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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *kir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dirt
Russian meaning: грязь
Written Mongolian: kir (L 385), kkir (DO 415)
Middle Mongolian: kīr (IM), kir (MA)
Khalkha: xir
Buriat: xir(e)
Kalmuck: kir
Dagur: hire (MD 162)
Comments: KW 232. Mong. > Evk. kiri etc., see Doerfer MT 73.
Proto-Mongolian: *kira
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: edge, ridge
Russian meaning: край, горный хребет
Written Mongolian: kira (L 470)
Khalkha: x́ar
Buriat: x́ara 'гребень горы'
Kalmuck: kirǝ
Ordos: kirā
Dagur: χarGaG, (Тод. Даг. 150) kira 'mound'
Monguor: ćirē 'bord, limite' (SM 458)
Comments: KW 232, MGCD 354. Mong. > Evk. kira etc. (ТМС 1, 397), see Doerfer MT 46.
Proto-Mongolian: *kira
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rim of saddle bow
Russian meaning: край седельной луки
Written Mongolian: kira (L 470)
Khalkha: x́ar
Comments: Cf. IM korǯe (=kürǯe) `saddle bow'; the word is also glossed as 'shovel' which is a reflex of the Turkic loanword kürǯe; but the meaning 'saddle bow' is quite peculiar and may represent a different lexeme.
Proto-Mongolian: *kirbu-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: burned smell
Russian meaning: запах паленого
Written Mongolian: kirbu-su(n) (L 471)
Khalkha: x́arvas
Buriat: x́orboho(n)
Ordos: xurwus, xurwusu
Proto-Mongolian: *kirga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shear, shave
Russian meaning: стричь, брить
Written Mongolian: kirɣa- (L 471)
Middle Mongolian: kirqa- (SH), korɣa- (IM), qirɣa- (MA)
Khalkha: x́arga-
Buriat: xirga-
Kalmuck: kirɣǝ-
Ordos: kirGa-
Dongxian: Gǝɣa-
Shary-Yoghur: χurGa-
Monguor: ćirGā- (SM 457)
Mogol: qirɣa- 'shave, scrape'; KT qǝrɣa- (23-5b)
Comments: KW 232, MGCD 354. Mong. > Evk. kirga- etc., see Poppe 1972, 103, Doerfer MT 131, Rozycki 106, 134.
Proto-Mongolian: *kiri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: measure, degree
Russian meaning: мера, степень
Written Mongolian: kiri, kire (L 472)
Khalkha: xir
Buriat: xire
Kalmuck: kirǝ (КРС)
Ordos: kere, keri
Comments: Mong. > Oyr. kīrä, Evk. kire etc. (KW 232).
Proto-Mongolian: *kirmag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: first snow
Russian meaning: первый снег
Written Mongolian: kirmaɣ (L 470: kirmaɣ, kiramaɣ)
Khalkha: x́armag
Buriat: x́armag, xirmag
Kalmuck: kirmъg
Ordos: kirmaG 'petite neige qui parvient à peine à couvrir le sol'
Dagur: kiarǝmsǝn
Comments: KW 232, MGCD 354. Turk. *kɨrpak is probably a different root, see under *k`are.
Proto-Mongolian: *kiröɣe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 file, saw 2 awl
Russian meaning: 1 напильник, пила 2 шило
Written Mongolian: kirüge 1 (L 473)
Middle Mongolian: kirū 1, kirä 2 (IM), kiru (MA) 1, kire 2, kiru'e (SH)
Khalkha: xörȫ 1
Buriat: x́ürȫ 1
Kalmuck: körɛ̄ 1
Ordos: körȫ 1
Dongxian: čireu 1
Dagur: kirē 1 (Тод. Даг. 150, MD 183)
Shary-Yoghur: kürē 1
Monguor: ćirū (SM 458) 1
Comments: KW 240, MGCD 376. Mong. > Oyr. kärä etc. (VEWT 255).
Proto-Mongolian: *kirs
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rhinoceros
Russian meaning: носорог
Written Mongolian: kiris, kers (L 472)
Middle Mongolian: kers (HY 9)
Khalkha: xirs
Comments: Clark 1980, 39 considers to be < Turkic, but what is the source?
Proto-Mongolian: *kirsa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: steppe fox
Russian meaning: степная лиса
Written Mongolian: kirsa (L 472)
Middle Mongolian: kirsa (HY 10)
Khalkha: x́ars
Kalmuck: kirsǝ
Ordos: girsa
Comments: KW 232. Mong. > Kirgh. qɨrsa, Yak. kɨrsa (VEWT 267), Evk., Evn., Man. kirsa 'steppe fox' (ТМС 1, 399, Rozycki 140); but the TM names for 'marten' are genuine, despite Doerfer MT 142.
Proto-Mongolian: *kiru-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to mince, cut small
Russian meaning: размельчать, мелко резать
Written Mongolian: kira-, kiru- (L 473)
Middle Mongolian: keru 'in small pieces' (SH)
Khalkha: x́ar-
Buriat: kirma-
Kalmuck: kur-
Dagur: kereči- (MD 182)
Monguor: Cf. ćiri- 'avoir la taille affaissée, se pelotonner' (SM 457)
Comments: KW 244. Cf. also WMong. kirbe-, Kalm. kirwǝ- 'to cut off' (KW 233).
Proto-Mongolian: *kisa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to contract, shorten; to hamper, impede
Russian meaning: сокращать, мешать, задерживать
Written Mongolian: kis(a)- (L 473: kisa-)
Khalkha: x́as-
Buriat: x́aha- 'to be greedy'
Kalmuck: kis-
Comments: KW 233.
Proto-Mongolian: *kisu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scrape, shave
Russian meaning: скрести, брить
Written Mongolian: kisu-, qusu- (L 992)
Khalkha: xusa-
Buriat: x́uha-
Kalmuck: xusǝ- (КРС)
Baoan: χasǝ-
Shary-Yoghur: qǝsǝ-
Monguor: kiʒǝ- (SM 202), kǝsǝ-
Mogol: kišla- (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: MGCD 393. Mong. > Evk. kisū- etc., see Doerfer MT 135.
Proto-Mongolian: *kituga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: knife
Russian meaning: нож
Written Mongolian: kituɣa, qutaɣa, qutuɣa (L 474)
Middle Mongolian: kituqai (SH), k[i]tɣa (IM), kīdūɣa (Lig.VMI), kituɣa (MA)
Khalkha: xutga
Buriat: xutaga, (зап.) xotigo
Dongxian: qudoɣo
Shary-Yoghur: χudaʁa
Monguor: ćidoGo (SM 445)
Mogol: qitqɛi (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: MGCD 393. Mong. > Man. kitukan 'scissors' (see Rozycki 140).
Proto-Mongolian: *kitüge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stern, steering oar
Russian meaning: корма, рулевое весло
Written Mongolian: kiteg (L 474 kitüge)
Khalkha: xiteg
Proto-Mongolian: *kiǯaɣar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: border
Russian meaning: граница
Written Mongolian: kiǯaɣar (L 474)
Middle Mongolian: kiǯa'ar (HY 50), kiǯi'ar (SH), qiǯāt pl. (MA 221)
Khalkha: x́aʒgār ( < WMong.)
Buriat: xizār
Kalmuck: kizǟr, kizɛ̄r
Ordos: kiǯagār ( < Kh. or WMong.)
Dongxian: Gɨǯa
Dagur: kiǯār (Тод. Даг. 150)
Monguor: giʒ́ār (SM 136), gǝǯār
Mogol: qɨʒi 'край' (Weiers)
Comments: KW 233, MGCD 351.
Proto-Mongolian: *kob-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 groove 2 pit, channel 3 ventricle of the heart 4 gutter, trough
Russian meaning: 1 желоб 2 яма, канава 3 желудочек сердца 4 корыто
Written Mongolian: qobil 1, qobudal 2,3, qobul 4 (L 949, 950)
Khalkha: xovil 1, xovdol 2, 3, xovol 4
Buriat: xobō 1, 4, xobol 1, 2, 4 xobdol 3
Kalmuck: xowdǝl 3 (КРС)
Proto-Mongolian: *kob-du, *kob-tu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: long and narrow box, quiver
Russian meaning: длинный и узкий ящик, колчан
Written Mongolian: qobdu (L 949), qobtu
Middle Mongolian: qubdu (MA 299)
Khalkha: xowd
Buriat: xobto 'ящик, сундук'
Kalmuck: xowdǝ (КРС)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. kobdu etc., see Doerfer MT 111, Rozycki 141; Nogh. qobda etc., see ЭСТЯ 6, 6, Yak. xoppo, Dolg. kopko (Kaɫ. MEJ 58, Stachowski 153).
Proto-Mongolian: *kobiki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of chisel with a grooved blade
Russian meaning: вид долота с закругленным краем
Written Mongolian: qobki (L 949: qobiki)
Khalkha: xovxi
Buriat: xobxol- 'to plane, scrape off'
Comments: WMong. qobqul- 'to tear away' ( > Evk. kopko-, Man. qobqolo- etc., see ТМС 1, 414, Doerfer MT 91, Rozycki 141).
Proto-Mongolian: *kobku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: loach (fish)
Russian meaning: голец, вьюн
Written Mongolian: qobqu (L 950)
Khalkha: xovx
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-bao,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-dun,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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Forward: 1 20 50

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