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\data\alt\koret
Proto-Korean: *čáń
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: city wall, fortress, (KED) mountain pass
Russian meaning: городская стена, крепость, (KED) горный перевал
Modern Korean: čä
Middle Korean: čás ( < *čáń)
Comments: Nam 418, KED 1409. Only the later form čás is attested in MKor., but the modern form čä points unambiguosly to *-ń-.
Proto-Korean: *čằnčárí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dragon-fly
Russian meaning: стрекоза
Modern Korean: čamčari
Middle Korean: čằnčárí
Comments: Nam 416, KED 1396.
Proto-Korean: *čá(ŋ)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sleep
Russian meaning: спать
Modern Korean: ča-, ča-si-, čumu-si-
Middle Korean: ča-, čá-sì-, ča'ăp-so-
Comments: Nam 411, KED 1374, 1380, 1497. The modern honorific čumu-si- is probably < *čaŋwu-si- ~ *čaŋup-si- = MKor. ča'ăp-so-.
Proto-Korean: *čàp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to catch, take hold
Russian meaning: хватать, брать
Modern Korean: čap-
Middle Korean: čàp-
Comments: Liu 645, KED 1397.
Proto-Korean: *čapa- ( ~ -ă-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rags, odd ends of paper or cloth
Russian meaning: тряпка, лоскутья
Modern Korean: čabägi
Comments: KED 1379.
Proto-Korean: *čar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: well, favourably
Russian meaning: хорошо, благоприятно
Modern Korean: čal
Middle Korean: čar
Comments: Liu 644, KED 1392.
Proto-Korean: *čar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sack
Russian meaning: мешок
Modern Korean: čaru
Middle Korean: čar
Comments: Nam 416, KED 1376.
Proto-Korean: *čăra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be sufficient, enough
Russian meaning: быть достаточным
Modern Korean: čara-
Middle Korean: čăra-
Comments: Nam 412, KED 1375.
Proto-Korean: *čằrằ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hang up, strangle 2 handle
Russian meaning: 1 подвешивать, завязывать, стягивать 2 ручка, рукоятка
Modern Korean: čarɨ- 1, čaru 2
Middle Korean: čằrằ- 1, čằrò, čằrằ, čằr 2
Comments: Nam 412, 416, KED 1376.
Proto-Korean: *čằrhì-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to make ready, prepare
Russian meaning: подготавливать, готовить
Modern Korean: čhari-
Middle Korean: čhằrì-
Comments: Nam 447, KED 1563.
Proto-Korean: *čàrí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: seat; place, location
Russian meaning: сиденье; место, расположение
Modern Korean: čari
Middle Korean: čàrí
Comments: Liu 642, KED 1377.
Proto-Korean: *čărɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cut off, chop off
Russian meaning: отрезать, отрубать
Modern Korean: čarɨ-
Middle Korean: čărɨ-
Comments: Nam 413, KED 1376.
Proto-Korean: *čā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to eat
Russian meaning: есть
Modern Korean: čāsi-, čapsu-
Middle Korean: čā-sí-
Comments: Nam 411, KED 1380, 1398.
Proto-Korean: *čā̆či
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: penis
Russian meaning: penis
Modern Korean: čāǯi (orth. čā̆či), čot [čoč]
Comments: KED 1383, 1488.
Proto-Korean: *čār
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sable
Russian meaning: соболь
Modern Korean: čāl
Comments: KED 1392.
Proto-Korean: *čǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: this
Russian meaning: этот
Middle Korean: čǝ̀
Comments: Liu 650.
Proto-Korean: *čǝk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: time
Russian meaning: время
Modern Korean: čǝk
Middle Korean: čǝk
Comments: Nam 422, KED 1423.
Proto-Korean: *čǝ̀k
Meaning: lye
Russian meaning: щелок
Middle Korean: čǝ̀k
Comments: Nam 422.
Proto-Korean: *čǝŋk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 knee 2 shin, shank
Russian meaning: 1 колено 2 голень
Modern Korean: čǝŋgaŋi, čǝŋgäŋi 2
Comments: KED 1450.
Proto-Korean: *čǝ́s
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pickled food
Russian meaning: маринад, соленая или маринованная пища
Modern Korean: čǝt [čǝs]
Middle Korean: čǝ́s
Comments: Liu 653, KED 1449.
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