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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *boɣo-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: slave, servant
Russian meaning: раб, слуга
Written Mongolian: boɣol, (L 112) boɣul
Middle Mongolian: bo'ol (HY 28, SH), b[a]wān, bawa (IM), bual (MA)
Khalkha: bōl 1; būrǯ 'slave in the second generation'
Buriat: bōl, bogōl
Kalmuck: bōl
Ordos: bōl
Comments: KW 53, TMN 1, 212. Mong. > Evk. bol etc., see Doerfer MT 89.
Proto-Mongolian: *boj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: care, caring, rearing
Russian meaning: забота, уход
Written Mongolian: boi (L 113)
Khalkha: boj
Proto-Mongolian: *bojir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: male (of animals: elk, otter etc.)
Russian meaning: самец животных (лося, выдры и др.)
Written Mongolian: bojir (L 113)
Khalkha: bojr
Kalmuck: bȫlcǝn 'otter' (КРС 114)
Proto-Mongolian: *bokaɣur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: behind, buttocks
Russian meaning: зад, ягодицы
Middle Mongolian: baqa'ur (MA), baɣūr (IM), baqaūr (LH), baɣaɣur 'derrière' (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: buxar (Most.)
Kalmuck: bokūr 'Schurke, Schelm'
Dongxian: boGo
Baoan: boGor
Mogol: buɣār (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 50.
Proto-Mongolian: *boki(r)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 taint, patina; chewing gum 2 dirty
Russian meaning: 1 налет, патина; жвачка 2 грязный
Written Mongolian: boki 1, bokir 2 (L 114)
Khalkha: box́ 1, boxir 2
Ordos: boki 1
Monguor: boGodi (: dege ~) 'clopin-clopant' (SM 27)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. boki, see Doerfer MT 125.
Proto-Mongolian: *bol-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to become
Russian meaning: становиться
Written Mongolian: bol- (L 114)
Middle Mongolian: bol- (IM, SH, HYt), bul- (MA)
Khalkha: bol-
Buriat: bolo-
Kalmuck: bol-
Ordos: bol-
Dongxian: bolu-, volu- (MGCD: olu-)
Baoan: ol-
Dagur: bol- (Тод. Даг. 127), bole- (MD 125), bolo-
Shary-Yoghur: bol-
Monguor: boli- (SM 19), ōli- (SM 296), (MGCD: ulǝ)
Mogol: bolu-
Comments: KW 50, MGCD 157.
Proto-Mongolian: *bol-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a thick end of smth., bulb
Russian meaning: толстый конец чего-л., луковица
Written Mongolian: bolčaɣu
Khalkha: bolcū
Buriat: bulsū
Kalmuck: bulǝ 'callosity'
Ordos: bolčogor 'утолщенный на конце'
Comments: KW 59. Cf. also bulɣu- 'uprooted', bulɣul- 'to disjoint' (L 134), bulǯi- 'to be disjointed' (L 137) > Evk. bulǯi-. The root tends to contaminate with *bul- < PA *pi̯óla 'to swell'.
Proto-Mongolian: *bolgu-ɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be cautious, gingerly
Russian meaning: быть осторожным, осмотрительным
Written Mongolian: bolɣuɣa- (L 117)
Middle Mongolian: boluxa'a- (HY 33), bolqa'a- (SH)
Khalkha: bolgō-
Buriat: bolgō-
Kalmuck: bolɣā-
Ordos: bolgō-
Comments: KW 50. Mong. > Oyr. polɣō- etc. (see TMN 1, 233); Evk. bolgo- etc., see Doerfer MT 135.
Proto-Mongolian: *boli-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to become old, weak, cease
Russian meaning: стареть, слабеть, прекращать(ся)
Written Mongolian: boli- (L 117)
Middle Mongolian: b[o]li- (IM), buli- (MA)
Khalkha: boli-
Buriat: boli-
Proto-Mongolian: *bolǯir- / *boldur-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lark
Russian meaning: жаворонок
Written Mongolian: bulduraɣun, (L 119) bolǯimar, bolǯimur
Middle Mongolian: bildu'ur, bilǯi'ur 'lark' (SH)
Khalkha: bolǯmor, boǯrogo
Buriat: bulžamar, bulžamūr; bolžūxaj, bulžūxaj 'young of a bird'
Kalmuck: bolǯūxǟ 'young of a bird', buldǝrūn
Ordos: bilǯūxǟ 'little bird'
Comments: KW 50, 59. Mong. > Manchu baldargan 'a k. of bird'.
Proto-Mongolian: *bolǯu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to agree upon time
Russian meaning: уславливаться, договариваться о сроке
Written Mongolian: bolǯu-, bolǯa- (L 119)
Khalkha: bolʒo-
Buriat: bolzo-
Kalmuck: bolzǝ-
Ordos: bolǯo-
Dagur: bolǯō, bolǯōlo- (Тод. Даг. 127)
Comments: KW 51. Mong. > Evk. *bolǯor 'съезд, собрание' > Russ. Zabajk. bol'ǯor (Аникин 133).
Proto-Mongolian: *boŋčiliki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: plaice
Russian meaning: камбала
Written Mongolian: boŋčilgi (Kow.)
Khalkha: bončilgo
Comments: Mong. > Manchu poŋčilki id. (despite Sukhebaatar, not vice versa).
Proto-Mongolian: *bor-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cone
Russian meaning: шишка
Written Mongolian: borɣučuj, borɣučuɣ (L 121)
Khalkha: borgocoj
Buriat: borbōsgoj
Comments: Cf. also bordo- 'to feed (with grain)' (S.-Yugh. bordo-, MGCD 157), possibly derived from the same root.
Proto-Mongolian: *borgija
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 river rift 2 hill, mound; frail soil with poor vegetation
Russian meaning: 1 речной порог, перекат 2 холм, насыпь; рыхлая земля с бедной растительностью
Written Mongolian: borgija 1, 2 (L 121)
Khalkha: borgio 1, 2
Buriat: bōri 2, borjo-gor 'неровный, каменистый'
Comments: Mong. > Evk. borī, Orok bōri. Cf. also bartaɣa (L 89) 'uneven terrain, broken country; hillock, knoll' ( < *bortaɣa ?); Ord. borǯoŋ 'croûte de salpêtre ou de sel mêlés de terre qui se forme à la surface des terrains salpêtreux et sur les bords des lacs de sel', Kalm. borǯǝŋ 'быстрина'.
Proto-Mongolian: *borki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: old badger
Russian meaning: старый барсук
Written Mongolian: borki (L 121)
Khalkha: boŕx
Kalmuck: borkǝ
Comments: KW 52.
Proto-Mongolian: *boro
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grey
Russian meaning: серый
Written Mongolian: boro, (L 121) boru
Middle Mongolian: boro (HY 42 'ashes coloured', SH), boră (MA)
Khalkha: bora
Buriat: boro
Kalmuck: borǝ
Ordos: boro
Dongxian: boro(ŋ)
Monguor: burondog, boro (SM 28)
Mogol: borō 'dunkelgelb, gelbbraun' (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 51, MGCD 584. Mong. > Evk. boro, boroŋ, Man. boro (ТМС 1, 96), see Doerfer MT 60, Rozycki 34; Tat. bora, Yak., Dolg. boroŋ (Stachowski 62). Cf. also Mong. bur 'dark, sludgy' - which, as well as Chag. bor 'reddish (horse)' etc. (see TMN 2, 330) are rather < Pers. bōr 'dark brown'.
Proto-Mongolian: *boruɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 heavy rain 2 to snow, sleet
Russian meaning: 1 ливень 2 идти (о снеге, дожде со снегом)
Written Mongolian: boruɣa(n) 1 (L 121), burɣana- 2 (L 137: burɣani-)
Middle Mongolian: boro'an (SH)
Khalkha: borō(n) 1, burgana- 2
Buriat: borō 1, burga- 2
Kalmuck: borān 1
Ordos: borōn 1
Shary-Yoghur: boroŋ
Monguor: burōn (SM 36) 'little rain'
Mogol: bɔrɔn (Weiers) 1
Comments: KW 51, MGCD 158. Mong. > Chag. boraɣan etc. (TMN 1, 219-220); Evk. būrga etc. (ТМС 1, 111).
Proto-Mongolian: *boruɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bone callosity
Russian meaning: мозоль на кости
Written Mongolian: boruu
Khalkha: borō
Buriat: bordigor 'с наростами ( о коре дерева'; bordij- 'быть шероховатым'
Kalmuck: borā(n) 'Fehler in der Haarbekleidung des Pferdefusses'
Comments: KW 51.
Proto-Mongolian: *bosuga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: threshold
Russian meaning: порог
Written Mongolian: bosuɣa (L 122)
Middle Mongolian: bosoxa (HY 16), bosoqa (SH) `threshold', bosaqa, bosaɣa 'door-post' (MA 141, 143)
Khalkha: bosgo
Buriat: bohogo, bogoho
Kalmuck: bosǝɣǝ, bosxǝ
Ordos: bošoGo
Dagur: basarga, basarag (Тод. Даг. 125) (MGCD basrag)
Monguor: bosGo (SM 29), (MGCD pusGo)
Comments: KW 52, MGCD 158. Mong. > Chag. bosaɣa etc. (VEWT 85, TMN 1, 227, Щербак 1997, 201, ЭСТЯ 2, 197-198, Лексика 512), Chuv. pusaxa 'stirrup, threshold, ladder' (Róna-Tas 1971-1972). A variant form must have been *basu(r)ga, cf. Dag. basrag and TM loanwords: Evk. basurga etc. (ТМС 1, 76, Doerfer MT 101).
Proto-Mongolian: *bödüne
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: quail
Russian meaning: перепелка
Written Mongolian: bödüne
Middle Mongolian: bodena (HY 14), būdene (LH)
Khalkha: bödnö
Buriat: büdene
Kalmuck: bödnǝ
Ordos: bödönö
Monguor: bodono (SM 26), puduri (SM 305)
Comments: KW 54. Mong. > Chag. büdänä, bödänä etc. (ЭСТЯ 2, 101-102; TMN 1, 218, Lig. VMI 21, Щербак 1997, 201), Chuv. putene (Róna-Tas 1971-1972). One should also mention WMong. badana, Khalkha badna 'перепел немой' (БАМРС 1, 213).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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