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Mongolian etymology :

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯaɣu-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hundred
Russian meaning: сто
Written Mongolian: ǯaɣu(n) (L 1024)
Middle Mongolian: ǯa'un (HY 43), ǯa'u(n) (SH), ǯa'ūn (IM)
Khalkha: ʒūn
Buriat: zū(n)
Kalmuck: zūn
Ordos: ǯū(n)
Baoan: ǯoŋ (Тод. Бн.)
Dagur: ǯau(n) (Тод. Даг. 143, MD 176)
Monguor: ʒ́oŋ (SM 90)
Comments: KW 482.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯajidaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: saddleless
Russian meaning: бесседельный
Written Mongolian: ǯajidaŋ (L 1026)
Khalkha: ʒajdan
Buriat: zajdan
Kalmuck: zǟdŋ
Ordos: ǯǟdaŋ
Comments: KW 471. Modern Turkic forms like Kirgh. ǯajdaq 'saddleless' are < Mong. (see KW ibid., VEWT 179), despite some doubts in ЭСТЯ 4, 12.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯaki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to order
Russian meaning: приказывать, заказывать
Written Mongolian: ǯaki- (L 1028)
Khalkha: ʒaxi-
Buriat: zaxi-
Kalmuck: zakǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: ǯaχi-
Dagur: ǯeki- (Тод. Даг. 142 ǯaki-, 180 čakir-)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯakǝ-
Monguor: ǯǝGān 'honnête, loyal, en paix' (SM 72)
Comments: MGCD 437.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to ask, invite
Russian meaning: просить, приглашать
Written Mongolian: ǯala- (L 1029)
Khalkha: ʒala-
Buriat: zala-
Kalmuck: zala- (СЯОС)
Ordos: ǯala-
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯalaɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: young
Russian meaning: молодой
Written Mongolian: ǯalaɣu (L 1029)
Middle Mongolian: ǯalaw, ǯalu (IM), ǯălăwă, ǯălu (MA), ǯala'ui (SH)
Khalkha: ʒalū
Buriat: zalū
Kalmuck: zalū
Ordos: ǯalū
Dongxian: ǯalau, ǯalao
Dagur: ǯalō (Тод. Даг. 142, MD 175)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯalū
Monguor: ʒ́alụ̄ (SM 79), (MGCD ǯalau)
Mogol: ǯalau (Weiers); ZM ǯalāwu (10-3a)
Comments: KW 465, MGCD 427. Mong. > Evk. ǯalaw, see Doerfer MT 127.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯalga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fasten, join
Russian meaning: прикреплять, присоединять
Written Mongolian: ǯalɣa- (L 1030)
Middle Mongolian: ǯalqa- (SH)
Khalkha: ʒalga-
Buriat: zalga-
Kalmuck: zalɣǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: ǯalGa-
Dongxian: ǯanɣa-
Baoan: ǯalχǝ-
Dagur: ǯalga- (Тод. Даг. 142), ǯalegā- (MD 175)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯalGaǯab-
Monguor: ʒ́irGa- (SM 92), ǯalGā-
Comments: MGCD 427. Mong. > Turk. (late attested) jalga- (ЭСТЯ 4, 12-13).
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯal-gi- / *ǯal-ka-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swallow 2 phlegm
Russian meaning: 1 глотать 2 мокрота
Written Mongolian: ǯalgi- 1 (L 1031), ǯalqaɣ 2 (МХТТТ)
Middle Mongolian: ǯalgi-, ǯalki- (SH)
Khalkha: ʒalgi- 1, ʒalxag 2
Buriat: zalgi- 1, zalxag 2
Kalmuck: zaĺgǝ- 1 (КРС)
Ordos: ǯalgi- 1
Dongxian: ǯanqǝi-
Baoan: ǯalχǝ-
Dagur: ǯalgi- (Тод. Даг. 142), ǯilehe- 1 (MD 178)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯalGǝ-
Monguor: ćargi- (SM 443), čalga- (Huzu)
Comments: MGCD 427.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯali-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to deceive
Russian meaning: обманывать
Written Mongolian: ǯali- (L 1031: ǯali 'trick, cunning')
Khalkha: ʒali-
Buriat: zaĺxaj 'lewd'
Kalmuck: zäĺǝ 'cunningness', zaĺxǟ 'cunning'
Dagur: ǯelleg 'cunning'
Comments: KW 465, 470, MGCD 427. Mong. > Man. ǯali (see Doerfer MT 138, Rozycki 120), Oyr. jalaqqai. There exists also a variant *ǯeli- in ǯelmeji-, ǯilmeji- 'be cunning' etc. (see KW 472).
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flame
Russian meaning: пламя
Written Mongolian: ǯali (L 1031)
Khalkha: ʒaĺ
Buriat: zali
Kalmuck: zäĺǝ
Comments: KW 470.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯalka-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be lazy 2 lazy
Russian meaning: 1 лениться 2 ленивый
Written Mongolian: ǯalqa- 1 (L 1032)
Middle Mongolian: ǯalixai (HY 37)
Khalkha: ʒalxa- 1, ʒalxū 2
Buriat: zalxū 2
Kalmuck: zalxū 2
Ordos: ǯalxū
Dagur: ǯalkō 2 (Тод. Даг. 142), ǯalekō 2 (MD 175)
Comments: KW 465, MGCD 429. Mong. > Bashk., Oyr. jalqɨ- etc. (see ЭСТЯ 4, 14-15). Mong. has also ǯalira- 'to be lazy, rest', *ǯali > Bur. zali 'interval, pause' (whence Tat., Kum. jal 'rest', see ЭСТЯ 4, 85).
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯal-magaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gills
Russian meaning: жабры
Written Mongolian: ǯalmaɣai (L 1032), ǯaŋɣalai
Khalkha: ʒalmagaj
Buriat: žaŋgār
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯamug
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: water weeds, sludge
Russian meaning: зеленые водоросли
Written Mongolian: ǯamuɣ, ǯamaɣ (L 1033)
Khalkha: ʒamag
Buriat: zamag
Kalmuck: zamǝg
Ordos: ǯamaG
Monguor: ʒ́amburaG 'ail sauvage' (SM 79)
Comments: KW 466.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯana
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bullfinch
Russian meaning: снегирь
Written Mongolian: ǯana (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: ʒana
Buriat: zana
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯaru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to send, employ
Russian meaning: посылать, давать задание
Written Mongolian: ǯaru- (L 1038)
Middle Mongolian: ǯaru- (MA, SH, HYt)
Khalkha: ʒar-
Buriat: zara-
Kalmuck: zar-
Ordos: ǯaru-
Dongxian: ǯaru-
Baoan: ǯare-
Dagur: ǯara- (Тод. Даг. 142, MD 175), ǯarǝ-
Shary-Yoghur: ǯar-
Monguor: ʒ́ari- (SM 83)
Mogol: ǯɔru- (Weiers)
Comments: KW 467, MGCD 432.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯaǯi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to chew 2 part of cheek
Russian meaning: 1 жевать 2 часть щеки
Written Mongolian: ǯaǯi-la- (L 1041: ǯaǯil-) 1, ǯaǯi-ɣur 2 (L 1041)
Middle Mongolian: ǯeaǯolom- 1 (IM)
Khalkha: ʒaǯla- 1, ʒaǯūr 2
Buriat: žažal-, zažal- 1
Kalmuck: ǯaǯḷ- 1 (КРС)
Ordos: ǯaǯil- 1
Dongxian: ǯaǯulu- 1
Baoan: ǯɛǯal- 1
Dagur: ǯeǯile- 1
Shary-Yoghur: ǯaǯil- 1
Monguor: ʒ́aʒ́ili- (SM 77), ǯaǯilǝ- 1
Mogol: ǯaǯul- 1 (Weiers), ǯaǯi- 1 (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: MGCD 422.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯebeɣe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Salmo lenoc
Russian meaning: Salmo lenoc
Written Mongolian: ǯebeɣe (МХТТТ)
Middle Mongolian: ǯebge (SH)
Khalkha: ʒevē
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯebe, *ǯeb-seg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 end of arrow 2 instrument, weapon, tool
Russian meaning: 1 наконечник стрелы 2 орудие, оружие
Written Mongolian: ǯebe 1, ǯebseg 2 (L 1042)
Middle Mongolian: ǯebele- 'to fight with ǯebe weapons'; ǯebsek 2 (SH), ǯebe 2 (HYt), ǯemṣel 'axe' (IM), ǯibsek 'armour' (MA 204)
Khalkha: ʒev 1, ʒevseg 2
Buriat: zebe 1, zebseg 2
Kalmuck: zer-zewǝ, zewsǝg 2 (КРС)
Ordos: ǯiwe 1, ǯibseg 2
Shary-Yoghur: ǯemseg 2
Comments: MGCD 440. Mong. > Chag. ǯebe, see TMN 1, 285-286, Щербак 1997, 204.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯedegene
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: strawberry
Russian meaning: клубника
Written Mongolian: ǯedegene
Khalkha: ʒedgene
Buriat: zedegene 1, 2
Kalmuck: zedǝgǝnǝ
Comments: KW 471.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯeɣe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grandson, nephew
Russian meaning: внук, племянник
Written Mongolian: ǯege (L 1051: ǯige)
Middle Mongolian: ǯeje (HY 28)
Khalkha: ʒē
Buriat:
Kalmuck:
Ordos: ǯē
Dongxian: ǯǝ
Dagur: ǯē (Тод. Даг. 143)
Shary-Yoghur: ǯī
Monguor: ʒ́ē (SM 86)
Comments: KW 474, MGCD 438. ? Mong. > TM ǯā.
Proto-Mongolian: *ǯeɣeg ( < *ǯiɣeg)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thin thread; skirting, border thread
Russian meaning: тонкая нить, окаймление
Written Mongolian: ǯeɣeg (L 1043)
Khalkha: ʒēg
Kalmuck: zēg
Comments: KW 474. Mong. > Kaz. žijek etc. (see VEWT 195, ЭСТЯ 4, 27).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,
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