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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯiŋ-de-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to suffer from cold
Russian meaning: страдать от холода
Written Mongolian: ǯiŋ-de- 3 (L 1057: ǯiŋgine-)
Khalkha: ǯindi-, ǯiŋgene- 3
Kalmuck: ǯiŋdǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: ǯiŋ 'frost'
Shary-Yoghur: ǯiŋgene-
Comments: MGCD 445.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯiŋger
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bitch
Russian meaning: сука
Written Mongolian: ǯiŋger (БАМРС)
Khalkha: ǯiŋger
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cut lengthwise, slice 2 to split, hack
Russian meaning: 1 резать вдоль, резать ломтиками 2 раскалывать (дрова), разрубать (тушу)
Written Mongolian: ǯisü- (L 1064) 1, ǯirge- (МХТТТ) 2
Middle Mongolian: ǯisu- 1 (MA 340)
Khalkha: ʒüse- 1, ǯirge- 2
Buriat: žühe-, zühe- 1, žarxi 2
Kalmuck: züsǝ- (КРС) 1
Ordos: ǯüsü- 1
Shary-Yoghur: čusu- 1
Comments: MGCD 470. Mong. > Man. ǯisu-. The form ǯirge- shows that ǯisü- was originally a denominative verb, from a noun *ǯi-sü < *ǯir-sü.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 litter of grass or leaves spread under an animal being flayed 2 doormat
Russian meaning: 1 подстилка из травы 2 циновка
Written Mongolian: ǯirig 1 (L 1060), ǯirum 2
Khalkha: ǯuram 2
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯirga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of salmon
Russian meaning: вид лосося
Written Mongolian: ǯirɣa (L 1059)
Khalkha: ǯarga
Kalmuck: ǯirɣǝ
Comments: KW 112. Mong. > Yak. ǯarɣā, Kum. čarɣa 'grayling' etc. (VEWT 100).
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯirga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 happiness 2 to enjoy
Russian meaning: 1 счастье 2 радоваться
Written Mongolian: ǯirɣa- (L 1059) 2
Middle Mongolian: ǯirqalaŋ 1 (HY 37), ǯirqa- 2 (SH, HYt)
Khalkha: ǯarga- 2
Buriat: žargal 1
Kalmuck: ǯirɣъl 'life; happiness'
Ordos: ǯirGa- 2
Dagur: ǯarga- 2 (Tod. 142; MGCD ǯirga-)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯargǝ- 2
Monguor: ǯirGa- 2
Comments: KW 112, MGCD 433, TMN 1, 290. Mong. > Man. ǯirga-, see Doerfer MT 117, Rozycki 124; > Khak. čɨrɣa-, Kirgh. ǯɨrɣa- etc. (VEWT 201-202, ЭСТЯ 4, 42-43).
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯirge-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pinch (hair, etc.)
Russian meaning: щипать (волосы и т.п.)
Khalkha: ǯirge-
Buriat: žarxi-
Comments: The meaning 'pinch (hair)' is hardly related to the other meaning of ǯirge-, 'cut, split' (on which see under *ǯī́re); it is most probably an accidental homonymy.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯirgu-ɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 six 2 sixty
Russian meaning: 1 шесть 2 шестьдесят
Written Mongolian: ǯirguɣan 1 (L 1059), ǯira(n) (L 1058)
Middle Mongolian: ǯir'ua'an (HY 43), ǯirqo'an (SH) 1, ǯiran (HY 43) 2, ǯ[i]rɣān 1, ǯɛirān 2 (IM)
Khalkha: ʒurgān 1, ǯar 2
Buriat: zurgā(n) 1, žaran 2
Kalmuck: zurɣān
Ordos: ǯurGā(n) 1, ǯira 2
Dagur: dirgō(n), ǯirgō(n) 1 (Тод. Даг. 137, 144), ǯar 2 (Тод. Даг. 142 ǯara(n)), ǯireuō 1 (MD 179)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯiran 2
Monguor: ʒ́irGōn (SM 93), ʒ́iran (SM 92), ǯiran 2
Comments: KW 481, MGCD 432.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯirke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: chipmuck (Tamias sibiricus Laxmann) (Gomb.)
Russian meaning: бурундук
Written Mongolian: ǯirke (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: žirx
Buriat: žerxi
Kalmuck: ǯirxǝ (КРС)
Comments: Not from Evk. ǯeleki 'ermine', pace Аникин 184.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯirke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hate, be disgusted
Russian meaning: ненавидеть, испытывать отвращение
Buriat: žerxe-
Comments: Attested only in Buryat, but having quite probable external parallels.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯiru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 scratch, draw, write 2 line, row
Russian meaning: 1 царапать, рисовать, писать 2 линия, ряд
Written Mongolian: ǯiru- 1 (L 1060), ǯirum 2 (L 1061)
Middle Mongolian: ǯiru- (MA)
Khalkha: ʒura- 1, ǯuram 2
Buriat: zura-
Kalmuck: zur-
Ordos: ǯuru- 1, ǯurā 2
Dagur: ǯurī- (Тод. Даг. 145), ǯori- 'point to; draw ( a picture)' (MD 180)
Monguor: ʒ́ūri- (SM 95)
Comments: KW 481, MGCD 464. Cf. Mongr. ʒ́arGǝ̄ 'ligne de démarcation entre deux champs' (83) and WMong. ǯiruqai. Mong. > Yak. suruj, Dolg. huruj- 'write' (see Kaɫ. MEJ 23, Stachowski 113). Mong. ǯiru-ɣa `line' > Man. ǯurgan id. (see Rozycki 128).
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯirüke ~ *ǯürike
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: heart
Russian meaning: сердце
Written Mongolian: ǯirüke(n) (L 1062)
Middle Mongolian: ǯurokan (HY), ǯiruge(n), ǯuruge (SH), ǯeorke (IM), ǯurukän (MA) 1
Khalkha: ʒürx
Buriat: zürxe(n)
Kalmuck: zürkṇ
Ordos: ǯüreχe
Dongxian: ǯuGe (MGCD ǯuɣǝ)
Baoan: ǯirge
Dagur: ǯurug, ǯurgu (Тод. Даг. 145), ǯurugu, ǯurehe (MD 180)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯürgen
Monguor: ʒ́erge (SM 87), ǯirge 1
Mogol: ǯürkä
Comments: KW 483-484, MGCD 469.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯise-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to guard; to prepare
Russian meaning: сторожить; готовить(ся)
Written Mongolian: ǯise-, ǯese- (L 1047, 1063)
Khalkha: ʒese-
Buriat: zehe-
Kalmuck: zesǝ-
Monguor: ʒ́īsǝle- 'faire attention, garder, veiller à' (SM 93)
Comments: KW 473.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯisü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: colour, shape
Russian meaning: масть; вид, внешность
Written Mongolian: ǯisü(n) (L 1064)
Middle Mongolian: ǯisu(n) (SH)
Khalkha: ʒüs(en)
Buriat: zühe(n)
Kalmuck: züsṇ
Ordos: ǯüsü
Dagur: ǯus (Тод. Даг. 145), ǯuse (MD 180)
Monguor: ǯusǝ
Comments: KW 484, MGCD 469. Mong. > Yak., Dolg. ǯühün (see Kaɫ. MEJ 48, Stachowski 91).
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯiwrin ~ *ǯuirin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 two 2 pregnant (lit. of two parts)
Russian meaning: 1 два 2 беременная (букв. двухслойная)
Written Mongolian: ǯiren (L 1060: ǯirin) 1
Middle Mongolian: ǯi-rin (SH) 1
Khalkha: ǯirin (БАМРС) 1, ǯire-msen 2
Buriat: žermehe(n) 2
Kalmuck: ǯirǝmsṇ 2 (КРС)
Ordos: ǯirmesen 2
Dagur: ǯūr(ū) 'pair' (Тод. Даг. 145)
Monguor: ʒ́uru (SM 96) 1
Comments: KW 84.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯiǯig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small
Russian meaning: маленький
Written Mongolian: ǯiǯig (L 1065)
Khalkha: ǯiǯig
Buriat: žežeg
Kalmuck: ǯiǯǝg
Comments: KW 109.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯoba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to suffer
Russian meaning: страдать
Written Mongolian: ǯoba- (L 1065)
Middle Mongolian: ǯoubolaŋ `worry, agony' (HY 37), ǯuba (IM), ǯoba- (MA), ǯoba-, ǯibtura- (SH), ǯibtura- 'to be weak' (HYt)
Khalkha: ʒovo-
Buriat: zobo-
Kalmuck: zow-
Ordos: ǯowo-
Dagur: ǯowo-, ǯogo- (Тод. Даг. 144), ǯobe- (MD 179), ǯobčon 'suffering'
Shary-Yoghur: ǯōldǝ-
Monguor: ʒ́oGloŋ 'douleur, souffrance' (SM 89) (MGCD ǯobloŋ)
Comments: KW 476, MGCD 448, 449. Mong. > Oyr. jobo- etc. (ЭСТЯ 4, 38-39); > Manchu ǯobolon (Rozycki 124).
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯobki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 corner of the eye; eyelid 2 corner, one of the four intermediate points of the four directions
Russian meaning: 1 уголок глаза; веко 2 угол, одно из четырех промежуточных направлений, азимут
Written Mongolian: ǯobki 1, ǯobkis 2 (L 1066)
Khalkha: ʒovxi 1, ʒovxis 2
Buriat: zubxi 1
Kalmuck: zowkǝ 1 (КРС)
Ordos: ǯobχi 1
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯoda-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hit, strike, fight
Russian meaning: бить, ударять
Written Mongolian: ǯoda- (L 1066: ǯodu-)
Khalkha: ʒodo-
Buriat: zodō(n) 'fray, tussle'
Kalmuck: zod- (КРС)
Ordos: ǯodo-
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯogso-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to stand still, stop, finish
Russian meaning: останавливаться, прекращаться
Written Mongolian: ǯoɣso- (L 1067: ǯoɣsu-)
Khalkha: ʒogso-
Buriat: zogso-
Kalmuck: zoksǝ-
Ordos: ǯoGso-
Comments: Mong. > Kirgh. ǯūša- etc. (ЭСТЯ 4, 34-35), see KW 475, VEWT 127.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,
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