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Mongolian etymology :

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *una-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fall
Russian meaning: падать
Written Mongolian: una- (L 875)
Middle Mongolian: una- (MA, SH, LH), on- (IM)
Khalkha: una-
Buriat: una-
Kalmuck: un-
Ordos: una-
Dongxian: una-
Baoan: nā-, na-
Dagur: wana- (Тод. Даг. 129), uane- (MD 229), uanǝ-
Shary-Yoghur: nā- 'to lie'
Monguor: unā- (SM 471)
Mogol: unō-
Comments: KW 450, MGCD 674.
Proto-Mongolian: *unagan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: foal up to one year old
Russian meaning: жеребенок до года
Written Mongolian: unaɣa(n) (L 875)
Middle Mongolian: unuxan (HY 9), unǝɣa 'осленок' (IM), unaɣan (MA 153)
Khalkha: unaga
Buriat: unaga(n)
Kalmuck: unǝɣṇ (КРС)
Ordos: unaGa(n)
Dagur: unek 'kid' (Тод. Даг. 171)
Shary-Yoghur: naGan
Monguor: naGa (SM 254)
Comments: MGCD 674. Mong. > Evk. unukān etc., see Doerfer MT 104, Rozycki 218. Associating *una-ga(n) with una- 'to fall, drop' is most certainly a folk etymology. -gan is a widely spread suffix in animal names (daɣa-ga(n) 'colt', qura-ga(n) 'lamb' etc.); the usage of una-gan as 'having certain characteristics from birth' is also easily explainable: cf. phrases like unaɣan ǯiruɣa 'a horse able to travel at an amble since birth', lit. 'foal-ambler' = 'fast ambler since foalhood'.
Proto-Mongolian: *uŋ-si-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to read, recite; to pray
Russian meaning: читать, декламировать; молиться
Written Mongolian: uŋsi- (L 877), omsi- (SM)
Middle Mongolian: oŋši- (HY 35), uŋši- 'to shout' (SH), homš- (IM), ūngši- 'to read' (LH)
Khalkha: unši-
Buriat: unša-
Kalmuck: umšǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: omši-
Dongxian: uanšǝ-
Baoan: oŋše- (Тод. Бн.), mǝši-
Dagur: onši-
Shary-Yoghur: onši-
Monguor: mošǝ- (SM 242), moši-
Mogol: ɔmši-, umši- 'to read, to sing' (Weiers)
Comments: MGCD 676.
Proto-Mongolian: *uran
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: craftsman, art
Russian meaning: мастер, ремесленник, искусство
Written Mongolian: ura(n) (L 879)
Middle Mongolian: uran (HY 27), uran 'craft' (IM)
Khalkha: ur(an)
Buriat: uran
Kalmuck: urṇ (КРС)
Ordos: uran
Dongxian: uran
Dagur: waran (Тод. Даг. 129), uran (Тод. Даг. 171)
Shary-Yoghur: uran
Monguor: uran (SM 473)
Comments: MGCD 677.
Proto-Mongolian: *urgu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to grow
Russian meaning: расти
Written Mongolian: urɣu- (L 881)
Middle Mongolian: urqu- (SH), hurɣa-/urɣu- (MA)
Khalkha: urga-
Buriat: urga-
Kalmuck: urɣǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: urGu
Dagur: orgu-, (Тод. Даг. 160), orege- (MD 203), orgo-
Mogol: urɣu- (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: MGCD 680.
Proto-Mongolian: *urma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: inspiration, enthusiasm
Russian meaning: вдохновение, энтузиазм
Written Mongolian: urma (L 884)
Khalkha: uram
Buriat: urma(n), urmas
Kalmuck: urṃ
Ordos: urma, urmas
Dongxian: uruma
Comments: KW 451.
Proto-Mongolian: *urtu, *uri-du
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 long 2 formerly
Russian meaning: 1 длинный 2 прежде
Written Mongolian: urtu 1 (L 884), uri-du 2 (L 883)
Middle Mongolian: urdu (HY 52), urtu (SH), uruxši jire 'to come before' (HY 40), ortu (IM), urtu (MA) 1, urida (HY 50), urit 2 (HY 28, SH)
Khalkha: urt 1, uŕd 2
Buriat: u(r)ta 1
Kalmuck: utǝ 1
Ordos: urtu 1
Dongxian: fudu 1
Baoan: fdu (MGCD ftǝ) 1
Dagur: orto (Тод. Даг. 160), ortu 1; warda (Тод. Даг. 129), ordōn (Тод. Даг. 160) 2, orete 1 (MD 202)
Shary-Yoghur: rdǝ 1
Monguor: fudur (SM 101), (MGCD šdur) 1
Mogol: urtu; ZM orṭo (11-6b)
Comments: KW 452, MGCD 681. Mong. > Dolg. urut 'formerly' (Stachowski 246).
Proto-Mongolian: *urus-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to flow
Russian meaning: течь
Written Mongolian: urus- (L 886)
Middle Mongolian: oros- (LH)
Khalkha: ursa-
Buriat: urda-
Kalmuck: ursǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: urus-
Dongxian: usuru-, urusu-
Dagur: orsu-, (Тод. Даг. 160), orese- (MD 203), orso-
Shary-Yoghur: urus-, urusu-, usuru-
Monguor: urosǝ- (SM 478)
Comments: MGCD 296, 681.
Proto-Mongolian: *usu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: water
Russian meaning: вода
Written Mongolian: usu(n) (L 887)
Middle Mongolian: usun (HY 3, SH), oṣun, uṣun (IM), uṣun (MA)
Khalkha: us
Buriat: uha(n)
Kalmuck: usṇ
Ordos: usu(n)
Dongxian: usu
Baoan: se
Dagur: oso, os (Тод. Даг. 160), ose (MD 203)
Shary-Yoghur: qusun, Gusun
Monguor: fuʒu (SM 102), sʒu (MGCD šʒu)
Mogol: usun; ZM osun (15-5b)
Comments: KW 452, MGCD 682, TMN 1, 167.
Proto-Mongolian: *uw(u)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to drink
Russian meaning: пить
Written Mongolian: u-, uu- (L 864: uu-, aɣu-, uuɣu-)
Middle Mongolian: u- (IM, MA), ū-, u'u- (SH), au- (LH)
Khalkha: ū-
Buriat: ū-
Kalmuck: ū-
Ordos: ū- 'to drink, to smoke'
Dongxian: o-
Baoan: ū-, ō-, u-
Dagur: ō- (Тод. Даг. 159, MD 201)
Shary-Yoghur: ū-
Monguor: ụ̄- (SM 462), u-, ōći- 'boire, prendre (repas du midi)' (SM 299)
Comments: KW 454, MGCD 664, 665.
Proto-Mongolian: *üd-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 afternoon 2 day 3 evening
Russian meaning: 1 полдень 2 день 3 вечер
Written Mongolian: üde 1 (L 995), edür (L 295) 2
Middle Mongolian: ude 1 (HY 5), udur (SH, HY 5) 2, udeši (HY 5) 3, ädär, od, ädor (IM), udēši 'night', uder 2 (LH), hudeši (MA)
Khalkha: üd 1, ödör 2, üdeš 3
Buriat: üde 1, üder 2, üdeše 3
Kalmuck: üdǝ 1, ödṛ 2 (КРС)
Ordos: üde 1, üdür 2, üdeši 3
Dongxian: dur 1, udu 2
Baoan: udu 1, udǝr 2
Dagur: udur 1, 2 (Тод. Даг. 170), üdeši 'yesterday', udure 2
Shary-Yoghur: ude 1, udur 2
Monguor: udur, dur (SM 464) 1, 2
Mogol: ɔdur, udur 2 (Weiers)
Comments: MGCD 540, 687. Mong. > Manchu uden 'rest at midday' (see Rozycki 215).
Proto-Mongolian: *üge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: word
Russian meaning: слово
Written Mongolian: üge(n) (L 996)
Middle Mongolian: uge (HY 34, SH), ugule- 'say, speak' (SH, HYt), eule- (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: üg
Buriat: üge
Kalmuck: ügǝ (КРС)
Ordos: üge
Monguor: uge (SM 467), ugo (Huzu), gule- 'parler' (SM 141)
Comments: MGCD 689.
Proto-Mongolian: *ügej
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: not, without
Russian meaning: не, без, не имеющий чего-л.
Written Mongolian: ügei (L 997)
Middle Mongolian: ugai (HY 51, SH), uge'u 'to be destitute, suffer' (HY 37), ugej (IM), ugäj (MA)
Khalkha: ügij, ügüj, -güj
Buriat: ügɨ, dial. übej
Kalmuck: ugā, ugɛ̄
Ordos: ügʷī, ugʷī, ügʷē, ugʷē
Dongxian: ui
Baoan: gi
Dagur: uwei (Тод. Даг. 170), uej (MD 231)
Shary-Yoghur: uɣui
Monguor: ugwī, gwī (SM 468)
Mogol: ügɛi; ZM gei (27-5a)
Comments: KW 446, MGCD 689. Mong. > Evk. ugei, see Doerfer MT 128. The same root (but with different suffixation) is probably reflected in *öɣe- (MMong. o'er, o'e-sun 'self', o'ere 'other, different' (SH), WMong. öber, öbesü-ben, öbere, ögere, Khalkha ȫr, ȫsȫ, ȫr, Mongr. gōro (175)).
Proto-Mongolian: *üje
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: generation, age
Russian meaning: поколение, возраст
Written Mongolian: üje (L 1001)
Middle Mongolian: uje (SH, HYt)
Khalkha: üje
Buriat: üje
Kalmuck: üj (КРС)
Ordos: üje
Dagur: uje (Тод. Даг. 170, MD 231)
Monguor: uje (SM 479)
Comments: MGCD 691. Mong. > Yak., Dolg. üje (Stachowski 249). The connection with üje `joint' should be regarded as folk-etymological.
Proto-Mongolian: *üjeŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ermine
Russian meaning: горностай
Written Mongolian: üjeŋ (L 1002)
Middle Mongolian: unen (SH)
Khalkha: üjeŋ
Buriat: üjeŋ
Kalmuck: üjṇ, üjŋ̣, ǖŋ
Comments: KW 456, 461.
Proto-Mongolian: *üjer
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flood, freshet
Russian meaning: поток, наводнение
Written Mongolian: üjer (L 1002)
Middle Mongolian: ujer (HY 4)
Khalkha: üjer
Buriat: üjer
Kalmuck: üjr
Ordos: üjer
Dagur: ujir
Shary-Yoghur: ǖr
Comments: KW 456, MGCD 691, TMN 2, 156. Mong. > Tuva üjer (see Лексика 90).
Proto-Mongolian: *üji- / *oji-mu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sink, to put in in a pot for boiling 2 to swim
Russian meaning: 1 погружаться, класть в котел для варки 2 плавать
Written Mongolian: üi-, üjü- 1 (L 999), ojimu-, ojima- 2 (L 604)
Middle Mongolian: ojna- 2 (IM)
Khalkha: üj- 1, ojmo- 2
Buriat: üj- 1
Kalmuck: ȫm- 2 (КРС)
Ordos: oö̯mo- 'to pass the ford'
Monguor: (w)ī- (SM 484) 1
Comments: Mong. ojimu- > Yak., Dolg. ojmō-, see Kaɫ. MEJ 36, Stachowski 190.
Proto-Mongolian: *üjile
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: deed, action, work
Russian meaning: дело, действие, поступок, работа
Written Mongolian: üile (L 999)
Middle Mongolian: uele (HY 36), uejile (SH), ujle (IM)
Khalkha: üjle
Buriat: üjle
Kalmuck: ǖlǝ (КРС)
Ordos: üi̯le
Dongxian: uiliǝ
Baoan:
Dagur: weil, uil, (Тод. Даг. 170) uile
Shary-Yoghur: ulē, ulǝ
Monguor: ule (SM 470), uile (Huzu)
Comments: MGCD 690. Mong. > Yak., Dolg. üle (Kaɫ. MEJ 38, Stachowski 250).
Proto-Mongolian: *üji(l)-sü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: birch bark
Russian meaning: береста
Written Mongolian: üi(l)-sü (L 1001: üisü(n))
Middle Mongolian: ujilsun (SH)
Khalkha: üjs
Buriat: üjhe(n)
Proto-Mongolian: *ükü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to die
Russian meaning: умирать
Written Mongolian: ügü- (L 1003: ükü-)
Middle Mongolian: ugu- (HYt), uku- (SH), ukɛ- (IM), uku- (MA)
Khalkha: üxe-
Buriat: üxe-
Kalmuck: ükǝ-
Ordos: üχü-
Dongxian: fugu-
Baoan: hgude-, fgu-
Dagur: ugu- (Тод. Даг. 170), ū- (MD 233)
Shary-Yoghur: hgu-
Monguor: fugu- (SM 103)
Mogol: ükü-; ZM oku (5-8a)
Comments: KW 456, MGCD 698.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,
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