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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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Proto-Mongolian: *čökü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lose all hope, to be a beggar
Russian meaning: терять надежду, быть нищим
Written Mongolian: čökü-, čöküre- (L 201)
Khalkha: cöxö-, cöxrö-
Buriat: süxer-
Kalmuck: cökǝ-, cökṛ-
Ordos: ǯöχörölči-
Dagur: čakaral 'утомление, усталость' (Тод. Даг. 180)
Monguor: ćugo 'eclipse'
Comments: KW 431, 432.
Proto-Mongolian: *čölü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to diminish, deteriorate
Russian meaning: уменьшаться, ухудшаться
Written Mongolian: čölüi- (L 202)
Khalkha: cölij-
Comments: Cf. also WMong. čuluid- id.
Proto-Mongolian: *čöm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: all, entirely
Russian meaning: весь, целиком
Written Mongolian: čöm (L 202)
Khalkha: cöm
Buriat: süme
Kalmuck: cöm
Ordos: čöm
Comments: KW 432. Mong. > Chag. čö/om 'tout entier; tous' (Pav.C.) .
Proto-Mongolian: *čöme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fruit stone, grain, seed
Russian meaning: косточка, зерно, семя
Written Mongolian: čöme, čömü (L 202)
Khalkha: cöm
Buriat: seme- 'щелкать кедровые орехи'
Comments: Mong. > Evk. čīme, čēme etc. (see ТМС 2, 421).
Proto-Mongolian: *čöme-sü ?
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bird-cherry, cornel
Russian meaning: черемуха, кизил
Kalmuck: cöms
Comments: KW 432.
Proto-Mongolian: *čuba
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: overcoat
Russian meaning: плащ, верхняя одежда
Written Mongolian: čuba (L 203)
Khalkha: cuv
Buriat: suba
Kalmuck: cuwǝ '(fur) coat' (КРС)
Ordos: čuwa
Comments: Mong. > Man. čuba id., KBalk. čuba 'corset' (but cf. also Gag. čupak). The traditional etymology ( < Arab. ǯubba) is not plausible phonetically.
Proto-Mongolian: *čubali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ant
Russian meaning: муравей
Middle Mongolian: čubali (MA 136)
Proto-Mongolian: *čučali / *čičula
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fire-brand
Russian meaning: головня
Written Mongolian: čučali (L 205), čičula
Khalkha: cucal
Buriat: susal
Kalmuck: cucǝl
Ordos: ǯučali 'remplace le mot "Gal" 'feu' chez les personnes qui observent la coutume du nere Gǟlaxu'
Comments: KW 434.
Proto-Mongolian: *čug-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 together 2 to bind together
Russian meaning: 1 вместе 2 связывать
Written Mongolian: čuɣ 1, čuɣla- 2 (L 205), čuɣčala- 'accumuler'
Khalkha: cug, cugla-
Buriat: sug
Kalmuck: cuG, cuɣlǝ-
Ordos: čugla- 's'assembler'
Shary-Yoghur: čoG
Monguor: ćoG (SM 453), ćuʒ́olo- 'entasser, amonceler, se rassembler' (SM 460)
Comments: KW 433, MGCD 580. Mong. > Oyr. čuq etc. (VEWT 119).
Proto-Mongolian: *čukag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scarce, poor, rare
Russian meaning: редкий, бедный
Written Mongolian: čuqaɣ (L 208)
Khalkha: čuxag
Buriat: šuxag
Kalmuck: cuxǝɣ
Ordos: ǯuxaG
Proto-Mongolian: *čulčaji- / *čelčeji- / *čili-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to swell
Russian meaning: пухнуть
Written Mongolian: čulčaji-, čulčuji- (L 206), čelčeji-, čiliji- (L 183)
Khalkha: culc-, celc-
Buriat: sulsaj- 'to be plump (about children)'
Kalmuck: culcī-, čilī-
Ordos: ǯulčʷī- 'to be swollen'
Comments: KW 433, 440. Cf. also Khalkha colcoŋ 'nodule'. Mong. > Kirgh. čulčuj- etc.
Proto-Mongolian: *čulkir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of plant
Russian meaning: кумарчик гобийский
Written Mongolian: čulkir (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: culxir
Proto-Mongolian: *čurukai
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pike
Russian meaning: щука
Written Mongolian: čurqai, (L 207:) čuruqai
Middle Mongolian: čuraqa (SH)
Khalkha: curxaj
Buriat: surxaj
Kalmuck: curxǝ
Comments: KW 434. Mong. > Evk. čirukai, see Doerfer MT 131. Cf. also Kalm. cordǝg 'young pike' (KW 430) - possibly a Turkism.
Proto-Mongolian: *čuw
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 rumour, gossip, echo, fame 2 to sound, cry
Russian meaning: 1 слух, эхо, слава, дурная слава 2 звучать, кричать
Written Mongolian: čuu (L 207) 1, čuugi- 2
Khalkha: čū 1, čūgi- 2
Buriat: hurag 1, sūja- 2
Kalmuck: 1, cūgi-, cǖgi- 2
Ordos: čū 'notorious', čūgi- 2
Dagur: čōgīn 1
Comments: KW 435, 436. Mong. > Kirgh. čū and some other Kypch. forms.
Proto-Mongolian: *čuwčali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: snipe
Russian meaning: кулик
Written Mongolian: čuučali (L 207)
Khalkha: cūcaĺ
Buriat: sūsālžan 'кулик', sūsagālžan 'бекас'
Kalmuck: čūčḷ (КРС)
Ordos: čūčil-
Comments: Mong. > Man. čōč́anli, čočori 'the common snipe' (Rozycki 49).
Proto-Mongolian: *čüče
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: chisel
Russian meaning: долото
Written Mongolian: čüče (L 209)
Khalkha: cǖc
Comments: Mong. > Yak. tǖččü, čǖččü 'chisel'.
Proto-Mongolian: *čüɣe-n, -ken
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small (in number), few
Russian meaning: мало, немного
Written Mongolian: čüge(ge)n, (L 201:) čögen, čögeken, čögüken
Middle Mongolian: čuejen (HY 44), čun (MA)
Khalkha: cȫn
Buriat: šȫdej
Kalmuck: cȫ(k)n
Ordos: čȫkön, čȫröm
Dongxian: čueGuan (MGCD čoɣuan)
Baoan: čoŋ
Dagur: čuēn (Тод. Даг. 182)
Shary-Yoghur: čǖn
Monguor: ćōn (SM 454), ćōgwǝn (SM 453)
Comments: KW 432, 460, MGCD 577. In Bur. two roots are contaminated *čüɣe-n 'few' and *öčü- 'small, little'. šȫdej means 'little', but üsȫ(n) - 'few'.
Proto-Mongolian: *čüw
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ring
Russian meaning: кольцо
Written Mongolian: čü (МХТТТ)
Khalkha:
Buriat: süj
Proto-Mongolian: *dab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to spur on a horse 2 to hurry along, gallop 3 to advance 4 to attack
Russian meaning: 1 пришпоривать коня 2 скакать, спешить 3 продвигаться 4 нападать
Written Mongolian: dabi- 1, dabki- 2 (L 212), dabsi- (L 213)
Middle Mongolian: dobtul- (MA) 2
Khalkha: davi- 1, davxi- 2, davši- 3, dovtlo- 2, 4
Buriat: dabxi- 2
Kalmuck: dabki- 2 (СЯОС)
Ordos: dabši- 1
Shary-Yoghur: dabšil- 3, dabtal- 2
Monguor: debši- 3
Comments: MGCD 186, 188.
Proto-Mongolian: *daba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cross (a mountain)
Russian meaning: переваливать (через гору)
Written Mongolian: daba- (L 211)
Middle Mongolian: daba-, daba'an (SH)
Khalkha: dava-
Buriat: daba-
Kalmuck: daw-, dawān
Ordos: dawa-
Dongxian: dava-
Dagur: dawa-, dau-, dawā (n.) (Тод. Даг. 134, MD 133)
Shary-Yoghur: dawa-
Monguor: dawā- (SM 47)
Comments: KW 80, MGCD 184. All languages also reflect the derivate *daba-ɣan 'mountain pass'. Mong. > Chag. taban 'mountain pass' (see Щербак 1997, 203).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mmo,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50

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