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Mongolian etymology :

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *bujil- / *büjil-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: almond
Russian meaning: миндаль
Written Mongolian: büilesü ~ bujilasu (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: bujls(an), büjls(en)
Buriat: büjlȫhe(n) 'wild apricot'
Proto-Mongolian: *buka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 canal 2 haycock, shock
Russian meaning: 1 канал 2 копна
Written Mongolian: buqa 1, buqal 2
Khalkha: buxaĺ 2
Buriat: buxal 2
Kalmuck: buxǝ 1
Mogol: ZM boqqɔ̄n 'hillock' (17-9a)
Comments: KW 58. The original meaning was 'heap, mound of earth' (whence also 'island, dam > canal', cf. the meanings in related languages).
Proto-Mongolian: *bukinid-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be sad, grieve, be troubled
Russian meaning: печалиться, горевать; томиться, застаиваться
Written Mongolian: bukinid-, bokinid- (L 133)
Khalkha: buxinda-
Buriat: buxinda-
Kalmuck: buxtǝnǝ- (КРС 125)
Comments: Mong. > Evn. boqụtna- (ТМС 1, 91).
Proto-Mongolian: *bul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dreggy, muddy, turbid
Russian meaning: мутный, грязный
Written Mongolian: bulaŋgir (L 133)
Middle Mongolian: buluŋgir (HY 53), bulanɣir (MA)
Khalkha: buliŋgar
Buriat: bulangir
Kalmuck: buĺǝŋgǝr
Ordos: bulaŋgir, buliŋgir
Comments: KW 30. Mong. has a number of similar forms with -a-: balar 'turbid', balbi- 'to become dirty, sullen', bala 'snuff', balǯira- 'be wet, soaked'. These may reflect a contamination of *bul- with another root, see *balai 'blind; dark'. The assumption of Mong. bulaŋgir being borrowed from Turkic (cf. MTurk. bulɣančaq, derived from bulɣa- 'to stir up') see in Щербак 1997, 110; on the other hand, Mong. is certainly the source of Tat. bolaŋɨr 'muddy, cloudy' etc.
Proto-Mongolian: *bul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: swelling, lump
Russian meaning: опухоль, выпуклость
Written Mongolian: buluw, bulduruw (L 134, 136: bulu, bulduru)
Middle Mongolian: bulu 'hob' (HY 18)
Khalkha: bulū, buldrū
Buriat: bula, bulū; bulxaj- 'be convex'
Kalmuck: bulǝ
Dagur: bol, bolo 'bolster' (Тод. Даг. 127)
Comments: KW 59. An expressive root with numerous derivatives (bul-t-, bul-č-, bül-t- etc.); there also exist variants with -a- (bal-t-, bal-č- etc.). Most of these forms can also be found borrowed in modern Turkic and Tungus languages (see, e.g., Doerfer MT 73). Bur. > Russ. Siber. buldurun 'кочка' (Аникин 140).
Proto-Mongolian: *bulagan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sable, game
Russian meaning: соболь, дичь
Written Mongolian: bulaɣan (L 133), buliɣa
Middle Mongolian: buluxan (HY 10), buluqan (SH), bul(u)ɣan (MA)
Khalkha: bulga(n)
Buriat: bulgan
Kalmuck: bulɣǝn
Ordos: bulaGa
Dagur: balǝg, (Тод. Даг. 124) balga
Shary-Yoghur: bulaGan
Monguor: bulGa
Comments: KW 60, MGCD 168. Mong. > Chag. bulɣan, see TMN 1, 215.
Proto-Mongolian: *bul-čiŋ, *bul-čir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 muscles (of thighs and arms) 2 gland
Russian meaning: 1 мышцы (рук и ног) 2 железа
Written Mongolian: bulčiŋ 1, bulčirqai 2 (L 134)
Middle Mongolian: bilčirqai 2 (MA)
Khalkha: bulčin 1, bulčirxaj 2
Buriat: bulšan 1, bulšarxaj 2
Kalmuck: buĺčǝŋ 1, buĺčǝrxǟ, -xā 2
Ordos: bulčiŋ
Dagur: balčirt 1 (Тод. Даг. 124)
Monguor: paʒ́arGǝ̄ 2 (SM 301)
Comments: KW 61. Mong. > Kirgh. bulčuŋ etc., Yak., Dolg. bɨlčɨŋ (Kaɫ. MEJ 94, Stachowski 70); > Man. bulča(n), see Doerfer MT 137. Cf. also *bulǯir 'gland' (KW 59).
Proto-Mongolian: *buliɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to attack, rob, grab
Russian meaning: нападать, грабить, хватать
Written Mongolian: bulija- (L 134), buliɣa-
Middle Mongolian: buli- (SH) 'to rob', bulqa- (SH) 'to fight', balɣa 'fighting' (IM)
Khalkha: bulā-
Buriat: buĺā-
Kalmuck: bulā-
Ordos: bulā-
Dongxian: bili-
Baoan: bǝl-, bula-
Dagur: baliē- (MD 119), bolē-
Shary-Yoghur: bǝlǝ-
Monguor: bulǝ-, buli- (SM 33)
Comments: KW 59, MGCD 167. Mong. > Turk.: Kirgh. bula-, Uygh. bulu- 'to rob'; > Yak., Dolg. bɨlǯā- (Kaɫ. MEJ 19, Stachowski 70). A Mong. source is possible also for the Chag. form bula- (see above).
Proto-Mongolian: *bul(ka)-, *bilka-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to soak, wet 2 to issue from the ground (as water) 3 to overflow
Russian meaning: 1 мочить 2 вытекать из земли (о воде) 3 переливаться, литься через край
Written Mongolian: bulqa- (L 136), bulqu- 1, bulara- 2 (L 133), bilqa- 3 (L 105)
Khalkha: bulxa- 1, b́alxa- 3
Buriat: bulxa- 'to gargle', bilxa- 3
Kalmuck: bulxǝ- 1, bilxǝ- 3
Comments: KW 45, 60. Mong. > Kaz. bɨlqɨ- etc. (VEWT 74).
Proto-Mongolian: *bul-tu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: all, whole, entire(ly)
Russian meaning: весь, целый, полностью
Written Mongolian: bultu (L 136)
Middle Mongolian: bulun 'together' (SH)
Khalkha: bult
Buriat: bult(an)
Kalmuck: bultǝ
Ordos: bultu
Dagur: bolto (Тод. Даг. 127)
Comments: KW 60.
Proto-Mongolian: *burči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to crush, destroy
Russian meaning: ломать, разрушать
Written Mongolian: burči- (L 137)
Khalkha: burša-, borči-
Buriat: buršī- 'to be wrinkled, rumpled'
Comments: Mong. > Kirgh. burǯugui 'корявый' and a number of other Kypch. forms.
Proto-Mongolian: *burga-, *buraɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 willow 2 (willow) bushes
Russian meaning: 1 ива 2 кусты, заросли (ивы)
Written Mongolian: burɣasu(n) 1, buraɣa, burɣa 2 (L 137)
Khalkha: burgas(an), burgās(an) 1, burgana 'a k. of maple', burā 2
Buriat: burgāha(n) 1, 2
Kalmuck: burɣǝsṇ 1, burā 2
Ordos: burGasu 1
Dagur: bargās (Тод. Даг. 124), baregase (MD 119)
Monguor: burGāsǝ
Comments: KW 61,62, MGCD 170. Cf. also borolǯi 'кедровник на болотах'. TMN 1, 225. Mong > MTurk. burɣasun, see Щербак 1997, 201 (whence Russ. Siber. burgás, see Аникин 143-144); > Evk. burgan etc. (ТМС 1, 111, Rozycki 39).
Proto-Mongolian: *bur-gi- / *bür-gi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rise (of dust, smoke)
Russian meaning: подниматься (о пыли, дыме)
Written Mongolian: burgi-(ra-) (L 138), bürgi-ni-
Middle Mongolian: burqalix 'whirlwind' (SH)
Khalkha: burgi-
Buriat: burja-, borjol- (Tsongol)
Kalmuck: bürgn-, bürgǝń-
Ordos: burgila-, burgi-
Monguor: puʒ́irā- (SM 306)
Comments: KW 68. Mong. > Man. burgi-, see TMN 1, 227; > Turk. Uzb. burqira-n- 'клубиться, дымиться', Kirgh. burk-ura-, burgu- 'валить клубами', Nogh. burkɨ-ra- 'клубиться', Bashk. borqo- 'вздыматься (о пыли)', KKalp. burqɨ- 'валить клубами'.
Proto-Mongolian: *buruɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wrong, bad
Russian meaning: неверный, дурной, несправедливый
Written Mongolian: buruɣu (L 138)
Middle Mongolian: buru'u (SH, HY 51), burū (MA)
Khalkha: burū
Buriat: burū
Kalmuck: burū
Ordos: burū
Dongxian: buru
Dagur: borō (Тод. Даг. 128, MD 126)
Shary-Yoghur: burǖ
Monguor: burū
Comments: KW 62, MGCD 170. Mong. > Evk. burū etc., see Doerfer MT 123.
Proto-Mongolian: *burǯi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fleecy, curly (of hair)
Russian meaning: курчавый, пушистый
Written Mongolian: burǯi- (L 140)
Khalkha: burǯgar
Buriat: burǯagar
Kalmuck: burzǝɣǝr
Ordos: burǯuGur
Comments: KW 63. Cf. also *burči- id. (Kalm. burcǝgṛ, KW 62).
Proto-Mongolian: *busu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: other
Russian meaning: другой
Written Mongolian: busu (L 140)
Middle Mongolian: busi 'foreigner' (IM), busu (SH, HYt), būši 'foreigner' (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: bus
Buriat: busa
Kalmuck: busǝ
Ordos: busu
Dongxian: puse
Dagur: bišin (Тод. Даг. 126), biši(n)
Monguor: buśi
Mogol: biši (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 46, 63.
Proto-Mongolian: *buta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to break 2 be broken
Russian meaning: 1 ломать 2 ломаться
Written Mongolian: buta-ra- (L 141) 2
Middle Mongolian: butăra- (MA)
Khalkha: butar- 2, butal- 1
Buriat: butar- 2
Kalmuck: butṛ- 2
Ordos: butara- 2
Dongxian: pudura- (MGCD), putura- 2
Monguor: pudǝrā- (SM 304) 2!
Comments: KW 63, MGCD 172. Mong. > Chag. butra- etc. (VEWT 90-91, ЭСТЯ 2, 308-309) (not vice versa, despite Щербак 1997, 110: OTurk. budra- is invented, and OTurk. budraq 'scattered' is a hapax misinterpreted by Malov, see EDT 307).
Proto-Mongolian: *buta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bushes
Russian meaning: кусты
Written Mongolian: buta, butu (L 141)
Middle Mongolian: buta (SH)
Khalkha: but
Buriat: buta
Kalmuck: butǝ
Ordos: buta
Dongxian: puda
Dagur: boto (Тод. Даг. 128)
Shary-Yoghur: but
Monguor: budā 'herbes ou plantes croissant en touffes, touffe (herbes)' (SM 31), butā (Huzu)
Comments: KW 63, MGCD 171.
Proto-Mongolian: *buǯa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: strong, durable, quite good
Russian meaning: крепкий, сильный, отличный
Written Mongolian: buǯaɣai (L 143)
Khalkha: buʒgaj
Buriat: bužagar
Kalmuck: buzgǟ (öl.)
Comments: KW 64 (Ramstedt regards the Kalm. dialectal form as borrowed from Khalkha).
Proto-Mongolian: *buǯi- / *boǯi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 curly, fleecy 2 down (of bird) 3 be curly
Russian meaning: 1 кудрявый, пушистый 2 пух 3 быть курчавым
Written Mongolian: buǯigir 1 (L 143), boǯuɣu 2 (L 123), buǯiji- 3 (L 143)
Khalkha: bužgir 1, boʒgo 2
Kalmuck: buǯǝɣǝr 1, buǯī- 3
Ordos: buǯī- 3
Comments: KW 57-58. Mong. > Yak. buǯur-, Evk. buǯir etc., see Doerfer MT 78.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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