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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *aja-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: journey, travel
Russian meaning: поход, путешествие
Written Mongolian: ajaŋ, ajan (L 23)
Middle Mongolian: ajan (SH)
Khalkha: ajan
Buriat: ajan
Kalmuck: ajan
Ordos: ajan
Dagur: ajan (Тод. Даг. 118), (MGCD ajin)
Comments: KW 4, MGCD 99. Mong. > Kirgh. ajaŋ etc. (ЭСТЯ 1, 106-107).
Proto-Mongolian: *ajaga(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cup
Russian meaning: чашка
Written Mongolian: ajaɣa(n)
Middle Mongolian: ajaqa (HY 19, SH, LH), ajaɣa (IM 433, MA 108)
Khalkha: ajaga(n)
Buriat: ajaga
Kalmuck: āɣǝ
Ordos: ajaGa
Dongxian: jiGa, iɣa
Baoan: (a)jiGǝ
Dagur: ajaga (Тод. Даг. 118)
Monguor: jaGa (SM 486)
Comments: KW 20. TMN 2, 171.
Proto-Mongolian: *aji-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sound, voice 2 to cry, speak loudly; to recite 3 melody, tune
Russian meaning: 1 звук, голос 2 кричать, болтать 3 мелодия
Written Mongolian: ai 1 (L 19), aji-la-, aji-da- 2 (L 20: ajilad- 'to perceive; to recite; to say'), aja 3 (L 22)
Khalkha: ajlda- 2
Buriat: ajlada- 2
Kalmuck: ǟ 1, ǟl-,ǟd- 2
Ordos: ajalGa 3
Dagur: aila- 2 (Тод. Даг. 119, MD 111)
Monguor: ajaŋ 3
Comments: KW 25. Mong. ajalɣu 'tune, tone' (L 23) > Chag. ajalɣu etc. (VEWT 11, TMN 1, 195-196).
Proto-Mongolian: *ajirag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kumys
Russian meaning: кумыс
Written Mongolian: ajiraɣ (L 21)
Middle Mongolian: aijirax (HY 25)
Khalkha: ajrag
Buriat: ajrag
Kalmuck: ǟrǝg
Ordos: ǟraq
Dagur: airag
Comments: KW 26. Mong. > Man. ajara, see Doerfer MT 236, Rozycki 21, Russ. Siber. ajrák (Аникин 78).
Proto-Mongolian: *aji-su-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to come close to, come up to
Russian meaning: приближаться, подходить
Written Mongolian: ajisu-, ajisi-, ajis- (L 22)
Middle Mongolian: ajisu- (SH)
Khalkha: ajs-
Kalmuck: āš- 1
Comments: KW 21.
Proto-Mongolian: *aju-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be afraid 2 fear, danger, risk
Russian meaning: 1 бояться 2 страх, риск
Written Mongolian: aji-, aju- 1, ajul 2
Middle Mongolian: aju- (HYt, SH), āj-, aj- (MA 96) 1, ajl (MA 223) 2, oja- 1, caus. ajula- (IM 433)
Khalkha: aj-, ajū- 1, ajūl 2
Buriat: aj- 1
Kalmuck: ǟ- 1
Ordos: ǟ- 1
Dongxian: aji- 1, ajiGu 2
Baoan: ai- 1
Dagur: aj- 1 (Тод. Даг. 118, MD 111), aidaGan 2
Monguor: aji- 1 (SM 17), ajǝgu 2
Mogol: aī-; ZM a'i- (6-3a)
Comments: KW 25.
Proto-Mongolian: *aka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elder brother
Russian meaning: старший брат
Written Mongolian: aqa (L 59)
Middle Mongolian: aqa (HY 28, SH), axai ekeči 'elder aunt' (HY 28), aɣā (IM 432), āɣa (MA 266, 185, 256)
Khalkha: ax; axaj 'aunt' (resp. address)
Buriat: axa
Kalmuck: axǝ
Ordos: axa
Dongxian: aɣa
Dagur: akā, aga (Тод. Даг. 118, 119, MD 112), ag (MGCD)
Shary-Yoghur: aʁa (MGCD: aGa)
Monguor: aGa 'frère aîné', āGa 'frère puînté du père' (SM 2)
Comments: KW 3, MGCD 126. Cf. also WMong. aki, Kalm. ākǝ 'elder brother's wife' (KW 20).
Proto-Mongolian: *akta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: castrated
Russian meaning: кастрированный
Written Mongolian: aɣta (L 15)
Middle Mongolian: axta (HY 9), aqtas (SH Козин) 'gelding'
Khalkha: agt
Buriat: agta
Kalmuck: aktǝ
Ordos: aGta
Dagur: arete (MD)
Comments: KW 5. Mong. > Man., Nan. aqta, Sol. akta (ТМС 1, 26, Rozycki 14); MKor. àktái (Lee 1958, 119).
Proto-Mongolian: *ala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to kill
Russian meaning: убивать
Written Mongolian: ala- (L 26)
Middle Mongolian: ala- (SH 4), ala- (HYt), ala- (IM 432), alā- (MA 97).
Khalkha: ala-
Buriat: ala-
Kalmuck: al-
Ordos: ala-
Dongxian: ala- (Тод. Дн. 109)
Baoan: ale- (Тод. Бн. 133), alǝ- (MGCD)
Dagur: ala- (Тод. Даг. 119), ale (MD 112)
Shary-Yoghur: ala-
Monguor: ala- (SM 3)
Mogol: olā-, āla-; ZM ɔ̄la- (24-10b)
Comments: KW 7, MGCD 102.
Proto-Mongolian: *ala-g
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: variegated
Russian meaning: пестрый
Written Mongolian: alaɣ (L 26)
Middle Mongolian: alax- (HY 13), alax (SH), alā (IM 432), ala (MA 97, 99)
Khalkha: alag
Buriat: alag
Kalmuck: alǝg
Ordos: alaq
Baoan: alǝG
Dagur: alag (Тод. Даг. 119), alahe (MD 112)
Shary-Yoghur: alag
Monguor: alaG (SM 3)
Mogol: alō
Comments: KW 6. Mong. > Man. alxa etc. (ТМС 1, 27; Doerfer MT 75; Rozycki 15).
Proto-Mongolian: *alba-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 compulsion, forcing 2 to force 3 service, duty
Russian meaning: 1 насилие, принуждение 2 принуждать 3 служба, обязанность
Written Mongolian: alba(n) 1, 3 (L 27)
Middle Mongolian: alban 3 (HYt)
Khalkha: alba 3, alba-da- 2
Buriat: alba(n) 3, alba-da- 2
Kalmuck: alwǝ, alwṇ 1, 3
Ordos: alba 3, alba-da- 2, to take a tribute
Dagur: alba 3 (Тод. Даг. 119), alebe 3 (MD 112)
Monguor: arwan 3 (SM 15), alwan (MGCD)
Comments: KW 9, MGCD 101. Mong. > Shor alban etc. (VEWT 16, Щербак 1997, 199); > Man. alban etc. (Doerfer MT 116, Rozycki 15), Russ. dial. albán, Oyr. alman > Russ. Siber. almán (Аникин 81, 83).
Proto-Mongolian: *alda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fathom
Russian meaning: сажень
Written Mongolian: alda (L 29)
Middle Mongolian: alda (SH), ālda (MA 98)
Khalkha: ald
Buriat: alda
Kalmuck: aldǝ
Ordos: alda
Dongxian: anda (MGCD); anda-la- (Тод. Дн. 110) 'to measure by fathoms'
Baoan: aldǝ
Dagur: alda (Тод. Даг. 119), alede (MD 112)
Shary-Yoghur: alda
Monguor: arda 'brasse, 5 pieds chinois' (SM 12), alda (MGCD)
Comments: KW 6, MGCD 102. Mong. > Evk. alda 'fathom', Russ. Siber. aldán (Аникин 82).
Proto-Mongolian: *al-da-, -ǯi-, -ga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 get tired 2 disturbed, absent-minded, lazy 3 to lose, miss
Russian meaning: 1 уставать 2 рассеянный, ленивый 3 лишаться, делать промах
Written Mongolian: alǯija- 1 (L 34), al-mai 2 (L 32)
Middle Mongolian: alǯa- 'behindert, in Not, Schwierigkeit sein', alǯi'as 'Abweichung, Fehler ', alda- 'verlieren, verfehlen, straffällig werden', aldal 'Strafe' (SH), aldara- 'to become loose', alɣūr 'slow' (MA 98), aldāng 'sin' (IM)
Khalkha: alda- 3, alǯā- 1, algū, almai 2
Buriat: alžā- 1, almaj 2
Kalmuck: aldǝ- 3, almǟ 2
Ordos: alda- 3
Baoan: andaGa- 'to let loose, to make free'
Dagur: alš́ē- 1 (Тод. Даг. 120), alede- 3 (MD 112)
Monguor: xarʒ́ā- (SM 161) 1, (a)rda- (SM 12, 309) 3
Comments: KW 7. Mong. > Tuva aldag 'misdoing, inadvertence', KBalk. alǯar-, Kirgh. alǯɨ- 'to err, become mad', Kum. alǯa- 'to suffer', Yak. alār- (< *ala-ɣa-r-), KKalp. alaɣa-da-la-n- 'to digress, be absentminded' etc.
Proto-Mongolian: *al-dar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fame, honour
Russian meaning: слава, почет
Written Mongolian: aldar (L 30)
Middle Mongolian: aldar (SH)
Khalkha: aldar
Buriat: aldar
Kalmuck: aldṛ
Ordos: aldar
Dagur: aldar,aldūr (Тод. Даг. 120); aldartī, aligiǝn (MGCD), aledere 'news' (MD)
Comments: KW 6, MGCD 102.
Proto-Mongolian: *ali-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to take, receive 2 give!
Russian meaning: 1 брать, получать 2 дай!
Written Mongolian: ali 2 (L 31)
Khalkha: aĺ, aliv 2
Buriat: aĺē 2
Kalmuck: aĺ, aĺǝ 2
Ordos: ali 2
Dongxian: ali
Baoan: an
Dagur: ali- 1 (Тод. Даг. 120)
Monguor: ali 2
Comments: KW 6, MGCD 103. Dagur is the only language reflecting the complete verbal paradigm of *ali-; it may well be that Dag. ali- is in fact a TM loanword.
Proto-Mongolian: *aliɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 frolic, tricksy 2 to deceive
Russian meaning: 1 игривый, шаловливый 2 обманывать
Written Mongolian: alija 1 (L 32), alašira- 2 (Ko 74)
Middle Mongolian: alija (SH, Козин) 1
Khalkha: alia 1
Buriat: aĺā 1
Kalmuck: aĺā, äĺǟn 1
Ordos: aĺā
Dagur: ǝlē 1
Comments: KW 6, 22. Cf. also albin 'devil, evil spirit' ( > Yak., Dolg. albɨn 'deception, liar' (Kaɫ. MEJ 56, Stachowski 31).
Proto-Mongolian: *alku-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to step
Russian meaning: шагать
Written Mongolian: alqu- (L 34)
Middle Mongolian: alqu- (MA 99)
Khalkha: alxa-
Buriat: alxa-
Kalmuck: alxǝ-
Ordos: alxu-
Dongxian: hanku
Baoan: xalGǝ-, (MGCD) halGolǝ-
Dagur: alku-, alxu- (Тод. Даг. 120), aleku- (MD 112)
Shary-Yoghur: alGǝ-
Monguor: (x)arGu- (SM 13), (MGCD) xalGula-
Comments: KW 7, MGCD 105.
Proto-Mongolian: *alu-s
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: on the other side; far away
Russian meaning: на другой стороне
Written Mongolian: alus (L 33)
Middle Mongolian: alus (SH), udur ālus 'через день' (MA 273)
Khalkha: als
Buriat: alas
Kalmuck: als
Ordos: alus
Monguor: alāŋ 'contrée, pays' (SM 4)
Comments: KW 8. Mong. > Kirgh. alɨs 'far, far away' etc. (ЭСТЯ 1, 147), Yak., Dolg. olus 'very' (Kaɫ. MEJ 16, Stachowski 193).
Proto-Mongolian: *amada-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to meet smb., cross one's way
Russian meaning: поджидать на пути, идти навстречу
Written Mongolian: amada- (L 35)
Khalkha: amda-
Buriat: amada-
Kalmuck: amd- (КРС 40)
Ordos: amada-
Proto-Mongolian: *ama-, *amsa-, *amta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mouth 2 to taste 3 taste
Russian meaning: 1 рот 2 пробовать на вкус 3 вкус
Written Mongolian: ama(n) 1 (L 35), amsa- 2 (L 39), amta(n) 3 (L 39)
Middle Mongolian: aman (HY 45, SH), aman (IM 432), aman (MA 99) 1, amsa- (HY 25), amsa- (MA 101) 2, amtan (HY 25) 3, amtata'i (SH), omṭaṭā (IM 432) 'sweet', amta (MA 101) 3
Khalkha: am 1, amsa- 2, amt(an) 3
Buriat: aman 1, amha- 2, amta(n) 3
Kalmuck: amṇ 1, amsa- 2, amtṇ 3, am-la- 'to spell, to speak'
Ordos: ama 1, amsa- 2, amta 3
Dongxian: amaŋ 1 (MGCD: aman), amusa- 2, anda-tu 'tasty' (Тод. Дн. 110)
Baoan: amaŋ (Тод. Бн. 133) 1, amtǝg 3 (MGCD)
Dagur: ama 1 (MGCD am), anta- 2, anta 3 (Тод. Даг. 120, 121) (MGCD: ant), ame 1, amete 'tasty' (MD 114)
Shary-Yoghur: aman 1, amsa- 2, amtan 3
Monguor: ama 1 (SM 5), amusa- 2 (SM 7), MGCD amsa-, amata-, amuta 3 (SM 6, 7), amta 3 (MGCD)
Mogol: aman, amun 1, amsa 2, amta 3 (Ramstedt 1906); ZM ɔ̄mɔ̄n (1-7a) 1
Comments: Cf. also Mong. *amasar 'cavity, hole'. Тод. Мгр. 314, Тод. ЯМВМ 112, KW 9, 10, MGCD 105, 109; TMN 1, 148, 149., Bur. amhagar 'разверстый'. Mong. amtan > Yak., Dolg. amtan (Kaɫ. MEJ 41, Stachowski 33).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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Back: 1
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