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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *beri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 daughter-in-law, bride 2 wife of the elder brother
Russian meaning: 1 невестка, невеста 2 жена старшего брата
Written Mongolian: beri 1, bergen 2 (L 99)
Middle Mongolian: beri (SH, HY 29) 1, berigen (SH, IM), berigan (HY 28) 2
Khalkha: ber 1, bergen 2
Buriat: beri 1, berigen 2
Kalmuck: berǝ 1, bergṇ 2
Ordos: bere 1, bergen 2
Dongxian: bieri 1, beGen 2 (Тод. Дн.)
Baoan: vere 1 (Тод. Бн.)
Dagur: beri (beŕ) 1, berigen 2 (Тод. Даг. 126, MD 122)
Monguor: beri, jeri 'épouse, femme' (SM 25, 492), bergen (SM 25) 2
Mogol: bɛiri 1 (Weiers)
Comments: KW 42, TMN 1, 198, 209. Mong. > Evk. berigei etc., see Doerfer MT 101, Rozycki 29.
Proto-Mongolian: *berke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: difficult; competent, skilled
Russian meaning: трудный, тяжелый; сведущий в чем-л., компетентный
Written Mongolian: berke (L 99)
Middle Mongolian: berke (HY 51, SH, IM), berket- 'to become firm' (MA)
Khalkha: berx
Buriat: berxe
Kalmuck: berkǝ (КРС 95)
Ordos: berχe
Comments: Mong. > Yak., Dolg. berke ( but hardly > Chuv. parga, despite Róna-Tas 1971-1972).
Proto-Mongolian: *ber-seɣü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: callus, hard growth
Russian meaning: мозоль, твердый нарост
Written Mongolian: bersegüü (L 100)
Khalkha: bersǖ
Buriat: ber 'bump'
Kalmuck: bersǖ
Ordos: bersǖ
Comments: KW 43.
Proto-Mongolian: *biči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 small 2 to demolish, crush
Russian meaning: 1 маленький 2 уничтожать, разламывать
Written Mongolian: biči-qan 1 (L 102), bič-al- 2 (L 101)
Khalkha: b́acxan 1, b́acla- 2
Buriat: bišɨxan 1, bisal- 2
Kalmuck: bičkṇ 1
Ordos: bičaxan 1
Baoan: beǯiGǝn 1 (Тод. Бн.)
Dagur: piči 'into small pieces'
Monguor: paǯilǝ 'into small pieces'
Comments: KW 47, MGCD 154. Mong. > Yak. bɨčɨk etc. (VEWT 75).
Proto-Mongolian: *bi, *min-; *ba, *man-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 I 2 we
Russian meaning: 1 я 2 мы
Written Mongolian: bi, minu (gen.) 1; bide, ba, man- 2
Middle Mongolian: bi, mino (gen.) (HY 31, SH), bi, m[e]ni (gen.) (IM), bi, minu, mini (gen.) (MA) 1; bida (HY 31), ba, mano (HYt, SH), ba, man- (IM) 2 etc.
Khalkha: bi, minij (gen.) 1; bid, ba, man- 2
Buriat: bi, menī (gen.) 1; man- 2
Kalmuck: bi, minɛ̄ (gen.) 1; bid(ṇ), man- 2
Ordos: bi, mini (gen.) 1; man- 2
Dongxian: bi, mini (gen.) 1; biǯien, ma- 2
Baoan: be, mene (gen.) 1; bede, man- 2
Dagur: bī, minī (gen.) 1; bed, bā, mān- 2 (Тод. Даг. 123, 125, 126, 154)
Shary-Yoghur:
Monguor: bu (SM 30), muni (gen.), ndā (D) (SM 247, 260) 1; buda (SM 30) 2
Mogol: bi 'I', nami, name, mini (gen), bidä, mōn- 'we'; ZM bi (26-2), mennɛi (gen.) (26-10a)
Comments: KW 44, MGCD 151.
Proto-Mongolian: *bila-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smear, plaster
Russian meaning: мазать, лепить
Written Mongolian: bila- (L 103)
Khalkha: b́ala-
Buriat: bila-
Ordos: bila-
Proto-Mongolian: *bilaɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 carp 2 a k. of salmon
Russian meaning: 1 карп 2 таймень, язь, сорога
Written Mongolian: bilaɣu; buluu, buluɣu 1 (БАМРС)
Khalkha: bulū cagān 1
Buriat: bulūsxai 2
Comments: Cf. also Bur. Okin. baĺuɣan < *baliɣugan, Darkh. baĺus 'гольян, мелкий хариус' (see Аникин 115, but hardly borrowed < Turkic), with a usual vowel variation of the type milaɣa / maliɣa.
Proto-Mongolian: *bilča-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to become flat and watery; to smear all over
Russian meaning: размазывать(ся)
Written Mongolian: bilča-, bilče- (L 103)
Khalkha: b́alca-
Buriat: bilsa-
Kalmuck: bilcǝ-
Ordos: bilčal-
Comments: KW 45.
Proto-Mongolian: *bilčawu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wound, scar
Russian meaning: рана, шрам, нарыв
Written Mongolian: bilčaɣu, (L 104) bilčuu
Khalkha: b́alcū
Ordos: bilčirū, bülčürǖ
Proto-Mongolian: *biraɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: calf (1 year old)
Russian meaning: теленок (1 года)
Written Mongolian: biraɣu (L 106)
Middle Mongolian: bura'u (SH), buru (MA)
Khalkha: b́arū
Buriat: burū
Kalmuck: bürǖ
Ordos: birū 'calf (2 year old)'
Monguor: burū (SM 36)
Mogol: borɔ̄ɣol (ZM 20-8), KT borɔ̄wol (ZM 20-6)
Comments: KW 69. Mong. > Evk. boro 'one-year-old calf' (ТМС 1, 96) ; Evk. *borow-čān (unattested diminutive) > Russ. Siber. borovčán, borovčák, borokčán 'one-year-old calf, foal', burún '2-year-old calf' (Аникин 117, 145; but has no relation to Russ. боров).
Proto-Mongolian: *birim
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: awl
Russian meaning: шило
Written Mongolian: birim
Kalmuck: birṃ
Comments: KW 46.
Proto-Mongolian: *bisi-ɣu, *busi-ɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 quick, swift 2 to run away (of horses)
Russian meaning: 1 быстрый, ловкий 2 убегать (о лошадях)
Written Mongolian: bisiɣu, bušiɣu 1 (L 106, 140), busqu- 2
Middle Mongolian: biši'un 'fair, smart' (38 HY); bišun (MA)
Khalkha: bušū 1, busga- 2
Buriat: bušū 1
Kalmuck: bušū 1
Ordos: bušū 1
Comments: KW 63. Mong. > Kirgh. bosqɨn 'flight'.
Proto-Mongolian: *boda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: substance, matter, body
Russian meaning: предмет, сущность, тело
Written Mongolian: boda (L 108)
Middle Mongolian: bodo 1, 2 (SH)
Khalkha: bod
Buriat: bodo
Kalmuck: bodǝ
Ordos: bodo
Comments: KW 48. Mong. > Evk. bodo. The root should be distinguished from *bodu 'cattle'. Philosophical connotations may have been acquired under the influence of Sanskr. bhūta, but a direct loan from Sanskr. is hardly credible, despite Sukhebaatar 40.
Proto-Mongolian: *bodu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to think
Russian meaning: думать
Written Mongolian: bodu- (L 109)
Khalkha: bodo-
Buriat: bodo-
Kalmuck: bodǝ-
Ordos: bodo-
Dongxian: bodo-
Dagur: bodo- (Тод. Даг. 127), bode- (MD 124), bodu-
Shary-Yoghur: bodo-
Comments: KW 48, MGCD 156.
Proto-Mongolian: *bodu(ɣa)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: smallpox
Russian meaning: оспа
Written Mongolian: bodu(-ɣa) (L 109)
Khalkha: bodō
Kalmuck: bodǝ
Ordos: bodō
Comments: KW 48. Mong. > Evk. budan 'rash'.
Proto-Mongolian: *bog
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small cattle, sheep and goats
Russian meaning: мелкий скот, овцы и козы
Written Mongolian: boɣ (L 110)
Khalkha: bog
Kalmuck: bogǝ (KРC)
Proto-Mongolian: *bog-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: collar bone, shoulder bone
Russian meaning: ключица, плечевая кость
Written Mongolian: boɣtu (L 111), 'arm bone, part of arm from shoulder to elbow, part of animal's front leg' (Kow. 1211)
Khalkha: bogt(o) 'elbow bone'; buguj 'distal end of forearm, forearm, carpus'
Buriat: bogto 'shoulder bone'
Kalmuck: bōG, bokčǝ (čimgn), boktǝ 'shoulder bone'
Ordos: boGto 'elbow bone'; bugūi 'ankle' (Khorch.)
Comments: KW 49, 53, Дыбо 226. The variant *buguj ( < *boguj) is contaminating (and sometimes hard to separate from) *bugu-j 'bracelet, noose' (v. sub *bŭ̀kà). Mong. > Yak. boxto unuox 'animal's radial bone'.
Proto-Mongolian: *bogda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: holy, sacred
Russian meaning: святой, божественный
Written Mongolian: boɣda (L 111)
Khalkha: bogd
Buriat: bogdo
Kalmuck: bogdǝ
Ordos: bogdo (Тод. ЯМВМ 122)
Comments: KW 49.
Proto-Mongolian: *bogoni
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: first rib
Russian meaning: первое ребро
Khalkha: bogino (xavirga)
Kalmuck: boɣǝni
Ordos: boGoni, boGono
Comments: KW 49.
Proto-Mongolian: *boɣo-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to tie up, wrap; to hinder
Russian meaning: завязывать, заворачивать; препятствовать
Written Mongolian: boɣu-
Middle Mongolian: bo'o- (SH), bo'am (HY 4) 'dam, barrage'
Khalkha: bō-
Buriat: bō-
Kalmuck: bō-
Ordos: bō-
Baoan: boGǝldǝ-
Monguor: bō- (SM 26)
Comments: KW 53. Mong. > Evk. boɣoli, Neg. bōla- (Poppe 1966, 190, ТМС 1, 87).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-mgr,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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