos: dajan 1
Shary-Yoghur: dajār 1 (MGCD 192)
Comments: KW 73. Turkm. dajav 'huge' may have a Mong. source.
Proto-Mongolian: *daji-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bend, sway
Russian meaning: наклоняться, раскачиваться
Written Mongolian: daji-bal-, (L 221) dajiba-
Khalkha: dajba- 'quake, shake'
Buriat: dajbagar 'club-footed'
Kalmuck: dǟwl-
Ordos: dǟwalǯi-
Monguor: dēwāl- (MGCD 190)
Comments: KW 83. Mong. > Yak., Dolg. dajbā- (Kaɫ. JW 182, Stachowski 77).
Proto-Mongolian: *dajin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: war
Russian meaning: война
Written Mongolian: dajin (L 222)
Middle Mongolian: dai'jin, dai'jisun (SH), dāin 'enemy' (IM), dain (MA)
Khalkha: dajn
Buriat: daj(n)
Kalmuck: dǟn
Ordos: dǟn 'war; enemy'
Dagur: dain, daisan (Тод. Даг. 134, MD 132)
Shary-Yoghur: dain
Comments: KW 83, MGCD 192. Mong. > Man. dain etc., see Doerfer MT 115, Rozycki 54.
Proto-Mongolian: *dajira / *daɣari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 withers 2 abrasion, sore on back of animal
Russian meaning: 1 холка 2 ссадина на спине животного
Written Mongolian: dajira 1 (L 222: dajir 2), daɣari 2 (L 218)
Middle Mongolian: da'ari 1 (SH), dari 2 (MA)
Khalkha: dajr 1, 2
Buriat: dāri, dajr 2
Kalmuck: dǟrǝ 1
Ordos: dāri 2
Dongxian: daru-san 2
Dagur: dāre (MD 131), dāri, dāŕ (Тод. Даг. 135), dār 2,
Shary-Yoghur: dārǝ 2
Monguor: dārǝ, dāri (SM 45) 2
Comments: KW 83, MGCD 182. Mong. > Evk. daɣarin etc., see Poppe 1966, 190, Doerfer MT 76.
Proto-Mongolian: *daka-, *daga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to follow
Russian meaning: следовать за к.-л.
Written Mongolian: daɣa- (L 216)
Middle Mongolian: daqa- (HY 33, SH)
Khalkha: daga-
Buriat: daxa-
Kalmuck: daxǝ-
Ordos: daGa-
Dongxian: daGa-
Baoan: daGa-, (MGCD) degǝ-
Dagur: daga- (Тод. Даг. 134), dahe (MD 131)
Shary-Yoghur: taʁa- (MGCD daʁā-)
Monguor: daGā- (SM 38)
Comments: KW 72, MGCD 189. The variant with -g- is obviously a result of later assimilation < *daka-.
Proto-Mongolian: *daki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to repeat 2 one more time, again
Russian meaning: 1 повторять 2 снова
Written Mongolian: daki- 1 (L 223)
Khalkha: daxi- 1, daxin 2
Buriat: daxi- 1, daxin 2
Kalmuck: däkǝn 2
Ordos: daχi- 1
Dagur: dagi- (MGCD 206), dagī 'again' (Тод. Даг. 134)
Comments: KW 73. Mong. > Evk. daki etc., see Doerfer MT 76.
Proto-Mongolian: *daku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: coat
Russian meaning: меховая накидка, шуба
Written Mongolian: daqu
Middle Mongolian: daqu (SH)
Khalkha: dax
Buriat: daxa
Kalmuck: daxǝ
Ordos: daxu
Dagur: dagu
Monguor: daxu, dāxu 'habit court et sans manches porté jadis par les femmes monguor' (SM 41)
Comments: KW 72, MGCD 205. Mong. > Evk. daku etc., see Poppe 1966, 195, TMN 4, 283-284, Doerfer MT 37, Rozycki 53, Аникин 179).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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