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Mongolian etymology :

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Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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\data\alt\monget
Proto-Mongolian: *ab-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to take
Russian meaning: брать
Written Mongolian: abi-, ab- (L 1,2), abu-
Middle Mongolian: abu (HY 39), ab- (SH), oba-, aba- (IM 432), abu- (MA 94, 97)
Khalkha: av-
Buriat: aba-, ab-
Kalmuck: aw-
Ordos: ab-, aw-
Dongxian: agi- (Тод. Дн. 110), uɣu- (MGCD) (?)
Baoan: ab- (Тод. Бн. 132), apǝ- (MGCD)
Dagur: aw- (Тод. Даг. 118)
Shary-Yoghur: ab-
Monguor: awu-, abu- (SM 16)
Mogol: afu-, ab-; ZM ɔ̄b- (24-6a, 41-1)
Comments: KW 19, MGCD 91. Cf. also abuča 'taking, handful' (KW 20).
Proto-Mongolian: *aba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: huge
Russian meaning: огромный
Written Mongolian: abarɣa, (L 6: aburɣu, aburɣa)
Middle Mongolian: ? aburin eme 'principal wife' (SH, Козин)
Khalkha: avraga
Buriat: abarga
Kalmuck: awrGǝ
Dagur: auruhe 'big fish (probably sturgeon' (MD 116) (?)
Comments: KW 20. Mong. > Yak., Dolg. oburgu (Kaɫ. MEJ 16, Stachowski 188); > Russ. dial. абарга 'рыба калуга' (Аникин 71).
Proto-Mongolian: *aba
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hunt, chase
Russian meaning: охота
Written Mongolian: aba (L 2)
Middle Mongolian: aba (SH), abači 'hunter' (HY 30), abala- 'to hunt' (IM)
Khalkha: av
Buriat: aba
Kalmuck: awǝ
Ordos: awa
Dagur: au
Monguor: bārdi-, wārdi- 'lutter, se mesurer à la lutte' (SM 21, 481)
Comments: KW 19, TMN 1, 107. Mong. > Man. aba etc., see Doerfer MT 115, Rozycki 9.
Proto-Mongolian: *ab[u]
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 father 2 paternal uncle
Russian meaning: 1 отец 2 дядя со стороны отца
Written Mongolian: abu, aba 1, abaɣa 2 (L 2, 5)
Middle Mongolian: abaqa (HY 28, SH) 2, abaɣa (MA 402) 2
Khalkha: av 1; avga 2
Buriat: aba 1; abgaj 2
Kalmuck: āwǝ 1; awɣǝ 2
Ordos: awaGa, aGǟ 2
Dongxian: aba, apa, avi
Baoan: ābe, abo
Shary-Yoghur: awi, aba
Monguor: āba, āwa (SM 1); āGa 2
Mogol: ZM ɔ̄ɣɔ̄j (12-16) 2
Comments: KW 19, 21. Mong. *abaga > Chag. abaqa etc. (see TMN 1, 108, Щербак 1997, 199); > Evk. awaga etc., see Doerfer MT 89.
Proto-Mongolian: *abu-ra
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to save
Russian meaning: спасать
Written Mongolian: abura- (L 6)
Middle Mongolian: abura- (HY 39, SH)
Khalkha: avra-
Buriat: abar-
Kalmuck: awṛ-
Ordos: awura-
Dagur: avra- (Тод. Даг. 118)
Comments: KW 20. Mong. > Yak. abrā-, Dolg. abɨrā-, Koman abra- etc. (VEWT 2, Щербак 1997, 199, Kaɫ. MEJ 41, Stachowski 27); > Chuv. upra- 'to preserve' (Róna-Tas 1971-1972).
Proto-Mongolian: *ači
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grandson, junior nephew
Russian meaning: внук, младший племянник
Written Mongolian: ači (L 8)
Middle Mongolian: ači (HY 29) 'grandchild (male, by father)', hači 'Enkel' (HYt)
Khalkha:
Buriat: aša
Kalmuck: ačǝ
Ordos: ači
Dongxian: hačǝ (Тод. Дн. 140), hačɨ (MGCD)
Monguor: aći sunʒǝ (SM 15), ači (MGCD)
Comments: KW 18, MGCD 125. Dong. h-, as well as the variation 0-/h- in HY is secondary. Mong. > Oyr. ačɨ; Evk. dial. ači (ТМС 1, 59).
Proto-Mongolian: *ači-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to load, carry on one's back
Russian meaning: грузить, нести на спине
Written Mongolian: ači- (L 8)
Middle Mongolian: ači- (SH Козин), ača'an 'груз'(HY), ači'ā 'груз' (IM), ači- (MA)
Khalkha: ači-
Buriat: aša-
Kalmuck: ači- (КРС)
Ordos: ači-
Dongxian: ačɨ-
Baoan: ače- (Тод. Бн.)
Monguor: śʒ́ā (n.)
Mogol: ači- (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: MGCD 126. Mong. > Evk. atiga, Man. ači-, see Poppe 1966, 192, Doerfer MT 100, Rozycki 11.
Proto-Mongolian: *ada
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: devil, evil spirit
Russian meaning: злой дух
Written Mongolian: ada (L 9)
Middle Mongolian: ada (HYt)
Khalkha: ad
Buriat: ada
Kalmuck: adǝ
Ordos: ada
Comments: Mong. > Kirgh. ada (KW 1).
Proto-Mongolian: *adali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: equal, similar
Russian meaning: равный, похожий
Written Mongolian: adali (L 9)
Middle Mongolian: adali (HY 51, SH), adali (MA 95)
Khalkha: adil
Buriat: adli
Kalmuck: ädḷ́
Ordos: adil, adila, adili, adali
Dongxian: adali (Тод. Дн. 110)
Baoan: adǝli (Тод. Бн. 133), adali (Tungren)
Dagur: adiĺ, adili (Тод. Даг. 118), adǝĺ (MGCD), adili (MD 111)
Monguor: dali (SM 42), adali (Minghe)
Mogol: adōli (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 21, MGCD 94. Mong. > Yak. atɨlɨ̄, Dolg. atalɨ (Kaɫ. MEJ 38, Stachowski 38), Evk. adalī (cf. Doerfer MT 98, Rozycki 11), Russ. Siber. adalí (Аникин 74).
Proto-Mongolian: *aduɣu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 horse(s), cattle 2 drove, herd 3 to herd
Russian meaning: 1 лошадь, домашнее животное 2 табун лошадей 3 пасти
Written Mongolian: aduɣusu 1, aduɣu 2, aduɣula- 3
Middle Mongolian: adusun 1, adu'u(n) 2 (SH), adu'uči 'herdsman' (HY 30), adu(w)sun, adasun 1 (MA 95, 96), adon, adoson 1 (IM 432)
Khalkha: adūs 1, adūn 1, 2, adūla- 3
Buriat: adūha(n), adaha(n), adūn 1, 2, adūl- 3
Kalmuck: adūsṇ 1, adūn 2
Ordos: adaGus(u) 1, adū 2
Dongxian: asun 1, adula- 3 (Тод. Дн. 110)
Baoan: asoŋ 1, adal- 3 (Тод. Бн. 133), adǝlǝ- 3 (MGCD)
Dagur: adōsa 1, adō 2 (Тод. Даг. 118, MGCD, MD 111), adōse 'animal' (MD 111)
Monguor: āsǝ (SM 15) 1, dulā- (SM 64) 3
Comments: KW 2, MGCD 94. Mong. > Chag. adun, see TMN 119; > Evk. aduɣun etc., see Poppe 1966, 189, 195, Doerfer MT 98-99, Rozycki 11.
Proto-Mongolian: *agaɣar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: air, atmosphere
Russian meaning: воздух, атмосфера
Written Mongolian: aɣar (L 13)
Khalkha: agār
Buriat: agār
Kalmuck: aɣṛ, aɣār
Ordos: aGāri 'espace celeste, l'aspect du ciel', aGār métaph. 'bonne entente entre les voisins'
Mogol: ZM ɔ̄ur (15-8b) 'cloud'
Comments: KW 3.
Proto-Mongolian: *ag, *aguj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cave, grotte, pit 2 crack
Russian meaning: 1 пещера, грот, яма 2 промежуток, пространство между
Written Mongolian: aɣui 1 (L 16), aɣ 2
Khalkha: aguj 1
Buriat: agɨ 1
Kalmuck: aɣū 1, aG, āG 2
Ordos: aGʷī 1
Dagur: agui
Comments: KW 3, MGCD 664.
Proto-Mongolian: *aɣag / *haɣag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bran
Russian meaning: отруби
Written Mongolian: aɣaɣ (L 12: aɣa)
Khalkha: āga
Buriat: āgaha(n), āha(n) 'oatmeal'
Ordos: āG
Dagur: āhe (MD), āga, xāg (MGCD 90, Kuribayashi 175)
Proto-Mongolian: *aɣarčak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flesh between the hips
Russian meaning: мясо между ляжками
Written Mongolian: aɣarčag
Khalkha: ārcag 'таз'
Kalmuck: ārcǝg
Ordos: ārcaq
Comments: KW 21.
Proto-Mongolian: *aɣoga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: leading string in net
Russian meaning: ведущая веревка в сети
Middle Mongolian: a'oga (SH)
Proto-Mongolian: *aɣu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 large, wide, vast 2 very
Russian meaning: 1 обширный, широкий 2 очень
Written Mongolian: aɣuu, uu (L 18), aɣudam (L 16) 1, aɣui (L 16) 2
Middle Mongolian: a'ue (HY 53, SH), āw, aw (MA 108, 371) 1
Khalkha: agū, ūdam, ūǯim 1, agū, aguj 2
Buriat: ū, ūžam 1
Kalmuck: aɣū, ū 1
Ordos: ūǯim 1
Dongxian: aGui, aɣui 1, uida
Baoan: ū 1
Dagur: au 1 (Тод. Даг. 122, MD 116)
Shary-Yoghur: aɣui, ūǯim
Monguor: ụ̄ (SM 462), au (Minghe) 1
Mogol: ɔɣui 1 (Weiers); ZM ɔ̄ɣu(n) (13-1) 1
Comments: KW 3, 453, MGCD 96, 547, 661, 662.
Proto-Mongolian: *aɣuda-la-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to search, investigate, rummage
Russian meaning: искать, рыться в чем-л.
Written Mongolian: aɣudala- (L 16)
Khalkha: ūdla-
Buriat: ūdal-
Kalmuck: ūdḷ-
Ordos: ūdala-
Mogol: audɔl- (Weiers); ZM oudal (24-9a) `investigation'
Comments: KW 454.
Proto-Mongolian: *aɣula
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mountain
Russian meaning: гора
Written Mongolian: aɣula(n) (L 17)
Middle Mongolian: a'ula (HY 2, SH 10), awla (IM 433), (a)ula, ūla (MA 372, 189)
Khalkha: ūl
Buriat: ūla
Kalmuck: ūlǝ
Ordos: ūla
Dongxian: ula (Тод. Дн. 137)
Baoan: ōle (Тод. Бн. 145), ulǝ
Dagur: aul(a) (Тод. Даг. 122), aule (MD 116)
Shary-Yoghur: ūla
Monguor: ula (SM 469), ulā
Mogol: aula; ZM āwla (17-8b)
Comments: KW 454, MGCD 662. Mong. > Sol. aula id.
Proto-Mongolian: *aɣu-lǯa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to meet, join
Russian meaning: встречаться, объединяться
Written Mongolian: aɣulǯa- (L 17)
Middle Mongolian: a'ulǯa-, a'ulča- (SH), a'ulǯa- (HYt) 'to have an audience of a khan'
Khalkha: ūlʒa-
Buriat: ūlza-
Kalmuck: ūlzǝ-
Ordos: ūlǯa-
Dagur: aulǯi- (Тод. Даг. 122), auleǯi (MD 116)
Comments: KW 454, MGCD 663, TMN 1, 169. A variant with h- is attested in the Leiden manuscript (hawulǯarin 'present'), but this is certainly not the reason for reconstructing *haɣu-lǯa- - against the overwhelming weight of other Middle Mong. sources and Dagur; it should be rather compared with Mongr. fūla- 'offrir, sacrifier' (105) (further perhaps to *hab 'sorcery' q. v. sub *p`ăp`a).
Proto-Mongolian: *aɣur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: steam, vapour; anger
Russian meaning: пар; гнев
Written Mongolian: aɣur (L 17)
Middle Mongolian: a'ur (HY 42, SH), āwur, awur, hawur (MA 108, 270 'anger')
Khalkha: ūr
Buriat: ūr
Kalmuck: ūr, ur
Ordos: ūr
Dongxian: ūr
Dagur: aur (Тод. Даг. 122), aure (MD 116)
Shary-Yoghur: ūr
Monguor: ụ̄r (SM 473)
Mogol: ZM āwur (15-8b) 'cloud'
Comments: KW 450, 454, MGCD 108, 347, 663.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mmo,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,
Total of 2174 records 109 pages

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