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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *bög, *böɣe-
Meaning: 1 to choke 2 to vomit
Russian meaning: 1 задыхаться 2 вырвать, тошнить
Written Mongolian: bögsi-, bügsi- 1 (L 126), böɣelǯi- 2 (L 124)
Middle Mongolian: bulǯe- 2 (LH)
Khalkha: bögši-, bügši- 1, bȫlǯi- 2
Buriat: bügler-, bügše- 1
Kalmuck: bügšǝ- 'to choke (with laughter)' (КРС 125)
Ordos: büg 2
Comments: [Cf. *pŏ́ga]
Proto-Mongolian: *bögle-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bar, hinder, stop up
Russian meaning: затыкать, предотвращать
Written Mongolian: bögle- (L 125)
Middle Mongolian: bokle- (SH)
Khalkha: böglö-
Buriat: bügle-
Kalmuck: bögḷ-
Ordos: böglö-
Dongxian: buɣulie-; buɣun 'plug'
Monguor: bugǝle-, bugule- (SM 32)
Comments: KW 54, MGCD 161.
Proto-Mongolian: *bögse
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rump, buttock
Russian meaning: зад, ягодицы
Written Mongolian: bögse(n) (L 126)
Middle Mongolian: bokse (SH), bukse (MA 123)
Khalkha: bögs
Buriat: bügse
Kalmuck: böksǝ
Ordos: bögsö 'buttock, vulva'
Dongxian: bursu, burse, bugsu (Poppe)
Dagur: bursu, burse (Тод. Даг. 128), burs
Shary-Yoghur: bǝgse
Comments: KW 55, MGCD 161. Usually considered to be borrowed < Turk. bögsek (see Щербак 1997, 109, Лексика 278, EDT 329), but the Turkic word means "upper part of chest" which makes the loan theory extremely dubious. Mong. > Kirgh., Kaz. böksö 'buttocks' (see EDT 329), Evk. buksu etc., see Doerfer MT 130, Rozycki 37.
Proto-Mongolian: *bög-si-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to run (slowly), trot; run (as a hare)
Russian meaning: бежать, трусить, скакать
Written Mongolian: bögsi-
Kalmuck: bökšǝ-
Comments: KW 55. Cf. also Ord. bögö- id.
Proto-Mongolian: *böɣere
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kidney(s); testicle(s)
Russian meaning: почки; testiculi
Written Mongolian: bögere (L 124)
Middle Mongolian: bo'ere (HY 47, SH)
Khalkha: bȫr
Buriat: bȫre
Kalmuck: bȫrǝ
Ordos: bȫrö
Dongxian: bore, boro
Dagur: būr
Monguor: bōro (SM 28)
Mogol: böärä; ZM bürä (4-4b)
Comments: KW 56-57.
Proto-Mongolian: *böɣerüg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mountain slopes 2 hill
Russian meaning: 1 горные склоны 2 холм
Written Mongolian: bögerüg, bögereg
Khalkha: bȫrög 1
Kalmuck: bȫrǝg 2
Comments: KW 57.
Proto-Mongolian: *böɣe-sü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: louse
Russian meaning: вошь
Written Mongolian: bögesü(n) (L 125)
Middle Mongolian: bo'esun (HY 12, SH), buwä̆su-tu 'with lice', buäsun (MA), būsūn (LH)
Khalkha: bȫs(ön)
Buriat: bȫhe(n)
Kalmuck: bȫsṇ
Ordos: bȫsü
Dongxian: bosun
Baoan: bosuŋ, bosoŋ
Dagur: būs (Тод. Даг. 128)
Shary-Yoghur: bǖsǝn
Monguor: bōsǝ (SM 29)
Mogol: busu (Weiers); ZM bosun (21-8)
Comments: KW 57, MGCD 160.
Proto-Mongolian: *bök-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hump 2 to bend (tr.) 3 to bend, bow, incline 4 humpbacked
Russian meaning: 1 горб 2 гнуть 3 сгибаться, наклоняться, кланяться 4 горбатый
Written Mongolian: böke 1, bökeji-, böküi- (L 126, 127) 2
Middle Mongolian: bokotur, bogotur (SH), bukä-tu (MA) 4
Khalkha: böx(ön) 1, bögtör 4
Buriat: büxe(n) 1, bükti-, bügdi- 3
Kalmuck: bökṇ 1
Ordos: bökö 1, bögötör 4
Dagur: bug 1 (Тод. Даг. 128), (MGCD) buēktuē, buku
Shary-Yoghur: bögön 1
Monguor: pugī-, bukī- (Huzu) 3
Mogol: ZM bökkän 'the hump of a camel'
Comments: KW 55, MGCD 161, 162, 181. Mong. > Oyr. bökö- 'bend (tr.)', Yak bököj- 'bow, bend' (intr.), Kirgh. bök- 'припасть к земле, опуститься на колени (о верблюдице, для случки)'.
Proto-Mongolian: *böküne
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 gad-fly 2 mosquito
Russian meaning: 1 овод 2 комар
Written Mongolian: böküne (L 127), bökügene 1
Middle Mongolian: boko'una (HY 12)
Khalkha: böxnö 1
Kalmuck: bökǖnǝ 2
Ordos: böχöŋ 2
Monguor: pugunoG (SM 307)
Comments: KW 55.
Proto-Mongolian: *böǯi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dance
Russian meaning: танцевать
Written Mongolian: böǯi- (L 153: büǯi-)
Middle Mongolian: boǯi (HY 35), buǯo- (IM), buǯi- (MA)
Khalkha: böǯi-, büǯi-
Buriat: büžeg
Kalmuck: böǯi-, büǯi-
Ordos: böǯök 'elégant, joli', böǯöglö-
Comments: KW 54.
Proto-Mongolian: *bučal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to boil
Russian meaning: варить, кипеть
Written Mongolian: bučal- (L 129)
Middle Mongolian: bučal- (SH), bučal(a)- (MA)
Khalkha: bucla-, bučla-
Buriat: busal-
Kalmuck: busḷ-
Ordos: bučal-
Dongxian: bučula-
Dagur: bačila- (Тод. Даг. 125), bačile- (MD 116)
Shary-Yoghur: puǯalu-
Mogol: bučōl-; ZM bečāl (14-7a)
Comments: KW 63, MGCD 172.
Proto-Mongolian: *budaɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 gruel, soup 2 food
Russian meaning: каша, суп
Written Mongolian: budaɣa(n) (L 129) 1
Middle Mongolian: buda'an (HY 24, SH), budan (IM), budan (MA) 1
Khalkha: budā(n) 1
Buriat: budā 1
Kalmuck: budān 1
Ordos: budā 1,2
Dongxian: budan 2
Baoan: badaŋ 2
Dagur: badā 2 (Тод. Даг. 123, MD 117), bedā 2 (MD 120), budā 1, 2
Shary-Yoghur: budān 1
Monguor: budā (SM 30) 1, 2
Mogol: ZM bodɔ̄n 'gruel' (15-1a)
Comments: KW 57, MGCD 165. Mong. > Man. buda etc. (ТМС 1, 102; Doerfer MT 116; Rozycki 36).
Proto-Mongolian: *budaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fog
Russian meaning: туман
Written Mongolian: budaŋ (L 129), budun
Middle Mongolian: budan (SH, MA), buduŋgu 'dunkel' (HYt)
Khalkha: budan
Buriat: budan
Kalmuck: budŋ̣
Ordos: budaŋ
Shary-Yoghur: budaŋ
Comments: KW 57, MGCD 685.
Proto-Mongolian: *budu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to paint
Russian meaning: красить
Written Mongolian: budu- (L 130)
Middle Mongolian: buduq (MA) 'paint'
Khalkha: buda-
Buriat: buda-
Kalmuck: budǝ-
Ordos: budu-
Dagur: bodo- (Тод. Даг. 127), bode- (MD 124), bodu-
Shary-Yoghur: budǝ-
Monguor: budi- (SM 31), buda- (Huzu, Minghe)
Comments: KW 57, MGCD 165. Mong. > Evk. buda- etc., see Doerfer MT 94.
Proto-Mongolian: *budurgana
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of grass (Suaeda prostrata, Iljinia Regelii)
Russian meaning: вид травы (поташник)
Written Mongolian: budurɣana (L 131)
Khalkha: budargana
Buriat: budargana
Kalmuck: budṛɣǝnǝ 'жерняк, вид Артемизии'
Ordos: budurGana, budurGanaq 'Reamuria soongorica Maxim.'
Comments: KW 57. Mong. > Man. budurxana (see ТМС 1, 102).
Proto-Mongolian: *bug
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: demon
Russian meaning: черт, демон
Written Mongolian: buɣ (L 131)
Khalkha: bug
Buriat: bug
Kalmuck: bug 'demon of mist'
Ordos: buGu
Comments: KW 58. Also WMong. buɣ-sa- 'to be angry, irritated' ( > Chag. buxsa- etc.).
Proto-Mongolian: *bugu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bracelet 2 noose
Russian meaning: 1 браслет 2 петля, аркан
Written Mongolian: buɣui, baɣu, baɣui 1 (L 71, 131), buɣujil 2 (L 131), baɣuu (SM) 1
Middle Mongolian: bugi 'rope', bugija 'fetters' (SH), buɣū 1 (IM 433), buqau 1 (MA)
Khalkha: bugujvč 1, bugujl 2
Buriat: bugāg 1, bugɨ, bugūli, bugɨbša 2
Kalmuck: buɣū 1, 'neck bandage'
Ordos: buGū 1
Shary-Yoghur: boʁopči 1
Monguor: baGūr 1 (SM 19)
Comments: KW 58, MGCD 166, Дыбо 226. The word is attested already in SH, so it cannot be (despite TMN 2, 278) a modern loanword from forms like Kirgh. buɣaw etc. See also notes to *bog- (sub *bi̯ugu).
Proto-Mongolian: *buɣurčag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pea
Russian meaning: горох
Written Mongolian: buɣurčaɣ, (L 132) buɣurčai
Middle Mongolian: burčax (HY 8)
Khalkha: būrcag
Buriat: būrsag 'semen, fruit of vegetables'
Kalmuck: būrcǝg
Ordos: burčaq
Dongxian: puča, puǯa
Baoan: pǝǯaG
Dagur: borečō (MD 126), borčō
Shary-Yoghur: purčaG
Monguor: puʒ́aG (SM 305), puǯaG
Comments: KW 65, MGCD 171. Variants without -ɣ- (WMong. burčaɣ etc.) should be regarded as Turkisms), but those with -ɣ- can be hardly explained in this way, despite Clark 1980, 43, Sukhebaatar; Southern Mong. forms are ambiguous, because they could have underwent secondary vowel shortening.
Proto-Mongolian: *buɣurul
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grey (of hair etc.)
Russian meaning: серый, седой
Written Mongolian: buɣurul (L 131)
Middle Mongolian: burul (MA 127)
Khalkha: būral
Buriat: būral
Kalmuck: būrǝl
Ordos: būral
Dagur: bōral, bōlal (Тод. Даг. 127), bōrol
Shary-Yoghur: būrol
Monguor: bōrol
Comments: KW 65, MGCD 164. Mong. > Turk. buɣurla, Chuv. pъʷvъrla id.; Evk. burul etc. (see Doerfer MT 99); > Man. burulu (morin), MKor. puru (măr) 'a horse of red and white coat' (see Lee 1958, 119).
Proto-Mongolian: *buji-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 far off, unpopulated (place) 2 place of migration
Russian meaning: 1 отдаленный, захолустный 2 место, с которого перекочевали или на которое собираются перекочевать
Written Mongolian: bojid, bujid 1 (L 113, 132: bojida, bujida), bujira 2
Khalkha: bujd 1, bujr 2
Buriat: bujda 1
Ordos: bujda 1
monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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